List of equipment of the United States Army
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The following is a list of equipment of the United States Army:
|M9||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Italy and United States||To be replaced by the M17 Modular Handgun System|
|M11||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol|| Germany
|To be replaced by the M18 Modular Handgun System|
|M1911, M45||.45 ACP||Pistol||United States||Limited use.|
|M17, M18||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol|| Germany
|Won the Modular Handgun System competition|
|Mk 23||45 ACP||Pistol||Germany||limited use in special forces|
|Mk 24||45 ACP||Pistol||Germany||HK45 Compact Tactical - limited use in special forces|
|Mk 25||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol|| Germany
|Sig P226 - limited use in special forces|
|Mk 26||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Austria||Glock 26 - limited use in special forces.|
|Mk 27||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Austria||Glock 19 - limited use in special forces.|
|Mk 28||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Austria||Glock 17 - limited use in special forces.|
|Mk 29||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Austria||Glock 34 - limited use in special forces.|
|B&T APC9 Pro-K||9 x 19mm NATO||Submachine gun||Switzerland||Used in Military Police and Security Details as Sub Compact Weapon (SCW) |
|SIG Sauer MPX||9 x 19mm NATO||Submachine gun|| Germany
|Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort|
|MP5||9 x 19mm NATO||Submachine gun||Germany||Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort|
|Small Caliber Rifles/carbine|
|M16||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||United States||Standard service rifle. Formerly in use with Army National Guard|
|M4||5.56×45mm NATO||Carbine||United States||Standard service rifle.|
|Mk 16 Mod 0||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||Belgium & United States||Used by US Army Rangers|
|HK416||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||Germany||Used by Delta Force|
|SIG Sauer MCX||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle|| Germany
|Used by Joint Special Operations Command|
|500 MILLS||12-gauge||Shotgun||United States||Used by Delta Force|
|Ithaca 37||12-gauge||Shotgun||United States|
|M26 MASS||12-gauge||Modular Accessory Shotgun System||United States||Attaches to M4 or standalone|
|M249||5.56×45mm NATO||Light machine gun||United States||Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines|
|M240||7.62×51mm NATO||General purpose machine gun||United States||Belt-fed|
|Browning M2||.50 BMG||Heavy machine gun||United States||Mounted on vehicles or tripods.|
|DMRs and sniper rifles|
|Mk 14 EBR||7.62×51mm NATO||Designated Marksman Rifle||United States||To be replaced with the M110A1 SDMR.|
|M110 SASS||7.62×51mm NATO||Designated Marksman Rifle||United States|
|M24 Sniper Weapon System||7.62×51mm NATO||Sniper Rifle||United States|
|M110A1 CSASS||7.62×51mm NATO||Compact Squad Designated Marksman Rifle||Germany|
|SIG Sauer 716 G2||7.62×51mm NATO||Designated Marksman Rifle||United States|
|Mk 20 SSR||7.62×51mm NATO||Sniper Rifle|| Belgium
|Mk 21 PSR||7.62×51mm NATO, .300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua Magnum||Precision Sniper Rifle||United States|
|M2010 ESR||.300 Winchester Magnum||Enhanced Sniper Rifle||United States|
|M107||.50 BMG||Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle||United States|
|Mk 19||40mm||Automatic grenade launcher||United States||Belt-fed.|
|Mk 47 Striker||40mm||Automatic grenade launcher||United States||Fire-control system|
|M203||40mm||Grenade launcher||United States||Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher|
|M320||40mm||Grenade launcher|| Germany
|Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher|
|M67||Fragmentation grenade||United States|
|M18||Smoke grenade||United States|
|Portable anti-materiel weapons|
|M141||83.5mm||Anti-fortification||United States||Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW.|
|M72 LAW||66mm||Anti-tank weapon||United States|
|M3 MAAWS||84x246mm R||Anti-tank recoilless rifle||Sweden|
|BGM-71 TOW||Guided anti-tank missile||United States|
|FGM-148 Javelin||Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile||United States|
