Doksy (German: Hirschberg am See) is a town in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,200 inhabitants. It is known for Lake Mácha and its summer vacation resort.

Doksy
Town square
Town square
Flag of Doksy
Coat of arms of Doksy
Doksy is located in Czech Republic
Doksy
Doksy
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°33′53″N 14°39′20″E / 50.56472°N 14.65556°E / 50.56472; 14.65556Coordinates: 50°33′53″N 14°39′20″E / 50.56472°N 14.65556°E / 50.56472; 14.65556
Country Czech Republic
RegionLiberec
DistrictČeská Lípa
First mentioned1293
Government
 • MayorEva Burešová
Area
 • Total74.95 km2 (28.94 sq mi)
Elevation
266 m (873 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total5,178
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
472 01
Websitewww.doksy.com

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Břehyně, Kruh, Obora, Staré Splavy, Vojetín, Zbyny and Žďár are administrative parts of Doksy.

EtymologyEdit

The town's name is derived from the Old English word wiktionary:dox ("dark"), which refers o the dark places in th swamps near Dokský stream.[2]

The German name Hirschberg am See means deer hill by lake. A deer is even seen on the coat of arms of the town.

GeographyEdit

Doksy lies on the shores of Lake Mácha. The surroundings are densely forested. Many rock groups (sandstones) are also to be seen nearby.[where?]

HistoryEdit

The town was probably established along with the nearby Bezděz Castle by King Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1264. Because it is questioned whether the founding document really concerns today's Doksy, a deed from 1293 is considered as the first verified mention of Doksy.[3]

In 1367, Charles IV established a lake here, which was the crucial moment for the future development of Doksy. Charles IV also promoted the settlement to a town. The importance of Doksy has increased from 1553, when it became the centre of a separate manor. At the end of the 16th century, its owner Jan fo Vartenberk has built a castle and a manor house here.[2]

Since the 1880s, Doksy is known as recreational area and a spa resort. In 1928, the first big beach was established. In the 1950s, the spa was cancelled, but the tourism of the lake did not stop and further developed.[2]

Until 1918, Hirschberg in Böhmen was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the Dauba (Dubá) district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[4]

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 and replaced by Czech settlers.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Doksy is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b c "Z historie města" (in Czech). Město Doksy. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  3. ^ "Program rozvoje města Doksy" (in Czech). Město Doksy. p. 14. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  4. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  5. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Doksy. Retrieved 2020-08-15.

External linksEdit