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This article provides information on elections and election results in Austria.

On a federal level, there are two main elections: for head of state (Federal President) every six years, and for the 183 seats of the National Council (Nationalrat) every five years by proportional representation.

Austria has a multi-party system. From 1945 to 1986 Austria had two main parties, with a third party also winning seats in the National Council. Since 1986 there have been generally four parties, for a few years even five. At least 4% of the popular vote, or a parliamentary seat in one of the regional constituencies, is needed for representation in the National Council.[1]

In some cases, a referendum can be called on by the Austrian Parliament.

In 2007, the voting age was lowered from 18 to 16 in all federal elections, following some states which had lowered it for state and local elections before that.

EligibilityEdit

Austrian citizens who are 16 years or older may stand at elections. Additionally citizens of European Union member states with a permanent residence in Austria may vote at European Union and municipal elections.[2] An exception to the rule on standing for office is the presidential election, where the minimum age to stand as a candidate is 35. Until 2011, members of current or former ruling noble houses (i.e. members of the Habsburg family) were ineligible for office.[3] If the ruling judge decides it is justified, citizens who are sentenced to more than five years of imprisonment can lose their voting rights for the duration of their sentence. This threshold is shortened to one year for specific offenses (such as terrorism, voter fraud, and treason).[4]

Latest electionsEdit

2019 legislative electionEdit

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Austrian People's Party 1,789,417 37.5 71 +9
Social Democratic Party of Austria 1,011,868 21.2 40 –12
Freedom Party of Austria 772,666 16.2 31 –20
The Greens – The Green Alternative 664,055 13.9 26 +26
NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum 387,124 8.1 15 +5
JETZT 89,169 1.9 0 –8
Communist Party of Austria Plus 32,736 0.7 0 0
Der Wandel 22,168 0.5 0 New
Austrian Beer Party 4,946 0.1 0 New
Every Vote Counts! 1,767 0.0 0 0
BZÖ Carinthia – Alliance of Patriots 760 0.0 0 New
Socialist Left Party 310 0.0 0 0
Christian Party of Austria 260 0.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 58,223
Total 4,835,469 100 183 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,396,802 75.6
Source: Austrian Interior Ministry

2016 Presidential electionEdit

e • d Summary of the 2016 Austrian presidential election results
Candidates (party membership) First round Second round (annulled) Second round (re-run)
Votes % Votes % Votes %
Norbert Hofer (Freedom Party of Austria) 1,499,971 35.1 2,220,654 49.7 2,124,661 46.2
Alexander Van der Bellen (The Greens) 913,218 21.3 2,251,517 50.3 2,472,892 53.8
Irmgard Griss (Independent) 810,641 18.9
Rudolf Hundstorfer (Social Democratic Party of Austria) 482,790 11.3
Andreas Khol (Austrian People's Party) 475,767 11.1
Richard Lugner (Independent) 96,783 2.3
Valid votes 4,279,170 97.9 4,472,171 96.4 4,597,553 96.8
Invalid votes 92,655 2.1 164,875 3.6 151,851 3.2
Total votes 4,371,825 68.5 4,637,046 72.7 4,749,404 74.2
Eligible voters 6,382,507 6,382,507 6,399,572
Source: Bundesministerium für Inneres

Past electionsEdit

Election results 1945-2019Edit

Summary of Austrian elections for the National Council, 1945-2019
Election year SPÖ KPÖ ÖVP VdU FPÖ Gre LiF BZÖ TS NEOS PILZ Oth Turnout
1945 44.6 5.4 49.8 - - - - - - - - 0.2 94.0
1949 38.7 5.1 44.0 11.7 - - - - - - - 0.6 96.8
1953 42.1 5.3 41.3 11.0 - - - - - - - 0.4 95.8
1956 43.0 4.4 46.0 - 6.5 - - - - - - 0.0 95.3
1959 44.8 3.3 44.2 - 7.7 - - - - - - 0.1 94.2
1962 44.0 3.0 45.4 - 7.0 - - - - - - 0.5 93.8
1966 42.6 0.4 48.3 - 5.4 - - - - - - 3.3 93.8
1970 48.4 1.0 44.7 - 5.5 - - - - - - 0.4 91.8
1971 50.0 1.4 43.1 - 5.5 - - - - - - 0.0 92.4
1975 50.4 1.2 42.9 - 5.4 - - - - - - 0.0 92.9
1979 51.0 1.0 41.9 - 6.1 - - - - - - 0.1 92.2
1983 47.6 0.7 43.2 - 5.0 - - - - - - 3.4 92.6
1986 43.1 0.7 41.3 - 9.7 4.8 - - - - - 0.3 90.5
1990 42.8 0.5 32.1 - 16.6 4.8 - - - - - 3.8 86.1
1994 34.9 0.3 27.7 - 22.5 7.3 6.0 - - - - 1.4 81.9
1995 38.1 0.3 28.3 - 21.9 4.8 5.5 - - - - 1.1 86.0
1999 33.2 0.5 26.9 - 26.9 7.4 3.6 - - - - 1.5 80.4
2002 36.5 0.6 42.3 - 10.0 9.5 1.0 - - - - 0.3 84.3
2006 35.3 1.0 34.3 - 11.0 11.1 - 4.1 - - - 3.1 78.5
2008 29.3 0.8 26.0 - 17.5 10.4 2.1 10.7 - - - 4.0 78.8
2013 26.8 1.0 24.0 - 20.5 12.4 - 3.5 5.7 5.0 - 1.0 74.9
2017 26.9 0.8 31.5 - 26.0 3.9 - - - 5.3 4.4 2.3 80.0
2019 21.2 0.7 37.5 - 16.2 13.9 - - - 8.1 1.9 0.6 75.6

ReferendumsEdit

The Austrian constitution defines two types of referendums on the federal level: binding referendums and non-binding referendums.

Binding referendumEdit

A binding referendum is mandatory:

  • if the President is removed from office before the end of his term (Article 60, Section 6 of the Federal Constitution), and
  • in case of comprehensive change of the Federal Constitution (Article 44, Section 3 of the Federal Constitution).

A binding referendum is facultative (not mandatory) in case of non-comprehensive changes in the Federal Constitution. Such facultative referendum is to be conducted if at least one third of the members of the National Council or the Federal Council requests it.

There have only been two binding referendums in post-1945 Austria: The nuclear power referendum in 1978 and the European Union membership referendum which was called because accession to European Union was deemed to be a comprehensive change to the Constitution.

Non-binding referendumEdit

The National Council has the power to call on a non-binding referendum on matters of great importance. Such a referendum is called by majority of members of the National Council. Results of such a referendum are advisory. There was one such referendum in post-1945 Austria:

The "no" option won, and the National Council accepted the result of the referendum and acted accordingly.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit