Education Index

An Education index is a component of the Human Development Index published every year by the United Nations Development Programme. Alongside the GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index, it helps measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy of countries.

World map indicating Education Index over time (1990–2019)

Since 2010, the education index has been measured by combining average adult years of schooling with expected years of schooling for students under the age of 25, each receiving 50% weighting. Before 2010, the education index was measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting).

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country.

CalculationEdit

A country's education index is calculated with the following formula[1]

 

 , expected years of schooling, is a calculation of the number of years a student is expected to attend school, or university. In most countries, a master's degree represents the highest obtainable level of education, and obtaining one reflects 18 years of education. [2] This means that if every student in a country enrolled in a master's degree that country's EYS index would be 1.0.


 , mean years of schooling, is a calculation of the average number of years of education a student over the age of 25 has actually received. It's based on education attainment levels of the population converted into years of schooling based on theoretical duration of each level of education attended.[3] 15 years is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025 and is thus used as the maximum for the index. This means that a country whose citizens all attained 15 years of education by the age of 25, would have an MYS index of 1.0.


DataEdit

Worldwide education indexes are provided by the UNDP's Human Development Report derived from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and other sources.[4]

Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Afghanistan 0.122 0.133 0.145 0.156 0.168 0.179 0.19 0.202 0.213 0.224 0.235 0.247 0.259 0.271 0.302 0.312 0.324 0.336 0.342 0.352 0.372 0.374 0.39 0.398 0.403 0.405 0.406 0.408 0.413 0.414
  Albania 0.583 0.588 0.557 0.542 0.528 0.55 0.557 0.569 0.579 0.584 0.586 0.588 0.596 0.604 0.605 0.621 0.628 0.64 0.644 0.65 0.671 0.714 0.739 0.749 0.758 0.753 0.745 0.747 0.743 0.746
  Algeria 0.385 0.395 0.405 0.414 0.424 0.431 0.443 0.458 0.473 0.487 0.5 0.513 0.529 0.542 0.557 0.57 0.577 0.588 0.588 0.608 0.626 0.644 0.639 0.639 0.652 0.659 0.66 0.665 0.668 0.672
  Andorra 0.63 0.63 0.636 0.642 0.65 0.631 0.651 0.652 0.667 0.668 0.67 0.671 0.724 0.714 0.725 0.718 0.722 0.713 0.72 0.72
  Angola 0.276 0.288 0.3 0.312 0.324 0.336 0.348 0.362 0.376 0.39 0.404 0.398 0.423 0.435 0.447 0.46 0.472 0.487 0.498 0.5 0.5
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.673 0.675 0.676 0.674 0.672 0.667 0.651 0.656 0.657 0.652 0.654 0.654 0.655 0.656 0.665
  Argentina 0.628 0.632 0.634 0.636 0.639 0.648 0.659 0.67 0.681 0.715 0.736 0.756 0.762 0.761 0.76 0.751 0.795 0.796 0.801 0.81 0.818 0.824 0.822 0.822 0.826 0.832 0.834 0.842 0.842 0.855
  Armenia 0.637 0.64 0.64 0.647 0.64 0.631 0.633 0.646 0.666 0.674 0.671 0.66 0.66 0.662 0.668 0.679 0.696 0.717 0.712 0.729 0.734 0.737 0.736 0.743 0.746 0.75 0.744 0.739 0.74 0.74
  Australia 0.873 0.874 0.874 0.875 0.875 0.894 0.895 0.895 0.895 0.895 0.895 0.896 0.895 0.893 0.892 0.873 0.876 0.879 0.914 0.916 0.919 0.922 0.928 0.906 0.908 0.918 0.919 0.923 0.923 0.924
  Austria 0.675 0.682 0.692 0.699 0.704 0.709 0.711 0.715 0.72 0.727 0.731 0.754 0.721 0.728 0.74 0.749 0.759 0.806 0.809 0.819 0.837 0.838 0.841 0.833 0.854 0.861 0.862 0.865 0.866 0.865
  Azerbaijan 0.618 0.614 0.616 0.625 0.633 0.64 0.647 0.653 0.66 0.666 0.652 0.68 0.662 0.662 0.674 0.659 0.663 0.666 0.668 0.674 0.681 0.708 0.713 0.711 0.711
  Bahamas 0.7 0.702 0.704 0.706 0.708 0.71 0.717 0.717 0.72 0.725 0.731 0.73 0.729 0.728 0.727 0.731 0.735 0.736 0.737 0.74
  Bahrain 0.574 0.586 0.586 0.599 0.609 0.619 0.624 0.628 0.632 0.635 0.643 0.645 0.646 0.646 0.641 0.637 0.64 0.644 0.647 0.651 0.654 0.664 0.664 0.674 0.685 0.755 0.768 0.77 0.765 0.769
  Bangladesh 0.251 0.26 0.268 0.276 0.284 0.292 0.303 0.313 0.324 0.334 0.344 0.355 0.362 0.37 0.378 0.385 0.391 0.395 0.391 0.409 0.432 0.446 0.456 0.457 0.451 0.479 0.496 0.513 0.524 0.529
