Ecuador elects on the national level a president and a legislature. The President of the Republic and the Vice President are elected on one ballot for a four-year term by the people. The National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) has 137 members elected for a four-year term in the 24 provinces (so multi-seat constituencies).

Ecuador has a mandatory voting system; citizens who fail to vote are fined.[1][2] To facilitate universal voting, elections are always held on Sundays and seen as community events where everyone must contribute to the work of voting days.

Presidential elections

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Presidential elections in Ecuador are conducted every four years.

Elections use a run off system where a candidate must get over 40% of valid votes and have a minimum 10% lead over the runner up to win in only one round. This is known as winning an "absolute majority".

If no candidate meets those criteria, then the two leading candidates will run against each other in a second election that is held within 45 days off the first election. This stage is known as "Ballotage".

Whoever comes out of Ballotage with more votes will win the presidency.

Past elections

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2023 presidential elections

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CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Luisa GonzálezAndrés ArauzCitizen Revolution Movement3,315,66333.614,880,52548.17
Daniel NoboaVerónica Abad RojasNational Democratic Action2,315,29623.475,251,69551.83
Christian ZuritaAndrea González NáderMovimiento Construye1,614,43416.37
Jan TopićDiana Jácome SilvaPor Un País Sin Miedo1,446,81214.67
Otto SonnenholznerErika Paredes SánchezActuemos696,5487.06
Yaku PérezNory Pinela MoránClaro Que Se Puede391,6743.97
Xavier HervasLuz Marina Vega ConejoRETO Movement48,4280.49
Bolívar ArmijosLinda Romero EspinozaAMIGO Movement35,7850.36
Total9,864,640100.0010,132,220100.00
Valid votes9,864,64091.1910,132,22091.49
Invalid votes732,4786.77858,3947.75
Blank votes220,7172.0484,1780.76
Total votes10,817,835100.0011,074,792100.00
Registered voters/turnout13,045,55382.9213,446,68282.36
Source: CNE, eldiario, CNE

2023 National Assembly elections

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PartyNationalProvincialOverseasTotal
seats
Votes%SeatsVotes%SeatsVotes%Seats
Citizen Revolution Movement[a]3,326,11039.7263,059,89835.6542452
Movimiento Construye1,707,68220.3931,428,86916.6524128
National Democratic Action1,219,25414.562884,74710.3111114
Social Christian Party[b]996,20611.902948,33311.0512014
Actuemos (Avanza–SUMA)377,9534.511577,3846.73708
Patriotic Society Party264,7013.161118,9721.3901
Claro Que Se Puede (UPPSEDSì)[c]240,0152.870360,0664.20303
RETO Movement141,5771.690128,1741.4900
AMIGO Movement100,9951.21069,2650.81101
Pachakutik349,4504.07404
Democratic Center137,7471.60101
PSPPSC[d]52,1190.6122
RETOMUPP[e]47,0170.5511
MCAMIGO[f]43,9350.5111
Democratic Left[g]40,7430.4700
RETOCDMP[h]29,7710.3511
Ecuadorian Socialist Party[i]14,1000.1600
PSPPSCCD[j]10,8600.1300
CDAMIGO[k]5,0090.0600
Provincial movements[l]276,3983.2266
Total8,374,493100.00158,582,857100.001166137
Valid votes8,374,49377.418,582,85779.41
Invalid/blank votes2,443,77322.592,225,58520.59
Total votes10,818,266100.0010,808,442100.00
Registered voters/turnout13,045,55382.9312,419,63287.03
Source: CNE

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "Ecuadorians head to the polls just weeks after presidential candidate assassinated". CBS News. 2023-08-19. Retrieved 2024-06-10.
  2. ^ "Ecuadorians must cast their vote otherwise be fined". Prensa Latina. 2023-08-07. Retrieved 2024-06-10.
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