|FIM-92 Stinger||Anti-aircraft missile||United States|
|M224||60 mm||United States||Unknown|
|M252||81 mm||United Kingdom||Unknown|
|M109||155 mm self-propelled howitzer||United States||992|||
|M777||155 mm gun-howitzer||United Kingdom||456|
|M119||105 mm howitzer|| United Kingdom
|M270||United States||840+||Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher|
|M142||United States||216||M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame|
|C-RAM||United States||Unknown||Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS|
|AN/TWQ-1 Avenger||United States||~800||Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV|
|MIM-104||United States||1,100||Mobile, long-range surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability|
|HMMWV||United States||150,000 all services||Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored. The armored HMMWVs in service are to be replaced by the JLTV.|
|Light Strike Vehicle||United States||Unknown|
|Oshkosh L-ATV||United States||53,582 (procurement objective)||Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.|
|RSOV||United Kingdom||60 (delivered)|
|M939 Truck||United States||25,000||Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.|
|FMTV||United States||108,800 (delivered; FMTV trucks and companion trailers)||Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.|
|HEMTT||United States||>27,000 (new build and remanufactured)||Figures include National Guard and Air Force|
|Oshkosh HET||United States||4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)||2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.|
|M1 Abrams||United States||2,384 active service
3,500 in storage
|Main battle tank. 1,593 M1A2SEPv2 and 791 M1A1 in active service. 3,500 M1 in storage. + 134 order |
|M1120 Series||Canada/ United States||4,466||Armored personnel carrier|
|M113||United States||1,568 active duty||Armored personnel carrier|
|M1117||United States||2,900||Armored car|
|M2 Bradley||United States||1,199 active
639 in reserve
|Infantry fighting vehicle|
|M3 Bradley||United States||453 active
259 in reserve
|Infantry fighting vehicle|
|M88 Hercules||United States||748||Armored recovery vehicle|
|M9||United States||~490||Combat engineering vehicle|
|M-ATV||United States||8,722 (delivered; all services)||Around 7,000 M-ATV are being retained, 5,651 of these (inc. 250 for SOCOM) by the Army. Oshkosh currently has a Reset contract in place.|
|United States||4,400 (est.)||Post-Afghanistan/Iraq the U.S. Army is not retaining any Cougar MRAPs.|
|International MaxxPro||United States||8,780 (all services)||Army to retain 2,934 MaxxPro post-Afghanistan/Iraq.|
|RG-31||South Africa||2,300 (est.) (all services)||1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army|
|South Africa||2,386 (all services)||712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1.|
The Pentagon bought 25,000 MRAP vehicles since 2007 in 25 variants through rapid acquisition with no long-term plans for the platforms. The Army plans to divest 7,456 vehicles and retain 8,585. Of the total number of vehicles the Army is to keep, 5,036 are to be put in storage, 1,073 used for training and the remainder spread across the active force. The Oshkosh M-ATV will be kept the most at 5,681 vehicles, as it is smaller and lighter than other MRAPs for off-road mobility. The other most retained vehicle will be the Navistar MaxxPro Dash with 2,633 vehicles and 301 Maxxpro ambulances. Other MRAPs such as the Cougar, BAE Caiman, and larger MaxxPros will be disposed.
- The M240, MK 19, and M2 machine guns can be mounted on vehicles.
- The M134 Minigun, fires 7.62mm ammunition at 3,000 to 4,000 rpm.
- The M3P Machine Gun, an M2 variant with a higher rate of fire mounted on the Avenger Humvee.
- The GAU-19, a rotary gun that fires .50 caliber ammunition. Mounted on Humvees and helicopters.
- The M230 Autocannon fires 30×113mm ammunition at a rate of 625 rounds per minute. It is mounted on the AH-64 Apache and UH-60 Black Hawk Direct Action Penetrator helicopters.
- The M242 Autocannon fires 25×137mm ammunition at a rate of 200 rounds per minute. It is one of the primary armaments of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and is one of a variety of anti-air and anti-surface naval armaments.
