Church of Immaculate Conception
|Etymology: Place of oaks / oak forest|
|Region||Ústí nad Labem|
|• Mayor||Petr Pípal|
|• Total||33.85 km2 (13.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||389 m (1,276 ft)|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
415 01, 417 01 – 417 03
Town parts and villages of Běhánky, Bystřice, Cínovec, Drahůnky, Mstišov and Pozorka are administrative parts of Dubí.
Dubí was first mentioned in the period of 1494–1498 as a village of tin miners (in Czech cín, giving the name to nearby village of Cínovec located on the border with Germany).
Rapid development started in the 19th century. First, a new road to Saxony was built, followed by a spa (1862) and in (1864) A. Tschinkel purchased a mill Buschmühle where he established porcelain factory that in 1871 changed name to "Eichwalder Porzellan und Ofenfabriken Bloch and Co." Furthermore, a new railroad (1884) made Dubí a popular holiday spa resort, visited by Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Jan Neruda, Václav Talich and others.
Europe's largest deposits of lithium-bearing mica zinnwaldite in Cínovec, a village which gave its old German name Zinnwald (German for Tin Wood) to the mineral, were expected to be mined starting 2019 (as of June 2017). As of April 2019, it is expected to start in 2022.
Dubí is an important transit point to Germany on European route E55, and the Cínovec border crossing is located within the town limits. There is a spa with mineral waters and a china factory there. The scenic railroad line (Most–Dubí–Moldava) that passes through the town, was declared a national monument in 1998.
Sights and spaEdit
The most important sight in Dubí is Saint Maria's Church, which was built on the order of princes Clary-Aldringen between 1898 and 1906 as a copy of the Venice church Santa Maria dell'Orto to serve as their family's church.
The first spas in Dubí were built in 1860 under the management of Anton Tschinkel, the founder of a local china factory. In 1862, his first spa (Diana Spa) was opened. The present-day Theresa Spa with mineral waters, recommended to patients after brain and spine surgeries, have been operating since 1879.
After the Velvet Revolution, the town received bad publicity due to rampant prostitution, fueled by the close proximity to Germany, location on a main truck route and low purchasing power in the Czech Republic; municipal authorities have been struggling with this issue with some recent successes.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Arnstadt, Germany
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
- Dan Bilefsky, Financial Crisis Tames Demand for World's Oldest Service, New York Times, December 8, 2008.
- Stastna, Kazi. "Taxing the Professionals". Central Europe Review. Retrieved 2009-10-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Dubský zpravodaj". mesto-dubi.cz (in Czech). Město Dubí. May 2018. p. 2. Retrieved 2021-03-10.
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