Eisenhüttenstadt

Eisenhüttenstadt (literally "ironworks city" in German; [ʔaɪzn̩ˈhʏtn̩ʃtat] (listen), Lower Sorbian: Pśibrjog) is a town in the Oder-Spree district of the state of Brandenburg, Germany, on the border with Poland. East Germany founded the city in 1950. It was known as Stalinstadt (Stalinměsto) between 1953 and 1961.

Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
View over Eisenhüttenstadt
Coat of arms of Eisenhüttenstadt
Location of Eisenhüttenstadt within Oder-Spree district
Bad SaarowBeeskowBerkenbrückBriesenBrieskow-FinkenheerdDiensdorf-RadlowEisenhüttenstadtErknerFriedlandFürstenwaldeGosen-Neu ZittauGroß LindowGrünheideGrunow-DammendorfJacobsdorfLangewahlLawitzBriesen (Mark)MixdorfMüllroseNeißemündeNeuzelleRagow-MerzRauenReichenwaldeRietz-NeuendorfSchlaubetalSchöneicheSiehdichumSpreenhagenSteinhöfelStorkowTaucheVogelsangWendisch RietzWiesenauWoltersdorfZiltendorfBrandenburgEisenhüttenstadt in LOS.png
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Eisenhüttenstadt is located in Germany
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt is located in Brandenburg
Eisenhüttenstadt
Eisenhüttenstadt
Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278Coordinates: 52°08′42″N 14°40′22″E / 52.14500°N 14.67278°E / 52.14500; 14.67278
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOder-Spree
Subdivisions4 districts
Government
 • Mayor (2017–25) Frank Balzer[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total63.40 km2 (24.48 sq mi)
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total22,919
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
15890
Dialling codes03364
Vehicle registrationLOS, EH
Websitewww.eisenhuettenstadt.de

GeographyEdit

The municipal area is situated on a sandy terrace in the Berlin-Warsaw glacial valley (Urstromtal). It is bounded by the Oder river to the east, which since 1945 has formed the German–Polish border. Eisenhüttenstadt is the eastern terminus of the Oder–Spree Canal. The town centre is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Frankfurt (Oder) and 110 km (68 mi) southeast of Berlin. Eisenhüttenstadt is served by the Berlin–Wrocław railway line.

The town comprises the districts of Diehlo, Fürstenberg (Oder), and Schönfließ.[3]

HistoryEdit

The town was built near the historic village of Fürstenberg (Oder) which was founded in 1251. After the Peace of Prague in 1635, Fürstenberg and Lower Lusatia became part of the Electorate of Saxony, and in 1815 it was transferred to Prussia. In 1925, a port on the Oder was created.

The present-day town was founded as a socialist model city in 1950 (initially named Stalinstadt after Joseph Stalin) following a decision by the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED), alongside a new steel mill combine located west of the historic town of Fürstenberg (Oder).[4] A few years before the new town was established, a bridge over the Oder river had been constructed, the earlier one having been destroyed by retreating Wehrmacht forces in February 1945, near the end of World War II.

The population grew rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1961, during de-Stalinization, the town was renamed Eisenhüttenstadt. After German reunification in 1990, the state-owned steel works were privatized, and most of its 12,000 employees lost their jobs. Thereafter the factory employed around 2,500 workers.[5] The town experienced a steep decline in population, from just over 50,000 to under 30,000.

DemographyEdit

Eisenhüttenstadt: Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[6]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 3,850—    
1890 5,253+2.09%
1910 7,971+2.11%
1925 8,997+0.81%
1939 8,736−0.21%
1950 10,579+1.76%
1964 36,937+9.34%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 45,762+3.11%
1981 48,131+0.51%
1985 49,086+0.49%
1990 51,151+0.83%
1995 47,376−1.52%
2000 41,493−2.62%
2005 34,818−3.45%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 31,132−2.21%
2015 30,416−0.46%
2016 26,325−13.45%
2017 25,057−4.82%
2018 24,633−1.69%
2019 23,878−3.06%
2020 23,373−2.11%
 
1953 celebration: Walter Ulbricht with Soviet ambassador Ivan Ilyichev
 
The Friedrich-Wolf-Theater, opened in 1955

ArchitectureEdit

The first design for the new residential quarter was developed by the modernist and Bauhaus architect, Franz Ehrlich, in August 1950. His modernist plan, which laid out a dispersed town landscape along functional lines, was rejected by the Ministry for Reconstruction. The same happened to the plan presented by the architects Kurt Junghanns and Otto Geiler. The plan that was ultimately realized was developed by Kurt Walter Leucht.[7][8]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Eisenhüttenstadt is twinned with:[9]

Notable peopleEdit

Eisenhüttenstadt is the birthplace of:

Other personalities associated with the cityEdit

 
Rudolf Bahro, Berlin 1989, SED Party convention
  • Bernhard Lösener (1890–1952), jurist
  • Rudolf Bahro (1935–1997), regime critic and author of the book The alternative. A critique of real-existing socialism., spent his school days in the city
  • Tamara Bunke (1937–1967), fellow combatant of Che Guevara in Bolivia, took her Abitur (school leaving examination) in Eisenhüttenstadt
  • Rolf Henrich (born 1944), lawyer, first signatory of the Founding Congress of the New Forum

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Landkreis Oder-Spree Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 2 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung und Flächen der kreisfreien Städte, Landkreise und Gemeinden im Land Brandenburg 2021" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2022.
  3. ^ "Stadt Eisenhüttenstadt". Land Brandenburg (in German).
  4. ^ "Eisenhüttenstadt". Eisenhuettenstadt (in German).
  5. ^ Emily Young (28 April 2014). "Germany: The rise and fall of a model socialist city". BBC News. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  6. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  7. ^ "BernhFalter.pmd" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
  8. ^ "Architektur & Denkmalschutz". Eisenhuettenstadt (in German). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
  9. ^ "Unsere Partnerstädte". eisenhuettenstadt.de (in German). Eisenhüttenstadt. Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  10. ^ "Saarlouis – deutsch-deutsche Partner und Freunde seit über 30 Jahren". eisenhuettenstadt.de (in German). Eisenhüttenstadt. Retrieved 2021-02-02.

External linksEdit