Esaki Lighthouse

Esaki Lighthouse (江埼灯台, esaki tōdai) is a lighthouse located in the city of Awaji, Hyōgo Japan. It is located at the northernmost cape of Awaji Island facing the Akashi Strait opposite the city of Kobe. The lighthouse is located within the borders of the Setonaikai National Park. It is registered with the Japanese government as an “A-grade Lighthouse” for historic preservation and is listed as one of the “50 Lighthouses of Japan” by the Japan Lighthouse Association. It is operated by the Japan Coast Guard.[2][3]

Esaki Lighthouse
Esakitoudai 01.jpg
Esaki Lighthouse
LocationAwaji Island, Awaji, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates34°36′23″N 134°59′36″E / 34.6064°N 134.9933°E / 34.6064; 134.9933
Constructed1871 Edit this on Wikidata
Constructionstone Edit this on Wikidata
Automated1981 Edit this on Wikidata
Height8.27 m (27.1 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Shapecylinder Edit this on Wikidata
Markingswhite Edit this on Wikidata
First lit1871 Edit this on Wikidata
Focal height48.5 m (159 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Lenssecond order Fresnel lens, third order Fresnel lens Edit this on Wikidata
Intensity62,000 candela (white), 24,000 candela (red) Edit this on Wikidata
Range18 nmi (33 km; 21 mi) (white), 16 nmi (30 km; 18 mi) (red) Edit this on Wikidata
CharacteristicAl R W 3s Edit this on Wikidata
Japan no.JCG-3801 [F5796][1]


Esaki Lighthouse was one of the 26 lighthouses to be built in Meiji period Japan by British engineer Richard Henry Brunton. It was one of the five lighthouses stipulated specifically by the provisions of the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce of 1858, in which the Tokugawa shogunate agreed to open the port of Hyōgo to western commerce and to allow British subjects to reside in Osaka. The treaty continued to be honored by the Meiji government, and the lighthouse was completed and lit for the first time on June 14,1871. The tower was built from granite quarried on the island of Ieshima in the Seto Inland Sea, and the original light source was an oil lamp. It was electrified in 1933 and became unattended from 1981. The structure was severely damaged by the January 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake. In 1996, the former staff quarters of the lighthouse was restored and relocated to the Shikoku Mura open-air architectural park in Takamatsu, Kagawa. It was designated a National Registered Tangible Cultural Property in 2000. The Esaki Lighthouse was designated as a National Important Cultural Property in 2022.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Japan: Awaji Shima". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  2. ^ "江埼灯台 E Sak" (in Japanese). Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  3. ^ 江埼灯台(淡路市) (in Japanese). Kobe Shimbun. 8 December 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2010.


  • Brunton, Richard. Building Japan, 1868–1879. Japan Library, 1991. ISBN 1-873410-05-0

External linksEdit