Dolf Joekes

Adolf Marcus "Dolf" Joekes (5 May 1884 – 1 April 1962) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct Free-thinking Democratic League (VDB) and later co-founder of the Labour Party (PvdA) and businessman.

Dolf Joekes
Dolf Joekes 1946 (1).jpg
Dolf Joekes in 1946
Member of the Council of State
In office
1 November 1952 – 1 June 1960
Vice President
See list
Minister of Social Affairs and Health
In office
15 September 1951 – 2 September 1952
Prime MinisterWillem Drees
Preceded byHimself
as Minister of Social Affairs
Succeeded byKo Suurhoff
Minister of Social Affairs
In office
7 August 1948 – 15 September 1951
Prime MinisterWillem Drees
Preceded byWillem Drees
Succeeded byHimself
as Minister of Social Affairs
and Health
Chairman of the Free-thinking
Democratic League
In office
9 May 1941 – 13 April 1943
LeaderHimself
Preceded byMarcus Slingenberg
Succeeded byJan Schilthuis
Leader of the Free-thinking
Democratic League
In office
15 October 1938 – 9 February 1946
Preceded byPieter Oud
Succeeded byOffice discontinued
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
15 October 1938 – 9 February 1946
Preceded byPieter Oud
Succeeded byOffice discontinued
In office
1 June 1933 – 20 September 1937
Preceded byHenri Marchant
Succeeded byPieter Oud
Parliamentary groupFree-thinking
Democratic League
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
23 July 1952 – 1 November 1952
In office
15 September 1925 – 7 August 1948
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
(1946–1952)
Free-thinking
Democratic League

(1925–1946)
Personal details
Born
Adolf Marcus Joekes

(1885-05-05)5 May 1885
Buo, Tanah Datar, Dutch East Indies
Died1 April 1962(1962-04-01) (aged 76)
The Hague, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyLabour Party (from 1946)
Other political
affiliations
Free-thinking
Democratic League
(until 1946)
Spouse(s)
Elsje van Wulfften Palthe
(m. 1911; his death 1962)
ChildrenDolf Joekes Jr. (1912)
Willemine Joekes (1913)
Willem Joekes (1916)
Theo Joekes (1923–1999)
Alma materLeiden University
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws, Doctor of Philosophy)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Civil servant · Jurist · Businessman · Corporate director · Salesman · Editor · Author

Joekes worked as a salesman for the Samarang–Joana Steam Tram Company and the Semarang-Cheribon Steam Tram Company in Batavia in the Dutch East Indies from 1910 until 1918 and a corporate director for the Dutch East Indies Railway Company from 1918 until 1920. Joekes worked as a civil servant for the Ministry of Labour as Director-General of the department for International Labour Laws, taking office on 18 May 1920. Joekes was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1925, taking office on 15 September 1925. Joekes also worked as a Managing editor of the party newspaper De Vrijzinnig-Democraat from 10 December 1925 until 1 May 1941. After the election of 1933 the Leader of the Free-thinking Democratic League and Parliamentary leader of the Free-thinking Democratic League in the House of Representatives Henri Marchant was appointed as Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences in the Cabinet Colijn II and selected Joekes as his successor as his Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives, taking office on 1 June 1933. In May 1935 Henri Marchant announced he was stepping down as Leader of the Free-thinking Democratic League and Minister of Education, Arts and Science. Henri Marchant resigned as Leader and Minister on 18 May 1935 and was succeeded as Leader by Pieter Oud and that day Joekes was named as his Deputy. Following the election of 1937 Pieter Oud returned a Member of the House of Representatives but asked Joekes]] to remain as Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives until 20 September 1937. In October 1938 Pieter Oud was nominated as Mayor of Rotterdam and he announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader and endorsed Joekes as his successor. Pieter Oud resigned as Leader and Parliamentary leader on 15 October 1938 with Joekes installed the same day. During World War II Joekes continued to serve as a Member of House of Representatives but in reality the political influence of the House of Representative was marginalized. Joekes also served as Chairman of the Free-thinking Democratic League from 9 May 1941 until 13 April 1943 following the death of Marcus Slingenberg. In May 1942 Joekes was arrested and detained in the ilag of Sint-Michielsgestel and was released in December 1942. In April 1943 Joekes was again arrested and was detained in the ilags of Scheveningen, Vught and Haaren. In August 1943 Joekes was transferred to the Buchenwald concentration camp and was detained until its liberation on 4 April 1945.

Following the end of World War II Queen Wilhelmina ordered a Recall of Parliament and Joekes remained in the House of Representatives. On 9 February 1946 the Free-thinking Democratic League (VDB), the Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP) and the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) choose to merge to form the Labour Party (PvdA). Joekes was one of the co-founders and became one of the unofficial Deputy Leaders of the Labour Party. For the elections of 1946 and 1948 Joekes was one of the Lijsttrekkers (top candidates) of the Labour Party. After the election of 1948 a cabinet formation resulted in a coalition agreement between the Labour Party, the Catholic People's Party (KVP), the Christian Historical Union (CHU) and the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) which formed the Cabinet Drees–Van Schaik with Jokes appointed as Minister of Social Affairs, taking office on 7 August 1948. The Cabinet Drees–Van Schaik fell on 24 January 1951 and was replaced by the Cabinet Drees I with Joekes continuing as Minister of Social Affairs, taking office on 15 March 1951. On 15 September 1951 the Ministry of Social Affairs was renamed as the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Following the election of 1952 Joekes returned as a Member of the House of Representatives on 23 July 1952. Per his request Joekes was not considered for ministerial post in the new cabinet. The Cabinet Drees I was replaced by the Cabinet Drees I on 2 September 1952. In October 1952 Joekes was nominated as a Member of the Council of State, serving from 1 November 1952 until 1 June 1960.

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 1 February 1946
  Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold II Belgium 24 December 1948
  Grand Officer of the Order of the Oak Crown Luxembourg 5 October 1950
  Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 30 September 1952

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Henri Marchant
Parliamentary leader of the
Free-thinking Democratic League
in the House of Representatives

1933–1937
1938–1946
Succeeded by
Pieter Oud
Preceded by
Pieter Oud
Succeeded by
Office discontinued
Leader of the Free-thinking
Democratic League

1938–1946
Preceded by
Marcus Slingenberg
Chairman of the Free-thinking
Democratic League

1941–1943
Succeeded by
Jan Schilthuis
Preceded by
Office established
Deputy Leader of
the Labour Party

1946–1952
Served alongside:
Marinus van der
Goes van Naters

Jaap Burger
Succeeded by
Gerard Nederhorst
Political offices
Preceded by
Willem Drees
Minister of Social Affairs
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Himself
as Minister of Social
Affairs and Health
Preceded by
Himself
as Minister of Social Affairs
Minister of Social
Affairs
and Health

1951–1952
Succeeded by
Ko Suurhoff
Civic offices
Preceded by
Office established
Director-General of the
Department for International
Labour Laws of the
Ministry of Labour

1920–1925
Succeeded by
Unknown