  Barbados 0.625 0.632 0.639 0.646 0.653 0.66 0.665 0.669 0.66 0.678 0.69 0.69 0.697 0.704 0.711 0.718 0.725 0.732 0.742 0.751 0.742 0.755 0.776 0.777 0.777 0.777 0.777 0.773 0.773 0.782
  Belarus 0.63 0.643 0.648 0.649 0.658 0.668 0.677 0.687 0.696 0.706 0.716 0.745 0.774 0.804 0.826 0.828 0.829 0.833 0.839 0.838 0.837 0.839 0.842 0.843 0.838
  Belgium 0.705 0.708 0.745 0.779 0.79 0.803 0.815 0.82 0.827 0.825 0.833 0.838 0.842 0.846 0.849 0.856 0.869 0.871 0.865 0.87 0.871 0.873 0.874 0.88 0.883 0.89 0.893 0.9 0.9 0.902
  Belize 0.495 0.498 0.505 0.512 0.519 0.526 0.533 0.54 0.548 0.555 0.563 0.57 0.583 0.596 0.608 0.596 0.619 0.626 0.633 0.635 0.663 0.65 0.665 0.665 0.669 0.674 0.696 0.691 0.691 0.695
  Benin 0.201 0.208 0.215 0.222 0.228 0.235 0.241 0.248 0.254 0.262 0.273 0.294 0.31 0.321 0.333 0.344 0.355 0.366 0.377 0.389 0.4 0.411 0.433 0.454 0.46 0.473 0.472 0.472 0.476 0.478
  Bhutan 0.335 0.337 0.35 0.361 0.372 0.388 0.401 0.421 0.443 0.452 0.465 0.478 0.491 0.494 0.496
  Bolivia 0.528 0.537 0.546 0.555 0.565 0.574 0.581 0.574 0.594 0.616 0.63 0.631 0.641 0.644 0.637 0.631 0.635 0.624 0.636 0.639 0.642 0.642 0.644 0.656 0.66 0.666 0.67 0.686 0.69 0.695
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.557 0.565 0.574 0.582 0.59 0.599 0.607 0.615 0.623 0.625 0.608 0.626 0.672 0.683 0.687 0.688 0.709 0.708 0.71 0.711
  Botswana 0.461 0.478 0.486 0.493 0.499 0.519 0.531 0.542 0.559 0.577 0.589 0.597 0.596 0.603 0.608 0.613 0.622 0.625 0.628 0.632 0.636 0.641 0.645 0.649 0.653 0.657 0.659 0.664 0.666 0.676
  Brazil 0.463 0.475 0.487 0.499 0.511 0.523 0.535 0.547 0.559 0.572 0.584 0.597 0.61 0.595 0.593 0.593 0.589 0.588 0.608 0.61 0.619 0.622 0.628 0.668 0.674 0.677 0.684 0.689 0.689 0.694
  Brunei 0.588 0.596 0.604 0.613 0.62 0.626 0.629 0.633 0.632 0.642 0.643 0.642 0.646 0.656 0.667 0.674 0.678 0.677 0.677 0.683 0.683 0.692 0.709 0.711 0.71 0.705 0.707 0.704 0.703 0.702
  Bulgaria 0.632 0.637 0.635 0.635 0.635 0.647 0.663 0.667 0.671 0.676 0.677 0.69 0.691 0.705 0.712 0.715 0.727 0.743 0.747 0.752 0.761 0.765 0.77 0.785 0.793 0.794 0.793 0.785 0.779 0.779
  Burkina Faso 0.139 0.142 0.147 0.151 0.162 0.173 0.181 0.194 0.208 0.22 0.232 0.245 0.253 0.261 0.264 0.277 0.286 0.298 0.3 0.312
  Burundi 0.171 0.176 0.172 0.181 0.181 0.181 0.182 0.182 0.183 0.183 0.187 0.186 0.199 0.214 0.228 0.24 0.28 0.301 0.323 0.359 0.376 0.392 0.399 0.408 0.419 0.424 0.429 0.422 0.412 0.417
  Cape Verde 0.436 0.435 0.451 0.454 0.455 0.463 0.487 0.49 0.503 0.515 0.521 0.532 0.543 0.549 0.567 0.568 0.564 0.565 0.566 0.562
  Cambodia 0.276 0.28 0.284 0.288 0.292 0.297 0.301 0.305 0.31 0.305 0.319 0.337 0.369 0.382 0.392 0.4 0.409 0.424 0.425 0.428 0.444 0.449 0.455 0.46 0.465 0.468 0.472 0.476 0.476 0.484
  Cameroon 0.339 0.342 0.343 0.344 0.344 0.345 0.346 0.347 0.35 0.353 0.364 0.401 0.4 0.404 0.406 0.405 0.4 0.422 0.434 0.448 0.461 0.478 0.501 0.517 0.522 0.536 0.54 0.543 0.546 0.547
  Canada 0.806 0.818 0.824 0.815 0.82 0.822 0.825 0.816 0.805 0.805 0.805 0.814 0.822 0.83 0.839 0.847 0.85 0.833 0.836 0.838 0.842 0.842 0.849 0.864 0.874 0.88 0.884 0.889 0.893 0.894
  Central African Republic 0.214 0.207 0.189 0.196 0.202 0.208 0.215 0.222 0.229 0.236 0.243 0.249 0.256 0.262 0.269 0.276 0.282 0.288 0.294 0.296 0.307 0.317 0.322 0.329 0.334 0.339 0.345 0.352 0.353 0.353
  Chad 0.18 0.188 0.196 0.2 0.203 0.202 0.212 0.222 0.232 0.246 0.249 0.269 0.278 0.286 0.295 0.283 0.278 0.288 0.29 0.288
  Chile 0.626 0.638 0.64 0.613 0.62 0.627 0.633 0.64 0.637 0.653 0.661 0.684 0.685 0.698 0.715 0.722 0.719 0.745 0.76 0.784 0.722 0.744 0.751 0.758 0.783 0.791 0.799 0.804 0.805 0.81
  China 0.405 0.411 0.42 0.427 0.427 0.442 0.45 0.457 0.465 0.473 0.481 0.488 0.5 0.514 0.522 0.535 0.551 0.565 0.577 0.586 0.602 0.61 0.617 0.627 0.633 0.642 0.647 0.647 0.649 0.657
  Colombia 0.433 0.438 0.457 0.466 0.474 0.48 0.498 0.512 0.526 0.529 0.534 0.537 0.54 0.533 0.56 0.565 0.577 0.602 0.614 0.617 0.634 0.638 0.644 0.644 0.664 0.664 0.673 0.678 0.678 0.682
  Comoros 0.328 0.338 0.348 0.362 0.364 0.376 0.388 0.399 0.411 0.422 0.434 0.457 0.465 0.468 0.47 0.471 0.474 0.476 0.479 0.482
  Congo 0.455 0.455 0.457 0.458 0.459 0.46 0.459 0.458 0.456 0.455 0.454 0.452 0.449 0.445 0.453 0.46 0.468 0.476 0.484 0.492 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.511 0.522 0.533 0.539 0.539 0.539 0.543
  Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.263 0.266 0.27 0.273 0.277 0.28 0.285 0.29 0.295 0.3 0.305 0.315 0.324 0.333 0.343 0.352 0.362 0.381 0.408 0.419 0.453 0.452 0.453 0.466 0.484 0.478 0.486 0.493 0.494 0.496
  Costa Rica 0.505 0.515 0.526 0.534 0.542 0.55 0.559 0.567 0.576 0.584 0.593 0.597 0.601 0.605 0.609 0.613 0.619 0.628 0.642 0.65 0.65 0.679 0.686 0.694 0.712 0.71 0.714 0.717 0.724 0.726
  Croatia 0.498 0.508 0.519 0.529 0.553 0.558 0.575 0.592 0.616 0.639 0.656 0.677 0.685 0.693 0.702 0.71 0.717 0.733 0.742 0.746 0.753 0.772 0.777 0.785 0.797 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.803 0.805
  Cuba 0.624 0.626 0.627 0.633 0.619 0.621 0.636 0.64 0.647 0.655 0.663 0.67 0.671 0.693 0.721 0.736 0.78 0.815 0.838 0.841 0.824 0.813 0.773 0.76 0.76 0.767 0.768 0.776 0.783 0.79
  Cyprus 0.546 0.553 0.556 0.644 0.648 0.655 0.662 0.668 0.671 0.674 0.676 0.684 0.701 0.718 0.724 0.729 0.74 0.755 0.768 0.781 0.767 0.771 0.777 0.788 0.793 0.792 0.808 0.813 0.827 0.827
  Czech Republic 0.609 0.609 0.612 0.626 0.642 0.657 0.685 0.699 0.697 0.719 0.741 0.762 0.777 0.792 0.794 0.809 0.821 0.83 0.836 0.85 0.858 0.863 0.859 0.882 0.893 0.891 0.889 0.89 0.89 0.89
  Ivory Coast 0.233 0.238 0.243 0.248 0.253 0.259 0.266 0.273 0.273 0.287 0.297 0.305 0.313 0.321 0.329 0.336 0.344 0.352 0.36 0.368 0.376 0.386 0.393 0.399 0.389 0.404 0.417 0.436 0.45 0.453
  Denmark 0.69 0.7 0.708 0.723 0.739 0.751 0.763 0.774 0.784 0.809 0.809 0.842 0.858 0.885 0.889 0.895 0.89 0.884 0.897 0.891 0.895 0.924 0.925 0.926 0.927 0.918 0.917 0.919 0.921 0.92
  Djibouti 0.171 0.173 0.178 0.182 0.186 0.188 0.203 0.211 0.222 0.232 0.245 0.253 0.267 0.278 0.284 0.296 0.3 0.308 0.311 0.314 0.315 0.316 0.316 0.322 0.325
  Dominica 0.595 0.597 0.599 0.602 0.604 0.606 0.608 0.61 0.612 0.613 0.639 0.639 0.637 0.635 0.634 0.632 0.63 0.629 0.63 0.632
  Dominican Republic 0.485 0.493 0.501 0.509 0.517 0.525 0.531 0.537 0.542 0.548 0.554 0.56 0.566 0.573 0.579 0.585 0.59 0.595 0.598 0.601 0.606 0.611 0.616 0.619 0.641 0.652 0.655 0.657 0.66 0.666
  Ecuador 0.551 0.549 0.553 0.557 0.561 0.565 0.567 0.57 0.572 0.575 0.577 0.581 0.586 0.59 0.594 0.598 0.6 0.622 0.629 0.633 0.646 0.651 0.695 0.697 0.695 0.717 0.704 0.707 0.709 0.702
  Egypt 0.389 0.392 0.4 0.408 0.416 0.424 0.433 0.442 0.438 0.461 0.468 0.476 0.484 0.487 0.497 0.507 0.518 0.529 0.54 0.54 0.551 0.556 0.571 0.583 0.586 0.597 0.604 0.605 0.609 0.618
  El Salvador 0.382 0.384 0.396 0.408 0.42 0.432 0.447 0.463 0.478 0.479 0.493 0.502 0.514 0.528 0.539 0.551 0.561 0.555 0.557 0.56 0.586 0.57 0.577 0.576 0.568 0.562 0.566 0.562 0.553 0.555
  Equatorial Guinea 0.402 0.407 0.411 0.416 0.421 0.429 0.431 0.433 0.434 0.436 0.438 0.438 0.439 0.439 0.439 0.44 0.44 0.441 0.441 0.467
  Eritrea 0.272 0.272 0.271 0.27 0.282 0.279 0.269 0.271 0.272 0.29 0.279 0.279 0.269 0.269 0.269
  Estonia 0.675 0.676 0.683 0.678 0.69 0.707 0.726 0.747 0.768 0.783 0.808 0.822 0.83 0.835 0.841 0.85 0.852 0.856 0.858 0.863 0.872 0.876 0.877 0.875 0.87 0.878 0.882 0.881 0.882 0.882
  Eswatini 0.407 0.412 0.41 0.409 0.41 0.408 0.406 0.401 0.397 0.395 0.388 0.38 0.373 0.376 0.403 0.426 0.459 0.47 0.481 0.491 0.501 0.508 0.515 0.522 0.532 0.537 0.541 0.545 0.553 0.557
  Ethiopia 0.169 0.187 0.2 0.208 0.221 0.247 0.264 0.279 0.298 0.3 0.305 0.312 0.314 0.32 0.323 0.327 0.327 0.332 0.335 0.341
  Fiji 0.616 0.635 0.647 0.658 0.67 0.682 0.683 0.684 0.685 0.686 0.686 0.686 0.685 0.684 0.695 0.697 0.704 0.714 0.715 0.723 0.724 0.731 0.738 0.743 0.753 0.762 0.758 0.762 0.764 0.764
  Finland 0.666 0.68 0.703 0.714 0.731 0.741 0.752 0.762 0.775 0.787 0.803 0.814 0.817 0.82 0.89 0.895 0.896 0.897 0.897 0.892 0.897 0.901 0.904 0.925 0.921 0.923 0.924 0.926 0.927 0.927
  France 0.631 0.653 0.669 0.682 0.715 0.728 0.737 0.742 0.747 0.755 0.743 0.744 0.742 0.748 0.75 0.769 0.774 0.775 0.776 0.778 0.783 0.787 0.792 0.801 0.811 0.812 0.809 0.811 0.812 0.817
  Gabon 0.473 0.48 0.487 0.494 0.501 0.509 0.516 0.523 0.531 0.538 0.545 0.551 0.557 0.563 0.569 0.575 0.58 0.585 0.589 0.594 0.599 0.604 0.608 0.612 0.618 0.623 0.628 0.633 0.639 0.65
  Gambia 0.183 0.188 0.194 0.199 0.205 0.21 0.219 0.228 0.236 0.245 0.254 0.264 0.274 0.284 0.293 0.303 0.314 0.324 0.333 0.335 0.335 0.337 0.345 0.357 0.362 0.367 0.373 0.381 0.39 0.406
  Georgia 0.717 0.721 0.724 0.731 0.74 0.753 0.752 0.77 0.761 0.775 0.777 0.779 0.79 0.804 0.816 0.831 0.835 0.845 0.851 0.862
  Germany 0.692 0.705 0.715 0.74 0.75 0.759 0.767 0.775 0.794 0.81 0.825 0.84 0.856 0.871 0.894 0.893 0.911 0.915 0.919 0.923 0.925 0.93 0.933 0.931 0.933 0.934 0.937 0.94 0.943 0.943
  Ghana 0.375 0.381 0.386 0.391 0.397 0.402 0.405 0.409 0.411 0.416 0.427 0.419 0.427 0.423 0.437 0.454 0.469 0.492 0.511 0.516 0.526 0.533 0.53 0.538 0.545 0.538 0.556 0.555 0.558 0.563
  Greece 0.607 0.624 0.623 0.619 0.626 0.627 0.632 0.639 0.659 0.659 0.672 0.69 0.714 0.724 0.742 0.768 0.775 0.764 0.785 0.794 0.793 0.795 0.805 0.812 0.831 0.833 0.824 0.833 0.833 0.849
  Grenada 0.654 0.662 0.67 0.678 0.687 0.695 0.703 0.711 0.719 0.726 0.733 0.74 0.747 0.754 0.758 0.75 0.755 0.77
  Guatemala 0.284 0.289 0.294 0.3 0.304 0.311 0.32 0.33 0.339 0.349 0.358 0.368 0.379 0.382 0.386 0.39 0.403 0.416 0.423 0.43 0.437 0.443 0.45 0.453 0.51 0.512 0.511 0.511 0.511 0.519
  Guinea 0.121 0.125 0.129 0.132 0.137 0.142 0.147 0.158 0.169 0.18 0.191 0.203 0.214 0.194 0.236 0.251 0.265 0.272 0.281 0.28 0.288 0.309 0.322 0.333 0.34 0.343 0.347 0.348 0.35 0.354
  Guinea-Bissau 0.311 0.325 0.334 0.345 0.354 0.361 0.371 0.377 0.384 0.394 0.398 0.4 0.402 0.402 0.414
  Guyana 0.507 0.512 0.517 0.523 0.528 0.533 0.539 0.545 0.55 0.556 0.561 0.565 0.568 0.554 0.561 0.57 0.565 0.561 0.565 0.565 0.575 0.591 0.591 0.593 0.597 0.598 0.6 0.601 0.602 0.601
  Haiti 0.288 0.294 0.299 0.305 0.31 0.316 0.322 0.328 0.333 0.339 0.345 0.351 0.356 0.362 0.368 0.373 0.378 0.384 0.389 0.394 0.399 0.407 0.411 0.417 0.424 0.43 0.437 0.445 0.45 0.456
  Honduras 0.355 0.357 0.362 0.367 0.374 0.381 0.389 0.396 0.403 0.411 0.418 0.426 0.434 0.442 0.449 0.457 0.465 0.474 0.461 0.469 0.477 0.48 0.474 0.474 0.479 0.479 0.492 0.496 0.499 0.499
  Hong Kong 0.64 0.645 0.65 0.655 0.66 0.665 0.669 0.673 0.677 0.682 0.686 0.701 0.716 0.731 0.747 0.762 0.781 0.783 0.798 0.807 0.808 0.807 0.824 0.828 0.844 0.85 0.859 0.863 0.871 0.88
  Hungary 0.598 0.609 0.623 0.653 0.683 0.701 0.71 0.706 0.715 0.727 0.736 0.749 0.758 0.773 0.77 0.778 0.795 0.801 0.808 0.826 0.83 0.813 0.818 0.834 0.821 0.823 0.818 0.816 0.819 0.821
  Iceland 0.678 0.71 0.722 0.721 0.731 0.738 0.742 0.758 0.774 0.778 0.789 0.796 0.813 0.827 0.828 0.835 0.838 0.842 0.846 0.849 0.853 0.868 0.883 0.898 0.906 0.906 0.912 0.912 0.918 0.926
  India 0.311 0.317 0.324 0.331 0.338 0.344 0.351 0.358 0.365 0.372 0.379 0.382 0.39 0.409 0.419 0.429 0.441 0.452 0.464 0.466 0.478 0.491 0.505 0.514 0.53 0.54 0.544 0.558 0.553 0.555
  Indonesia 0.389 0.391 0.394 0.398 0.409 0.42 0.441 0.467 0.485 0.504 0.518 0.524 0.533 0.543 0.551 0.552 0.567 0.559 0.559 0.579 0.586 0.598 0.607 0.614 0.615 0.622 0.634 0.637 0.642 0.65
  Iran 0.397 0.414 0.432 0.449 0.466 0.483 0.493 0.504 0.514 0.524 0.53 0.544 0.546 0.55 0.546 0.552 0.633 0.631 0.64 0.651 0.662 0.684 0.731 0.738 0.738 0.739 0.747 0.749 0.75 0.756
  Iraq 0.373 0.377 0.38 0.384 0.387 0.39 0.393 0.396 0.398 0.401 0.411 0.426 0.441 0.456 0.471 0.478 0.483 0.488 0.493 0.498 0.503 0.511 0.506 0.501 0.501 0.506 0.51 0.542 0.554 0.557
  Ireland 0.66 0.665 0.675 0.693 0.703 0.71 0.714 0.723 0.798 0.809 0.818 0.827 0.84 0.851 0.864 0.87 0.866 0.87 0.88 0.877 0.857 0.862 0.877 0.893 0.91 0.91 0.918 0.918 0.918 0.922
  Israel 0.714 0.729 0.74 0.75 0.757 0.763 0.769 0.786 0.803 0.82 0.82 0.827 0.849 0.848 0.846 0.847 0.838 0.855 0.851 0.855 0.86 0.871 0.875 0.874 0.879 0.88 0.881 0.879 0.881 0.883
  Italy 0.599 0.609 0.62 0.631 0.647 0.656 0.665 0.678 0.686 0.694 0.7 0.712 0.722 0.733 0.741 0.748 0.757 0.765 0.771 0.774 0.778 0.787 0.787 0.785 0.786 0.784 0.785 0.785 0.791 0.793
  Jamaica 0.509 0.513 0.519 0.524 0.529 0.534 0.54 0.545 0.55 0.555 0.548 0.576 0.586 0.569 0.611 0.618 0.625 0.645 0.697 0.694 0.691 0.689 0.685 0.681 0.681 0.687 0.687 0.692 0.691 0.689
  Japan 0.691 0.697 0.702 0.715 0.728 0.735 0.74 0.745 0.741 0.747 0.754 0.759 0.764 0.768 0.774 0.779 0.785 0.788 0.792 0.796 0.802 0.813 0.823 0.83 0.838 0.839 0.846 0.848 0.85 0.851
  Jordan 0.496 0.527 0.561 0.588 0.613 0.644 0.65 0.655 0.66 0.666 0.671 0.679 0.666 0.675 0.681 0.705 0.704 0.704 0.704 0.697 0.685 0.68 0.685 0.669 0.672 0.674 0.672 0.662 0.664 0.667
  Kazakhstan 0.613 0.619 0.627 0.63 0.633 0.642 0.651 0.66 0.669 0.678 0.692 0.711 0.73 0.75 0.769 0.789 0.795 0.793 0.79 0.786 0.781 0.791 0.801 0.802 0.806 0.806 0.809 0.817 0.822 0.83
  Kenya 0.376 0.379 0.383 0.386 0.39 0.393 0.396 0.399 0.402 0.405 0.407 0.414 0.412 0.434 0.451 0.455 0.476 0.475 0.484 0.494 0.501 0.508 0.515 0.522 0.528 0.534 0.535 0.536 0.536 0.534
  Kiribati 0.516 0.556 0.556 0.581 0.578 0.581 0.575 0.575 0.585 0.588 0.593 0.593 0.594 0.594 0.595 0.583 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.594
  Korea (Republic of) 0.676 0.686 0.694 0.707 0.723 0.737 0.751 0.772 0.768 0.778 0.787 0.794 0.8 0.81 0.821 0.831 0.838 0.847 0.851 0.837 0.856 0.862 0.865 0.866 0.865 0.866 0.867 0.865 0.865 0.865
  Kuwait 0.476 0.429 0.382 0.417 0.464 0.515 0.566 0.572 0.583 0.595 0.595 0.592 0.598 0.603 0.598 0.583 0.594 0.592 0.595 0.596 0.599 0.601 0.608 0.601 0.612 0.623 0.629 0.635 0.638 0.638
  Kyrgyzstan 0.619 0.616 0.615 0.609 0.6 0.597 0.603 0.612 0.626 0.646 0.657 0.669 0.674 0.683 0.683 0.687 0.693 0.694 0.69 0.693 0.697 0.697 0.71 0.71 0.719 0.724 0.723 0.724 0.723 0.73
  Laos 0.288 0.294 0.299 0.304 0.315 0.309 0.328 0.336 0.345 0.35 0.352 0.354 0.364 0.375 0.382 0.39 0.395 0.402 0.41 0.42 0.429 0.447 0.459 0.462 0.468 0.479 0.485 0.483 0.479 0.481
  Latvia 0.604 0.61 0.613 0.609 0.609 0.619 0.631 0.645 0.666 0.688 0.707 0.742 0.769 0.795 0.822 0.841 0.845 0.85 0.857 0.852 0.85 0.848 0.843 0.851 0.861 0.864 0.871 0.876 0.883 0.883
  Lebanon 0.619 0.61 0.623 0.627 0.633 0.631 0.637 0.619 0.616 0.598 0.593 0.588 0.604 0.604 0.604
  Lesotho 0.415 0.418 0.419 0.413 0.424 0.43 0.429 0.429 0.429 0.428 0.45 0.456 0.46 0.469 0.471 0.473 0.475 0.482 0.48 0.498 0.492 0.498 0.505 0.51 0.515 0.516 0.521 0.525 0.528 0.532
  Liberia 0.354 0.408 0.407 0.406 0.406 0.405 0.404 0.403 0.403 0.402 0.401 0.4 0.428 0.414 0.42 0.421 0.415 0.417 0.422 0.422 0.426
  Libya 0.516 0.527 0.537 0.548 0.558 0.568 0.579 0.589 0.6 0.61 0.621 0.631 0.642 0.646 0.644 0.642 0.64 0.639 0.637 0.635 0.634 0.625 0.616 0.613 0.609 0.606 0.602 0.607 0.607 0.61
  Liechtenstein 0.716 0.728 0.739 0.751 0.763 0.767 0.775 0.782 0.796 0.795 0.807 0.819 0.827 0.824 0.818 0.818 0.827 0.827 0.832 0.832
  Lithuania 0.655 0.658 0.651 0.647 0.65 0.661 0.679 0.699 0.718 0.74 0.758 0.78 0.799 0.82 0.829 0.849 0.862 0.867 0.873 0.852 0.854 0.86 0.855 0.857 0.878 0.883 0.887 0.89 0.89 0.898
  Luxembourg 0.602 0.61 0.618 0.625 0.633 0.639 0.657 0.668 0.684 0.712 0.717 0.725 0.734 0.739 0.746 0.752 0.759 0.766 0.767 0.774 0.78 0.78 0.779 0.778 0.783 0.788 0.798 0.802 0.802 0.806
  Madagascar 0.399 0.404 0.412 0.42 0.428 0.438 0.443 0.453 0.465 0.481 0.484 0.484 0.489 0.492 0.494 0.498 0.494 0.494 0.489 0.486
  Malawi 0.231 0.239 0.271 0.28 0.29 0.385 0.381 0.387 0.392 0.395 0.378 0.388 0.388 0.387 0.375 0.373 0.381 0.383 0.406 0.421 0.428 0.433 0.436 0.45 0.456 0.457 0.455 0.455 0.463 0.47
  Malaysia 0.488 0.499 0.511 0.518 0.527 0.536 0.555 0.574 0.594 0.603 0.619 0.613 0.611 0.62 0.621 0.608 0.615 0.64 0.664 0.676 0.687 0.694 0.696 0.701 0.708 0.713 0.718 0.724 0.719 0.726
  Maldives 0.354 0.368 0.384 0.401 0.419 0.43 0.438 0.435 0.451 0.451 0.451 0.458 0.461 0.47 0.477 0.494 0.513 0.525 0.532 0.546 0.559 0.563 0.564 0.564 0.573
  Mali 0.081 0.085 0.091 0.098 0.106 0.114 0.123 0.136 0.146 0.159 0.168 0.179 0.191 0.203 0.214 0.226 0.237 0.222 0.26 0.27 0.277 0.283 0.284 0.279 0.285 0.274 0.278 0.282 0.286 0.286
  Malta 0.605 0.61 0.614 0.618 0.62 0.622 0.625 0.631 0.646 0.647 0.648 0.657 0.662 0.678 0.7 0.737 0.729 0.734 0.733 0.744 0.769 0.763 0.777 0.789 0.798 0.802 0.813 0.816 0.824 0.825
  Marshall Islands 0.707 0.707 0.707
  Mauritania 0.178 0.184 0.195 0.212 0.234 0.24 0.249 0.253 0.266 0.274 0.279 0.282 0.286 0.291 0.307 0.311 0.319 0.318 0.317 0.333 0.338 0.344 0.359 0.371 0.381 0.385 0.397 0.389 0.392 0.396
  Mauritius 0.481 0.489 0.497 0.504 0.512 0.52 0.524 0.527 0.535 0.542 0.546 0.561 0.569 0.583 0.595 0.614 0.623 0.632 0.642 0.655 0.664 0.681 0.699 0.707 0.729 0.721 0.728 0.73 0.733 0.736
  Mexico 0.48 0.481 0.487 0.491 0.5 0.512 0.516 0.521 0.526 0.532 0.544 0.553 0.566 0.572 0.589 0.604 0.62 0.621 0.627 0.637 0.634 0.649 0.658 0.652 0.661 0.672 0.677 0.681 0.694 0.703
  Micronesia 0.441 0.453 0.465 0.478 0.49 0.503 0.515 0.527 0.54 0.541 0.55 0.554 0.556 0.558 0.561 0.56 0.567 0.574 0.578 0.581
  Moldova 0.598 0.597 0.596 0.595 0.594 0.593 0.586 0.59 0.603 0.615 0.617 0.623 0.638 0.652 0.666 0.676 0.69 0.7 0.698 0.697 0.696 0.699 0.709 0.716 0.713 0.709 0.707 0.708 0.708 0.711
  Mongolia 0.539 0.527 0.504 0.474 0.473 0.474 0.486 0.495 0.508 0.518 0.534 0.557 0.57 0.593 0.612 0.639 0.652 0.668 0.685 0.701 0.721 0.734 0.738 0.742 0.746 0.752 0.731 0.733 0.734 0.736
  Montenegro 0.693 0.705 0.718 0.734 0.751 0.767 0.78 0.787 0.788 0.789 0.79 0.791 0.792 0.794 0.796 0.801 0.803
  Morocco 0.254 0.257 0.264 0.274 0.285 0.295 0.303 0.311 0.317 0.332 0.349 0.362 0.378 0.391 0.401 0.409 0.412 0.422 0.429 0.437 0.449 0.463 0.48 0.495 0.511 0.518 0.538 0.547 0.559 0.569
  Mozambique 0.131 0.133 0.134 0.139 0.147 0.159 0.177 0.191 0.206 0.22 0.236 0.253 0.268 0.282 0.298 0.318 0.328 0.347 0.36 0.366 0.373 0.344 0.345 0.364 0.367 0.373 0.381 0.385 0.389 0.395
  Myanmar 0.251 0.268 0.286 0.291 0.296 0.296 0.301 0.305 0.31 0.315 0.319 0.324 0.329 0.334 0.339 0.344 0.35 0.359 0.37 0.381 0.392 0.407 0.417 0.427 0.431 0.436 0.44 0.452 0.458 0.464
  Namibia 0.495 0.496 0.508 0.52 0.532 0.528 0.523 0.517 0.514 0.506 0.51 0.521 0.517 0.52 0.518 0.516 0.513 0.519 0.521 0.528 0.538 0.549 0.557 0.562 0.565 0.569 0.571 0.581 0.582 0.584
  Nepal 0.276 0.283 0.291 0.293 0.295 0.299 0.31 0.315 0.32 0.325 0.328 0.32 0.339 0.344 0.35 0.357 0.373 0.379 0.393 0.414 0.442 0.454 0.478 0.492 0.499 0.509 0.513 0.507 0.516 0.521
  Netherlands 0.746 0.756 0.756 0.764 0.829 0.815 0.822 0.814 0.815 0.813 0.821 0.829 0.824 0.832 0.835 0.844 0.851 0.862 0.866 0.865 0.871 0.896 0.897 0.9 0.903 0.906 0.908 0.909 0.912 0.914
  New Zealand 0.787 0.797 0.807 0.829 0.846 0.854 0.858 0.867 0.869 0.864 0.869 0.872 0.887 0.888 0.888 0.888 0.89 0.892 0.894 0.897 0.899 0.901 0.903 0.905 0.907 0.914 0.919 0.923 0.923 0.926
  Nicaragua 0.349 0.366 0.375 0.383 0.39 0.398 0.41 0.422 0.433 0.445 0.457 0.468 0.479 0.482 0.485 0.488 0.491 0.498 0.506 0.513 0.52 0.524 0.529 0.536 0.553 0.555 0.562 0.566 0.566 0.573
  Niger 0.082 0.084 0.086 0.09 0.093 0.097 0.101 0.105 0.109 0.112 0.116 0.12 0.124 0.126 0.137 0.144 0.149 0.154 0.162 0.17 0.18 0.189 0.2 0.209 0.217 0.226 0.233 0.245 0.247 0.249
  Nigeria 0.411 0.424 0.426 0.428 0.431 0.435 0.438 0.407 0.424 0.437 0.475 0.475 0.474 0.474 0.484 0.488 0.499
  North Macedonia 0.544 0.557 0.569 0.581 0.593 0.608 0.616 0.624 0.653 0.657 0.662 0.667 0.67 0.673 0.676 0.689 0.695 0.697 0.702 0.704
  Norway 0.772 0.782 0.792 0.808 0.839 0.825 0.832 0.84 0.867 0.876 0.888 0.878 0.88 0.892 0.912 0.901 0.906 0.907 0.905 0.905 0.912 0.914 0.907 0.915 0.907 0.912 0.918 0.926 0.928 0.93
  Oman 0.475 0.492 0.51 0.531 0.543 0.553 0.562 0.577 0.614 0.627 0.635 0.647 0.664 0.681 0.694 0.717 0.718 0.731 0.718 0.718
  Pakistan 0.205 0.21 0.215 0.221 0.226 0.232 0.237 0.243 0.248 0.254 0.259 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.31 0.317 0.32 0.332 0.339 0.345 0.349 0.351 0.356 0.365 0.372 0.38 0.392 0.392 0.402
  Palau 0.761 0.762 0.763 0.765 0.766 0.767 0.773 0.779 0.784 0.79 0.795 0.801 0.803 0.882 0.884 0.845 0.849 0.853 0.848 0.855
  Palestine 0.607 0.611 0.62 0.639 0.643 0.651 0.656 0.662 0.671 0.66 0.663 0.668 0.67 0.675 0.676 0.678
  Panama 0.538 0.543 0.552 0.562 0.565 0.577 0.586 0.596 0.607 0.617 0.627 0.637 0.645 0.651 0.655 0.658 0.661 0.665 0.663 0.665 0.665 0.662 0.668 0.674 0.681 0.681 0.692 0.697 0.697 0.7
  Papua New Guinea 0.207 0.214 0.221 0.228 0.225 0.241 0.25 0.259 0.268 0.273 0.284 0.296 0.306 0.316 0.33 0.34 0.353 0.367 0.375 0.389 0.405 0.419 0.391 0.425 0.42 0.429 0.429 0.43 0.432 0.439
  Paraguay 0.431 0.442 0.451 0.463 0.471 0.48 0.488 0.499 0.509 0.52 0.524 0.546 0.568 0.57 0.579 0.581 0.569 0.568 0.582 0.576 0.599 0.604 0.605 0.624 0.624 0.635 0.631 0.634 0.635 0.638
  Peru 0.551 0.556 0.555 0.558 0.568 0.581 0.586 0.59 0.613 0.636 0.636 0.655 0.646 0.636 0.647 0.653 0.635 0.642 0.653 0.656 0.652 0.678 0.689 0.697 0.719 0.709 0.718 0.721 0.728 0.74
  Philippines 0.519 0.523 0.527 0.53 0.533 0.536 0.549 0.552 0.556 0.565 0.572 0.573 0.584 0.589 0.611 0.611 0.61 0.619 0.624 0.615 0.622 0.633 0.644 0.655 0.661 0.665 0.663 0.665 0.667 0.678
  Poland 0.665 0.671 0.676 0.698 0.71 0.713 0.723 0.741 0.756 0.77 0.777 0.787 0.804 0.811 0.796 0.804 0.808 0.811 0.815 0.822 0.832 0.833 0.817 0.853 0.849 0.855 0.866 0.866 0.866 0.869
  Portugal 0.536 0.55 0.573 0.606 0.621 0.632 0.644 0.652 0.661 0.652 0.661 0.669 0.669 0.681 0.686 0.692 0.683 0.684 0.688 0.702 0.712 0.721 0.73 0.739 0.751 0.767 0.763 0.763 0.763 0.768
  Qatar 0.507 0.503 0.502 0.523 0.545 0.562 0.588 0.596 0.604 0.611 0.613 0.616 0.625 0.642 0.646 0.657 0.648 0.652 0.663 0.657 0.637 0.651 0.682 0.651 0.634 0.642 0.655 0.662 0.653 0.659
  Romania 0.632 0.609 0.6 0.597 0.598 0.606 0.622 0.628 0.634 0.648 0.654 0.657 0.667 0.683 0.703 0.716 0.733 0.756 0.777 0.786 0.783 0.777 0.763 0.767 0.765 0.767 0.772 0.764 0.762 0.765
