Eastern Metropolitan Bypass
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The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (E.M. Bypass, EM Bypass) is a 32 kilometres (20 mi) major road on the east side of Kolkata. It connects Ultadanga (North Kolkata) to Baruipur Puratan Bazar (South Kolkata). The road is a major link to Salt Lake and New Town. A lot of high-end construction and development in Kolkata has been centred around the Bypass.
It was designed as a 6 to 8 lane bypass to lessen the traffic congestion on the entire stretch of Gariahat Road. Several consequent connections have been made to Gariahat Road to further move traffic to the Bypass.
History and developmentEdit
Connectors and overpassesEdit
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A number of 'connectors' or connecting roads link the bypass to major hubs of the city all along its route. From north to south, these are:
|Junction type||Area||Connected locations||Notes|
|Junction||Bagmari Road||Ultadanga - goes towards Hatibagan & Shobhabazar as Aurobindo Sarani|
|Flyover||Ultadanga Flyover||Dum Dum Airport from south through VIP Road|
|Junction||Maniktala Road||Maniktala, Kankurgachi - goes towards Howrah via Girish Park & Posta as Vivekananda Road|
|Junction||Narkeldanga Road||Rajabazar, Phoolbagan & Kadapara|
|Junction||Beleghata Road||Sealdah railway station, Beleghata, Chingrighata - goes towards Howrah via Burrabazar as MG Road|
|Flyover||Chingrighata Flyover||Chingrighata to Salt Lake and New Town|
|Junction||JBS Haldane Avenue||Park Circus , Science City & Bantala - goes towards Howrah via Rabindra Sadan & Hastings as AJC Bose Road|
|Flyover||Parama Island Flyover||Park Circus to Science City & Beleghata Metropolitan - connected with AJC Bose Road Flyover towards Howrah|
|Junction||Bondel Road||Ballygunj, Tiljala & VIP Nagar - goes towards Hazra, Alipore & Mominpur as Hazra Road|
|Junction||Rash Behari Avenue||Kalighat, Deshapriya Park, Gariahat, Kasba, Anandapur & Nonadanga - goes towards Chetla & Majherhat|
|Junction||Prince Anwar Shah Road||Dhakuria, Jodhpur Park, Selimpur, Lake Gardens, Garfa & Kalikapur - goes towards New Alipore & Taratala as Tollygunje Circular Road|
|Junction||Ajaynagar-Santoshpur Avenue & Eastern Park Road||Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing, Ajoy Nagar, Purbalok & Mukundapur|
|Junction||Garia||Baishnabghata & Patuli, Garia|
|Junction||Garia Station Road||Garia railway station, Briji, Shitala Mandir Bus Stand of Garia|
|Junction||Sonarpur Station Road||Kamalgazi & Sonarpur railway station|
|Junction||Baruipur-Amtala Road||Baruipur with Julpia - goes towards Amtala|
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