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The EyeToy is a color webcam for use with the PlayStation 2. Supported games use computer vision and gesture recognition to process images taken by the EyeToy. This allows players to interact with the games using motion, color detection, and also sound, through its built-in microphone. It was released in October 2003.

EyeToy
Eyetoy logo.svg
EyeToy.png
DeveloperSony Computer Entertainment
ManufacturerLogitech, Namtai
Product familyPlayStation
Typewebcam
GenerationSixth generation era
Release dateOctober 2003
Camera320×240 pixels[1]
ConnectivityUSB 1.1[2] (type-A)
PlatformPlayStation 2
Dimensions44×53×89 mm (1.7×2.1×3.5 in)[2]
Mass173 g (6.1 oz)[2]
Cable length2 m (6.6 ft)[2]
Power draw50 mA[2]
LensheadManual focus ring
SensorOV7648[2]
ChipOV519[2]
SuccessorPlayStation Eye

The camera is manufactured by Logitech (known as "Logicool" in Japan), although newer EyeToys are manufactured by Namtai. The camera is mainly used for playing EyeToy games developed by Sony and other companies. It is not intended for use as a normal PC camera, although some programmers have written unofficial drivers for it.[3] The EyeToy is compatible with the PlayStation 3 and can be used for video chatting.[4] As of November 6, 2008, the EyeToy has sold 10.5 million units worldwide.[5]

HistoryEdit

The EyeToy was conceived by Richard Marks in 1999, after witnessing a demonstration of the PlayStation 2 at the 1999 Game Developers Conference in San Jose, California.[6] Marks's idea was to enable natural user interface and mixed reality video game applications using an inexpensive webcam, using the computational power of the PlayStation 2 to implement computer vision and gesture recognition technologies. He joined Sony Computer Entertainment America (SCEA) that year, and worked on the technology as Special Projects Manager for Research and Development.[7][8]

Marks's work drew the attention of Phil Harrison, then Vice President of Third Party Relations and Research and Development at SCEA. Soon after being promoted to Senior Vice President of Product Development at Sony Computer Entertainment Europe (SCEE) in 2000, Harrison brought Marks to the division's headquarters in London to demonstrate the technology to a number of developers. At the demonstration, Marks was joined with Ron Festejo of SCE Camden Studio[8] (which would later merge to become SCE London Studio) to begin developing a software title using the technology, which would later become EyeToy: Play. Originally called the iToy (short for "interactive toy") by the London branch, the webcam was later renamed to the EyeToy by Harrison. It was first demonstrated to the public at the PlayStation Experience event in August 2002 with four minigames.[7]

Already planned for release in Europe, the EyeToy was picked by SCE's Japanese and American branches after the successful showing at the PlayStation Experience. In 2003, EyeToy was released in a bundle with EyeToy: Play: in Europe on July 4, and North America on November 4. By the end of the year, the EyeToy sold over 2 million units in Europe and 400,000 units in the United States.[7] On February 11, 2004, the EyeToy was released in Japan.

DesignEdit

The camera is mounted on a pivot, allowing for positioning. Focusing the camera is performed by rotating a ring around the lens. It comes with two LED lights on the front. A blue light turns on when the PS2 is on, indicating that it is ready to be used, while the red light flashes when there is insufficient light in the room. There is also a microphone built in. A second, newer model of the EyeToy provides similar features, but sports a smaller size and silver casing.[9]

Use with personal computersEdit

Since the EyeToy is essentially a webcam inside a casing designed to match the PlayStation 2 and it uses a USB 1.1 protocol and USB plug, it is possible to make it work on other systems relatively easily. Drivers have been created to make it work with many computer operating systems, however, Linux is the only OS which has drivers installed yet no official drivers have been offered by Namtai, Logitech, or Sony for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, or Linux. The type of driver required depends on the model of EyeToy camera. There are three different models:

  • SLEH-00030
  • SLEH-00031
  • SCEH-0004

The model information is included in a label on the bottom of the camera.

In these custom drivers, the red LED that normally signals inadequate lighting is used as the active recording indicator. The blue LED is lit when the EyeToy is plugged into the computer.

