Wan Chai District Council

Wan Chai District Council (Chinese: 灣仔區議會) is the district council for the Wan Chai District in Hong Kong. It is one of 18 district councils. Wan Chai District currently consists of 13 members, of which the district is divided into 13 constituencies, electing a total of 13 members. The latest election was held on 24 November 2019.

Wan Chai District Council

灣仔區議會
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded20 February 1982 (1982-02-20) (District Board)
1 July 1997 (1997-07-01) (Provisional)
1 January 2000 (2000-01-01) (District Council)
Leadership
Chair
Vice-Chair
Mak King-sing, Independent
Structure
Seats13 councillors
consisting of
13 elected members
1 / 13
1 / 13
11 / 13
Elections
First past the post
Last election
24 November 2019
Meeting place
Southorn Centre 1.jpg
21/F, Southorn Centre, 130 Hennessy Road, Wan Chai
Website
www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/wc/

HistoryEdit

The Wan Chai District Council was established on 20 February 1982 under the name of the Wan Chai District Board as the result of the colonial Governor Murray MacLehose's District Administration Scheme reform. The District Board was partly elected with the ex-officio Urban Council members, as well as members appointed by the Governor until 1994 when last Governor Chris Patten refrained from appointing any member.

The Wan Chai District Board became Wan Chai Provisional District Board after the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) was established in 1997 with the appointment system being reintroduced by Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa. The Wan Chai District Council was established on 1 January 2000 after the first District Council election in 1999. The council has become fully elected when the appointed seats were abolished in 2011 after the modified constitutional reform proposal was passed by the Legislative Council in 2010.

The Wan Chai District Council is the smallest District Council, having only 13 members due to its small population. Due to its continuing shrinking in size, the government in 2015 decided to transfer Tin Hau and Victoria Park constituencies from the Eastern District Council to Wan Chai.[1]

The Wan Chai District Council has been controlled by the conservatives with Peggy Lam being the chairwoman of the council from 1985 to 2003. The conservative control was interrupted between 2003 and 2007, when the pro-democrats and their allies took advance of the anti-government sentiment of the 2003 July 1 march in which the newly established Civic Act-up under Legislative Councillor Cyd Ho became the largest party in the council in the 2003 election and make nonpartisan Ada Wong Ying-kay the council chairwoman. The pro-democracy council was noted for its community reforms, stressing the citizens' involvement in the community planning, such as the urban renewal projects including the controversy over the demolition of Lee Tung Street. The pro-democracy council lasted for one term until the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) retook its largest party status in the 2007 election while Civic Act-up lost all their seats.[2]

The 2019 pro-democracy protests brought a historic landslide victory to the pro-democrats in the November election with members of the local political group Kickstart Wan Chai who all ran as independents won numbers of seats, ousting long-time pro-Beijing incumbents and took control of the council for the first time since 2003 election.

Political controlEdit

Since 1982 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:

Camp in control Largest party Years Composition
No Overall Control Civic Association 1982 - 1985
Pro-government Reform Club 1985 - 1988



Pro-government Civic Association 1988 - 1991




Pro-government United Democrats 1991 - 1994



Pro-Beijing DAB 1994 - 1997




Pro-Beijing DAB 1997 - 1999




Pro-Beijing DAB 2000 - 2003




NOC → Pro-democracy Civic Act-up 2004 - 2007




Pro-Beijing DAB 2008 - 2011




Pro-Beijing DAB 2012 - 2015




Pro-Beijing DAB 2016 - 2019




Pro-democracy Liberal 2020 - 2023




Political makeupEdit

Elections are held every four years.

    Political party Council members Current
members
1994 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019
  Independent 2 4 4 8 7 7 11
11 / 13
  Liberal 1 1 - 0 0 1 1
1 / 13
  VSA - - - - - - 1
1 / 13

District result mapsEdit

Members representedEdit

Starting from 1 January 2020:

Code Constituency Name Political affiliation Notes
B01 Hennessy Sabina Koo Kwok-wai Independent [a]
B02 Oi Kwan Law Wai-shan Independent [a]
B03 Canal Road Mak King-sing Independent [a]
B04 Causeway Bay Cathy Yau Man-shan Independent [a]
B05 Victoria Park Li Wing-choi VSA
B06 Tin Hau Chan Yuk-lam Independent [a]
B07 Tai Hang Clarisse Yeung Suet-ying Independent [a]
B08 Jardine's Lookout Wind Lam Wai-man Liberal
B09 Broadwood Paul Tse Wai-chun Independent
B10 Happy Valley Clara Cheung Independent
B11 Stubbs Road Ivan Wong Wang-tai Independent
B12 Southorn Lee Pik-yee Independent
B13 Tai Fat Hau Leung Pak-kin Independent

LeadershipEdit

ChairsEdit

Since 1985, the chairman is elected by all the members of the board:

Chairman Years Political Affiliation
A. G. Cooper 1982–1983 District Officer
Lolly Chiu Yuen-chu 1983–1984 District Officer
Lam Kam-kwong 1984–1985 District Officer
Peggy Lam Pei[3] 1985–2003 NonpartisanLiberalIndependent
Ada Wong Ying-kay 2004–2007 IndependentCivic Act-up
Suen Kai-cheong[4] 2008–2015 DAB
Stephen Ng Kam-chun 2016–2019 Independent
Clarisse Yeung Suet-ying 2020–present Independent

Vice ChairsEdit

Vice Chairman Years Political Affiliation
Suen Kai-cheong 2000–2003 DAB
John Tse Wing-ling 2004–2007 DemocraticIndependent
Stephen Ng Kam-chun 2008–2015 Independent
Jennifer Chow Kit-bing 2016–2019 DAB
Mak King-sing 2020–present Independent

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kickstart Wan Chai member.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Public Consultation on Demarcation of District boundary between Eastern and Wan Chai Districts". Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau.
  2. ^ "【真假區議會 2】真議會是怎樣誕生的? 2004年灣仔實驗". 立場新聞. 27 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Wan Chai Green Trail" (PDF). Wan Chai District Board and Conservancy Association. 1994. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Wan Chai District Council Members (2008 - 2011)". Wan Chai District Council. Retrieved 14 March 2013.

External linksEdit