1949 Austrian legislative election

Parliamentary elections were held in Austria on 9 October 1949. About 500,000 registered Nazis, who were not allowed to vote in 1945, regained their voting rights. A newly created party, the Electoral Party of Independents (WdU) (a predecessor of the Freedom Party of Austria) specifically targeted this group of voters and immediately won a large share of votes.[1] The Austrian People's Party remained strongest party, although losing their absolute majority of seats. Leopold Figl stayed as Chancellor, leading a coalition with the Socialist Party of Austria as junior partner.[2]

1949 Austrian legislative election

← 1945 9 October 1949 1953 →

165 seats in the National Council of Austria
83 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Figl leopold 01b.jpg Adolf Schärf 1961.jpg
Leader Leopold Figl Adolf Schärf
Last election 49.80%, 85 seats 44.60%, 76 seats
Seats won 77 67
Seat change Decrease 8 Decrease 9
Popular vote 1,846,581 1,623,524
Percentage 44.03% 38.71%
Swing Decrease5.77pp Decrease5.91pp

  Third party Fourth party
  Johann Koplenig auf dem VI. Parteitag der SED 1963.jpg
Leader Herbert Kraus Johann Koplenig
Party VdU KPÖ
Last election 5.42%, 4 seats
Seats won 16 5
Seat change New Increase 1
Popular vote 489,273 213,066
Percentage 11.67% 5.08%
Swing New Decrease0.34pp

1949 Austrian legislative election - Results.svg
Results of the election, showing seats won by constituency and nationwide. Constituencies are shaded according to the first-place party.

Chancellor before election

Leopold Figl

Elected Chancellor

Leopold Figl


Austrian People's Party1,846,58144.0377–8
Socialist Party of Austria1,623,52438.7167–9
Electoral Party of Independents489,27311.6716New
Communist Party of Austria and Left Socialists213,0665.085+1
Democratic Union12,0590.290New
Fourth Party7,1340.170New
Democratic Front of the Working People2,0880.050New
Democratic Party of Austria50.0000
Economic Party of House and Property Owners30.000New
Austrian Patriotic Party00.000New
Valid votes4,193,73398.66
Invalid/blank votes56,8831.34
Total votes4,250,616100.00
Registered voters/turnout4,391,81596.78
Source: Nohlen & Stöver[3]


  1. ^ Documentation Archive of Austrian Resistance: The Development of Right-Wing Extremism After 1945 Archived January 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 19 May 2010
  2. ^ Austrian Chancellery - Austrian Cabinets since 1945 Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 19 May 2010
  3. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp213–219 ISBN 9873832956097