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List of equipment of the United States Army

Small armsEdit

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
M9   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Italy and United States To be replaced by the M17 Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M11   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Germany
   Switzerland
  United States
To be replaced by the M18 Modular Handgun System[2]
M1911, M45   .45 ACP Pistol   United States Limited use.
M17, M18   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Germany
   Switzerland
  United States
Won the Modular Handgun System competition[3]
Mk 23   45 ACP Pistol   Germany limited use in special forces
Mk 24   45 ACP Pistol   Germany HK45 Compact Tactical - limited use in special forces
Mk 25   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Germany
   Switzerland
Sig P226 - limited use in special forces
Mk 26   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Austria Glock 26 - limited use in special forces.[4]
Mk 27   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Austria Glock 19 - limited use in special forces.[5]
Mk 28   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Austria Glock 17 - limited use in special forces.[6]
Mk 29   9 x 19mm NATO Pistol   Austria Glock 34 - limited use in special forces.[7]
Submachine guns
B&T APC9 Pro-K   9 x 19mm NATO Submachine gun    Switzerland Used in Military Police and Security Details as Sub Compact Weapon (SCW) [8]
SIG Sauer MPX   9 x 19mm NATO Submachine gun   Germany
   Switzerland
Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
MP5   9 x 19mm NATO Submachine gun   Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
Small Caliber Rifles/carbine
M16   5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle   United States Standard service rifle. Formerly in use with Army National Guard[9][10]
M4   5.56×45mm NATO Carbine   United States Standard service rifle.[11][12]
Mk 16 Mod 0   5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle   Belgium & United States Used by US Army Rangers
HK416   5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle   Germany Used by Delta Force
SIG Sauer MCX   5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle   Germany
   Switzerland
Used by Joint Special Operations Command
Shotguns
500 MILLS   12-gauge Shotgun   United States Used by Delta Force
Ithaca 37   12-gauge Shotgun   United States
M1014   12-gauge Shotgun   Italy
M26 MASS   12-gauge Modular Accessory Shotgun System   United States Attaches to M4 or standalone
Machine guns
M249   5.56×45mm NATO Light machine gun   United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[13][14]
M240   7.62×51mm NATO General purpose machine gun   United States Belt-fed[15][16]
Browning M2   .50 BMG Heavy machine gun   United States Mounted on vehicles or tripods.[17]
DMRs and sniper rifles
Mk 14 EBR   7.62×51mm NATO Designated Marksman Rifle   United States To be replaced with the M110A1 SDMR.
M110 SASS   7.62×51mm NATO Designated Marksman Rifle   United States
M24 Sniper Weapon System   7.62×51mm NATO Sniper Rifle   United States
M110A1 CSASS   7.62×51mm NATO Compact Squad Designated Marksman Rifle   Germany
SIG Sauer 716 G2 7.62×51mm NATO Designated Marksman Rifle   United States
Mk 20 SSR   7.62×51mm NATO Sniper Rifle   Belgium
  United States
Mk 21 PSR   7.62×51mm NATO, .300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua Magnum Precision Sniper Rifle   United States
M2010 ESR   .300 Winchester Magnum Enhanced Sniper Rifle   United States
M107   .50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle   United States
Grenade-based weapons
Mk 19   40mm Automatic grenade launcher   United States Belt-fed.[18][19]
Mk 47 Striker   40mm Automatic grenade launcher   United States Fire-control system
M203   40mm Grenade launcher   United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[20][21]
M320   40mm Grenade launcher   Germany
  United States
Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67   Fragmentation grenade   United States
M18   Smoke grenade   United States
M84   Flashbang   United States
Portable anti-materiel weapons
AT4   84mm Anti-tank weapon   Sweden
M141   83.5mm Anti-fortification   United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW.
M72 LAW   66mm Anti-tank weapon   United States
M3 MAAWS[22]   84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle   Sweden
BGM-71 TOW   Guided anti-tank missile   United States
FGM-148 Javelin   Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile   United States
FIM-92 Stinger   Anti-aircraft missile   United States

|M-202 FLASH || || Incendiary-rocket-launchet ||   United States || |-

ArtilleryEdit

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M224[23][24]   60 mm   United States Unknown
M252[25][26]   81 mm   United Kingdom Unknown
M120[27][28]   120 mm   Israel 1,067
Howitzers
M109   155 mm self-propelled howitzer   United States 992[29] [30]
M777   155 mm gun-howitzer   United Kingdom 456[31]
M119   105 mm howitzer   United Kingdom
  United States
408[citation needed]
Rocket artillery
M270     United States 840+[32] Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[33]     United States 216[citation needed] M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air defense
C-RAM     United States Unknown Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger     United States ~800[34] Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104     United States 1,100[35] Mobile, long-range surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

VehiclesEdit

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV     United States 150,000 all services[36][37] Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored. The armored HMMWVs in service are to be replaced by the JLTV.
Light Strike Vehicle     United States Unknown
Oshkosh L-ATV     United States 53,582 (procurement objective) Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.[38]
RSOV     United Kingdom 60 (delivered)
Trucks
M939 Truck   United States 25,000[39] Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
FMTV     United States 108,800 (delivered; FMTV trucks and companion trailers) Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.[39]
HEMTT     United States >27,000 (new build and remanufactured)[40] Figures include National Guard and Air Force
Oshkosh HET   United States 4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)[41] 2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
Armoured vehicles
M1 Abrams   United States 2,384 active service[42]
3,500 in storage
Main battle tank. 1,593 M1A2SEPv2 and 791 M1A1 in active service. 3,500 M1 in storage. + 134 order [42]
M1120 Series   Canada/  United States 4,466[43] Armored personnel carrier
M113   United States 1,568 active duty[citation needed] Armored personnel carrier
M1117   United States 2,900[44] Armored car
M2 Bradley   United States 1,199 active
639 in reserve[45]
Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley   United States 453 active
259 in reserve[45]
Infantry fighting vehicle
M88 Hercules   United States 748[46] Armored recovery vehicle
M9   United States ~490[47] Combat engineering vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV     United States 8,722 (delivered; all services) Around 7,000 M-ATV are being retained, 5,651 of these (inc. 250 for SOCOM) by the Army. Oshkosh currently has a Reset contract in place.[48]
Cougar H
Cougar HE
    United States 4,400 (est.)[49] Post-Afghanistan/Iraq the U.S. Army is not retaining any Cougar MRAPs.[49]
International MaxxPro     United States 8,780 (all services)[49] Army to retain 2,934 MaxxPro post-Afghanistan/Iraq.
RG-31     South Africa 2,300 (est.) (all services)[49] 1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army[49]
RG-33
RG-33L
    South Africa 2,386 (all services)[49] 712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1.[49]
Buffalo     United States 750[50]

MRAP vehiclesEdit

The Pentagon bought 25,000 MRAP vehicles since 2007 in 25 variants through rapid acquisition with no long-term plans for the platforms. The Army plans to divest 7,456 vehicles and retain 8,585. Of the total number of vehicles the Army is to keep, 5,036 are to be put in storage, 1,073 used for training and the remainder spread across the active force. The Oshkosh M-ATV will be kept the most at 5,681 vehicles, as it is smaller and lighter than other MRAPs for off-road mobility. The other most retained vehicle will be the Navistar MaxxPro Dash with 2,633 vehicles and 301 Maxxpro ambulances. Other MRAPs such as the Cougar, BAE Caiman, and larger MaxxPros will be disposed.[51]

Vehicle-mounted weaponsEdit

AircraftEdit

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[54]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
C-12 Huron     USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
MC-12W
17
14
17
11[55]
C-26 Metroliner     USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship     Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37     USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5     Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[56] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron     USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
RC-12X
12
6
18
14[57]
Cessna UC-35     USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter     Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird     USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 60
AH-64 Apache     USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
AH-64E
756
CH-47 Chinook     USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
EH-60 Black Hawk     USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook     USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
TH-67 Creek     USA
  Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180 To be retired by 2020[58]
UH-60 Black Hawk     USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
250[59][60]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota     USA
  Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[61]
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
AeroVironment Switchblade Attack UAV 4400+  
RQ-11B Raven   Hand-launched UAV 5000  
Prioria Robotics Maveric   Hand-launched UAV 36 [62]
RQ-20A Puma   Hand-launched UAV 325  
RQ-7B Shadow   Reconnaissance UAV 500+  
MQ-1C Warrior   Extended-Range Multi-Purpose (ERMP) UAV 132
180
[citation needed]
 
  •   (numbers as per individual articles)

Number of aircraftEdit

As of 4 April 2019, the Army has;

  • 193 - fixed-wing/STOL aircraft +
  • 3,372 - rotary-wing/helicopters =
  • 3,565 - total manned aircraft +
  • 10,441 - UAVs/UCAVs/drones =
  • 14,006 - grand total of aircraft

VesselsEdit

The Army still operates several vessels.[63]

Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
General Frank S. Besson Class   Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class   Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class   Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class   Large Tug 6

AttireEdit

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam
 

 

 
    The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern. In June 2015, the Army announced to replace its UCP pattern with the Operational Camouflage Pattern, which is a modified version of the Multicam. The UCP will eventually be phased out by September 2019.[64]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern  

 
  A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform.
Physical Fitness Uniform  

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As". The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009 it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

Field equipmentEdit

Modular sleep systemEdit

 
A Modular Sleep System in use

The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army and manufactured by Tennier Industries. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag (note that the color differs depending on the vintage of the gear). Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35–50 °F (2–10 °C). The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from −5–35 °F (−21–2 °C). Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as −30 °F (−34 °C). The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.[65]

This section incorporates work from https://peosoldier.army.mil/newpeo/Equipment/Temp.asp?id=CIE_SS, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.

