Eastern Metropolitan Bypass

  (Redirected from E.M. Bypass)

The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (known simply as both E.M. Bypass and EM Bypass) is a 32 kilometres (20 mi) (Including Kamalgazi to Baruipur extension) major road on the east side of Kolkata.[1] It connects Ultadanga (North Kolkata) to Baruipur Puratan Bazar (South Kolkata). The road is a major link to Salt Lake and New Town. EM Bypass is part of both State Highway 1 and State Highway 3.[2] Much high-end construction and development in Kolkata has been centred around the Bypass.[1][3]

Eastern Metropolitan Bypass
EM Bypass
Eastern Metropolitan Bypass - Kolkata 2015-03-19 3677.JPG
EM Bypass with under-construction ramp of Parama Island Flyover
Maintained by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority
Length 32 km (20 mi)
Location Greater Kolkata (Kolkata district and South 24 Parganas district), India
Nearest Kolkata Metro station Bengal Chemical and Salt Lake Stadium (Kolkata Metro Line 2); Beliaghata(under construction) to Satyajit Ray(under construction) (Kolkata Metro Line 6)
north end Ultadanga
south end Kamalgazi, with an extension to Baruipur (Baruipur Bypass)
Completion 1982

It was designed as a six to eight-lane bypass to lessen traffic congestion on the entire stretch of Gariahat Road. Several consequent connections have been made to Gariahat Road to further move traffic to the Bypass.

History and developmentEdit

The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass was constructed during the 1980s and became operational in 1982.[4][5][6] The construction disrupted part of the East Kolkata Wetlands.[6][7][3]

At one point in 2010 the road was officially named Jyoti Basu Sarani after Jyoti Basu.[8] The road was further renamed Biswa Bangla Sarani by the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in 2011.[8]

The road is undergoing expansion under the JNNURM.[citation needed]

Connectors and overpassesEdit

A number of 'connectors' or connecting roads link the bypass to major hubs of the city all along its route. From north to south, these are:[citation needed]

Junction type Area Connected locations Notes
Junction Bagmari Road Ultadanga - goes towards Hatibagan & Shobhabazar as Aurobindo Sarani
Flyover Ultadanga Flyover Dumdum/Kolkata Airport from south through VIP Road
Junction Maniktala Road Maniktala, Kankurgachi - goes towards Howrah via Girish Park & Posta as Vivekananda Road
Junction Narkeldanga Road Rajabazar, Phoolbagan & Kadapara
Junction Beleghata Road Sealdah Station, Beleghata, Chingrighata - goes towards Howrah via Burrabazar as MG Road
Flyover Chingrighata Flyover Chingrighata to Salt Lake and New Town
Junction JBS Haldane Avenue Park Circus, Science City & Bantala - goes towards Howrah via Rabindra Sadan & Hastings as AJC Bose Road
Flyover Maa Flyover Park Circus to Science City & Beleghata Metropolitan - connected with AJC Bose Road Flyover towards Howrah
Junction Bondel Road Ballygunj, Tiljala & VIP Nagar - goes towards Hazra, Alipore & Mominpur as Hazra Road
Junction Rash Behari Avenue Kalighat, Deshapriya Park, Gariahat, Kasba, Anandapur & Nonadanga - goes towards Chetla & Majherhat
Junction Prince Anwar Shah Road Dhakuria, Jodhpur Park, Selimpur, Lake Gardens, Garfa & Kalikapur - goes towards New Alipore & Taratala as Tollygunje Circular Road
Junction Ajaynagar-Santoshpur Avenue & Eastern Park Road Santoshpur and Jadavpur Via Santoshpur Jora Bridge crossing, Ajoy Nagar, Purbalok & Mukundapur
Junction Garia Baishnabghata Patuli Township, Garia
Junction Garia Station Road Garia railway station, Briji, Shitala Mandir Bus Stand of Garia
Junction Pepsi Mahamayatala & Kandarpopur town
Flyover Kamalgazi Flyover Kamalgazi to Narendrapur towards Rajpur Sonarpur
Junction Sonarpur Station Road Kamalgazi & Sonarpur railway station
Junction Dr. B. C. Roy road Kalitala with Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Road - goes towards Rajpur Municipal Market
Junction Baruipur-Amtala Road Baruipur with Julpia - goes towards Amtala



  1. ^ a b Chaudhuri, Sumita (2015). Facets of Urbanisation: Views from Anthropology. p. 141. ISBN 9781443878869.
  2. ^ "EM Bypass".
  3. ^ a b Bose, Pablo Shiladitya (2014). Urban Development in India: Global Indians in the Remaking of Kolkata. Routledge. p. 97. ISBN 9781138319035.
  4. ^ Chanda, Ipshita (2017). Selfing the City: Single Women Migrants and Their Lives in Kolkata. SAGE Publishing India. p. Appendix 2. ISBN 9789381345245.
  5. ^ Bunting, Stuart; Kundu, Nitai; Mukherjee, Madhumita (2005). Urban aquaculture: Chapter 5. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International. p. 62. ISBN 9781845930936.
  6. ^ a b Nitai, Kundu; Pal, Mausumi; Saha, Sharmistha (2008). "East Kolkata Wetlands: A Resource Recovery System Through Productive Activities" (PDF). Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference: 868–881. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  7. ^ Allen, Adriana; Lampis, Andrea; Swilling, Mark (2015). Untamed Urbanisms. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 9781317599104.
  8. ^ a b Banerjee, Rabi (8 March 2018). "Antidote to statue vandalism: When Jyoti Basu resisted attempt to erect his statue". The Week. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External linksEdit