1894 European Rowing Championships

The 1894 European Rowing Championships were rowing championships held on the Saône in the French city Mâcon on 16 September.[1] The competition was for men only, and the regatta had four boat classes (M1x, M2+, M4+, M8+). This was the second edition of the European Rowing Championships and the first time that the coxed pair boat class was included.[2]

1894 European Rowing Championships
VenueSaône
LocationMâcon, France
Dates16 September

At the FISA Congress held on 15 September, five federations were represented.[3]

Event scheduleEdit

FISA, the International Rowing Federation, had been founded in 1892 and one of the motivations for having the body is to standardise the rules of racing which varied greatly, even within countries. Race distances were variable. The 1894 European Rowing Championships were raced over a 2000 m distance for all four boat classes; it just so happened that the available straight on the Saône allowed for this race distance. Nevertheless, this became the standard race distance and the 1894 Championships are credited with having set this distance.[4]

Four races took place on 16 September 1896. As only four teams competed, no heats had to be rowed. The teams represented France, Italy and Belgium. In addition, there was a team from Trieste. That city had only just (in 1891) lost its status as a free port and belonged to the Austria-Hungarian Empire. Contemporary sources list Trieste as being represented rather than Austria-Hungary.[5] A rowing union had formed in Trieste and the decision had been made to send a coxed four to France. There were four rowing clubs competing for the honour to represent the port city. Three regattas were held during August that were all won by the team from Ginnastica.[6]

Medal summaryEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Country & rowers Time Country & rowers Time Country & rowers Time
M1x[7]   France
Gresset
  Italy
Vittorio Leone
  Belgium
Edouard Lescrauwaet
M2+[2]   Belgium
Edouard Lescrauwaet
Auguste Lescrauwaet
  Italy
Vittorio Leone
Federico Costa
  France[a]
M4+[8]   France
Jules Démaré
Dorlia
Paul Cocuet
Gabriel Sartori
  Italy
Luigi Rossi
Giuseppe Gribaudi
Ferruccio Somaglia
Attilio Chiantore
  Trieste[6]
Dante Sandinelli
Ugo Bonazza
Guido Calzabar
Ermanno Girardelli
M8+[9]   France
Jules Démaré
Dorlia
Paul Cocuet
Gabriel Sartori
E. Lepron
Dupont
Sablier
Dupont
  Italy
Luigi Rossi
Giuseppe Gribaudi
Ferruccio Somaglia
Augusto Lange
Carlo Carbone
Mario Ostorero
Giovanni Lenti
Attilio Chiantore
  Belgium
Louis Choisy
Paul de Gottal
Octave Schepens
Léonce Roels
Raymond Roels
Gustave Brandes
Prospère Bruggeman
Victor De Bisschop
van Hemelberghe (cox)

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The source does not list the names of the team members.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Event Information". International Rowing Federation. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b Heckert, Karlheinz. "Rudern – Europameisterschaften (Herren – Zweier m. Stm.)" (in German). Sport Komplett. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Rowing and Olympism" (PDF). LA84 Foundation. p. 908. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Why do we race 2000m? The history behind the distance". International Rowing Federation. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Resoconto Ufficiale delle Regate di Campionato Europeo 1894". Italian Rowing Federation. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b "16 settembre: 120 dalla partecipazione della Ginnastica agli Europei". Italian Rowing Federation. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  7. ^ Heckert, Karlheinz. "Rudern – Europameisterschaften (Herren – Einer)" (in German). Sport Komplett. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  8. ^ Heckert, Karlheinz. "Rudern – Europameisterschaften (Herren – Vierer m.Stm.)" (in German). Sport Komplett. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  9. ^ Heckert, Karlheinz. "Rudern – Europameisterschaften (Herren – Achter)" (in German). Sport Komplett. Retrieved 14 August 2018.