Citizen Revolution Movement

The Citizen Revolution Movement (Spanish: Movimiento Revolución Ciudadana) is a democratic socialist[4] political party in Ecuador formed by supporters of former President Rafael Correa who distanced themselves from Correa's former PAIS Alliance party during the presidency of Lenín Moreno. The party takes its name from the term used to refer to the project of building a new society.[5]

Citizen Revolution Movement
Movimiento Revolución Ciudadana
AbbreviationRC
LeaderRafael Correa[1]
PresidentMarcela Aguiñaga
General SecretaryDavid Villamar
FounderIván Espinel
Founded2010 (historical)
August 2021 (modern)
Registered18 August 2016; 6 years ago (2016-08-18)
Split fromPAIS Alliance
HeadquartersQuito
Youth wingFrente de Jóvenes de la RC
Membership (2022)200,000[2]
Ideology
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationUnion for Hope
Regional affiliationSão Paulo Forum[3]
Colors  Cyan
  White
  Red
Seats in the National Assembly
47 / 137
Provincial Prefects
2 / 137
Mayors
0 / 221
Website
revolucionciudadana.com.ec

HistoryEdit

The party has its origins in early January 2018, as former Ecuadorian President and PAIS leader Rafael Correa left the ruling party over disagreement with the new direction of the party under Lenín Moreno. The party was formed by Correa and a large faction of left-wing PAIS defectors shortly after Correa left PAIS.[6][7][8][9]

The party faced difficulties in obtaining official registration, as Ecuador's electoral authorities refused to register the party and give it access to the signature collection system, as they stated the party was using the symbols and slogans of the PAIS Alliance.[10][11] The movement's leaders then attempted to register the party under the name "Revolutionary Alfarist Movement", named after former Ecuadorian President Eloy Alfaro,[12] but this was also rejected by Ecuador's electoral authorities. The party's authorities blamed "political direction" by Lenín Moreno's government for these refusals, accusing them of seeking to "prevent the political participation" of the movement and its members.[13]

 
Logo used by Rafael Correa's Citizens' Revolution, the titular movement which inspired the creation of the party.

The 11 April 2021 presidential election run-off vote ended in a win for conservative former banker, Guillermo Lasso, taking 52.4% of the vote compared to 47.6% of the candidate of Citizen Revolution Movement, left-wing economist Andrés Arauz, supported by exiled former president, Rafael Correa.[14]

In June 2021 it was reported that Arauz had resigned the leadership of the Citizen Revolution movement and he was briefly replaced by Raisa Corral who is a legislator for Manabi.[15] She was succeeded by Marcela Aguiñaga as president of the Citizen Revolution Movement later in 2021.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ex-Ecuador leader Rafael Correa leaves leftist ruling party". Apnews.com. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Movimiento político de Correa presenta 200.000 firmas con miras a elecciones".
  3. ^ "Foro de São Paulo Partidos". forodesaopaulo.org.
  4. ^ LA FUERZA DE NUESTRAS IDEAS
  5. ^ "Elected Left, Governing Right". Nacla.org. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Ex-Ecuador leader Rafael Correa leaves leftist ruling party". AP NEWS. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Ecuador 's Fractured Political Environment and Electoral Governance Challenges | Democracy Speaks". www.democracyspeaks.org. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  8. ^ Wolff, Jonas (August 2018). "Ecuador after Correa: The Struggle over the "Citizens' Revolution"". Revista de ciencia política (Santiago). 38 (2): 281–302. doi:10.4067/s0718-090x2018000200281. ISSN 0718-090X.
  9. ^ "Ecuador - Government". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Correa and his supporters officially break from AP". country.eiu.com. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  11. ^ mundo, El Telégrafo-Noticias del Ecuador y del (17 January 2018). "CNE niega inscripción del Partido Revolución Ciudadana". El Telégrafo - Noticias del Ecuador y del mundo (in European Spanish). Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  12. ^ Redacción (24 February 2018). "Revolución Ciudadana ahora se llamara Movimiento Revolución Alfarista". República del Banano (in European Spanish). Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  13. ^ mundo, El Telégrafo-Noticias del Ecuador y del (5 April 2018). "CNE niega la entrega de claves al movimiento Revolución Alfarista". El Telégrafo - Noticias del Ecuador y del mundo (in European Spanish). Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Guillermo Lasso: Conservative ex-banker elected Ecuador president". BBC News. 12 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Fuerza Compromiso Social aceptó la renuncia de Andrés Arauz a su Presidencia; Raisa Corral asume el cargo". El Correo Postal: Recibe noticias de todo el mundo y Ecuador (in Spanish). 3 June 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  16. ^ Mendoza, Rebeca (3 May 2022). "Glas appears before a judge in the Guayas Court of Justice". The Cuenca Dispatch.

External linksEdit