Eastern District Council

Eastern District Council (Chinese: 東區區議會) is the district council for the Eastern District in Hong Kong. It is one of 18 district councils. Eastern District currently consists of 35 members, of which the district is divided into 35 constituencies, electing a total of 35 members. The latest election was held on 24 November 2019.

Eastern District Council

東區區議會
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded
  • 28 October 1981 (1981-10-28) (District Board)
  • 1 July 1997 (1997-07-01) (Provisional)
  • 1 January 2000 (2000-01-01) (District Council)
Leadership
Chair
Vice-Chair
Structure
Seats35 councillors consisting of 35 elected members
5 / 35
4 / 35
2 / 35
1 / 35
1 / 35
1 / 35
1 / 35
1 / 35
19 / 35
Elections
First past the post
Last election
24 November 2019
Meeting place
Eastern Law Courts Building (facade).JPG
11/F, Eastern Law Court Building, 29 Tai On Street, Sai Wan Ho, Hong Kong
Website
www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/east/
Eastern District Council
Traditional Chinese東區區議會
Simplified Chinese东区区议会

HistoryEdit

The Eastern District Council was established on 28 October 1981 under the name of the Eastern District Board as the result of the colonial Governor Murray MacLehose's District Administration Scheme reform. The District Board was partly elected with the ex-officio Urban Council members, as well as members appointed by the Governor until 1994 when last Governor Chris Patten refrained from appointing any member.

The Eastern District Board became Eastern Provisional District Board after the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) was established in 1997 with the appointment system being reintroduced by Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa. The Eastern District Council was established on 1 January 2000 after the first District Council election in 1999. The council has become fully elected when the appointed seats were abolished in 2011 after the modified constitutional reform proposal was passed by the Legislative Council in 2010.

The Eastern District Council was one of the largest District Councils in Hong Kong and the largest on Hong Kong Island, now the largest District Council replace status in the Kwun Tong District Council . Compared to the continuing shrinking in size of the Wan Chai District Council, the government in 2015 decided to transfer Tin Hau and Victoria Park constituencies from the Eastern to the Wan Chai District Council.[1]

Many older political organisations, especially the Reform Club of Hong Kong had a long presence in the Eastern District. In the 1985 election, an electoral coalition of 12 incumbents based on personal network surrounding Kwan Lim-ho of the Reform Club, contested in the election, winning 10 seats in total.[2] The traditional leftists through the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU) also had considerable influence in their traditional stronghold of North Point and passed on its influence to the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) formed in 1992 and gradually expanded to the public estate areas in Shau Kei Wan and Chai Wan, while the influence of the pro-democrats, represented by the Democratic Party and the Civic Party today, was mostly limited to certain areas of private apartments such as Tai Koo Shing and Sai Wan Ho.

The pro-democrats achieved the majority of the council for the first time in the 2019 election in a historic landslide victory amid the pro-democracy protests, taking 32 of the 35 seats in the council, with many of the pro-Beijing strongholds in North Point fell into the hand of pro-democracy independents. The Civic Party emerged as the largest party with five seats which saw its veteran councillor Joseph Lai took the chairmanship.

Political controlEdit

Since 1982 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:

Camp in control Largest party Years Composition
No Overall Control Reform Club 1982 - 1985
Pro-government Reform Club 1985 - 1988



Pro-government HKAS 1988 - 1991



Pro-government United Democrats 1991 - 1994



Pro-Beijing DAB 1994 - 1997




Pro-Beijing DAB 1997 - 1999



Pro-Beijing DAB 2000 - 2003



Pro-Beijing DAB 2004 - 2007



Pro-Beijing DAB 2008 - 2011



Pro-Beijing DAB 2012 - 2015



Pro-Beijing DAB 2016 - 2019




Pro-democracy Civic 2020 - 2023




Political makeupEdit

Elections are held every four years.

    Political party Council members Current
members
1994 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019
  Independent 14 12 17 12 12 10 19
19 / 35
  Civic - - - 2 3 4 5
5 / 35
  Democratic 4 6 6 3 2 2 4
4 / 35
  Labour - - - - - 1 2
2 / 35
  DAB 9 13 12 14 16 10 1
1 / 35
  FTU - - - - 1 1 1
1 / 35
  Liberal 3 2 1 2 2 2 1
1 / 35
  LSD - - - 1 0 0 1
1 / 35
  SKWEF - - - 1 0 0 1
1 / 35

District result mapsEdit

Members representedEdit

Starting from 1 January 2020:

Code Constituency Name Political affiliation Notes
C01 Tai Koo Shing West Andrew Chiu Ka-yin Democratic/PfD/PC
C02 Tai Koo Shing East Patrick Wong Chun-sing Independent
C03 Lei King Wan Alice Wei Siu-lik Independent
C04 Sai Wan Ho Mak Tak-ching Labour
C05 Aldrich Bay So Yat-hang Democratic
C06 Shaukeiwan Leung Wing-sze Independent
C07 A Kung Ngam Kwok Chi-chung SKWEF
C08 Heng Fa Chuen Christine Wong Yi Independent
C09 Tsui Wan Ku Kwai-yiu Independent
C10 Yan Lam Alice Ishigami Lee Fung-king PfD
C11 Siu Sai Wan Chan Wing-tai PfD
C12 King Yee Phoenix Tsang Yan-ying Independent
C13 Wan Tsui Peter Ng Cheuk-ip Independent
C14 Fei Tsui Joseph Lai Chi-keong Civic
C15 Mount Parker Annie Lee Ching-har DAB
C16 Braemar Hill Kenny Yuen Kin-chung Liberal
C17 Fortress Hill Jason Chan Ka-yau Independent
C18 City Garden Jocelyn Chau Hui-yan Independent
C19 Provident Kwok Wai-keung FTU
C20 Fort Street Karrine Fu Kai-lam Independent
C21 Kam Ping Lee Yue-shun Civic
C22 Tanner Cheng Tat-hung Civic
C23 Healthy Village James Pui Chi-lap Independent
C24 Quarry Bay Kelly Chan Po-king Independent
C25 Nam Fung Cheung Kwok-cheong Democratic
C26 Kornhill Derek Ngai Chi-ho Civic
C27 Kornhill Garden Leung Siu-sun Civic
C28 Hing Tung Cheung Chun-kit Independent
C29 Lower Yiu Tung Ho Wai-lun Labour
C30 Upper Yiu Tung Chow Cheuk-ki Democratic
C31 Hing Man Tse Miu-yee Independent
C32 Lok Hong Bull Tsang Kin-shing LSD
C33 Tsui Tak Peter Choi Chi-keung Independent
C34 Yue Wan Chui Chi-kin Independent
C35 Kai Hiu Lai Tsz-yan Independent

LeadershipEdit

ChairsEdit

Since 1985, the chairman is elected by all the members of the board:

Chairman Years Political Affiliation
Charles Gately 1981–1982 District Officer
Lui Hau-tuen 1982–1985 District Officer
Shum Choi-sang 1985–1994 Independent
Chan Bing-woon 1994–1999 Independent
Christina Ting Yuk-chee 2000–2011 Independent
Christopher Chung Shu-kun 2012 DAB
Wong Kin-pan 2012–2019 DAB
Joseph Lai Chi-keong 2020–present Civic

Vice ChairsEdit

Vice Chairman Years Political Affiliation
Christopher Chung Shu-kun 2000–2003 DAB
Wong Kwok-hing 2004–2007 DAB
Christopher Chung Shu-kun 2008–2011 DAB
Wong Kin-pan 2012 DAB
Kung Pak-cheung 2012–2015 DAB
Chiu Chi-keung 2016–2019 FTU
Andrew Chiu Ka-yin 2020–present Democratic

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Public Consultation on Demarcation of District boundary between Eastern and Wan Chai Districts". Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau.
  2. ^ "百姓 - Issues 159-170". 百姓半月刊編輯委員會. 1988. p. 3.