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Eastern Metropolitan Bypass

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EM Bypass with under-construction ramp of Parama Island Flyover

The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (E.M. Bypass, EM Bypass) is a 29 kilometres (18 mi) major road on the east side of Kolkata.[1] It connects Ultadanga in Bidhannagar (Salt Lake) (northeast Kolkata) to Kamalgazi in Rajpur Sonarpur (South Kolkata).[citation needed] The road is a major link to Salt Lake and Rajarhat. A lot of high-end construction and development in Kolkata has been centred around the Bypass.[1][2]

It was designed as a 6 to 8 lane bypass to lessen the traffic congestion on the entire stretch of Gariahat Road.[citation needed] Several consequent connections have been made to Garihat Road to further move traffic to the Bypass.[citation needed]


History and developmentEdit

The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass was constructed during the 1980s, and became operation in 1982.[3][4][5] The construction disrupted part of the Eastern Kolkata Wetlands.[5][6][2]

At one point in 2010 the road was officially named Jyoti Basu Sarani after Jyoti Basu.[7] The road was further renamed Biswa Bangla Sarani by the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in 2011.[7]

The road is undergoing expansion under the JNNURM.[citation needed]

Connectors and overpassesEdit

A number of 'connectors' or connecting roads link the bypass to major hubs of the city all along its route. From north to south, these are:[citation needed]

Junction type Area Connected locations Notes
Junction Maniktala Maniktala market
Junction Beleghata Sealdah railway station
Junction Park Circus Park Circus , J B S Haldane Avenue , Science City - goes towards Howrah
Flyover Parama Island Flyover Park Circus
Junction Rash Behari Kalighat, Deshapriya Park, Gariahat, Kasba, Chetla, Alipur & Keoratala Burning Ghat
Junction Prince Anwar Shah Dhakuria, Jodhpur Park, Selimpur, Lake Gardens
Junction Ajaynagar-Santoshpur Avenue Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing
Junction Garia Baishnabghata, Patuli, Garia
Junction Garia Station Road Garia Rail station, Shitala Mandir Bus Stand of Garia
Junction Kamalgazi Sonarpur Station, Sonarpur Station Road
Junction Kalikapur-Santoshpur Avenue Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing
Junction Purbalok Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing
Flyover Chingrighata Salt Lake, Sector V and Rajarhat
Flyover Ultadanga airport from south through VIP Road



  1. ^ a b Chaudhuri, Sumita (2015). Facets of Urbanisation: Views from Anthropology. p. 141. ISBN 9781443878869.
  2. ^ a b Bose, Pablo Shiladitya (2014). Urban Development in India: Global Indians in the Remaking of Kolkata. Routledge. p. 97. ISBN 9781138319035.
  3. ^ Chanda, Ipshita (2017). Selfing the City: Single Women Migrants and Their Lives in Kolkata. SAGE Publishing India. p. Appendix 2. ISBN 9789381345245.
  4. ^ Bunting, Stuart; Kundu, Nitai; Mukherjee, Madhumita (2005). Urban aquaculture: Chapter 5. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International. p. 62. ISBN 9781845930936.
  5. ^ a b Nitai, Kundu; Pal, Mausumi; Saha, Sharmistha (2008). "East Kolkata Wetlands: A Resource Recovery System Through Productive Activities" (PDF). Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference: 868–881. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  6. ^ Allen, Adriana; Lampis, Andrea; Swilling, Mark (2015). Untamed Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 9781317599104.
  7. ^ a b Banerjee, Rabi (8 March 2018). "Antidote to statue vandalism: When Jyoti Basu resisted attempt to erect his statue". The Week. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External linksEdit