Double Impact is a 1991 American action film written and directed by Sheldon Lettich, and written, produced by and starring Jean-Claude van Damme in a dual role as Chad and Alex Wagner. The film marks Van Damme's third collaboration with director Sheldon Lettich (Bloodsport and Lionheart) and second collaboration with Bolo Yeung (the first being Bloodsport in 1988).
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Sheldon Lettich|
|Produced by||Jean-Claude van Damme |
Paul Michael Glaser
|Screenplay by||Sheldon Lettich |
Jean-Claude van Damme
|Story by||Sheldon Lettich |
Jean-Claude van Damme
|Music by||Arthur Kempel|
|Cinematography||Richard H. Kline|
|Edited by||Mark Conte|
Stone Group Pictures
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures |
(United States, Canada & United Kingdom)
20th Century Fox
|Budget||$15 million to $16 million|
|Box office||$80.5 million|
Double Impact was released in the United States on August 9, 1991.
After the celebration, the family is followed home by their bodyguard, Frank Avery, whom they dismiss. Once he leaves, a Triad hit squad follows them. A shootout ensues, in which Paul is killed. Paul's wife begs the Triads to spare the twins but is killed by Moon, the top henchman. Their maid is able to escape with Alex and Frank eventually saves Chad; the maid leaves Alex at a Hong Kong orphanage and Frank raises Chad in France.
25 years later, Chad and Frank are running a successful martial arts dojo in Los Angeles when Frank reveals a new "business" for the two of them in Hong Kong. The two go to a mahjong parlor and a woman, mistaking Chad for Alex, takes him back to Alex's room. When Alex arrives, he knocks out Chad for being with his girlfriend, Danielle Wilde.
Frank tells them they are brothers and they need to join together to take down Griffith and get their part of the royalties from the tunnel, but Chad and Alex initially do not get along with each other. Alex takes them out on his boat to sell smuggled Mercedes and cigarettes to some Chinese buyers, but the Hong Kong Police arrive and Chad dumps the cars to escape the cops faster.
Back in Hong Kong, some thugs kidnap and beat up Chad (mistaking him for Alex) when he refuses to work for their leader, Raymong Zhang. Danielle, who works for Griffith, begins checking his private files for information, but she is being watched closely by Griffith's bodyguard, Kara.
Alex takes Chad and Frank to an abandoned hotel on an island to conduct their operations. With intelligence from Danielle, they attack a drug operation and blow it up. Next, they attack a club frequented by Zhang by pretending to bring him Cognac smuggled from France, which is actually just crates of bombs, although they fail to kill Zhang. Danielle continues to search for information but is caught and sexually molested by Kara. Danielle later calls the hideout revealing she has found something, but her phone is tapped by Griffith.
Unable to find Alex and Frank who are out gathering firewood, Chad takes the boat to rescue Danielle by himself. However, Alex becomes paranoid and begins drinking heavily while imagining Chad and Danielle having sex. Chad brings Danielle home, but Kara follows them in a helicopter and discovers their hideout. When they return, Alex attacks Chad in a drunken rage before the brothers angrily part ways for the night.
The next morning Chad and Alex awaken to see Triads landing on the beach and, although they kill several, Frank and Danielle are captured. They capture one Triad who reveals that Frank and Danielle have been taken to Zhang's boat at a pier. Chad and Alex board and fight their way through the ship; Chad kills Moon (who beat him when he was kidnapped earlier) and he and Alex rescue Frank and Danielle.
Afterwards, the brothers split up: Chad pursues Griffith and Alex chases Zhang. Alex eventually kills Zhang when he falls to his death from atop a crane. Chad and Danielle are chased through a maze of shipping containers until Griffith threatens to crush Chad with a forklift holding a container. Chad jumps into the water, sneaks around into the forklift, and drops the container on Griffith, killing him. Alex, Chad, Danielle and Frank reunite after the ordeal and appear to set aside their differences.
