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The European Rowing Championships is an international Rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation) for European rowing nations, plus Israel which, though not a member of the European federation is treated as a European nation for competition purposes.[1]

European Rowing Championships
Statusactive
Genresports event
Date(s)midyear
Frequencyannual
Inaugurated1893
Organised byFISA

The championships date back to 1893, the year after FISA was founded. Over time, the competition grew in status and as it was not restricted to European countries, became regarded as the quasi-world championships. The World Rowing Championships were commenced in 1962 and the last European Championships were held in 1973 as from 1974, the World Championships became an annual event. The European Championships were re-introduced in 2007 but with a narrower focus on Europe.

HistoryEdit

The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893 and these continued annually until 1913; the 1914 to 1919 events did not occur due to World War I. The annual schedule was next interrupted in 1928 when the Amsterdam Olympics were regarded as a replacement event; the 1920 Antwerp Olympics or the 1924 Paris Olympics had previously not been a reason for skipping the European Championships. The next time the Olympics were held in Europe, i.e. the 1936 Berlin Olympics, again saw the European Championships skipped. World War II saw the 1939 to 1946 regattas cancelled. The next European event was held in 1947, with subsequent years skipped due to Europe-based Olympics in 1948 (London) and 1952 (Helsinki).

The 1951 European Rowing Championships is notable as the first test event for international women's rowing organised by the International Rowing Federation (FISA). Regattas continued under that name until 1973. From 1962, the event was replaced (one year in four) by the World Rowing Championships, which then became an annual event from 1974. Women's events were introduced in 1954, the first international races for women,[2][3] but even then men's and women's events were held on different days, and in some years at different venues.

On 27 May 2006 the FISA members voted to re-introduce a separate European Rowing Championships in its own right.

In the first regatta there were only three events (men's single, coxed four and eight) and only ten entries. Races were 3,000 m long, except for singles – which were only 2,000 m. Coxed pair was first raced in the following year and double scull was added in 1898. Coxless pair was added in 1924 and coxless four was added the year after.[4] The next change after that was the inclusion of women's rowing.

In 2007, when the European Rowing Championship was re-introduced, there were 14 Olympic boat classes racing over 2,000m. Historically the leading European nations, notably Great Britain and Germany, had taken a haphazard approach to attending the championships. Following the 2012 Summer Olympics, however, both fully committed to the event going forward, and from that date, the championships have progressed rapidly to represent one of the key events in world rowing; given the historic and modern strength of European rowing, they rank behind only the Olympic Games, World Championships and World Cup Series. In Olympic years, when World Championships are not held, they provide a key test ahead of the Olympic regatta, in addition to a significant competitive opportunity in their own right.

In 2015, European Rowing announced that the 2018 edition of the championships would form part of the first European Championships, a co-branded multi-sport event organised by, and consisting of the European championships of, the individual European sports federations.

