Elections in Ecuador

Ecuador elects on national level president), and a legislature. The President of the Republic and the Vice President are elected on one ballot for a four-year term by the people. The National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) has 137 members elected for a four-year term in the 24 provinces (so multi-seat constituencies).


Ecuador has a mandatory universal voting system. Citizens who fail to vote are fined. To facilitate universal voting, elections are always held on Sundays and seen as community events where everyone must contribute to the work of voting days.

Presidential Elections

Presidential elections in Ecuador are conducted every four years.

Elections use a run off system where a candidate must get over 40% of valid votes and have a minimum 10% lead over the runner up to win in only one round. This is known as winning an "absolute majority".

If no candidate meets those criteria, then the two leading candidates will run against each other in a second election that is held within 45 days off the first election. This stage is known as "Ballotage".

Whoever comes out of Ballotage with more votes will win the presidency.

Past electionsEdit

2013 presidential electionsEdit

Candidate Party Votes %
Rafael Correa Movimiento Alianza PAIS 4,918,482 57.17
Guillermo Lasso Creating Opportunities 1,951,102 22.68
Lucio Gutiérrez January 21 Patriotic Society Party 578,875 6.73
Mauricio Rodas SUMA 335,532 3.90
Álvaro Noboa Institutional Renewal Party of National Action 319,956 3.72
Alberto Acosta Plurinational Unity of the Lefts 280,539 3.26
Norman Wray Ruptura 25 112,525 1.31
Nelson Zavala Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 105,592 1.23
Invalid/blank votes 863,257
Total 9,465,860 100
Registered voters/turnout 11,675,441 81.09
Source: CNE

2013 National Assembly electionsEdit

Party Votes % Seats
PR Constituency Abroad Total +/–
Alianza PAIS 45,955,995 52.30 8 86 6 100 +41
Creating Opportunities 10,032,804 11.42 2 9 0 11 New
Social Christian Party 7,901,315 8.99 1 5 0 6 –5
January 21 Patriotic Society Party 4,955,320 5.64 1 4 0 5 –14
Plurinational Unity of the Lefts 4,151,000 4.72 1 4 0 5 –4
Ecuadorian Roldosist Party 3,960,188 4.51 1 0 0 1 –2
SUMA 2,829,034 3.22 1 0 0 1 New
Institutional Renewal Party of National Action 2,640,181 3.00 0 0 0 0 –7
Partido Avanza 2,568,156 2.92 0 5 0 5 New
Ruptura 25 2,179,383 2.48 0 0 0 0 New
Socialist Party – Broad Front of Ecuador 698,829 0.80 0 0 0 0 –1
Independents and Regionalists 3 0 3
Invalid/blank votes 2,083,795
Total 9,443,716 100 15 116 6 137 +13
Registered voters/turnout 11,675,441 80.89
Source: CNE, El Universo

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit