Diane Marie Paulus (born 1966) is an American theatre and opera director who is currently the Terrie and Bradley Bloom Artistic Director of the American Repertory Theater at Harvard University. Paulus was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical for her revivals of Hair and The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess, and won the award in 2013 for her revival of Pippin.
|Born||1966 (age 53–54)|
|Education||Harvard University (BA)|
Columbia University (MFA)
She received the 2009 Harvard College Women’s Leadership Award and the Columbia University IAL Diamond Award. She was selected for the 2014 TIME 100, TIME Magazine’s annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world; as one of Variety’s “Trailblazing Women in Entertainment for 2014”; Boston magazine’s “50 Thought Leaders of 2014"; and Boston magazine’s 2018 and 2020 “100 Most Influential People in Boston."
Paulus was born in New York City in 1966, the daughter of a Japanese mother and a white father. Her parents met while her father, a New York television producer, was stationed in Japan after World War II.
She attended the Brearley School, studied dance at New York City Ballet, and trained in classical piano. In 1988, she graduated magna cum laude from Radcliffe College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Studies and as a member of Phi Beta Kappa. She then earned a master's degree from the Columbia University School of the Arts.
Paulus and her husband, Randy Weiner, along with a few other theater school graduates established a small theater troupe in New York City called Project 400 Theatre Group. With Project 400, Paulus and Weiner specialized in creating avant-garde musical productions which married classic theater and modern music. Paulus' first production with the group was a rock version of The Tempest. Other productions included an R&B Phaedra and a hip-hop Lohengrin. In collaboration with Weiner, Paulus co-created The Donkey Show, a disco adaptation of A Midsummer Night’s Dream which ran off-Broadway from 1999 to 2005. Critics cited the production as an example of a trend in which edgy avant-garde theater had become fashionably mainstream.
In May 2008, Paulus was named the artistic director of the American Repertory Theater (affiliated with Harvard University). The American Repertory Theater chose Paulus after Anna D. Shapiro, the August: Osage County director, decided not to take the job to replace Robert Woodruff. Paulus' first production was a revival of The Donkey Show, written by Paulus and her husband Randy Weiner. Paulus previously taught courses at Columbia University and Yale University.
In 2010, Paulus was selected by the magazine American Theatre as one of the 25 theatre artists who were asked to share their vision of coming developments in the next 25 years in the theatre world. In her comments she talks about her goal to "revolutionize" the theatre experience by making it more interactive, letting the audience participate and making theatre content more "open source." She has also argued that theater has the power to make people more compassionate and cooperative citizens.
Also in 2010, Paulus directed Il mondo della luna (The World on the Moon), an opera by Joseph Haydn, in the Hayden Planetarium at the American Museum of Natural History. A Gotham Chamber Opera, in partnership with the Museum and in association with American Repertory Theater, Paulus' production fused live opera and stargazing using the 180-degree dome with projections courtesy of NASA.
In 2011 she staged a production of the Gershwin opera Porgy and Bess at the American Repertory Theater, which moved to Broadway in 2012. The production was nominated for 9 awards in the 2012 Tony Awards, winning Best Revival of a Musical and Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical for Audra McDonald. The production ran through September 23, 2012. In advance of this production, renowned composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim expressed his dismay on her proposed edits and directorial choices in a letter to The New York Times.
In 2012, Paulus directed a production of Pippin for the American Repertory Theater. She cast a woman, Patina Miller, in the part of Leading Player, originated by Ben Vereen. The production opened on Broadway at the Music Box Theatre on Broadway, on April 25, 2013. Paulus won the Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical, becoming the third woman to win the award after Julie Taymor in 1998 and Susan Stroman in 2001. The production also received Tony Awards for Best Revival of a Musical, Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Musical for Miller, and Best Performance by an Actress in a Featured Role in a Musical for Andrea Martin.
In 2014, at the American Repertory Theater Paulus directed the American premier of the musical Finding Neverland, based on the film of the same name. Tony winner Roger Bart was announced to star, but left the project over creative differences. At the American Repertory Theater, Michael McGrath replaced Bart as Charles Frohman, a role played on Broadway by Kelsey Grammer. Finding Neverland was produced on Broadway by Harvey Weinstein and played the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre for 565 performances. It was nominated for no Tony Awards.
In 2015, Paulus directed the new musical Waitress, based on the 2007 film of the same name, written by Adrienne Shelly. The music was written by six-time Grammy Award nominated singer-songwriter Sara Bareilles. Pulitzer Prize winning playwright Paula Vogel was announced to write the book of the musical, but left the project. The production was notable after it moved to Broadway and became the first Broadway musical with an all female creative team. The musical was nominated for four Tony Awards, winning none. It was also nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, losing to The Color Purple. Waitress played on Broadway at the Brooks Atkinson Theater in April 2016 at the Brooks Atkinson Theater, closing in January 2020 after 1,544 performances. It completed a US National Tour and a run in London’s West End 2020.
