February 2008 lunar eclipse
|Total lunar eclipse|
|Saros (member)||133 (26)|
|Recent||<S <T < > T> S>|
Telescopic view, from North Billerica, Massachusetts at 3:25 UT, near greatest eclipse.
The moon passes right to left through the earth's southern shadow
At descending node in Leo
A total lunar eclipse occurred on the evening of Wednesday, February 20, and morning of Thursday, February 21, 2008. It was visible in the eastern evening sky on February 20 for all of North and South America, and on February 21 in the predawn western sky from most of Africa and Europe.
The eclipse was visible in the eastern evening sky on February 20 for all of North and South America, and on February 21 in the predawn western sky from most of Africa and Europe.
These simulated views of the earth from the center of the moon during the lunar eclipse show where the eclipse is visible on earth.
The penumbral eclipse began at 00:35 UTC (February 21), and ended at 6:17. A partial eclipse existed from 1:43 until 3:00, followed by 51 minutes of totality (3:00 - 3:51), and then partial again from 3:51 until 5:09. (For local times, see Timing.)
The bright star Regulus of Leo and the planet Saturn were prominent very near the moon during the total eclipse portion. Shortly before the eclipse began, Regulus was occulted by the moon in parts of the far Southern Atlantic Ocean and Antarctica.
Relation to other lunar eclipsesEdit
Lunar year seriesEdit
|Lunar eclipse series sets from 2006–2009|
|Descending node||Ascending node|
||2006 Mar 14
||2006 Sep 7
||2007 Mar 03
||2007 Aug 28
||2008 Feb 21
||2008 Aug 16
||2009 Feb 09
||2009 Aug 06
|Last set||2005 Apr 24||Last set||2005 Oct 17|
|Next set||2009 Dec 31||Next set||2009 Jul 07|
This lunar eclipse is part of series 133 of the Saros cycle, which repeats every 18 years and 11 days. Series 133 runs from the year 1557 until 2819. The previous eclipse of this series occurred on February 9, 1990 and the next will occur on March 3, 2026.
It is the 6th of 21 total lunar eclipses in series 133. The first was on December 28, 1917. The last (21st) will be on August 3, 2278. The longest two occurrences of this series (14th and 15th) will last for a total of 1 hour and 42 minutes on May 18, 2152 and May 30, 2170. Solar saros 140 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.
Metonic cycle (19 years)Edit
This is the fourth of five Metonic lunar eclipses.
The Metonic cycle repeats nearly exactly every 19 years and represents a Saros cycle plus one lunar year. Because it occurs on the same calendar date, the earth's shadow will in nearly the same location relative to the background stars.
|Descending node||Ascending node|
|103||1951 Feb 21||Penumbral||108||1951 Aug 17||Penumbral|
|113||1970 Feb 21||Partial||118||1970 Aug 17||Partial|
|123||1989 Feb 20||Total||128||1989 Aug 17||Total|
|133||2008 Feb 21||Total||138||2008 Aug 16||Partial|
|143||2027 Feb 20||Penumbral||148||2027 Aug 17||Penumbral|
|February 16, 1999||February 26, 2017|
The moon entered the penumbral shadow at 0:36 UTC, and the umbral shadow at 1:43. Totality lasted for 50 minutes, between 3:01 and 3:51. The moon left the umbra shadow at 5:09 and left the penumbra shadow at 6:16.
|Event||North and South America||Europe and Africa|
|Evening of February 20th||Morning of February 21st|
|P1||Penumbral began||Under Horizon||Under Horizon||Under Horizon||18:36||19:36||20:36||0:36||1:36||2:36|
|U1||Partial began||Under Horizon||Under Horizon||18:43||19:43||20:43||21:43||1:43||2:43||3:43|
|U2||Total began||Under Horizon||19:01||20:01||21:01||22:01||23:01||3:01||4:01||5:01|
Eclipse observed from Sandim, Portugal. .
Eclipse observed from Regina, Saskatchewan. Each image is roughly taken 5 minutes apart.
Images taken in 3-5 minute Intervals - from Bradley, Illinois.
Eclipse observed from Halton Hills, Ontario. From 01:47 to 03:15 UTC, each image is roughly taken 5min apart.
Eclipse observed from Winnipeg, Manitoba
Lunar eclipse observed from Burlington, Ontario
Observed from Baltimore, Maryland from 2:30 to 3:01 UTC. Lunar north is near left.
Eclipse Observed from Burlington, Ontario at 2:00 UTC.
Eclipse observed from Victoria, British Columbia at 2:49 UTC. Lunar north is near top-left.
Eclipse observed from Salmon Arm, Canada at 3:11 UTC. Lunar north is near top-left.
Eclipse observed from Salem, Oregon. Lunar north is near top-left.
Observed from Urbana, Illinois at 3:06 UTC. Lunar north is near top-left.
Moon observed from West Hartford, Connecticut at 1:42 UTC. Lunar north is left.
Eclipse observed from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at 2:49 UTC.
Eclipse observed from Millersville, Pennsylvania at 3:15 UTC. Lunar north is near left.
Eclipse observed from West Hartford, Connecticut at 3:17 UTC. Lunar north is near top-left.
Eclipse observed from West Hartford, Connecticut at 3:18 UTC. Lunar north is near top-left.
Eclipse observed from Wellesley, Massachusetts at 3:52 UTC
Eclipse observed from Fredericksburg, Virginia at 3:57 UTC.
Eclipse observed from São Joaquim, Brazil at 3:52 UTC.
Europe and AfricaEdit
- Gamma is the minimum distance of the Moon's shadow axis from Earth's centre in Earth radii at greatest eclipse.
- "Lunar Eclipses: 2001 to 2100". 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- "Lunar Eclipses: 1901 to 2000". 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-01-28. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- "Active Saros Cycles for the 20th and 21st Centuries". 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- "Hermit Eclipse: Saros Series 133". 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros
- "Total lunar eclipse of 2008 Feb 21" (PDF). NASA. 2008-02-21. Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC
- "NASA - Total Lunar Eclipse: February 20, 2008". 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lunar eclipse of 2008 February 21.|
- NASA: Total Lunar Eclipse: February 20, 2008
- Hermit eclipse (Ian Cameron Smith) Total Lunar Eclipse: February 21, 2008
- Astronet: Information and live webcasts of the February 20-21 total lunar eclipse from the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Spain and Argentina
- NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: February 20, 2008, February 22, 2008 March 1, 2008
- Sky&Telescope, Eclipses of 2008
- Example Images from Dr. Eric S. Ackerman - Fort Lauderdale, Florida
- Various Animations of the Eclipse Astronight Observatory - Billerica MA
- SpaceWeather Lunar Eclipse Photo Gallery: February 20, 2008
- Philadelphia, PA: A timelapse of the total lunar eclipse on February 20th, 2008. Recorded with still images.
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