A total solar eclipse occurred at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on August 1, 2008. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. It had a magnitude of 1.0394 that was visible from a narrow corridor through northern Canada (Nunavut), Greenland, central Russia, eastern Kazakhstan, western Mongolia and China. Occurring north of the arctic circle, it belonged to the so-called midnight sun eclipses. The largest city in the path of the eclipse was Novosibirsk in Russia. Occurring only 2.5 days after perigee (Perigee on July 29, 2008), the Moon's apparent diameter was larger than average.
|Solar eclipse of August 1, 2008|
|Type of eclipse|
|Duration||147 sec (2 m 27 s)|
|Coordinates||65°42′N 72°18′E / 65.7°N 72.3°E|
|Max. width of band||237 km (147 mi)|
|(P1) Partial begin||04:06.8|
|(U1) Total begin||21:07.3|
|(U4) Total end||21:28.3|
|(P4) Partial end||38:27.7|
|Saros||126 (47 of 72)|
|Catalog # (SE5000)||9526|
The moon's apparent diameter was 1 arcminute, 17.8 arcseconds (77.8 arcseconds) larger than the February 7, 2008 annular solar eclipse.
This was the first eclipse this season, with the second being the 16 August 2008 partial lunar eclipse.
The total eclipse lasted for 2 minutes 27 seconds, and covered 0.4% of the Earth's surface in a 10,200 km long path. It was the 47th eclipse of the 126th Saros cycle, which began with a partial eclipse on March 10, 1179, and will conclude with a partial eclipse on May 3, 2459.
A partial eclipse could be seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including northeastern North America and most of Europe and Asia.
It was described by observers as "special for its colours around the horizon. There were wonderful oranges and reds all around, the clouds lit up, some dark in silhouette, some golden, glowing yellowy-orange in the distance. You could see the shadow approaching against the clouds and then rushing away as it left."
The moon's apparent diameter was larger because the eclipse was occurring only 58 hours, 56 minutes after perigee.
Start of eclipse: Canada and GreenlandEdit
The eclipse began in the far north of Canada in Nunavut at 09:21 UT, the zone of totality being 206 km wide, and lasting for 1 minute 30 seconds. The path of the eclipse then headed north-east, crossing over northern Greenland and reaching the northernmost latitude of 83° 47′ at 09:38 UT before dipping down into Russia.
The path of totality touched the northeast corner of Kvitøya, an uninhabited Norwegian island in the Svalbard archipelago, at 09:47 UT.
Greatest eclipse: RussiaEdit
The eclipse reached the Russian mainland at 10:10 UT, with a path 232 km wide and a duration of 2 minutes 26 seconds. The greatest eclipse occurred shortly after, at 10:21:07 UT at coordinates 65°39′N 72°18′E / 65.650°N 72.300°E (close to Nadym), when the path was 237 km wide, and the duration was 2 minutes 27 seconds. Cities in the path of the total eclipse included Megion, Nizhnevartovsk, Strezhevoy, Novosibirsk and Barnaul. Around 10,000 tourists were present in Novosibirsk, the largest city to experience the eclipse. For Gorno-Altaysk the eclipse was the second consecutive total solar eclipse after the March 2006 eclipse.
Partial from Dmitrov
Magnitogorsk at maximum phrase
Totality from Akademgorodok (Novosibirsk)
Diamond ring effect in Novosibirsk
Partial from Pskov, Russia
Partial from Saratov, Russia
Partial from Yekaterinburg, Russia
Conclusion: Mongolia and ChinaEdit
The path of the eclipse then moved south-east, crossing into Mongolia and just clipping Kazakhstan at around 10:58 UT. The path here was 252 km wide, but the duration decreased to 2 minutes 10 seconds. The path then ran down the China-Mongolia border, ending in China at 11:18 UT, with an eclipse lasting 1 minute 27 seconds at sunset. The total eclipse finished at 11:21 UT. The total eclipse passed over Altay City, Hami and Jiuquan. Around 10,000 people were gathered to watch the eclipse in Hami.
Totality in Altai City, Mongolia
Diamond ring effect in Kumul, Xinjiang
Totality in Jiuquan, China. Red prominences are visible on both sides of the sun
Partial from Xi'an, China
A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including the north east coast of North America and most of Europe and Asia. In London, England, the partial eclipse began at 09:33 BST, with a maximum eclipse of 12% at 10:18 BST, before concluding at 11:05 BST. At Edinburgh the partial eclipse was 23.5%, whilst it was 36% in Lerwick in the Shetland Isles.
The eclipse over Russia, Norway, and the Arctic Ocean as seen from NASA's Terra satellite.
Partial from Graz, Austria
Partial from Minsk, Belarus
Partial from Jodrell Bank Observatory, England
Partial from Huittinen, Finland
Partial from Bergen, Norway
Warsaw, Poland at maximum phrase
Partial from Kumla, Sweden
Partial from Makiivka, Ukraine
Partial from Chennai, India
German charter airline LTU, now trading as Air Berlin, operated a special flight from Düsseldorf to the North Pole to observe the eclipse. Flight number LT 1111 spent over 11 hours in the air, returning to base at 6pm after flying a planeload of eclipse chasers, scientists, journalists and TV crews to watch the celestial event. The route also included a low-level sightseeing tour of Svalbard before the eclipse and the magnetic pole afterwards.
