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Ebonyi is a state in south-east Nigeria. It is inhabited and populated primarily by the Igbo.[2] Its capital and largest city is Abakaliki. Other major townships include Afikpo, Onueke, Edda, Onicha etc. It was one of the six states created in 1996 by the then federal military government. The State of Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State; which in turn were initially constituents of the old Anambra and Imo States respectively. It is home to six Higher institutions of learning: Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki (EBSU); Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo (FUNAI); Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo (EBSCOEI); Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana; College of Health Sciences, Ezzamgbo and Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu.[3]

Nickname(s): Salt of the Nation
Igbo: Mbà ùmẹ́ ànị̀
Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Location of Ebonyi State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083Coordinates: 6°15′N 8°05′E / 6.250°N 8.083°E / 6.250; 8.083
Country  Nigeria
Date created 1 October 1996
Capital Abakaliki
 • Governor
David Nweze Umahi (PDP)
 • Deputy Governor Eric Kelechi Igwe
 • Senators
 • Total 5,533 km2 (2,136 sq mi)
Area rank 33rd of 36
Population (2006 Census)
 • Total 2,176,947
 • Rank 34 of 36
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ebonyian
 • Year 2007
 • Total $2.73 billion[1]
 • Per capita $1,232[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-EB



There are several Igbo dialects spoken in Ebonyi State, the most prominent being the Izi-Ezza-Mgbo-Ikwo dialect cluster, Afikpo, Edda, Okposi, Onicha and Uburu.


In 1999, Dr. Sam Ominyi Egwu was elected as the first governor of the state under the People's Democratic Party (PDP). He was succeeded by Martin Elechi who was elected in 2007 and successfully ran for re-election in 2011, under the same PDP. Gov Martin Elechi was succeeded by the current Governor, Dave Umahi, who was elected in the March 2015 election.

Natural ResourcesEdit

Ebonyi is primarily an agricultural region. It is a leading producer of rice, yam, potatoes, maize, beans, and cassava in Nigeria.[4] Rice and yams are predominantly cultivated in Edda, a region within the state.[4] Ebonyi has several solid mineral resources, including lead, crude oil, and natural gas, but few large-scale commercial mining|mines. The state government has, however, given several incentives to investors in the agro-allied sector to encourage production.[citation needed] Ebonyi is called "the salt of the nation" for its huge salt deposit at the Okposi and Uburu Salt Lakes.[4]

Local Government AreasEdit

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit