Open main menu
World map indicating Education Index based on the 2009 UN HDR
  0.950 and over
  0.900–0.949
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  under 0.350
  not available

An Education index is found as a component of the Human Development Index published every year by the United Nations, with the GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index, to measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy.

Before 2010, the Education Index was measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting). The adult literacy rate gives an indication of the ability to read and write, while the GER gives an indication of the level of education from kindergarten to postgraduate education. Since 2010, the Education Index has been measured by combining average adult years of schooling with expected years of schooling for children, each receiving 50% weighting.

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country.

CalculationEdit

  • Education Index:  [1]
  • Mean Years of Schooling Index:  
Mean years of schooling   is a calculation of the average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older in their lifetime based on education attainment levels of the population converted into years of schooling based on theoretical duration of each level of education attended.[2]
Fifteen is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025.
  • Expected Years of Schooling Index:  
Expected Years of Schooling   is a calculation of the number of years a child is expected to attend school, or university, including the years spent on repetition. It is the sum of the age-specific enrollment ratios for primary, secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary and tertiary education and is calculated assuming the prevailing patterns of age-specific enrollment rates were to stay the same throughout the child's life. Expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.[3]
Eighteen is equivalent to achieving a master's degree in most countries.

2015Edit

The following 2015 Education Index was released in the Human Development Report 2016.[4]

