Open main menu
World map indicating Education Index based on the 2009 UN HDR
  0.950 and over
  0.900–0.949
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  under 0.350
  not available

The United Nations publishes a Human Development Index every year, which consists of the Education index, GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index. These three components measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy respectively.

Before 2010, the Education Index was measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting). The adult literacy rate gives an indication of the ability to read and write, while the GER gives an indication of the level of education from kindergarten to postgraduate education. Since 2010, the Education Index has been measured by combining average adult years of schooling with expected years of schooling for children, each receiving 50% weighting.

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country.

Contents

CalculationEdit

  • Education Index:  [1]
  • Mean Years of Schooling Index:  
Mean years of schooling   is a calculation of the average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older in their lifetime based on education attainment levels of the population converted into years of schooling based on theoretical duration of each level of education attended.[2]
Fifteen is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025.
  • Expected Years of Schooling Index:  
Expected Years of Schooling   is a calculation of the number of years a child is expected to attend school, or university, including the years spent on repetition. It is the sum of the age-specific enrollment ratios for primary, secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary and tertiary education and is calculated assuming the prevailing patterns of age-specific enrollment rates were to stay the same throughout the child's life. Expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.[3]
Eighteen is equivalent to achieving a master's degree in most countries.

2015Edit

The following 2015 Education Index was released in the Human Development Report 2016.[4]