- Jean-Claude van Damme as Chad & Alex Wagner
- Alicia Stevenson as Baby Chad
- Paul Aylett as Baby Alex
- Geoffrey Lewis as Frank Avery
- Alonna Shaw as Danielle Wilde
- Bolo Yeung as Moon
- Alan Scarfe as Nigel Griffith
- Philip Chan as Raymond Zhang
- Corinna Everson as Kara
- Andy Armstrong as Paul Wagner
- Julie Strain as one of Chad's students
- John Sham as a HKPF Officer
Van Damme was reportedly paid $600,000 for the movie. Wanting to breakaway from the martial arts movie genre he had become so popularly known for, he hoped playing the dual role of Chad/Alex would change his image and help him do just that. "[Alex] is violent and [Chad] is not, so audiences [will] see the contrast in my work." Prior to the films release, he had told the Los Angeles Times: "If I stay in martial arts pictures people will get tired of my films." Van Damme felt Double Impact's love scene would appeal to a wider audience. Seeing Jeremy Irons portray a dual role in Dead Ringers allegedly influenced Van Damme's decision. 
Director Sheldon Lettich co wrote the script with Van Damme. Inspiration was taken from Alexandre Dumas' The Corsican Brothers; an 1844 novella about twins separated at birth, who find each other in adulthood. Lettich later recalled the concept of Van Damme playing twins "was so successful that other producers wanted him to repeat it." (Timecop, Maximum Risk, Replicant) "Even though it meant a lot more work for Jean-Claude, he enjoyed the challenge of playing two distinctly different characters, showcasing a dark and a more light-hearted side in the same movie."
Double Impact opened on August 9, 1991 to a generally mixed-negative critical response.
Calling the plot "minimal" at best, Chris Hicks, of Deseret News, gave a negative review. He went on to say: "the story makes no sense and is often more laughable than exciting." Whilst adding that this "probably won't deter fans," Hicks noted "more gunplay here than in most Van Damme efforts, which may or may not be an improvement." "Van Damme's idea of a love scene is a soft-lens, soft-core moment as he and newcomer Alonna Shaw roll around nude in a paranoid fantasy sequence. So much for romance."
Caryn James, of the New York Times, said: "there is plenty of gunfire and karate kicks and explosives set off by remote control. Chad gets bomped in the head more often than Alex. There are some Van Damme-style showdowns with various villains, with whirls and tricks that seem to owe something to the Three Stooges. There are golden oldies like smashing someone in the head with a whisky bottle and kicking him in the crotch. As it turns out, two Jean-Claude Van Dammes are pretty much the same as one. Fans who like their action unadultered by story, character or acting know where to find it."
Renowned critic Roger Ebert awarded the film two stars, saying: "it has a budget and production values of a lesser James Bond movie." However, Ebert gave credit for the "slick product values" and "few clever lines." He went on to compare Van Damme to fellow martial artist and actor Steven Seagal; in that they "are always at the center of their plots. [This] will hurt their careers in the long run, since martial arts movies are limited by their formulas, and the heroes are supplied with almost ritualistic plot patterns." Ebert believed both would make "splendid villains in more ambitious movies."
Despite calling the plot "elementary but serviceable", Kevin Thomas, of the Los Angeles Times, gave a positive review, saying: "[Double Impact] offers two Jean-Claude Van Dammes for the price of one, and for fans of the Belgian-born martial arts star, it delivers the goods. It’s a solid, fast-moving action-adventure set largely in Hong Kong, which is dynamically photographed by Richard Kline.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the review aggregator, Double Impact has an approval rating of 35% based on 20 reviews. Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.
Double Impact was a commercial hit and spotted at No. 2 at the US box office; grossing $7.5 million in its opening weekend. By August 20, 1991; 11 days after the initial release, this increased to $15.3 million. According to Box Office Mojo, domestic receipts totalled $30.1 million by the end of the films theatrical run.
|Double Impact (Original Soundtrack Recordings)|
|Film score by |
|Label||Silva Screen Records Ltd|
The score by Arthur Kempel was released as the Double Impact Original Soundtrack Recordings on 1993 by Silva America. The soundtrack was released on CD contained twelve tracks with a runtime of 40 minutes.