2015 Education Index[5]
Rank Country Education
Index
Expected years
of schooling
Mean years
of schooling
HDI rank Continent
1   Australia 0.939 20.4 13.2 2 Oceania
2   Denmark 0.923 19.2 12.7 5 Europe
3   New Zealand 0.917 19.2 12.5 13 Oceania
4   Norway 0.916 17.7 12.7 1 Europe
5   Germany 0.914 17.1 13.2 4 Europe
6   Ireland 0.910 18.6 12.3 8 Europe
7   Iceland 0.906 19.0 12.2 9 Europe
8   United States 0.900 16.5 13.2 10 North America
9   Netherlands 0.897 18.1 11.9 7 Europe
10   United Kingdom 0.896 16.3 13.3 16 Europe
11    Switzerland 0.891 16.0 13.4 2 Europe
12   Canada 0.890 16.3 13.1 10 North America
13   Slovenia 0.886 17.3 12.1 25 Europe
14   Lithuania 0.882 16.5 12.7 37 Europe
15   Czech Republic 0.878 16.8 12.3 28 Europe
16   Estonia 0.877 16.5 12.5 30 Europe
17   Israel 0.870 16.0 12.8 19 Asia
18   South Korea 0.867 16.6 12.2 18 Asia
19   Sweden 0.855 16.1 12.3 14 Europe
20   Poland 0.852 16.4 11.9 36 Europe
21   Finland 0.847 17.0 11.2 23 Europe
22   Japan 0.842 15.3 12.5 17 Asia
23   Belgium 0.841 16.6 11.4 22 Europe
24   France 0.839 16.3 11.6 21 Europe
25   Latvia 0.835 16.0 11.7 44 Europe
26   Belarus 0.834 15.7 12.0 52 Europe
26   Hungary 0.834 15.6 12.0 43 Europe
28   Greece 0.830 17.2 10.5 29 Europe
29   Slovakia 0.823 15.0 12.2 40 Europe
30   Hong Kong 0.822 15.7 11.6 12 Asia
31   Austria 0.820 15.9 11.3 24 Europe
32   Liechtenstein 0.818 14.6 12.4 15 Europe
32   Spain 0.818 17.7 9.8 27 Europe
34   Russian Federation 0.816 15.0 12.0 49 Europe
35   Italy 0.814 16.3 10.9 26 Europe
35   Singapore 0.814 15.4 11.6 5 Asia
37   Argentina 0.808 17.3 9.8 45 South America
37   Palau 0.808 14.3 12.3 60 Oceania
39   Kazakhstan 0.805 15.0 11.7 56 Europe
40   Ukraine 0.803 15.3 11.3 84 Europe
41   Croatia 0.798 15.3 11.2 45 Europe
42   Montenegro 0.797 15.1 11.3 48 Europe
43   Georgia 0.794 13.9 12.2 70 Europe
44   Cyprus 0.786 14.3 11.7 33 Europe
45   Chile 0.784 16.3 9.9 38 South America
46   Luxembourg 0.783 13.9 12.0 20 Europe
47   Malta 0.781 14.6 11.3 33 Europe
48   Cuba 0.779 13.9 11.8 68 North America
49   Bulgaria 0.778 15.0 10.8 56 Europe
50   Fiji 0.777 15.3 10.5 91 Oceania
51   Romania 0.769 14.7 10.8 50 Europe
52   Barbados 0.773 15.3 10.5 54 North America
53   Saudi Arabia 0.768 16.1 9.6 38 Asia
54   Tonga 0.766 14.3 11.1 101 Oceania
55   Serbia 0.760 14.4 10.8 66 Europe
56   Portugal 0.756 16.6 8.9 41 Europe
57   Sri Lanka 0.752 14.0 10.9 73 Asia
58   Uzbekistan 0.740 12.2 12.0 105 Asia
59   Mongolia 0.737 14.8 9.8 92 Asia
60   Armenia 0.730 12.7 11.3 84 Europe
61   Grenada 0.725 15.8 8.6 79 North America
61   Mauritius 0.725 15.2 9.1 64 Africa
61   Moldova 0.725 11.8 11.9 107 Europe
64   Azerbaijan 0.723 12.7 11.2 78 Europe
65   Kyrgyzstan 0.721 13.0 10.8 120 Asia
66   Andorra 0.718 13.5 10.3 32 Europe
67   Bahrain 0.717 14.5 9.4 47 Asia
67   Trinidad and Tobago 0.717 12.7 10.9 65 North America
67   Uruguay 0.717 15.5 8.6 54 South America
70   Brunei Darussalam 0.716 14.9 9.0 30 Asia
71   Albania 0.715 14.2 9.6 75 Europe
71   Bahamas 0.715 12.7 10.9 58 North America
73   Venezuela 0.710 14.3 9.4 71 South America
74   Seychelles 0.706 14.1 9.4 63 Africa
75   South Africa 0.705 13.0 10.3 119 Africa
76   Belize 0.704 12.8 10.5 103 North America
76   Iran 0.704 14.8 8.8 69 Asia
78   Samoa 0.702 12.9 10.3 104 Oceania
79   Jordan 0.701 13.1 10.1 86 Asia
80   Malaysia 0.700 13.1 10.1 59 Asia
81   Qatar 0.698 13.4 9.8 33 Asia
82   Antigua and Barbuda 0.694 13.9 9.2 62 North America
82   Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.694 14.2 9.0 81 Europe
84   Panama 0.691 13.0 9.9 60 North America
85   United Arab Emirates 0.687 13.3 9.5 42 Asia
86   Costa Rica 0.684 14.2 8.7 66 North America
87   Brazil 0.681 15.2 7.8 79 South America
88   Jamaica 0.678 12.8 9.6 94 North America
89   Saint Lucia 0.677 13.1 9.3 92 North America
90   Macedonia 0.673 12.9 9.4 82 Europe
91   Peru 0.672 13.4 9.0 87 South America
92   Turkey 0.668 14.6 7.9 71 Europe
93   Ecuador 0.665 14.0 8.3 89 South America
94   Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.659 13.7 8.4 74 North America
95   Algeria 0.658 14.4 7.8 83 Africa
95   Botswana 0.658 12.6 9.2 108 Africa
95   Tajikistan 0.658 11.3 10.4 129 Asia
98   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.657 13.3 8.6 99 North America
99   Bolivia 0.656 13.8 8.2 118 South America
99   Lebanon 0.656 13.3 8.6 76 Asia
101   Mexico 0.655 13.3 8.6 77 North America
101   Palestine 0.655 12.8 8.9 114 Asia
103   Oman 0.652 13.7 8.1 52 Asia
104   Micronesia 0.649 11.7 9.7 127 Oceania
105   Tunisia 0.643 14.6 7.1 97 Africa
106   Thailand 0.641 13.6 7.9 87 Asia
107   Philippines 0.637 11.7 9.3 116 Asia
108   China 0.631 13.5 7.6 90 Asia