2015 Education Index[5]
Rank Country Education
Index
Expected years
of schooling
Mean years
of schooling
HDI rank
1   Australia 0.939 20.4 13.2 2
2   Denmark 0.923 19.2 12.7 5
3   New Zealand 0.917 19.2 12.5 13
4   Norway 0.916 17.7 12.7 1
5   Germany 0.914 17.1 13.2 4
6   Ireland 0.910 18.6 12.3 8
7   Iceland 0.906 19.0 12.2 9
8   United States 0.900 16.5 13.2 10
9   Netherlands 0.897 18.1 11.9 7
10   United Kingdom 0.896 16.3 13.3 16
11    Switzerland 0.891 16.0 13.4 2
12   Canada 0.890 16.3 13.1 10
13   Slovenia 0.886 17.3 12.1 25
14   Lithuania 0.882 16.5 12.7 37
15   Czech Republic 0.878 16.8 12.3 28
16   Estonia 0.877 16.5 12.5 30
17   Israel 0.870 16.0 12.8 19
18   South Korea 0.867 16.6 12.2 18
19   Sweden 0.855 16.1 12.3 14
20   Poland 0.852 16.4 11.9 36
21   Finland 0.847 17.0 11.2 23
22   Japan 0.842 15.3 12.5 17
23   Belgium 0.841 16.6 11.4 22
24   France 0.839 16.3 11.6 21
25   Latvia 0.835 16.0 11.7 44
26   Belarus 0.834 15.7 12.0 52
26   Hungary 0.834 15.6 12.0 43
28   Greece 0.830 17.2 10.5 29
29   Slovakia 0.823 15.0 12.2 40
30   Hong Kong 0.822 15.7 11.6 12
31   Austria 0.820 15.9 11.3 24
32   Liechtenstein 0.818 14.6 12.4 15
32   Spain 0.818 17.7 9.8 27
34   Russian Federation 0.816 15.0 12.0 49
35   Italy 0.814 16.3 10.9 26
35   Singapore 0.814 15.4 11.6 5
37   Argentina 0.808 17.3 9.8 45
37   Palau 0.808 14.3 12.3 60
39   Kazakhstan 0.805 15.0 11.7 56
40   Ukraine 0.803 15.3 11.3 84
41   Croatia 0.798 15.3 11.2 45
42   Montenegro 0.797 15.1 11.3 48
43   Georgia 0.794 13.9 12.2 70
44   Cyprus 0.786 14.3 11.7 33
45   Chile 0.784 16.3 9.9 38
46   Luxembourg 0.783 13.9 12.0 20
47   Malta 0.781 14.6 11.3 33
48   Cuba 0.779 13.9 11.8 68
49   Bulgaria 0.778 15.0 10.8 56
50   Fiji 0.777 15.3 10.5 91
51   Romania 0.769 14.7 10.8 50
52   Barbados 0.773 15.3 10.5 54
53   Saudi Arabia 0.768 16.1 9.6 38
54   Tonga 0.766 14.3 11.1 101
55   Serbia 0.760 14.4 10.8 66
56   Portugal 0.756 16.6 8.9 41
57   Sri Lanka 0.752 14.0 10.9 73
58   Uzbekistan 0.740 12.2 12.0 105
59   Mongolia 0.737 14.8 9.8 92
60   Armenia 0.730 12.7 11.3 84
61   Grenada 0.725 15.8 8.6 79
61   Mauritius 0.725 15.2 9.1 64
61   Moldova 0.725 11.8 11.9 107
64   Azerbaijan 0.723 12.7 11.2 78
65   Kyrgyzstan 0.721 13.0 10.8 120
66   Andorra 0.718 13.5 10.3 32
67   Bahrain 0.717 14.5 9.4 47
67   Trinidad and Tobago 0.717 12.7 10.9 65
67   Uruguay 0.717 15.5 8.6 54
70   Brunei Darussalam 0.716 14.9 9.0 30
71   Albania 0.715 14.2 9.6 75
71   Bahamas 0.715 12.7 10.9 58
73   Venezuela 0.710 14.3 9.4 71
74   Seychelles 0.706 14.1 9.4 63
75   South Africa 0.705 13.0 10.3 119
76   Belize 0.704 12.8 10.5 103
76   Iran 0.704 14.8 8.8 69
78   Samoa 0.702 12.9 10.3 104
79   Jordan 0.701 13.1 10.1 86
80   Malaysia 0.700 13.1 10.1 59
81   Qatar 0.698 13.4 9.8 33
82   Antigua and Barbuda 0.694 13.9 9.2 62
82   Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.694 14.2 9.0 81
84   Panama 0.691 13.0 9.9 60
85   United Arab Emirates 0.687 13.3 9.5 42
86   Costa Rica 0.684 14.2 8.7 66
87   Brazil 0.681 15.2 7.8 79
88   Jamaica 0.678 12.8 9.6 94
89   Saint Lucia 0.677 13.1 9.3 92
90   Macedonia 0.673 12.9 9.4 82
91   Peru 0.672 13.4 9.0 87
92   Turkey 0.668 14.6 7.9 71
93   Ecuador 0.665 14.0 8.3 89
94   Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.659 13.7 8.4 74
95   Algeria 0.658 14.4 7.8 83
95   Botswana 0.658 12.6 9.2 108
95   Tajikistan 0.658 11.3 10.4 129
98   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.657 13.3 8.6 99
99   Bolivia 0.656 13.8 8.2 118
99   Lebanon 0.656 13.3 8.6 76
101   Mexico 0.655 13.3 8.6 77
101   Palestine 0.655 12.8 8.9 114
103   Oman 0.652 13.7 8.1 52
104   Micronesia 0.649 11.7 9.7 127
105   Tunisia 0.643 14.6 7.1 97
106   Thailand 0.641 13.6 7.9 87
107   Philippines 0.637 11.7 9.3 116
108   China 0.631 13.5 7.6 90
109   Colombia 0.630 13.6 7.6 95
109   Suriname 0.630 12.7 8.3 97
111   Turkmenistan 0.629 10.8 9.9 111
112   India 0.624 11.7 6.3 131
113   Dominican Republic 0.622 13.2 7.7 99
113   Indonesia 0.622 12.9 7.9 113
115   Dominica 0.618 12.8 7.9 96
115   Gabon 0.618 12.6 8.1 109
117   Viet Nam 0.617 12.6 8.0 115
118   Libya 0.616 13.4 7.3 102
119   Paraguay 0.613 12.3 8.1 110
120   Kuwait 0.611 13.3 7.3 51
121   Egypt 0.601 13.1 7.1 111
121   Kiribati 0.590 11.9 7.8 137
123   El Salvador 0.584 13.2 6.5 117
124   Zambia 0.577 12.5 6.9 139
125   Guyana 0.568 10.3 8.4 127
126   Maldives 0.561 12.7 6.2 105
127   Ghana 0.551 11.5 6.9 139
128   Pakistan 0.550 12.1 10.1 147
129   Namibia 0.546 11.7 6.7 125
130   Swaziland 0.545 11.4 6.8 148
131   Zimbabwe 0.544 10.3 7.7 154
132   Nicaragua 0.542 11.7 6.5 124
133   Cabo Verde 0.534 13.5 4.8 122
134   Vanuatu 0.526 10.8 6.8 134
135   Congo 0.520 11.1 6.3 135
136   Honduras 0.518 11.2 6.2 130
136   Kenya 0.518 11.1 6.3 146
138   Sao Tome and Principe 0.509 12.0 5.3 142
139   Guatemala 0.508 10.7 6.3 125
140   Lesotho 0.503 10.7 6.1 160
140   Morocco 0.503 12.1 5.0 123
142   Iraq 0.500 10.1 6.6 121
143   Timor-Leste 0.494 12.5 4.4 133
144   Cameroon 0.493 10.4 6.1 153
145   Madagascar 0.492 10.3 6.1 158
146   Togo 0.489 12.0 4.7 166
147   Angola 0.482 11.4 5.0 150
148   Nigeria 0.477 10.0 6.0 152
149   Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.475 9.8 6.1 176
149     Nepal 0.475 12.2 4.1 144
151   Laos 0.474 10.8 5.2 138
152   Comoros 0.469 11.1 4.8 160
153   Uganda 0.467 10.0 5.7 163
154   Cambodia 0.459 10.9 4.7 143
155   Bangladesh 0.457 10.2 5.2 139
156   Bhutan 0.452 12.5 3.1 132
157   Malawi 0.445 10.8 4.4 170
157   Solomon Islands 0.445 9.6 5.3 156
159   Tanzania 0.441 8.9 5.8 151
160   Equatorial Guinea 0.439 9.2 5.5 135
161   Rwanda 0.426 10.8 3.8 159
162   Haiti 0.425 9.1 5.2 163
163   Liberia 0.423 9.9 4.4 177
164   Papua New Guinea 0.419 9.9 4.3 154
165   Syrian Arab Republic 0.417 9.0 5.1 149
166   Cote d'Ivoire 0.415 8.9 5.0 171
167   Benin 0.414 10.7 3.5 167
168   Myanmar 0.410 9.1 4.7 145
169   Afghanistan 0.398 10.1 3.5 169
170   Burundi 0.395 10.6 3.0 184
171   Mauritania 0.377 8.5 4.3 157
172   Sierra Leone 0.374 9.5 3.3 179
173   Mozambique 0.369 9.1 3.5 181
174   Gambia 0.358 8.9 3.3 173
175   Senegal 0.355 9.5 2.8 162
176   Guinea-Bissau 0.353 9.2 2.9 178
177   Yemen 0.350 9.0 3.0 168
178   Central African Republic 0.338 7.1 4.2 188
179   Guinea 0.330 8.8 2.6 183
180   Ethiopia 0.318 8.4 2.6 174
180   Sudan 0.318 7.2 3.5 165
182   Mali 0.312 8.4 2.3 175
183   Djibouti 0.310 6.3 4.1 172
184   South Sudan 0.297 4.9 4.8 181
185   Chad 0.280 7.3 2.3 186
186   Eritrea 0.267 5.0 3.9 179
187   Burkina Faso 0.262 7.7 1.4 185
188   Niger 0.206 5.4 1.7 187

2007Edit

Change in value from the last report is given as follows:

  •   = increase.
  •   = steady.
  •   = decrease.

The latest index was released in the Human Development Report 2009 on October 2009.[6] This statistical update covers the period up to 2007: 1 is the highest possible theoretical score, indicating perfect education attainment.

All countries considered to be developed countries possess a minimum score of 0.8 or above, although the great majority have a score of 0.9 or above. For ranking based on the Human Development Index, see List of countries by Human Development Index.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New method of calculation of Human Development Index (HDI)". India Study Channel. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ Barro, R. J.; Lee, J.-W. (2010). "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010". NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
  3. ^ UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Correspondence on education indicators. March. Montreal.)
  4. ^ "Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme.
  5. ^ "Human Development Data (1990-2015)". United Nations Development Programme.
  6. ^ http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/93.html

External linksEdit