All music is composed by Arthur Kempel.
|1.||"Overture (written by Paul Dable)"||01:16|
|3.||"The Brother's Revenge"||03:38|
|4.||"I Miss You"||00:55|
|5.||"Battle at Sea"||05:47|
|7.||"The Other Side of the World"||01:15|
|8.||"Hong Kong Pursuit"||04:14|
|10.||"The Brother's Reunion"||02:23|
|12.||"Feel the Impact"||03:02|
Van Damme and Lettich had been discussing a potential sequel for "many years." Whilst promoting The Expendables 2 in 2012, Van Damme confirmed a sequel was in the works. That same year, Lettich completed a treatment based on a story by Van Damme; "along with 25 pages of screenplay." Double Impact 2 was envisioned by Van Damme to be more serious in tone than the original.
Plans for a sequel fell through as far back as 2015. The sequel was "ambitious" and would have been expensive to produce. Lettich said "there were a lot of logistical problems. Mostly around who owned the rights." It turned out that "MGM owned the majority of the rights" and "acquiring them was not going to be cheap." Furthermore, "the studio had to be included as a co-partner with any producing entity", which allegedly made the "process even more difficult and complicated" given MGM's apparent unwillingness to financially back the sequel.
In 2019, a restored 35mm film-version of Double Impact was screened at the Alamo Drafthouse Cinema in Austin, Texas. Lettich reaffirmed the cancellation and told fans during the Q&A that "perhaps the biggest reason [a sequel] didn’t happen was in fact due to the [original] film’s success."
- A Man of Action: Will Van Damme Have Schwarzenegger's Kick? DAVID WALLACE SPECIAL TO THE TIMES", Los Angeles Times, published August 20, 1991. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- "Double Impact (1991) - Financial Information", The Numbers. Publishing date unknown. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- http://www.worldwideboxoffice.com/movie.cgi?title=Double%20Impact&year=1991, Retrieved 19 January 2015
- Wallace, David. "A Man of Action: Will Van Damme Have Schwarzenegger's Kick?", Los Angeles Times, published August 20, 1991. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
- Scott, Vernon. "Action Star Van Damme Wants to Keep Shirt On", Los Angeles Times, published September 18th, 1990. Retrieved December 26th, 2019.
- Hicks, Chris. "`DOUBLE IMPACT' OF GUNS AND SOFT-CORE `LOVE SCENE' WON'T LURE WIDE AUDIENCE", Deseret News, published August 14, 1991. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Polowy, Keven. "Jean-Claude Van Damme interview about 'Bloodsport,' 'Kickboxer,' 'Double Impact' and more", Yahoo Entertainment, published March 6, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Sathoff, Ethan. Evan Sathoff, "Badass interview: Talking Jean-Claude van Damme with LIONHEART director, Sheldon Lettich", www.birthmoviesdeath.com, published February 5, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- James, Caryn. "Review/Film; With Double the Violence, Van Damme Plays Twins", New York Times, published August 9, 1991. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- Ebert, Roger. "Double Impact movie review", www.rogerebert.com, originally published August 9, 1991. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- Thomas, Kevin. "MOVIE REVIEW : Van Damme Doubles the ‘Impact’", Los Angeles Times, published August 9, 1991. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- "Double Impact (1991)", Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
- "Cinemascore". Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
- Fox, David J. (1991-08-13). "In the Wake of 'Terminator 2,' a Slow Season : Box office: With three weeks to go in the summer, it appears there will be no records set. But it may yet prove to be the third-best summer on record". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
- "'Double Impact' domestic box office gross", Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- "Double Impact (1991)Soundtrack". soundtrackcollector.com. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Whale, Chase. "JCVD: 'Double Impact 2' Script Is Written", MTV, published August 8, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- Eoin. "Sheldon Lettich Interview", The Action Elite, published May 21, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Taryn, Miller. (Original Unknown) "Van Damme talks about Double Impact 2 (2012)", Daily Motion, published August 28, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Aldredge, Jourdan. "Jean-Claude Van Damme Wanted to do a ‘Triple Impact’ Sequel to ‘Double Impact’", Ultimate Action Movies, published June 11, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2019.