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Jacobus Gerardus "Ko" Suurhoff (23 July 1905 – 14 March 1967) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP) and co-founder of the Labour Party (PvdA) and trade union leader.[1]

Ko Suurhoff
Ko Suurhoff (1965).jpg
Ko Suurhoff in 1965
Minister of Transport and
Water Management
In office
30 June 1966 – 22 November 1966
Prime MinisterJo Cals
Preceded byPieter Bogaers (Ad interim)
Succeeded byJan de Quay
In office
14 April 1965 – 1 May 1966
Prime MinisterJo Cals
Preceded byJan van Aartsen
Succeeded byPieter Bogaers (Ad interim)
Chairman of the Labour Party
In office
24 March 1961 – 14 April 1965
LeaderJaap Burger (1961–1962)
Anne Vondeling (1962–1965)
Preceded byHein Vos
Succeeded bySjeng Tans
Minister of the Interior
In office
13 October 1956 – 29 October 1956
Ad interim
Prime MinisterWillem Drees
Preceded byJulius Christiaan
van Oven
(Ad interim)
Succeeded byTeun Struycken
as Minister of the Interior,
Property and Public
Sector Organisations
Minister of Social Affairs and Health
In office
2 September 1952 – 22 December 1958
Prime MinisterWillem Drees
Preceded byDolf Joekes
Succeeded byLouis Beel
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
23 February 1967 – 14 March 1967
In office
20 March 1959 – 14 April 1965
In office
3 July 1956 – 3 October 1956
In office
24 October 1946 – 2 September 1952
In office
21 September 1939 – 4 June 1946
Parliamentary groupLabour Party
(1946–1965)
Social Democratic
Workers' Party

(1939–1946)
Personal details
Born
Jacobus Gerardus Suurhoff

(1905-07-23)23 July 1905
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died14 March 1967(1967-03-14) (aged 61)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Cause of deathCancer
NationalityDutch
Political partyLabour Party (from 1946)
Other political
affiliations
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
(1923–1946)
Spouse(s)
Alida Voorzanger
(m. 1930; his death 1967)
Children2 sons and 2 daughters
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Trade Union leader · Accountant · Activist
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Branch/serviceRoyal Netherlands Army
Years of service1925–1927 (Conscription)
1927–1935 (Reserve)
RankNl-landmacht-korporaal der 1e klasse.svg Master corporal
UnitRegiment Infanterie
Johan Willem Friso
Battles/warsInterbellum

Suurhoff worked as a steward for the Netherlands Steamship Company (SMN) from 1920 until 1924 and worked as a civil servant for the Tax and Customs Administration from 1924 until 1930. Suurhoff worked as a trade union leader for the Dutch Association of Trade Unions (NVV) from 1930 until 1940. Suurhoff became a Member of the House of Representatives after Willem Albarda was appointed as Minister of Water Management in the Cabinet De Geer II, taking office on 21 September 1939. On 4 May 1942 Suurhoff was arrested and detained in the ilag of Sint-Michielsgestel and was released on 21 June 1943. Following the end of World War II Queen Wilhelmina ordered a Recall of Parliament and Suurhoff remained in the House of Representatives until the end of the parliamentary term on 4 June 1946. On 9 February 1946 the Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP), the Free-thinking Democratic League (VDB) and the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) choose to merge to form the Labour Party (PvdA). Suurhoff was one of the co-founders and became one of the unofficial Deputy Leaders of the Labour Party. Suurhoff again became a Member of the House of Representatives after Piet Lieftinck was appointed as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Beel I, taking office on 24 October 1946. After the election of 1952 Suurhoff was appointed as Minister of Social Affairs and Health in the Cabinet Drees II, taking office on 2 September 1952. After the election of 1956 Suurhoff returned as Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 3 July 1956. Following the cabinet formation of 1956 Suurhof continued as Minister of Social Affairs and Health in the Cabinet Drees III, taking office on 13 October 1956. Suurhoff served as acting Minister of the Interior from 13 October 1956 until 29 October 1956 awaiting the return of Teun Struycken who had served as Governor of the Netherlands Antilles. The Cabinet Drees III fell on 11 December 1958 on after the Labour Party and the Catholic People's Party (KVP) disagreed on a proposed Tax increase and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by caretaker Cabinet Beel II on 22 December 1958. After the election of 1959 Suurhoff again returned as Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 20 March 1959. Suurhoff also served as Chairman of the Labour Party from 24 March 1961 until 14 April 1965. The Cabinet Marijnen fell on 27 February 1965 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1965 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Cals with Suurhoff appointed as Minister of Transport and Water Management, taking office on 14 April 1965. In December 1965 Suurhoff was diagnosed with cancer and took a medical leave of absence from 1 May 1966 until 30 June 1966 during which Minister of Housing and Spatial Planning Pieter Bogaers served as acting Minister of Transport and Water Management.

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 22 December 1958
  Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 5 December 1966 Elevated from Knight (28 April 1951)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Suurhoff, Jacobus Gerardus (1905-1967)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2018.

External linksEdit

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Hein Vos
Chairman of the Labour Party
1961–1965
Succeeded by
Sjeng Tans
Political offices
Preceded by
Dolf Joekes
Minister of Social
Affairs
and Health

1952–1958
Succeeded by
Louis Beel
Preceded by
Julius Christiaan
van Oven

Ad interim
Minister of the Interior
Ad interim

1956
Succeeded by
Teun Struycken
as Minister of the Interior,
Property and Public
Sector Organisations
Preceded by
Jan van Aartsen
Minister of Transport and
Water Management

1965–1966
1966
Succeeded by
Pieter Bogaers
Ad interim
Preceded by
Pieter Bogaers
Ad interim
Succeeded by
Jan de Quay