Dubí (Czech pronunciation: [ˈdubiː]; German: Eichwald) is a town in Teplice District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 7,900 inhabitants. It lies in the Ore Mountains.

Dubí
Town
Church of Immaculate Conception
Church of Immaculate Conception
Flag of Dubí
Flag
Coat of arms of Dubí
Coat of arms
Etymology: Place of oaks / oak forest
Dubí is located in Czech Republic
Dubí
Dubí
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°40′44″N 13°47′27″E / 50.67889°N 13.79083°E / 50.67889; 13.79083Coordinates: 50°40′44″N 13°47′27″E / 50.67889°N 13.79083°E / 50.67889; 13.79083
Country Czech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictTeplice
First mentioned1494
Government
 • MayorPetr Pípal
Area
 • Total33.85 km2 (13.07 sq mi)
Elevation
389 m (1,276 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total7,876
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
415 01, 417 01 – 417 03
Websitewww.mesto-dubi.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Town parts and villages of Běhánky, Bystřice, Cínovec, Drahůnky, Mstišov and Pozorka are administrative parts of Dubí.

HistoryEdit

Dubí was first mentioned in the period of 1494–1498 as a village of tin miners (in Czech cín, giving the name to nearby village of Cínovec located on the border with Germany).

Rapid development started in the 19th century. First, a new road to Saxony was built, followed by a spa (1862) and in (1864) A. Tschinkel purchased a mill Buschmühle where he established porcelain factory that in 1871 changed name to "Eichwalder Porzellan und Ofenfabriken Bloch and Co." Furthermore, a new railroad (1884) made Dubí a popular holiday spa resort, visited by Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Jan Neruda, Václav Talich and others.

EconomyEdit

Europe's largest deposits of lithium-bearing mica zinnwaldite in Cínovec, a village which gave its old German name Zinnwald (German for Tin Wood) to the mineral, were expected to be mined starting 2019 (as of June 2017).[2][3] As of April 2019, it is expected to start in 2022.[4]

TransportEdit

Dubí is an important transit point to Germany on European route E55, and the Cínovec border crossing is located within the town limits. There is a spa with mineral waters and a china factory there. The scenic railroad line (Most–Dubí–Moldava) that passes through the town, was declared a national monument in 1998.

Sights and spaEdit

The most important sight in Dubí is Saint Maria's Church, which was built on the order of princes Clary-Aldringen between 1898 and 1906 as a copy of the Venice church Santa Maria dell'Orto to serve as their family's church.

The first spas in Dubí were built in 1860 under the management of Anton Tschinkel, the founder of a local china factory. In 1862, his first spa (Diana Spa) was opened. The present-day Theresa Spa with mineral waters, recommended to patients after brain and spine surgeries, have been operating since 1879.

PublicityEdit

After the Velvet Revolution, the town received bad publicity due to rampant prostitution, fueled by the close proximity to Germany, location on a main truck route and low purchasing power in the Czech Republic; municipal authorities have been struggling with this issue with some recent successes.[5][6]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Dubí is twinned with:[7]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/lithium-exploration-underway-at-german-czech-border-a-830889.html
  3. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/czech-lithium-idUSL8N1J44UL
  4. ^ https://www.e15.cz/byznys/prumysl-a-energetika/australane-se-priblizili-tezbe-lithia-na-cinovci-1357741
  5. ^ Dan Bilefsky, Financial Crisis Tames Demand for World's Oldest Service, New York Times, December 8, 2008.
  6. ^ Stastna, Kazi. "Taxing the Professionals". Central Europe Review. Retrieved 2009-10-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Dubský zpravodaj". mesto-dubi.cz (in Czech). Město Dubí. May 2018. p. 2. Retrieved 2021-03-10.

External linksEdit