Drancy (French pronunciation: ​[dʁɑ̃.si]) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris in the Seine-Saint-Denis department in northern France. It is located 10.8 km (6.7 mi) from the center of Paris.

Drancy
From upper left: City Hall, Castle of Ladoucette, National Memorial of Deportation
From upper left: City Hall, Castle of Ladoucette, National Memorial of Deportation
Coat of arms of Drancy
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Drancy
Drancy is located in France
Drancy
Drancy
Paris and inner ring departments
Drancy is located in Île-de-France (region)
Drancy
Drancy
Drancy (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°56′N 2°27′E / 48.93°N 2.45°E / 48.93; 2.45Coordinates: 48°56′N 2°27′E / 48.93°N 2.45°E / 48.93; 2.45
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-Saint-Denis
ArrondissementLe Raincy
CantonDrancy and Le Blanc-Mesnil
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Christophe Lagarde (NC)
Area
1
7.76 km2 (3.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
71,318
 • Density9,200/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
93029 /93700
Elevation39–54 m (128–177 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

ToponomyEdit

The name Drancy comes from Medieval Latin Derenciacum, and before that Terentiacum, meaning "estate of Terentius", a Gallo-Roman landowner.

Origins to 20th centuryEdit

In the 17th century, Drancy was divided into two distinct villages: Drancy le Grand and le Petit Drancy. The quarter "Village Parisien" is built on the old location of the hamlet of Groslay which was surrounded by the forest of Bondy — hence the name of rue des Bois de Groslay.

The end of nineteenth century was marked by the industrialisation and by the development of rail transports. During the Franco-Prussian war, Le Bourget was the site of an important battle and the castle of Ladoucette in Drancy was destroyed.

20th and 21st centuriesEdit

During the second world war, Drancy was the site of the Drancy internment camp where Jews, Gypsies, and others were held before being shipped to the Nazi concentration camps. In 1976, the Memorial to the Deportation at Drancy was created by sculptor Shlomo Selinger to commemorate the French Jews imprisoned in the camp.

PopulationEdit

ImmigrationEdit

Place of birth of residents of Drancy in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
75.0% 25.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.1% 2.2% 6.1% 14.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

HeraldryEdit

The arms of Drancy are blazoned :
Azure, on a chevron Or a gothic letter 'D' sable at its summit, between two mullets and a sheep passant argent.



Geography and cityscapeEdit

ClimateEdit

   Data climate for Le Bourget (Seine-Saint-Denis) 1971-2000[2][3]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Déc Year
Average low °C 0,9 1,3 2,9 5 8,3 11,2 12,9 12,7 10,6 7,7 3,8 1,7 6,6
Average °C 4 4,5 7,3 9,7 13,7 16,5 18,9 18,8 15,5 11,5 7 5 11,9
Average high °C 6 7,6 10,8 14,4 18,2 21,5 24 23,8 20,9 16 10,1 6,8 15
Precipitation mm 54.3 46.1 53.5 46.5 63.3 57.8 53.6 51.6 53.8 55.5 55.8 55.6 647.3
Sunshine hours 55.6 87.5 129.4 172.8 201.4 218.8 239.1 221.1 173.3 125.8 75.2 50.6 1749.5

ArchitectureEdit

Drancy's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style. Some of them with a style Art Nouveau are typical of the 19th and 20th centuries. There are housing estates and a garden city.

Park and Castle of LadoucetteEdit

 
The parc de Ladoucette.

The parc de Ladoucette[4] is the only park of Drancy. It contains a pond, a small educational farm and the castle of Ladoucette. The castle was built in 1533 by Pierre Séguier. In the 19th century, the castle was the property of the senator Charles-Loetitia de Ladoucette. In 1874 his wife, la Baronne de Ladoucette, died and her body was placed in the Mausoleum de la Baronne de Ladoucette. Today she is buried in the Parisian cemetery.

AdministrationEdit

Part of the commune forms the canton of Drancy. The other part belongs to the canton of Le Blanc-Mesnil.

TransportEdit

 
Railway station of Drancy

Railways and busesEdit

Drancy is in Zone 3 of the Carte orange. The city is served by Le Bourget station and by Drancy station on Paris RER line B. Le Bourget station is situated near Drancy as well as the metro station La Courneuve 8 mai 1945 on line 7.[5] The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris and its suburbs.

Drancy is also served by the Paris Tramway Line 1 with five stops[6] and by twelve buses.

By the RER B, Drancy is near many parisian railway stations, Gare du Nord is now just 10 minutes away, gare Saint-Lazare and gare de Lyon can be reached in 30 minutes. Charles de Gaulle Airport can be reached in 30 minutes too.

RoadsEdit

Drancy is served by the A3 motorway and the A86 motorway.

EducationEdit

Schools:[7]

  • 17 public preschools (écoles maternelles)
  • 19 public elementary schools
  • Six public junior high schools (collèges): Paul Bert, Anatole France, Jorissen, Paul Langevin, Liberte, Pierre Samard
  • One private junior high school, Collège Saint-Germain
  • Two public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges: Lycée Eugène Delacroix and Lycée Paul le Rolland

International relationsEdit

Drancy is twinned with:

  Willenhall
  Eisenhüttenstadt
  Gorée

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Site de météorologie et de climatologie". http://www.lameteo.org/ (in French). Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. External link in |work= (help)
  3. ^ "Site de climatologie et de météorologie". infoclimat.fr/accueil/ (in French).
  4. ^ Nicolas Grenier, french poet, has written a poem about this parc de Ladoucette
  5. ^ "Site de la RATP - Drancy-Le Bourget" (in French).
  6. ^ "Site de la RATP - Le tramway 1" (in French).
  7. ^ "Education." Drancy. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.

External linksEdit