More details about the Total Solar Eclipse of 1 August 2008.Edit
Eclipse Magnitude: 1.03942
Eclipse Obscuration: 1.08040
Greatest Eclipse: 2008 August 1 at 10:22:12.3 TD (10:21:06.7 UTC)
Sun right ascension: 8.8
Sun declination: 17.9
Sun diameter (arcseconds): 1891.0
Moon right ascension: 8.82
Moon declination: 18.6
Moon diameter (arcseconds): 1948.2
Delta T: 1 minute, 5.7 seconds
Saros series: 126th (47 of 72)
Eclipses of 2008Edit
- An annular solar eclipse on February 7.
- A total lunar eclipse on February 21.
- A total solar eclipse on August 1.
- A partial lunar eclipse on August 16.
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of June 21, 2001
- Followed: Solar eclipse of September 13, 2015
- Preceded: Lunar eclipse of July 28, 1999
- Followed: Lunar eclipse of August 7, 2017
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of September 2, 1997
- Followed: Solar eclipse of July 2, 2019
Solar Saros 126Edit
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of July 22, 1990
- Followed: Solar eclipse of August 12, 2026
- Preceded: Solar eclipse of August 22, 1979
- Followed: Solar eclipse of July 13, 2037
Solar eclipses 2008–2011Edit
This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
|Ascending node||Descending node|
Partial from Christchurch, NZ
|2008 February 07
|2008 August 01
Partial from Riversdal
|2009 January 26
|2009 July 22
Bangui, Central African Republic
|2010 January 15
Hao, French Polynesia
|2010 July 11
Partial from Vienna, Austria
|2011 January 04
|1.06265||156||2011 July 01
Partial solar eclipses on June 1, 2011, and November 25, 2011, occur on the next lunar year eclipse set.
It is a part of Saros cycle 126, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 10, 1179. It contains annular eclipses from June 4, 1323 through April 4, 1810, hybrid eclipses from April 14, 1828 through May 6, 1864 and total eclipses from May 17, 1882 through August 23, 2044. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on May 3, 2459. The longest duration of central eclipse (annular or total) was 6 minutes, 30 seconds of annularity on June 26, 1359. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 36 seconds on July 10, 1972. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.
|Series members 42–52 occur between 1901 and 2100|
June 8, 1918
June 19, 1936
June 30, 1954
July 10, 1972
July 22, 1990
August 1, 2008
August 12, 2026
August 23, 2044
September 3, 2062
September 13, 2080
September 25, 2098
The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.
|Octon series with 21 events between May 21, 1993 and August 2, 2065|
|May 20–21||March 8–9||December 25–26||October 13–14||August 1–2|
|May 21, 1955||March 9, 1959||December 26, 1962||October 14, 1966||August 2, 1970|
|May 21, 1974||March 9, 1978||December 26, 1981||October 14, 1985||August 1, 1989|
May 21, 1993
March 9, 1997
December 25, 2000
October 14, 2004
August 1, 2008
May 20, 2012
March 9, 2016
December 26, 2019
October 14, 2023
August 2, 2027
May 21, 2031
March 9, 2035
December 26, 2038
October 14, 2042
August 2, 2046
May 20, 2050
March 9, 2054
December 26, 2057
October 13, 2061
August 2, 2065
May 20, 2069
|March 8, 2073||December 26, 2076||October 13, 2080||August 1, 2084|
- ^ Espenak, Fred; Jay Anderson (July 2004). "Total Solar Eclipse of 2008 August 01 - Parameters". NASA. Archived from the original on 2007-03-21. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ a b c "Total Solar Eclipse of 2008 August 01". NASA. August 1, 2008. Archived from the original on March 9, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ a b c "Total eclipse a dark show for thousands". Herald Sun. August 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ a b c d e Espenak, Fred; Jay Anderson (March 2007). Total Eclipse of 2008 August 01 - NASA Technical Bulletin 2007–214149. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ Dr John Mason describing the eclipse directly after observing it
- ^ Eclipses and Transits Visible in Gorno-Altaysk. timeanddate.com
- ^ Royal Astronomical Society (August 1, 2008). "Solar Eclipse On The Morning Of August 1st". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- ^ Note S1: Eclipses & Predictions in Freeth, Tony (2014). "Eclipse Prediction on the Ancient Greek Astronomical Calculating Machine Known as the Antikythera Mechanism". PLOS ONE. 9 (7): e103275. Bibcode:2014PLoSO...9j3275F. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103275. PMC 4116162. PMID 25075747.
- Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
- Google Map
- Russian solar eclipse Archived 2010-01-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Russian scientist observed eclipse
- Spaceweather.com solar eclipse gallery
- Total Solar Eclipse, August 1, 2008, from Russia by Jay Pasachoff
- Prof. Druckmüller's eclipse photography site. Mongolia
- Prof. Druckmüller's eclipse photography site. Russia
- The 2008 Eclipse in Russia
- Astronomy.com Eclipse trip images from Russia
- Memories, video and images of the eclipse by Crayford Manor House Astronomical Society
- The 2008 Eclipse in Russia
-  APOD 8/5/2008, A Total Solar Eclipse Over China, wide sky from near Barkol in Xinjiang, China
-  APOD 8/7/2008, At the Sun's Edge, Totality from Novosibirsk, Russia
-  APOD 8/8/2008, The Crown of the Sun, totality with corona from Kochenevo, Russia
-  APOD 9/20/2008,A Darkened Sky, totality with wide corona from Mongolia
- Webcast of the eclipse from northwest China
- University of North Dakota's Live Webcast from China
- Video from Altai, featured on CNN Archived 2009-07-26 at the Wayback Machine