  Russia 0.663 0.664 0.662 0.658 0.656 0.662 0.674 0.682 0.694 0.705 0.724 0.735 0.746 0.757 0.76 0.762 0.764 0.767 0.77 0.763 0.772 0.783 0.793 0.794 0.801 0.804 0.815 0.823 0.823 0.823
  Rwanda 0.218 0.222 0.226 0.23 0.235 0.239 0.244 0.248 0.243 0.262 0.276 0.282 0.296 0.316 0.337 0.354 0.381 0.395 0.394 0.416 0.437 0.437 0.442 0.451 0.453 0.452 0.446 0.462 0.462 0.458
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.553 0.564 0.575 0.603 0.609 0.622 0.627 0.616 0.657 0.658 0.654 0.658 0.658 0.661 0.673
  Saint Lucia 0.593 0.592 0.592 0.591 0.584 0.594 0.608 0.607 0.628 0.637 0.644 0.653 0.641 0.627 0.64 0.664 0.668 0.681 0.673 0.672
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.606 0.613 0.616 0.626 0.629 0.636 0.639 0.642 0.654 0.652 0.651 0.658 0.652 0.656 0.68 0.682 0.68 0.679 0.68 0.684
  Samoa 0.577 0.582 0.588 0.593 0.598 0.604 0.609 0.61 0.619 0.627 0.627 0.632 0.637 0.642 0.654 0.658 0.662 0.666 0.666 0.677 0.692 0.697 0.694 0.697 0.7 0.698 0.698 0.701 0.701 0.713
  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.323 0.331 0.339 0.347 0.355 0.363 0.371 0.379 0.386 0.394 0.402 0.408 0.413 0.418 0.426 0.433 0.437 0.441 0.436 0.453 0.455 0.466 0.476 0.489 0.5 0.532 0.534 0.557 0.567 0.567
  Saudi Arabia 0.489 0.495 0.502 0.508 0.515 0.522 0.529 0.535 0.542 0.549 0.555 0.563 0.572 0.58 0.594 0.604 0.619 0.634 0.649 0.664 0.691 0.719 0.747 0.77 0.787 0.802 0.803 0.784 0.789 0.789
  Senegal 0.198 0.198 0.199 0.2 0.201 0.202 0.203 0.204 0.206 0.208 0.213 0.235 0.242 0.249 0.257 0.264 0.268 0.278 0.29 0.294 0.301 0.304 0.33 0.342 0.345 0.354 0.355 0.354 0.356 0.345
  Serbia 0.61 0.618 0.626 0.633 0.641 0.648 0.654 0.66 0.666 0.671 0.677 0.684 0.684 0.693 0.7 0.713 0.716 0.716 0.724 0.726 0.722 0.744 0.739 0.74 0.754 0.766 0.775 0.778 0.783 0.783
  Seychelles 0.588 0.576 0.588 0.595 0.592 0.621 0.585 0.64 0.656 0.669 0.684 0.686 0.645 0.694 0.691 0.717 0.717 0.718 0.715 0.726
  Sierra Leone 0.19 0.184 0.194 0.203 0.213 0.223 0.232 0.242 0.251 0.26 0.27 0.279 0.287 0.295 0.303 0.311 0.318 0.326 0.334 0.342 0.349 0.357 0.364 0.372 0.374 0.382 0.387 0.399 0.403 0.406
  Singapore 0.488 0.503 0.519 0.535 0.551 0.566 0.583 0.6 0.616 0.633 0.649 0.657 0.67 0.681 0.688 0.739 0.741 0.736 0.751 0.754 0.788 0.796 0.808 0.813 0.823 0.835 0.842 0.833 0.841 0.844
  Slovakia 0.679 0.686 0.693 0.699 0.706 0.714 0.713 0.708 0.716 0.713 0.712 0.707 0.718 0.729 0.74 0.753 0.765 0.779 0.788 0.795 0.802 0.818 0.824 0.823 0.821 0.823 0.822 0.824 0.824 0.826
  Slovenia 0.696 0.699 0.709 0.708 0.714 0.724 0.732 0.744 0.761 0.788 0.795 0.818 0.831 0.843 0.852 0.854 0.862 0.862 0.868 0.873 0.878 0.878 0.859 0.881 0.876 0.875 0.885 0.893 0.899 0.91
  Solomon Islands 0.35 0.336 0.357 0.377 0.383 0.388 0.394 0.413 0.421 0.426 0.432 0.467 0.471 0.468 0.467 0.466 0.468 0.465 0.469 0.469 0.474
  South Africa 0.532 0.552 0.581 0.603 0.617 0.636 0.639 0.643 0.646 0.649 0.652 0.609 0.644 0.651 0.653 0.655 0.656 0.66 0.681 0.694 0.696 0.674 0.685 0.695 0.705 0.72 0.718 0.718 0.721 0.724
  South Sudan 0.297 0.333 0.325 0.317 0.309 0.309 0.309 0.309 0.309 0.307
  Spain 0.591 0.609 0.627 0.651 0.671 0.687 0.697 0.701 0.704 0.709 0.715 0.716 0.717 0.72 0.726 0.739 0.745 0.752 0.759 0.765 0.781 0.795 0.803 0.804 0.816 0.827 0.832 0.836 0.838 0.831
  Sri Lanka 0.592 0.6 0.608 0.606 0.625 0.633 0.642 0.652 0.661 0.67 0.679 0.689 0.692 0.698 0.704 0.71 0.716 0.721 0.738 0.738 0.739 0.743 0.744 0.747 0.749 0.751 0.735 0.736 0.741 0.746
  Sudan 0.159 0.167 0.175 0.183 0.191 0.198 0.206 0.214 0.222 0.23 0.238 0.244 0.249 0.255 0.268 0.274 0.283 0.282 0.298 0.305 0.306 0.301 0.311 0.323 0.327 0.333 0.336 0.337 0.339 0.345
  Suriname 0.57 0.572 0.576 0.579 0.583 0.593 0.595 0.61 0.634 0.64 0.642 0.658 0.659 0.661 0.661 0.675
  Sweden 0.71 0.715 0.725 0.779 0.794 0.807 0.821 0.845 0.874 0.878 0.881 0.883 0.886 0.894 0.852 0.853 0.854 0.854 0.843 0.845 0.853 0.851 0.854 0.907 0.909 0.912 0.914 0.914 0.914 0.918
  Switzerland 0.695 0.701 0.706 0.716 0.721 0.727 0.741 0.758 0.776 0.789 0.803 0.807 0.805 0.813 0.819 0.823 0.834 0.844 0.855 0.873 0.877 0.88 0.885 0.888 0.877 0.885 0.885 0.888 0.9 0.9
  Syria 0.417 0.419 0.419 0.419 0.419 0.419 0.422 0.424 0.427 0.43 0.433 0.444 0.442 0.464 0.485 0.509 0.522 0.537 0.533 0.54 0.534 0.545 0.567 0.463 0.431 0.413 0.414 0.416 0.416 0.416
  Tajikistan 0.652 0.658 0.663 0.646 0.633 0.639 0.634 0.63 0.625 0.621 0.626 0.627 0.634 0.645 0.646 0.649 0.652 0.649 0.673 0.671 0.671 0.668 0.668 0.667 0.664 0.663 0.668 0.67 0.673 0.682
  Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.273 0.278 0.28 0.284 0.285 0.287 0.286 0.288 0.297 0.306 0.314 0.323 0.332 0.343 0.354 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.4 0.41 0.416 0.415 0.426 0.415 0.418 0.431 0.436 0.431 0.425 0.429
  Thailand 0.387 0.398 0.406 0.416 0.425 0.433 0.446 0.463 0.485 0.501 0.517 0.532 0.544 0.555 0.568 0.585 0.576 0.607 0.611 0.618 0.611 0.626 0.626 0.615 0.629 0.64 0.65 0.665 0.675 0.682
  East Timor 0.364 0.364 0.37 0.384 0.399 0.414 0.428 0.443 0.468 0.476 0.493 0.51 0.508 0.501 0.498 0.497 0.495 0.496 0.496 0.51
  Togo 0.31 0.322 0.31 0.316 0.321 0.348 0.363 0.371 0.379 0.387 0.395 0.405 0.41 0.416 0.421 0.425 0.437 0.423 0.436 0.45 0.464 0.477 0.483 0.489 0.491 0.495 0.5 0.507 0.51 0.517
  Tonga 0.656 0.662 0.668 0.673 0.679 0.685 0.685 0.685 0.684 0.683 0.669 0.676 0.683 0.709 0.678 0.678 0.68 0.697 0.702 0.711 0.723 0.729 0.735 0.738 0.734 0.772 0.769 0.77 0.771 0.775
  Trinidad and Tobago 0.575 0.575 0.577 0.582 0.589 0.597 0.604 0.611 0.594 0.633 0.636 0.647 0.638 0.655 0.665 0.652 0.674 0.692 0.705 0.712 0.712 0.713 0.701 0.7 0.704 0.714 0.721 0.728 0.728 0.728
  Tunisia 0.406 0.413 0.42 0.431 0.448 0.459 0.47 0.477 0.496 0.513 0.526 0.539 0.549 0.557 0.573 0.586 0.594 0.601 0.612 0.614 0.625 0.635 0.633 0.638 0.64 0.645 0.647 0.653 0.659 0.661
  Turkey 0.399 0.404 0.41 0.416 0.421 0.427 0.435 0.442 0.459 0.477 0.493 0.51 0.524 0.53 0.532 0.534 0.541 0.552 0.553 0.569 0.602 0.622 0.643 0.682 0.7 0.704 0.717 0.722 0.727 0.731
  Turkmenistan 0.624 0.625 0.626 0.626 0.627 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.645 0.653
  Uganda 0.25 0.254 0.243 0.256 0.262 0.268 0.3 0.333 0.365 0.398 0.43 0.439 0.458 0.464 0.442 0.445 0.453 0.461 0.473 0.477 0.493 0.487 0.483 0.489 0.495 0.501 0.504 0.507 0.515 0.523
  Ukraine 0.648 0.654 0.654 0.655 0.659 0.672 0.684 0.696 0.708 0.715 0.717 0.741 0.757 0.766 0.767 0.776 0.781 0.784 0.786 0.787 0.788 0.787 0.791 0.791 0.8 0.791 0.792 0.794 0.792 0.799
  United Arab Emirates 0.474 0.493 0.499 0.509 0.528 0.544 0.545 0.545 0.548 0.561 0.573 0.582 0.591 0.6 0.609 0.622 0.631 0.641 0.65 0.659 0.669 0.678 0.687 0.697 0.711 0.735 0.743 0.783 0.802 0.802
  United Kingdom 0.644 0.675 0.707 0.736 0.764 0.793 0.801 0.809 0.816 0.828 0.836 0.84 0.842 0.845 0.861 0.867 0.859 0.861 0.872 0.884 0.896 0.872 0.866 0.912 0.92 0.911 0.911 0.913 0.918 0.928
  United States 0.839 0.843 0.853 0.863 0.866 0.869 0.867 0.867 0.867 0.863 0.845 0.851 0.853 0.857 0.859 0.862 0.865 0.869 0.882 0.887 0.892 0.897 0.898 0.891 0.892 0.893 0.896 0.899 0.899 0.9
  Uruguay 0.597 0.601 0.597 0.601 0.605 0.609 0.615 0.629 0.643 0.648 0.661 0.674 0.685 0.697 0.697 0.688 0.693 0.686 0.688 0.698 0.707 0.717 0.727 0.735 0.741 0.743 0.753 0.759 0.763 0.765
  Uzbekistan 0.601 0.614 0.627 0.634 0.639 0.645 0.649 0.657 0.659 0.667 0.674 0.681 0.692 0.699 0.701 0.705 0.709 0.724 0.726 0.729
  Vanuatu 0.512 0.514 0.516 0.519 0.521 0.523 0.525 0.527 0.529 0.529 0.544 0.54 0.542 0.545 0.561
  Venezuela 0.444 0.457 0.466 0.471 0.475 0.48 0.484 0.487 0.492 0.502 0.503 0.518 0.549 0.556 0.569 0.591 0.611 0.642 0.662 0.667 0.674 0.705 0.708 0.724 0.725 0.724 0.722 0.7 0.7 0.7
  Vietnam 0.348 0.361 0.374 0.387 0.4 0.413 0.427 0.415 0.455 0.464 0.474 0.485 0.496 0.507 0.518 0.528 0.539 0.55 0.561 0.598 0.583 0.602 0.608 0.614 0.613 0.619 0.621 0.626 0.626 0.63
  Yemen 0.219 0.222 0.224 0.227 0.23 0.233 0.237 0.241 0.244 0.249 0.258 0.268 0.278 0.287 0.297 0.303 0.305 0.308 0.311 0.319 0.325 0.343 0.335 0.345 0.343 0.342 0.341 0.341 0.347 0.35
  Zambia 0.365 0.38 0.396 0.411 0.426 0.442 0.447 0.452 0.457 0.463 0.468 0.477 0.486 0.495 0.505 0.514 0.522 0.513 0.522 0.524 0.526 0.526 0.529 0.532 0.532 0.538 0.544 0.549 0.553 0.557
  Zimbabwe 0.423 0.441 0.437 0.443 0.45 0.456 0.463 0.469 0.475 0.481 0.488 0.502 0.493 0.483 0.485 0.488 0.495 0.502 0.509 0.516 0.523 0.526 0.549 0.55 0.557 0.56 0.565 0.568 0.57 0.587

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New method of calculation of Human Development Index (HDI)". India Study Channel. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Correspondence on education indicators. March. Montreal.)
  3. ^ Barro, R. J.; Lee, J.-W. (2010). "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010". NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
  4. ^ ""Education index"".

External linksEdit