EditionsEdit

The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893. [5] [6] [7] [8] [a]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1893 Lake Orta   Italy 3
2 1894 Mâcon   France 4
3 1895 Ostend   Belgium 4
4 1896 Geneva    Switzerland 4
5 1897 Pallanza   Italy 4
6 1898 Turin   Italy 5
7 1899 Ostend   Belgium 5
8 1900 Paris   France 5
9 1901 Zürich    Switzerland 5
10 1902 Strasbourg   Germany 5
11 1903 Venice   Italy 5
12 1904 Paris   France 5
13 1905 Ghent   Belgium 5
14 1906 Pallanza   Italy 5
15 1907 Rhine   Germany 5
16 1908 Lucerne    Switzerland 5
17 1909 Paris   France 5
18 1910 Ostend   Belgium 5
19 1911 Como   Italy 5
20 1912 Geneva    Switzerland 5
21 1913 Ghent   Belgium 5
1914–1919 not held because of World War I
22 1920 Mâcon   France 5
23 1921 Amstel   Netherlands 5
24 1922 Barcelona   Spain 5
25 1923 Como   Italy 5
26 1924 Zürich    Switzerland 6
27 1925 Prague   Czechoslovakia 7
28 1926 Lucerne    Switzerland 7
29 1927 Como   Italy 7
30 1929 Bydgoszcz   Poland 7
31 1930 Liège   Belgium 7
32 1931 Paris   France 7
33 1932 Belgrade   Yugoslavia 7
34 1933 Budapest   Hungary 7
35 1934 Lucerne    Switzerland 7
36 1935 Berlin   Germany 7
37 1937 Amsterdam   Netherlands 7
38 1938 Milan   Italy 7
1939–1946 not held because of World War II
39 1947 Lucerne    Switzerland 7
40 1949 Amsterdam   Netherlands 7
41 1950 Milan   Italy 7
42 1951 Mâcon   France 7
43 1953 Copenhagen   Denmark 7
44 1954 Amsterdam   Netherlands 12
45 1955 Bucharest/Ghent   Romania/  Belgium 12
46 1956 Bled   Yugoslavia 12
47 1957 Duisburg   West Germany 12
48 1958 Poznań   Poland 12
49 1959 Mâcon   France 12
50 1960 London   United Kingdom 5
Edition Year Host City Country Events
51 1961 Prague   Czechoslovakia 12
52 1962 East Berlin   East Germany 5
53 1963 Copenhagen/Moscow   Denmark/  Soviet Union 12
54 1964 Amsterdam   Netherlands 12
55 1965 Duisburg   West Germany 12
56 1966 Amsterdam   Netherlands 5
57 1967 Vichy   France 12
58 1968 East Berlin   East Germany 5
59 1969 Klagenfurt   Austria 12
60 1970 Tata   Hungary 5
61 1971 Copenhagen   Denmark 12
62 1972 Brandenburg   East Germany 5
63 1973 Moscow   Soviet Union 12
1974–2006 not held because of World Rowing Championships
64 2007 Poznań   Poland 14
65 2008 Marathon   Greece 14
66 2009 Brest   Belarus 14
67 2010 Montemor-o-Velho   Portugal 22
68 2011 Plovdiv   Bulgaria 14
69 2012 Varese   Italy 14
70 2013 Seville   Spain 17
71 2014 Belgrade   Serbia 17
72 2015 Poznań   Poland 17
73 2016 Brandenburg   Germany 17
74 2017 Račice   Czech Republic 18
75 2018 Glasgow   United Kingdom 17
76 2019 Lucerne    Switzerland 17

All time medal table (2007–2019)[citation needed]Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Germany25231765
2  Italy21192161
3  Romania21111244
4  Greece207128
5  Great Britain14161545
6  Czech Republic13101134
7  France1281131
8  Ukraine1041327
9  Poland9241245
10  Belarus97925
11  Lithuania86216
12   Switzerland741021
13  Netherlands6211643
14  Russia691025
15  Croatia64515
16  Estonia4318
17  Serbia371020
18  Denmark36110
19  Hungary3126
20  Austria2417
21  Ireland2327
22  Norway2169
23  Portugal1326
24  Sweden1225
25  Slovakia1214
26  Spain1157
27  Bulgaria1023
28  Belgium0145
29  Azerbaijan0101
  Finland0101
  Latvia0101
32  Slovenia0033
Totals (32 nations)211210207628

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2018 Edition Part of the European Championships
  1. ^ "2015 European Rowing Championships / Event information - worldrowing.com".
  2. ^ "Women in rowing". World Rowing. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Start ohne "Schallvorteile"". Neues Deutschland (in German). 17 (186). 9 July 1962. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Antworten auf Anfragen aus unserem Leserkreis" [Answers to inquiries from our readers] (PDF). R.C.B. Nachrichten (in German). Bern. 1 (6): 6–7. October–December 1932. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  5. ^ Part sourced from the official programme of the European Rowing Championships 2017, 26–28 May 2017, Račice, Czech Republic
  6. ^ "World Rowing Cups for 2015 and 2016 to fit in with Rio Olympic preparations, FISA announce".
  7. ^ "Event Notes: Brandenburg, Germany To Host 2016 European Rowing Championships".
  8. ^ "Rowing joins the innovative European Sports Championships". worldrowing.com. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.

External linksEdit