El-Ghad Party

The el-Ghad Party (Arabic: حزب الغدḤizb el-Ghad, IPA: [ˈħezb elˈɣæd]; "The Tomorrow Party") is an active political party in Egypt that was granted license in October 2004. El-Ghad is a centrist liberal secular political party pressing for widening the scope of political participation and for a peaceful rotation of power.

el-Ghad Party
Hizb el-Ghad
حزب الغد
ChairpersonMoussa Mostafa Moussa
FoundersAyman Nour and Wael Nawara
Founded2001
HeadquartersCairo, Egypt
NewspaperEl-Ghad
IdeologySecularism
Liberalism
Liberal democracy
Reformism
Political positionCentre
National affiliationEgyptian Front[1]
SloganHand in Hand, we build tomorrow
House of Representatives
0 / 568
Website
www.elghad.com

The official El-Ghad Party, headed by Moussa Moustafa Moussa, was running the 2011–12 Egyptian parliamentary election as an independent list. The split faction Ghad El-Thawra Party, headed by Ayman Nour, was part of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party-led Democratic Alliance for Egypt.[2]

BackgroundEdit

Ayman Nour left the New Wafd Party in 2001. He was named the first secretary of the party in October that year.[3] The party was legalized in 2004. After facing president Hosni Mubarak in the 2005 Egyptian presidential election, Nour was sentenced to five years in jail on forgery charges.[2]

In 2005, just before Nour being sentenced, the El-Ghad party split in two factions. One was headed by Moussa Moustafa Moussa, the other by Nour's (now former) wife Gameela Ismail.[2] Legal battle ensued between both factions, both claiming legitimacy and simultaneously using the party name and insignia. The final court ruling in May 2011 was in favor of Moussa.[4] Ayman Nour hence filed for a new party, Ghad El-Thawra Party or "Revolution's Tomorrow Party", which was approved on 9 October 2011.[2]

The removal of Nour from the party leadership by Moussa, and the latter's election to the Egyptian Upper House, have been seen as compliances with the Hosni Mubarak regime.[2]

PlatformEdit

The party platform calls for:

Name confusionEdit

Ayman Nour has been tightly associated with both the El-Ghad name and party, even being accused of internal monopoly by other party members.[2] Since both Nour and Moussa factions were using (and still are) the same name and insignia (ex: Ghad El-Thawra website[5]), it was often difficult to tell them apart. For instance, Liberal International listed El-Ghad, specifying its leader as Ayman Nour, as an observer member.[6] Many poll and media outlets used the term "El-Ghad" without specifying which party or faction they are referring to,[7] although they often meant the Ayman Nour Ghad El-Thawra faction.[8][9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ""الغد" يدفع بـ 8 مرشحين على قائمة "الجبهة المصرية"". El Balad. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Ghad Al-Thawra Party". ahram.org. 3 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  3. ^ Joshua Stacher (2004). "Parties over: The demise of Egypt's opposition parties". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 31 (2): 231. doi:10.1080/135301904042000268222.
  4. ^ محمود حسين، "شئون الأحزاب" ترفض قبول تأسيس حزب الغد الجديد Archived 2013-12-17 at the Wayback Machine. اليوم السابع 2011-9-5. وصل لهذا المسار في 28 سبتمبر 2011.
  5. ^ "aymannour.net".
  6. ^ Datasheet on the Liberal International's website Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Egypt's Simmering Rage". The Daily Beast. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  8. ^ "2nd National Voter Survey in Egypt" (PDF). Danish-Egyptian Dialogue Institute (DEDI). Retrieved October 13, 2011.[dead link]
  9. ^ "3rd National Voter Survey in Egypt" (PDF). Danish-Egyptian Dialogue Institute (DEDI). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.

External linksEdit