Eisenhüttenstadt (literally "ironworks city" in German; [ʔaɪzn̩ˈhʏtn̩ʃtat] (listen), Lower Sorbian: Pśibrjog) is a town in the Oder-Spree district of the state of Brandenburg, Germany, on the border with Poland. East Germany founded the city in 1950. It was known as Stalinstadt (Stalinměsto) between 1953 and 1961.
|• Mayor (2017–25)||Frank Balzer (SPD)|
|• Total||63.40 km2 (24.48 sq mi)|
|Elevation||42 m (138 ft)|
|• Density||360/km2 (940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||LOS, EH|
The municipal area is situated on a sandy terrace in the Berlin-Warsaw glacial valley (Urstromtal). It is bounded by the Oder river to the east, which since 1945 has formed the German–Polish border. Eisenhüttenstadt is the eastern terminus of the Oder–Spree Canal. The town centre is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Frankfurt (Oder) and 110 km (68 mi) southeast of Berlin. Eisenhüttenstadt is served by the Berlin–Wrocław railway line.
The town comprises the districts of Diehlo, Fürstenberg (Oder), and Schönfließ.
The town was built near the historic village of Fürstenberg (Oder) which was founded in 1251. After the Peace of Prague in 1635, Fürstenberg and Lower Lusatia became part of the Electorate of Saxony, and in 1815 it was transferred to Prussia. In 1925, a port on the Oder was created.
The present-day town was founded as a socialist model city in 1950 (initially named Stalinstadt after Joseph Stalin) following a decision by the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED), alongside a new steel mill combine located west of the historic town of Fürstenberg (Oder). A few years before the new town was established, a bridge over the Oder river had been constructed, the earlier one having been destroyed by retreating Wehrmacht forces in February 1945, near the end of World War II.
The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1961, during de-Stalinization, the town was renamed Eisenhüttenstadt. After German reunification in 1990, the state-owned steel works were privatized, and most of its 12,000 employees lost their jobs. Thereafter the factory employed around 2,500 workers. The town experienced a steep decline in population, from just over 50,000 to under 30,000.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line); for 2020-2030 (green line)
The first design for the new residential quarter was developed by the modernist and Bauhaus architect, Franz Ehrlich, in August 1950. His modernist plan, which laid out a dispersed town landscape along functional lines, was rejected by the Ministry for Reconstruction. The same happened to the plan presented by the architects Kurt Junghanns and Otto Geiler. The plan that was ultimately realized was developed by Kurt Walter Leucht.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Eisenhüttenstadt is the birthplace of:
- Udo Beyer (born 1955), shot put, Olympian champion 1976 and holder of world record
- Hans-Georg Beyer (born 1956), handball player, olympic winner 1980
- Detlef Gerstenberg (1957–1993), hammer thrower, competitor in 1980 Summer Olympics
- Frank Schaffer (born 1958), athlete, medal winner in 1980 Summer Olympics
- Katharina Bullin (born 1959), volleyball player
- Gisela Beyer (born 1960), athlete
- Hendrik Reiher (born 1962), rowing cox, medal winner in multiple Olympic Games
- Torsten René Gutsche (born 1968), sprint canoer, competitor in two Summer Olympic Games; 1992 winner of the Bambi Award
- Sven Helbig (born 1968), producer, musician
- Kathrin Boron (born 1969), sculler, competitor in multiple Olympic Games, gold medalist in several World Rowing Championships
- Sören Lausberg (born 1969), retired track cyclist, competitor in two Summer Olympic Games
- Paul van Dyk (born 1971), DJ, composer and music producer
- Katja Adler (born 1974), politician
- Amadeus Wallschläger (born 1985), footballer
- Roger Kluge (born 1986), racing cyclist, silver medal winner in 2008 Summer Olympics
- Florian Müller (born 1986), footballer
Other personalities associated with the cityEdit
- Bernhard Lösener (1890–1952), jurist
- Rudolf Bahro (1935–1997), regime critic and author of the book The alternative. A critique of real-existing socialism., spent his school days in the city
- Tamara Bunke (1937–1967), fellow combatant of Che Guevara in Bolivia, took her Abitur (school leaving examination) in Eisenhüttenstadt
- Rolf Henrich (born 1944), lawyer, first signatory of the Founding Congress of the New Forum
- Landkreis Oder-Spree Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 2 July 2021.
- "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte, Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg 2021" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2022.
- "Stadt Eisenhüttenstadt". Land Brandenburg (in German).
- "Eisenhüttenstadt". Eisenhuettenstadt (in German).
- Emily Young (28 April 2014). "Germany: The rise and fall of a model socialist city". BBC News. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
- "BernhFalter.pmd" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- "Architektur & Denkmalschutz". Eisenhuettenstadt (in German). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
- "Unsere Partnerstädte". eisenhuettenstadt.de (in German). Eisenhüttenstadt. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
- "Saarlouis – deutsch-deutsche Partner und Freunde seit über 30 Jahren". eisenhuettenstadt.de (in German). Eisenhüttenstadt. Retrieved 2021-02-02.