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Eastern Metropolitan Bypass

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EM Bypass with under-construction ramp of Parama Island Flyover

The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (E.M. Bypass, EM Bypass) is a 32 kilometres (20 mi) major road on the east side of Kolkata.[1] It connects Ultadanga (North Kolkata) to Baruipur Puratan Bazar (South Kolkata). The road is a major link to Salt Lake and New Town. A lot of high-end construction and development in Kolkata has been centred around the Bypass.[1][2]

It was designed as a 6 to 8 lane bypass to lessen the traffic congestion on the entire stretch of Gariahat Road. Several consequent connections have been made to Gariahat Road to further move traffic to the Bypass.

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History and developmentEdit

The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass was constructed during the 1980s, and became operational in 1982.[3][4][5] The construction disrupted part of the East Kolkata Wetlands.[5][6][2]

At one point in 2010 the road was officially named Jyoti Basu Sarani after Jyoti Basu.[7] The road was further renamed Biswa Bangla Sarani by the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in 2011.[7]

The road is undergoing expansion under the JNNURM.[citation needed]

Connectors and overpassesEdit

A number of 'connectors' or connecting roads link the bypass to major hubs of the city all along its route. From north to south, these are:[citation needed]

Junction type Area Connected locations Notes
Junction Bagmari Road Ultadanga - goes towards Hatibagan & Shobhabazar as Aurobindo Sarani
Flyover Ultadanga Flyover Dum Dum Airport from south through VIP Road
Junction Maniktala Road Maniktala, Kankurgachi - goes towards Howrah via Girish Park & Posta as Vivekananda Road
Junction Narkeldanga Road Rajabazar, Phoolbagan & Kadapara
Junction Beleghata Road Sealdah railway station, Beleghata, Chingrighata - goes towards Howrah via Burrabazar as MG Road
Flyover Chingrighata Flyover Chingrighata to Salt Lake and New Town
Junction JBS Haldane Avenue Park Circus , Science City & Bantala - goes towards Howrah via Rabindra Sadan & Hastings as AJC Bose Road
Flyover Parama Island Flyover Park Circus to Science City & Beleghata Metropolitan - connected with AJC Bose Road Flyover towards Howrah
Junction Bondel Road Ballygunj, Tiljala & VIP Nagar - goes towards Hazra, Alipore & Mominpur as Hazra Road
Junction Rash Behari Avenue Kalighat, Deshapriya Park, Gariahat, Kasba, Anandapur & Nonadanga - goes towards Chetla & Majherhat
Junction Prince Anwar Shah Road Dhakuria, Jodhpur Park, Selimpur, Lake Gardens, Garfa & Kalikapur - goes towards New Alipore & Taratala as Tollygunje Circular Road
Junction Ajaynagar-Santoshpur Avenue & Eastern Park Road Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing, Ajoy Nagar, Purbalok & Mukundapur
Junction Garia Baishnabghata & Patuli, Garia
Junction Garia Station Road Garia railway station, Briji, Shitala Mandir Bus Stand of Garia
Junction Sonarpur Station Road Kamalgazi & Sonarpur railway station
Junction Baruipur-Amtala Road Baruipur with Julpia - goes towards Amtala

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Chaudhuri, Sumita (2015). Facets of Urbanisation: Views from Anthropology. p. 141. ISBN 9781443878869.
  2. ^ a b Bose, Pablo Shiladitya (2014). Urban Development in India: Global Indians in the Remaking of Kolkata. Routledge. p. 97. ISBN 9781138319035.
  3. ^ Chanda, Ipshita (2017). Selfing the City: Single Women Migrants and Their Lives in Kolkata. SAGE Publishing India. p. Appendix 2. ISBN 9789381345245.
  4. ^ Bunting, Stuart; Kundu, Nitai; Mukherjee, Madhumita (2005). Urban aquaculture: Chapter 5. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International. p. 62. ISBN 9781845930936.
  5. ^ a b Nitai, Kundu; Pal, Mausumi; Saha, Sharmistha (2008). "East Kolkata Wetlands: A Resource Recovery System Through Productive Activities" (PDF). Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference: 868–881. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  6. ^ Allen, Adriana; Lampis, Andrea; Swilling, Mark (2015). Untamed Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 9781317599104.
  7. ^ a b Banerjee, Rabi (8 March 2018). "Antidote to statue vandalism: When Jyoti Basu resisted attempt to erect his statue". The Week. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External linksEdit