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A total lunar eclipse occurred on August 28, 2007, lasting just over 90 minutes. The Moon entered the Earth's penumbra at 7:53:40 UTC. The first partial phase began in earnest at 8:51:16 UTC when the Moon entered the Earth's umbra. It exited the penumbra at 13:20:57 UTC.

August 2007 lunar eclipse
Total eclipse
The moon during the August 2007 lunar eclipse shortly before totality. Taken from Wollongong, Australia.
The lunar eclipse at 9:48 UTC, shortly before totality, taken from Wollongong, Australia
Date28 August 2007
Magnitude1.476
Saros cycle128 (40 of 71)
Totality90 minutes, 1 second
Partiality212 minutes, 12 seconds
Penumbral5 hours, 27 minutes, 17 seconds

It is a relatively rare central eclipse where the moon passes in front of the center of the Earth's shadow. It was the "longest and deepest lunar eclipse to be seen in 7 years".[1][2] In the total lunar eclipse of July 16, 2000 the moon passed within two arc minutes of the center of the Earth's shadow. In comparison, this still very deep eclipse was off-center by over 12 minutes of arc.[3] The next total lunar eclipse of a longer duration was on June 15, 2011.

The lunar eclipse was the second one in 2007. The first one occurred on March 3, 2007.

Contents

ViewingEdit

 
NASA chart of the eclipse

Viewing from Oceania is favoured for the eclipse, because at the moment of greatest eclipse (10:37:22 UTC), the Moon was at the zenith of French Polynesia. The Pacific regions of Canada and the continental United States (including all of Alaska) witnessed the whole event, along with most of eastern Australia, New Zealand and all the Pacific Island regions (except New Guinea), and the tip of the Chukchi Peninsula that includes the town of Uelen, Russia. The majority of the Americas observed an abbreviated eclipse, with moonset occurring at some time during the eclipse. Siberia, far eastern Russia, eastern South Asia, China, the rest of eastern and southeastern Asia, New Guinea, and the rest of Australia missed out on the beginning of the eclipse, because the eclipse occurred at or close to moonrise in those regions.[4]

Luzon (except Visayas and Mindanao) in the Philippines, particularly Metro Manila, missed the rare eclipse entirely, due to clouds in the area due to the rainy season, which saddened many eclipse watchers in the area, but the eclipse was sighted by other amateur astronomers in other parts of the country as the lunar eclipse seen in clear skies. The eclipse was also missed in New Guinea, especially Port Moresby because of clouds. Greenland, Europe (including western Russia), Africa, western Asia, western Central Asia, and western South Asia missed the eclipse completely.

 
This simulated view of the earth from the center of the moon during the lunar eclipse shows where the eclipse is visible on earth.

MapEdit

 

Relation to other lunar eclipsesEdit

Eclipses of 2007Edit

This eclipse at the moon's ascending node was the second of two lunar eclipses to occur in 2007. The first at the descending node was on March 3, 2007.

Lunar year seriesEdit


Metonic cycle (19 years)Edit

The Metonic cycle repeats nearly exactly every 19 years and represents a Saros cycle plus one lunar year. Because it occurs on the same calendar date, the earth's shadow will be in nearly the same location relative to the background stars.

  1. 1988 Mar 03 – Partial (113)
  2. 2007 Mar 03 – Total (123)
  3. 2026 Mar 03 – Total (133)
  4. 2045 Mar 03 – Penumbral (143)
  1. 1988 Aug 27 – partial (118)
  2. 2007 Aug 28 – total (128)
  3. 2026 Aug 28 – partial (138)
  4. 2045 Aug 27 – penumbral (148)
   

Saros seriesEdit

Lunar saros series 128, repeating every 18 years and 11 days, has a total of 71 lunar eclipse events including 57 umbral eclipses (42 partial lunar eclipses and 15 total lunar eclipses). Solar Saros 135 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.

Greatest First
 
The greatest eclipse of the series occurred on 1953 Jul 26, lasting 108 minutes.[5]
Penumbral Partial Total Central
1304 Jun 18 1430 Sep 2 1845 May 21 1899 Jun 23
Last
Central Total Partial Penumbral
2007 Aug 28 2097 May 21 2440 May 17 2566 Aug 2
1901–2100
1917 Jul 4 1935 Jul 16 1953 Jul 26
           
1971 Aug 6 1989 Aug 17 2007 Aug 28
           
2025 Sep 7 2043 Sep 19 2061 Sep 29
           
2079 Oct 10 2097 Oct 21
       

Lunar Saros 128 contains 15 total lunar eclipses between 1845 and 2097 (in years 1845, 1867, 1881, 1899, 1917, 1935, 1953, 1971, 1989, 2007, 2025, 2043, 2061, 2079 and 2097). Solar Saros 135 interleaves with this lunar saros with an event occurring every 9 years 5 days alternating between each saros series.

Half-Saros cycleEdit

A lunar eclipse will be preceded and followed by solar eclipses by 9 years and 5.5 days (a half saros).[6] This lunar eclipse is related to two annular solar eclipses of Solar Saros 135.

August 22, 1998 September 1, 2016
   

Photo galleryEdit

Collages
 
From the Oregon Coast.
 
From Swifts Creek, Australia.
(3 minute intervals)
 
From Bakersfield, California.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Longest lunar eclipse in 7 years expected". United Press International. 21 August 2007. Archived from the original on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
  2. ^ "Total Lunar Eclipse Draws Attention Back to the Moon". NASA: Special Events. 21 August 2007. Archived from the original on 23 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
  3. ^ Visibility Map[permanent dead link] for Total Lunar Eclipse of 16 July 2000
  4. ^ Visibility Map[permanent dead link] for Total Lunar Eclipse of 28 August 2007
  5. ^ Listing of Eclipses of cycle 128
  6. ^ Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, p.110, Chapter 18, The half-saros

External linksEdit