In 2018, Paulus directed the new musical Jagged Little Pill, based on the Grammy Award-winning 1995 album by Alanis Morissette. It incorporated selections from Morissette’s catalogue and new material written for the show. Its creative team included Academy Award winner Diablo Cody, Tony Award Winner Tom Kitt, and Olivier Award winner Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui. Jagged Little Pill debuted at the American Repertory Theater in May 2018 and opened at the Broadhurst Theatre in December 2019.
In 2020, Griffin Matthews spoke out on his racism-laden experience during the production of his musical Invisible Thread directed by Paulus at Second Stage in 2015, which ran the previous year at the A.R.T. under the title Witness Uganda. She responded with a statement published in The Boston Globe.
|2009||Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Director of a Musical||Hair||Nominated|
|Tony Award||Outstanding Direction of a Musical||Nominated|
|2011||Elliot Norton Award||Outstanding Director, Large Theater||Hair, Johnny Baseball, Prometheus Bound||Won|
|2012||Tony Award||Outstanding Direction of a Musical||The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess||Nominated|
|Drama League Award||Excellence in Direction||Won|
|2013||Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Director of a Musical||Pippin||Won|
|Tony Award||Outstanding Direction of a Musical||Won|
|Outer Critics Circle Award||Outstanding Director of a Musical||Won|
|2017||Tony Award||Best Musical||Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812||Nominated|
|2017||Elliot Norton Award||Prize for Sustained Excellence||Won|
The playwright and actor Griffin Matthews called Paulus, director of his work Witness Uganda, an "Amy Cooper," a metaphor for a type of white person in the theater industry that demeaned the work and contributions of African-Americans. On June 1, 2020, he said on Twitter:
“The thing about [Broadway] Amy Cooper is, she is a liberal, she is an artistic director, she is a Tony winner, she is a producer, she teaches at Harvard, she is charismatic, she is an excellent public speaker and fundraiser, she puts on pretty dresses and speaks eloquently about how much she cares about diversity and inclusion. She has made her entire career about that. She works with black people. She believes she loves black people. She buys their work. And then, behind closed doors, she steals it.”
Selected works directedEdit
- Another Country by James Baldwin at Riverside Church
- Turandot: Rumble for the Ring at the Bay Street Theatre.
- The Golden Mickeys for Disney Creative Entertainment.
- The Karaoke Show, an adaptation of Comedy of Errors set in a karaoke bar, produced by Jordan Roth Productions.
- Running Man by jazz composer and frequent collaborator Diedre Murray and poet Cornelius Eady.
- Brutal Imagination.
- At Chicago Opera Theater: Le Nozze Di Figaro, Turn Of The Screw, Cosi Fan Tutte, and all three Monteverdi opera, Il Ritorno D’Ulisse In Patria, L’Incoronazione Di Poppea, and Orfeo.
- Amaluna The 2012 Cirque Du Soleil touring show.
- Death and the Powers: The Robots’ Opera, an opera written by Tod Machover incorporating robots on stage.
American Repertory TheaterEdit
- Best of Both Worlds, a gospel/R&B adaptation of A Winter’s Tale produced by Music-Theatre Group and The Women’s Project. Co-written by Diedre Murray. It was revived in 2010 at the A.R.T.
- Johnny Baseball, a 2010 musical at the A.R.T.
- Prometheus Bound, written by Steven Sater with music by Serj Tankian, a rock musical adaption of the 5th century B.C. Greek play by the same name, performed at A.R.T.’s club venue OBERON in 2011
- Death and the Powers: The Robots’ Opera, by Tod Machover, developed with the MIT Media Lab, and performed at the Emerson Cutler Majestic Theater in 2011 in collaboration with Chicago Opera Theater and in association with Opera Boston
- The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess, a musical adaption of the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess.
- Pippin, a 2013 revival which moved on to Broadway and was nominated for 10 Tony Awards, of which it won four, including the award for best revival of a musical
- Witness Uganda, a show depicting an American aid worker in Uganda coming to terms with the realities of the situation on the ground.
- Finding Neverland, an original musical with music and lyrics by Gary Barlow and Eliot Kennedy and a book by James Graham that premiered at A.R.T. in 2014. Inspired by the 1998 play The Man Who Was Peter Pan by Allan Knee
- Crossing, a new American opera written by Matthew Aucoin and inspired by Walt Whitman's diary from during his time as a nurse during the Civil War
- Waitress, the first Broadway musical with an all-female creative team, and nominee for four Tony Awards.
- In the Body of the World, a stage adaption by Eve Ensler of her 2013 memoir by the same name
- The White Card, a world premiere produced in association with ArtsEmerson by Claudia Rankine
- Jagged Little Pill, a new musical taking the music of Alanis Morissette's album of the same title, written by Diablo Cody confronting contentious issues of contemporary American Society
- ExtraOrdinary, a 2018 celebration of the prior ten years of musical theater at the A.R.T.
- Gloria: A Life, about Gloria Steinem and the women she partnered with to fight for equality, by Emily Mann, in 2020
- Invisible Thread (formerly Witness Uganda)
- Swimming with Watermelons, created in association with Project 400, the theater company she co-founded with her husband Randy Weiner.
- The Obie award-winning Eli's Comin, featuring the music and lyrics of Laura Nyro.
- The 40th Anniversary Concert Production of Hair at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park for the Public Theater as well as the subsequent production of Hair on Broadway which won a Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical and for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Director.
- The Donkey Show, a disco adaptation of A Midsummer Night’s Dream which ran off-Broadway from 1999 to 2005. It was revived in 2009 for Paulus' first production as director of the A.R.T.
- "Diane Paulus appointed artistic director of the American Repertory Theatre". Harvard Gazette. 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- Colleen Walsh, "Paulus reaches beyond boards", Harvard Gazette, 23 April 2009
- Nanos, Janelle (2014-04-29). "The Power of Ideas: Boston's Most Powerful Thought Leaders". Boston Magazine. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
- Bernstein, David S. (2018-04-24). "The 100 Most Influential People in Boston". Boston Magazine. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
- Bernstein, David S. "Power List: The 100 Most Influential Bostonians". Boston Magazine. Retrieved 2020-06-18.
- Ouzounian, Richard (21 January 2011). "The Big Interview with Diane Paulus". thestar.com. The Toronto Star. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
- Pacheco, Patrick (4 May 2015). "How Diane Paulus' Kids Inspired Her for 'Finding Neverland'". Gotham. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
- "Weddings; Diane M. Paulus, Randy Weiner", The New York Times, October 1, 1995
- Ricky Spears, "Quick Wit: Anna Wilson " Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine, TheaterMania, 7 July 2000
- Eric V. Copage, "Not Your Mother's Musical, and That's the Point", The New York Times, 6 September 1999
- Megan Tench, "Disco inferno", The Boston Globe, August 23, 2009
- Arnold Aronson, American Avant-garde Theatre: A History, Routledge; 1 ed. (2000), p.207
- Celia McGee, "Harvard’s Not-So-Square New Director", The New York Times, August 13, 2008
- "An Eye on the Future" Archived 2010-03-13 at the Wayback Machine American Theatre magazine, April 2009
- Friedersdorf, Conor. "How Theater Can Contribute to Peaceful Coexistence". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- Video of Il mondo della luna simsscoop.com
- Shakespeare in the Park web site, retrieved 7/12/2010
- Hetrick, Adam. "Tony-Winning 'The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess' Will Conclude Broadway Run Sept. 23", Playbill.com, July 18, 2012
- Times, The New York (2011-08-10). "Stephen Sondheim Takes Issue With Plan for Revamped 'Porgy and Bess'". ArtsBeat. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
- Gioia, Michael.'Pippin' Finds "Glory" in Diane Paulus' Cirque-Inspired Broadway Revival, Opening April 25 playbill.com, April 25, 2013
- Gans, Andrew. Nominations Announced for 67th Annual Tony Awards; Kinky Boots Earns 13 Nominations Archived October 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, April 30, 2013
- Ross, Blake (July 14, 2013). "She Flies Through the Air With the Greatest of Ease — Tony Winner Andrea Martin Talks About Singing from a Trapeze in Pippin". Playbill. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
- Gerard, Jeremy (2014-06-13). "Not-So-Jolly Roger Bart Jumps Harvey Weinstein's 'Neverland' Ship". Deadline. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
- Shanahan, Mark; Goldstein, Meredith (7 January 2014). "Sara Bareilles on board for 'Waitress' at ART". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
- Kao, Joanna (2016-03-25). "'Waitress' Is Making Broadway History With Its All-Female Creative Team". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- Kaufman, Joanne (2016-05-13). "At Home With Broadway's Diane Paulus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
- Eberson, Sharon (4 June 2020). "Pittsburgher Griffin Matthews speaks out about 'Amy Coopers' of Broadway". Pittsburgher Gazette.
- DIANE PAULUS - Biography
- "Concepteurs". Cirque Du Soleil. Retrieved January 30, 2012.