The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.
|EO-5||Canada||Reconnaissance||EO-5C||5||Previously designated as RC-7B|
|Cessna UC-35||USA||Utility aircraft||UC-35A
|DHC-6 Twin Otter||Canada||Utility STOL aircraft||UV-18A||6|
|AH-6 Little Bird||USA||Attack helicopter||MH/AH-6M||60|
|AH-64 Apache||USA||Attack helicopter||AH-64D
|CH-47 Chinook||USA||Cargo helicopter||CH-47D
|EH-60 Black Hawk||USA||Electronic-warfare helicopter||EH-60A||64|
|MH-47 Chinook||USA||Multi-mission helicopter||MH-47G||27|
|TH-67 Creek|| USA
|Trainer helicopter||TH-67||180||To be retired by 2020|
|UH-60 Black Hawk||USA||Utility helicopter||UH-60A
|UH-72 Lakota|| USA
|Utility helicopter||UH-72A||250||345 planned|
|Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)|
|AeroVironment Switchblade||Attack UAV||4400+|
|RQ-11B Raven||Hand-launched UAV||5000|
|Prioria Robotics Maveric||Hand-launched UAV||36|||
|RQ-20A Puma||Hand-launched UAV||325|
|RQ-7B Shadow||Reconnaissance UAV||500+|
|MQ-1C Warrior||Extended-Range Multi-Purpose (ERMP) UAV||132
- (numbers as per individual articles)
Number of aircraftEdit
As of 4 April 2019, the Army has;
- 193 - fixed-wing/STOL aircraft +
- 3,372 - rotary-wing/helicopters =
- 3,565 - total manned aircraft +
- 10,441 - UAVs/UCAVs/drones =
- 14,006 - grand total of aircraft
The Army still operates several vessels.
|General Frank S. Besson Class||Logistics Support Vessel||2||8|
|Stalwart Class||Ocean Surveillance Ship||1|
|Runnymede Class||Landing Craft Utility||35|
|MGen. Nathanael Greene Class||Large Tug||6|
|Army Combat Uniform (ACU)||Universal Camouflage Pattern
||The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.
Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern. In June 2015, the Army announced to replace its UCP pattern with the Operational Camouflage Pattern, which is a modified version of the Multicam. The UCP will eventually be phased out by September 2019.
|Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU)||Universal Camouflage Pattern||
||A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform.|
|Physical Fitness Uniform|
The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As". The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009 it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.
Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.
Modular sleep systemEdit
The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army and manufactured by Tennier Industries. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag (note that the color differs depending on the vintage of the gear). Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35–50 °F (2–10 °C). The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from −5–35 °F (−21–2 °C). Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as −30 °F (−34 °C). The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.
This section incorporates work from https://peosoldier.army.mil/newpeo/Equipment/Temp.asp?id=CIE_SS, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.
In November 2012, the U.S. Army developed a tactical 3D printing capability to allow it to rapidly manufacture critical components on the battlefield. Additive manufacturing is now a capability at Rock Island Arsenal where parts can now be manufactured outside a factory including:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Army equipment.|
- M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- [http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/01/20/army-picks-sig-sauers-p320-handgun-to-replace-m9-service-pistol.html Army picks Sig Sauer's P320 handgun to replace M9 service pistol ], Fox News Tech
- M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
- M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- "M109A6 Paladin". Military Today. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Self-propelled howitzer M109A7 and M992A3 carrier ammunition enter in service with U.S. Army". 20 May 2014.
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- "Multiple Launch Rocket System M270". Lockheed Martin. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
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- "Oshkosh M1070 and M1070A1 (8 × 8) Heavy Equipment Transporters (HETs) and M1000 semi-trailer". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- The Military Balance 2016 p.40-43
- "Iraq Seeks Up to 30 General Dynamics Stryker Vehicles". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "The Military Balance 2017". www.iiss.org. Retrieved 20 December 2017.[unreliable source?]
- Feickert, A. (5 April 2016). "The Army's M-1 Abrams, M-2/M-3 Bradley, and M-1126 Stryker: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "M88A2 HERCULES Armoured Recovery Vehicle - Army Technology". www.army-technology.com. Retrieved 24 August 2015.[unreliable source?]
- "The US M9 Armored Combat Earthmover aka M9 ACE". Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "U.S. Army Awards Additional M-ATV Reset Contract to Oshkosh Defense". 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Retasking MRAP: Life after Afghanistan". Jane's International Defence Review. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Buffalo MRAP". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Majority of MRAPs to be scrapped or stored". Military Times, 5 January 2014
- John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
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- "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- United States Army purchases Maveric bird camouflage UAS Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 26 November 2013
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- New Army initiatives cut costs, get essential equipment to Soldiers faster