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Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.

The dinar is a main currency unit in modern circulation in seven mostly-Islamic and two mostly-Orthodox (Serbia and Macedonia) countries, and has historic use in several more.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Silver dinar from the reign of Serbian king Stefan Uroš I (1243–1276).

The English word "dinar" is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which was borrowed via the Syriac dīnarā from the Greek δηνάριον (denárion), itself from the Latin dēnārius,[1][2] a small silver coin in the Ancient Roman coinage, first minted about 211 BC.

A gold coin known as the dīnāra was also introduced to India by the Kushan Empire in the 1st century AD, and adopted by the Gupta Empire and its successors up to the 6th century.[3][4] The modern gold dinar is a modern bullion gold coin.

Legal tenderEdit

Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similarEdit

 
Umayyad Caliphate golden dinar.
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code
  Algeria Algerian dinar DZD
  Bahrain Bahraini dinar BHD
  Iraq Iraqi dinar IQD
  Jordan Jordanian dinar JOD
  Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD
  Libya Libyan dinar LYD
  Macedonia Macedonian denar MKN (1992–1993)
MKD (1993− )
  Serbia Serbian dinar RSD

CSD (2003-2006)

  Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND

Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"Edit

 
A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum)
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code Used Replaced by
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar BAD 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
  Croatia Croatian dinar HRD 1991–1994 Croatian kuna
  Iran Iranian rial was divided into at first 1250 and then 100 dinars
  Republika Srpska Republika Srpska dinar n/a 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
  South Yemen South Yemeni dinar YDD 1965–1990 Yemeni rial
  Sudan Sudanese dinar SDD 1992–2007 Sudanese pound
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  SFR Yugoslavia
  FR Yugoslavia
Yugoslav dinar YUD (1965–1989)
YUN (1990–1992)
YUR (1992–1993)
YUO (1993)
YUG (1994)
YUM (1994–2003)
1918–2003 n/a

The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse.[5][6] The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced for trade with Islamic Spain.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989, s.v. dinar; online version November 2010
  2. ^ Versteegh, C. H. M.; Versteegh, Kees (2001). The Arabic Language. Edinburgh University Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-7486-1436-3. 
  3. ^ Friedberg, Arthur L.; Friedberg, Ira S. (2009). Gold Coins of the World: From Ancient Times to the Present. Coin & Currency Institute. p. 457. ISBN 978-0-87184-308-1. 
  4. ^ Mookerji, Radhakumud (2007). The Gupta Empire. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-81-208-0440-1. 
  5. ^ British Museum
  6. ^ Medieval European Coinage By Philip Grierson p.330