109   Colombia 0.630 13.6 7.6 95 South America
109   Suriname 0.630 12.7 8.3 97 South America
111   Turkmenistan 0.629 10.8 9.9 111 Asia
112   India 0.624 11.7 6.3 131 Asia
113   Dominican Republic 0.622 13.2 7.7 99 North America
113   Indonesia 0.622 12.9 7.9 113 Asia
115   Dominica 0.618 12.8 7.9 96 North America
115   Gabon 0.618 12.6 8.1 109 Africa
117   Viet Nam 0.617 12.6 8.0 115 Asia
118   Libya 0.616 13.4 7.3 102 Africa
119   Paraguay 0.613 12.3 8.1 110 South America
120   Kuwait 0.611 13.3 7.3 51 Asia
121   Egypt 0.601 13.1 7.1 111 Africa
121   Kiribati 0.590 11.9 7.8 137 Oceania
123   El Salvador 0.584 13.2 6.5 117 North America
124   Zambia 0.577 12.5 6.9 139 Africa
125   Guyana 0.568 10.3 8.4 127 South America
126   Maldives 0.561 12.7 6.2 105 Asia
127   Ghana 0.551 11.5 6.9 139 Africa
128   Pakistan 0.550 12.1 10.1 147 Asia
129   Namibia 0.546 11.7 6.7 125 Africa
130   Swaziland 0.545 11.4 6.8 148 Africa
131   Zimbabwe 0.544 10.3 7.7 154 Africa
132   Nicaragua 0.542 11.7 6.5 124 North America
133   Cabo Verde 0.534 13.5 4.8 122 Africa
134   Vanuatu 0.526 10.8 6.8 134 Oceania
135   Congo 0.520 11.1 6.3 135 Africa
136   Honduras 0.518 11.2 6.2 130 North America
136   Kenya 0.518 11.1 6.3 146 Africa
138   Sao Tome and Principe 0.509 12.0 5.3 142 Africa
139   Guatemala 0.508 10.7 6.3 125 North America
140   Lesotho 0.503 10.7 6.1 160 Africa
140   Morocco 0.503 12.1 5.0 123 Africa
142   Iraq 0.500 10.1 6.6 121 Asia
143   Timor-Leste 0.494 12.5 4.4 133 Asia
144   Cameroon 0.493 10.4 6.1 153 Africa
145   Madagascar 0.492 10.3 6.1 158 Africa
146   Togo 0.489 12.0 4.7 166 Africa
147   Angola 0.482 11.4 5.0 150 Africa
148   Nigeria 0.477 10.0 6.0 152 Africa
149   Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.475 9.8 6.1 176 Africa
149     Nepal 0.475 12.2 4.1 144 Asia
151   Laos 0.474 10.8 5.2 138 Asia
152   Comoros 0.469 11.1 4.8 160 Africa
153   Uganda 0.467 10.0 5.7 163 Africa
154   Cambodia 0.459 10.9 4.7 143 Asia
155   Bangladesh 0.457 10.2 5.2 139 Asia
156   Bhutan 0.452 12.5 3.1 132 Asia
157   Malawi 0.445 10.8 4.4 170 Africa
157   Solomon Islands 0.445 9.6 5.3 156 Oceania
159   Tanzania 0.441 8.9 5.8 151 Africa
160   Equatorial Guinea 0.439 9.2 5.5 135 Africa
161   Rwanda 0.426 10.8 3.8 159 Africa
162   Haiti 0.425 9.1 5.2 163 North America
163   Liberia 0.423 9.9 4.4 177 Africa
164   Papua New Guinea 0.419 9.9 4.3 154 Oceania
165   Syrian Arab Republic 0.417 9.0 5.1 149 Asia
166   Cote d'Ivoire 0.415 8.9 5.0 171 Africa
167   Benin 0.414 10.7 3.5 167 Africa
168   Myanmar 0.410 9.1 4.7 145 Asia
169   Afghanistan 0.398 10.1 3.5 169 Asia
170   Burundi 0.395 10.6 3.0 184 Africa
171   Mauritania 0.377 8.5 4.3 157 Africa
172   Sierra Leone 0.374 9.5 3.3 179 Africa
173   Mozambique 0.369 9.1 3.5 181 Africa
174   Gambia 0.358 8.9 3.3 173 Africa
175   Senegal 0.355 9.5 2.8 162 Africa
176   Guinea-Bissau 0.353 9.2 2.9 178 Africa
177   Yemen 0.350 9.0 3.0 168 Asia
178   Central African Republic 0.338 7.1 4.2 188 Africa
179   Guinea 0.330 8.8 2.6 183 Africa
180   Ethiopia 0.318 8.4 2.6 174 Africa
180   Sudan 0.318 7.2 3.5 165 Africa
182   Mali 0.312 8.4 2.3 175 Africa
183   Djibouti 0.310 6.3 4.1 172 Africa
184   South Sudan 0.297 4.9 4.8 181 Africa
185   Chad 0.280 7.3 2.3 186 Africa
186   Eritrea 0.267 5.0 3.9 179 Africa
187   Burkina Faso 0.262 7.7 1.4 185 Africa
188   Niger 0.206 5.4 1.7 187 Africa

2007Edit

Change in value from the last report is given as follows:

  •   = increase.
  •   = steady.
  •   = decrease.

The latest index was released in the Human Development Report 2009 on October 2009.[6] This statistical update covers the period up to 2007: 1 is the highest possible theoretical score, indicating perfect education attainment.

All countries considered to be developed countries possess a minimum score of 0.8 or above, although the great majority have a score of 0.9 or above. For ranking based on the Human Development Index, see List of countries by Human Development Index.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New method of calculation of Human Development Index (HDI)". India Study Channel. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ Barro, R. J.; Lee, J.-W. (2010). "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010". NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
  3. ^ UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Correspondence on education indicators. March. Montreal.)
  4. ^ "Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme.
  5. ^ "Human Development Data (1990-2015)". United Nations Development Programme.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-15. Retrieved 2010-08-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit