Popular Unity (Ecuador)

The Popular Unity Movement (UP) (in Spanish: Movimiento Unidad Popular) is an Ecuadorian political movement of the revolutionary left close to Marxism-Leninism to be conformed with the electoral wing of the Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador.[1] Member of the National Agreement for Change.

Popular Unity
Unidad Popular
DirectorGeovanni Atarihuana
Deputy DirectorMery Zamora
FoundedSeptember 27, 2014 (2014-09-27)
Merger ofPCMLE
Preceded byDemocratic People's Movement (MPD)
HeadquartersManuel Larrea and Jose Riofrio, Quito, Ecuador
Youth wingRevolutionary Youth of Ecuador
IdeologyRevolutionary socialism
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationNational Agreement for Change [es; zh]
Colours  Red

It arose after the CNE removed the Democratic People's Movement from its legal status after declaring the existence of poor electoral results on the part of this party.[2] The members of the previous party formed Unidad Popular to replace the old MPD, in which they would continue their political work.[3][4]

The party has a special stronghold in the province of Esmeraldas, where they currently hold the provincial government.


Jaime Hurtado, ideological reference of UP.

Its ideological principles are under a revolutionary and socialist character, considering the continuation of the struggle of the Democratic People's Movement and Jaime Hurtado. They oppose individualism and the relationship between countries based on imperialism, a system opposed by internationalism among the peoples they support.[3]

They support the development of participatory democracy and the right to self-determination of peoples, supporting, like Pachakutik , the constitution of Ecuador as a plurinational and multicultural state. They also declare themselves environmentalists.

Within the movement are integrated different thoughts of the revolutionary left, taking the importance of the Marxism-Leninism of PCMLE , which is why it is defined as the electoral front of this organization.[1]



The Democratic People's Movement was an organization founded by the militants of PCMLE , among them Jaime Hurtado, as well as other sectors of the left on March 17, 1978 at the premises of the Unique Trade Union of Drivers of Pichincha. The principles of this organization were summarized in its slogan: the "conquest of a popular, patriotic, democratic and revolutionary government that resolutely applies its program and lays the foundations for the conquest of socialism".[5]

The MPD would be opposition of all governments since its founding, from Jaime Roldós to Gustavo Noboa, being present in the organization of strikes, which led to their obtaining the qualification of "tirapiedras" that in English means: stone shooter. In the case of Lucio Gutiérrez they maintained their support until 3 months after their promotion to the presidency. Later they would continue in opposition to Alfredo Palacio.[6]

During the government of Rafael Correa was at the beginning in an alliance with this regime, but in 2009 the critical position of the party before the policies of Alianza País led to the break.[7] Since then, the MPD was strongly opposed to Correa's government considering him a "traitor of the left" while losing political space, which caused low results that finally led to the dissolution of the MPD in the National Electoral Council. However, the party considered it as a tactic to end the political work of the organization.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Castigo Divino: Geovanni Atarihuana & Patricio Donoso". La Posta. January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "El CNE ratifica la eliminación del Prian, PRE, MPD y Ruptura". Ecuavisa (in Spanish). 4 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Unidad Popular - Principios Archived 2016-12-06 at the Wayback Machine Consultada el 3 de enero del 2015 "Surgimos de la trayectoria revolucionaria del Movimiento Popular Democrático MPD, somos el legado histórico de JAIME HURTADO, representamos la continuación de su lucha."
  4. ^ "MPD desaparece y pasa a ser en Unidad Popular". Diario El Mercurio - Cuenca Ecuador (in Spanish). 28 September 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Jaime Hurtado". www.revistarupturas.com (in Spanish). Retrieved July 30, 2017.
  6. ^ Diario La Hora. "MPD declara oposición a Gobierno - La Hora". La Hora Noticias de Ecuador, sus provincias y el mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved July 30, 2017.
  7. ^ "Correa gira a la derecha y afirma un perfil autoritario - Semanario En Marcha". www.pcmle.org (in Spanish). Retrieved July 30, 2017.