3D printingEdit

In November 2012, the U.S. Army developed a tactical 3D printing capability to allow it to rapidly manufacture critical components on the battlefield.[66] Additive manufacturing is now a capability at Rock Island Arsenal[67] where parts can now be manufactured outside a factory including:

  • M1A1 Abrams tank turret[67]
  • 40 mm grenade launcher[67]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ a b John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  3. ^ [http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/01/20/army-picks-sig-sauers-p320-handgun-to-replace-m9-service-pistol.html Army picks Sig Sauer's P320 handgun to replace M9 service pistol ], Fox News Tech
  4. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  5. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  6. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  7. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  8. ^ https://www.tactical-life.com/news/army-bt-apc9k-sub-compact-weapon/
  9. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. ^ John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  11. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  12. ^ John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  13. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  14. ^ John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  15. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  16. ^ John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  17. ^ John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  18. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  19. ^ John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  20. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  21. ^ John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  22. ^ Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  23. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  24. ^ John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  25. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  26. ^ John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  27. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  28. ^ John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  29. ^ "M109A6 Paladin". Military Today. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  30. ^ "Self-propelled howitzer M109A7 and M992A3 carrier ammunition enter in service with U.S. Army". 20 May 2014.
  31. ^ "M777 155mm Ultralightweight Field Howitzer, United Kingdom". army-technology.com. Retrieved 28 April 2015.[unreliable source?]
  32. ^ "Multiple Launch Rocket System M270". Lockheed Martin. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  33. ^ "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows". 8 November 2013.
  34. ^ "Avenger Low Level Air Defence System, United States of America". army-technology.com. Retrieved 14 August 2015.[unreliable source?]
  35. ^ "MIM-104 Patriot - History, Specs and Pictures - Military Armor". Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  36. ^ "AM General High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) (Dec)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  37. ^ "AM General Secures Six-Year, $428.3 Million Contact To Provide The Army With M997A3 HMMWV Configured Ambulances". AM General. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  38. ^ "Lockheed Martin Protests JLTV contract award to Oshkosh". 8 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  39. ^ a b "Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) (Nov)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  40. ^ "Oshkosh M977 heavy expanded mobility tactical truck (HEMTT) and M989A1 heavy expanded mobility ammunition trailer (HEMAT)". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  41. ^ "Oshkosh M1070 and M1070A1 (8 × 8) Heavy Equipment Transporters (HETs) and M1000 semi-trailer". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  42. ^ a b The Military Balance 2016 p.40-43
  43. ^ "Iraq Seeks Up to 30 General Dynamics Stryker Vehicles". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  44. ^ "The Military Balance 2017". www.iiss.org. Retrieved 20 December 2017.[unreliable source?]
  45. ^ a b Feickert, A. (5 April 2016). "The Army's M-1 Abrams, M-2/M-3 Bradley, and M-1126 Stryker: Background and Issues for Congress" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  46. ^ "M88A2 HERCULES Armoured Recovery Vehicle - Army Technology". www.army-technology.com. Retrieved 24 August 2015.[unreliable source?]
  47. ^ "The US M9 Armored Combat Earthmover aka M9 ACE". Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  48. ^ "U.S. Army Awards Additional M-ATV Reset Contract to Oshkosh Defense". 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  49. ^ a b c d e f g "Retasking MRAP: Life after Afghanistan". Jane's International Defence Review. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  50. ^ "Buffalo MRAP". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  51. ^ "Majority of MRAPs to be scrapped or stored". Military Times, 5 January 2014
  52. ^ John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  53. ^ John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  54. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States[permanent dead link]>.
  55. ^ Drew, James (25 September 2015). "Beale AFB farewells MC-12 as spy plane moves to Army and SOCOM". Flight Global. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  56. ^ WebCite query result
  57. ^ http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/up-to-462m-for-rc-12-guardrail-modernization-03756/
  58. ^ Huber, Mark (28 January 2016). "Flight Training Begins for First Class of Lakota Pilots". Aviation International News. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  59. ^ "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009.
  60. ^ "Sikorsky to deliver 102 new tactical multirole helicopters to US armed forces". 19 November 2014.
  61. ^ "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
  62. ^ United States Army purchases Maveric bird camouflage UAS Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 26 November 2013
  63. ^ hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  64. ^ Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  65. ^ US Army (13 August 2011). "Sleep Systems". PEO Soldier. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  66. ^ "US army builds its own 3D printer". BBC News. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  67. ^ a b c New Army initiatives cut costs, get essential equipment to Soldiers faster