GamesEdit

Designed for EyeToyEdit

25 Games require the EyeToy for them to be played. All but the 2 Korean-exclusive ones were released in PAL Regions, while only 8 (with 2 third party) titles were released in North America.

Game title Year released Developer Publisher
EyeToy: Play July 2003 (Europe)
November 2003 (North America)
SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment
EyeToy: Groove November 2003 (Europe)
April 2004 (North America)
SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment
U-Move Super Sports July 2004 (Japan)
October 2004 (Europe)
Konami Konami
EyeToy: Monkey Mania August 2004 (Japan)
March 2005 (Europe)
SCE Japan Studio Sony Computer Entertainment
Nicktoons Movin' October 2004 (North America)
November 2004 (Europe)
Mass Media THQ
Sega Superstars October 2004 (North America)
November 2004 (Europe)
Sonic Team Sega
EyeToy: AntiGrav November 2004 (North America)
March 2005 (Europe)
Harmonix Sony Computer Entertainment
EyeToy: Play 2 November 2004 (Europe)
August 2005 (North America)
SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment
Disney Move November 2004 (Europe) Artificial Mind & Movement Buena Vista Games
EyeToy: EduKids January 2005 (Korea) SCE Korea
Arisu Media
Sony Computer Entertainment Korea
EyeToy: Chat February 2005 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
EyeToy: Tales March 2005 (Korea) SCE Korea Sony Computer Entertainment Korea
YetiSports Arctic Adventures July 2005 (Europe) Pirate Games JoWooD Productions
EyeToy: Kinetic September 2005 (Europe)
November 2005 (North America)
SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment
SpyToy October 2005 (Europe)
November 2005 (North America)
SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment
EyeToy: Play 3 November 2005 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
Rythmic Star! April 2006 (Europe) Namco Ignition Entertainment/Namco
Clumsy Shumsy October 2006 (Europe) Phoenix Games Phoenix Games
EyeToy: Kinetic Combat November 2006 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
EyeToy Play: Sports November 2006 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
Bob the Builder August 2007 (Europe) Atomic Planet Entertainment Mastertronic Group
Thomas & Friends: A Day at the Races August 2007 (Europe) Broadsword Interactive Mastertronic Group
EyeToy Play: Astro Zoo November 2007 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
EyeToy Play: Hero 2008 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
EyeToy Play: PomPom Party 2008 (Europe) SCE London Studio Sony Computer Entertainment Europe

Enhanced with EyeToyEdit

These games may be used with the EyeToy optionally. They typically have an "Enhanced with EyeToy" or "EyeToy Enhanced" label on the box.

CameoEdit

EyeToy: Cameo is a system for allowing players to include their own images as avatars in other games. Games that support the feature include a head scanning program that can be used to generate a 3D model of the player's head. Once stored on a memory card, this file is then available in games that support the Cameo feature. EyeToy: Cameo licenses the head creation technology Digimask.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Marks, Richard (2010-11-03). "EyeToy, Innovation and Beyond". Sony Computer Entertainment America. Archived from the original on 2016-10-06. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g EyeToy specifications, published by Sony with EyeToy instruction manual.
  3. ^ "Eyetoy On Computer Project". SourceForge. Archived from the original on 15 June 2009.
  4. ^ "PlayStation.com - PLAYSTATION®3 - Network - friends". 2008-11-09. Archived from the original on November 9, 2008. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  5. ^ Kim, Tom (2008-11-06). "In-Depth: Eye To Eye - The History Of EyeToy". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 2017-08-23. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  6. ^ Robischon, Noah (2003-11-13). "Smile, Gamers: You're in the Picture". The New York Times. pp. G1. ISSN 0362-4331. OCLC 1645522. Archived from the original on 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  7. ^ a b c Pham, Alex (2004-01-18). "EyeToy Springs From One Man's Vision". Los Angeles Times. pp. C1. ISSN 0458-3035. OCLC 3638237. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  8. ^ a b Richard Marks (2004-01-21). EyeToy: A New Interface for Interactive Entertainment. Stanford University. Event occurs at 08:22. Archived from the original (Windows Media v7) on 2011-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  9. ^ Drivers for Windows and Linux free and with support from: http://eyetoy8057.sourceforge.net/cms/ Archived March 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine