The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (known simply as both E.M. Bypass and EM Bypass) is a 32 kilometres (20 mi) (Including Kamalgazi to Baruipur extension) major road on the east side of Kolkata. It connects Ultadanga (North Kolkata) to Baruipur Puratan Bazar (South Kolkata). The road is a major link to Salt Lake and New Town. EM Bypass is part of both State Highway 1 and State Highway 3. Much high-end construction and development in Kolkata has been centred around the Bypass.
|Maintained by||Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority|
|Length||32 km (20 mi)|
|Location||Greater Kolkata (Kolkata district and South 24 Parganas district), India|
|Nearest Kolkata Metro station||Bengal Chemical and Salt Lake Stadium (Kolkata Metro Line 2); Beliaghata (under construction) to Satyajit Ray (under construction) (Kolkata Metro Line 6)|
|South end||Kamalgazi, with an extension to Baruipur (Baruipur Bypass)|
It was designed as a six to eight-lane bypass to lessen traffic congestion on the entire stretch of Gariahat Road. Several consequent connections have been made to Gariahat Road to further move traffic to the Bypass.
History and developmentEdit
Connectors and overpassesEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2018)
A number of 'connectors' or connecting roads link the bypass to major hubs of the city all along its route. From north to south, these are:
|Junction type||Area||Connected locations||Notes|
|Junction||Bagmari Road||Ultadanga - goes towards Hatibagan & Shobhabazar as Aurobindo Sarani|
|Flyover||Ultadanga Flyover||Dumdum/Kolkata Airport from south through VIP Road|
|Junction||Maniktala Road||Maniktala, Kankurgachi - goes towards Howrah via Girish Park & Posta as Vivekananda Road|
|Junction||Narkeldanga Road||Rajabazar, Phoolbagan & Kadapara|
|Junction||Beleghata Road||Sealdah Station, Beleghata, Chingrighata - goes towards Howrah via Burrabazar as MG Road|
|Flyover||Chingrighata Flyover||Chingrighata to Salt Lake and New Town|
|Junction||JBS Haldane Avenue||Park Circus, Science City & Bantala - goes towards Howrah via Rabindra Sadan as AJC Bose Road|
|Flyover||Maa Flyover||Park Circus to Science City & Beleghata Metropolitan - connected with AJC Bose Road Flyover towards Howrah|
|Junction||Bondel Road||Ballygunj, Tiljala & VIP Nagar - goes towards Hazra, Alipore & Mominpur as Hazra Road|
|Junction||Rash Behari Avenue||Kalighat, Deshapriya Park, Gariahat, Kasba, Anandapur & Nonadanga - goes towards Chetla & Majherhat|
|Junction||Prince Anwar Shah Road||Dhakuria, Jodhpur Park, Selimpur, Lake Gardens, Garfa & Kalikapur - goes towards New Alipore & Taratala as Tollygunje Circular Road|
|Junction||Ajaynagar-Santoshpur Avenue & Eastern Park Road||Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing, Ajoy Nagar, Purbalok & Mukundapur|
|Junction||Garia||Baishnabghata Patuli Township, Garia|
|Junction||Garia Station Road||Garia railway station, Briji, Shitala Mandir Bus Stand of Garia|
|Junction||Pepsi||Mahamayatala & Kandarpopur town|
|Flyover||Kamalgazi Flyover||Kamalgazi to Narendrapur towards Rajpur Sonarpur|
|Junction||Sonarpur Station Road||Kamalgazi & Sonarpur railway station|
|Junction||Dr. B. C. Roy road||Kalitala with Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Road - goes towards Rajpur Municipal Market|
|Junction||Baruipur-Amtala Road||Baruipur with Julpia - goes towards Amtala|
- Chaudhuri, Sumita (2015). Facets of Urbanisation: Views from Anthropology. p. 141. ISBN 9781443878869.
- "EM Bypass".
- Bose, Pablo Shiladitya (2014). Urban Development in India: Global Indians in the Remaking of Kolkata. Routledge. p. 97. ISBN 9781138319035.
- Chanda, Ipshita (2017). Selfing the City: Single Women Migrants and Their Lives in Kolkata. SAGE Publishing India. p. Appendix 2. ISBN 9789381345245.
- Bunting, Stuart; Kundu, Nitai; Mukherjee, Madhumita (2005). Urban aquaculture: Chapter 5. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International. p. 62. ISBN 9781845930936.
- Nitai, Kundu; Pal, Mausumi; Saha, Sharmistha (2008). "East Kolkata Wetlands: A Resource Recovery System Through Productive Activities" (PDF). Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference: 868–881. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Allen, Adriana; Lampis, Andrea; Swilling, Mark (2015). Untamed Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 9781317599104.
- Banerjee, Rabi (8 March 2018). "Antidote to statue vandalism: When Jyoti Basu resisted attempt to erect his statue". The Week. Retrieved 9 May 2018.