Orellana (Spanish pronunciation: [oɾeˈʝana]) is an inland province of Ecuador. The capital is Puerto Francisco de Orellana (also known as Coca). It was created on July 30, 1998, from part of Napo Province.
|Province of Orellana|
|Established||July 28, 1998|
|Founded by||Alejandro Labaca|
|Named for||Francisco de Orellana|
|Capital||Puerto Francisco de Orellana|
|Cantons||List of Cantons|
|• Total||21,692.10 km2 (8,375.37 sq mi)|
|• Density||6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (ECT)|
high · 23rd
The name of the province derives from the explorer Francisco de Orellana who it is told to have sailed from somewhere near the town to the Atlantic Ocean. He did this trip several times looking for the gold city of El Dorado and in search of a rumored Nutmeg forest which at the time was a very expensive spice. During his voyages he met a ferocious tribe of Indians who attacked his ships and many among them were women. This led to the naming of the river as the Amazon river. The province is divided in four cantons.
|Canton||Pop. (2001)||Area (km²)||Seat/Capital|
|Francisco de Orellana||42,010||6,995||Puerto Francisco de Orellana (Coca)|
|Joya de los Sachas||26,363||1,195||La Joya de los Sachas|
Jungle composes most of the province's territory, forcing it to rely primarily on exports of crude oil, and timber. Its second most important source of income is tourism, offering jungle exploration, indigenous encounters, and rivers. Mining is the third reliable source of income.