American Repertory Theater
The American Repertory Theater (A.R.T.) is a professional not-for-profit theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1980 by Robert Brustein, the A.R.T. is known for its commitment to new American plays and music–theater explorations; to neglected works of the past; and to established classical texts reinterpreted in refreshing new ways. Over the past thirty years it has garnered many of the nation's most distinguished awards, including a Pulitzer Prize (1982), a Tony Award (1986), and a Jujamcyn Award (1985). In December 2002, the A.R.T. was the recipient of the National Theatre Conference's Outstanding Achievement Award, and in May 2003 it was named one of the top three theaters in the country by Time Magazine. The A.R.T. is housed in the Loeb Drama Center at Harvard University. The A.R.T. houses the Institute for Advanced Theater Training at Harvard University and the Harvard-Radcliffe Drama Club.
Loeb Drama Center
|Address||Loeb Drama Center
64 Brattle Street
2 Arrow Street
|Capacity||Loeb Drama Center: 556|
|Years active||1980 to present|
In 2002 Robert Woodruff replaced founder Robert Brustein as the A.R.T.'s Artistic Director. After Woodruff's departure in 2007, Associate Artistic Director Gideon Lester took the reins for 2008-09 season, and in May 2008 Diane Paulus was named the new Artistic Director. Paulus, a Harvard alum, is widely known as a director of theater and opera. Her work includes The Donkey Show, which ran off-Broadway for six years; productions at the Chicago Opera Theatre; and the Public Theater's 2008 production of Hair, which won the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical.
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In the 1920s George Pierce Baker gave his celebrated 47 Workshop Playwriting course at Harvard as an elective in the English department. Baker's dramatic instruction was effective enough to attract the likes of Eugene O'Neill, Philip Barry, and S.N. Behrman to Cambridge. But when Baker requested a space in which to stage scenes from the plays of his students, the administration balked. A wealthy donor from the Harkness family thereupon offered Harvard what was then the munificent sum of a million dollars to build a theatre and a drama department for Baker. In one of the few such actions in its long history, Harvard turned down the bequest. Baker took the money to Yale where he founded what was soon to be called the Yale School of Drama.
Under the leadership of Robert Brustein, the American Repertory Theater was established at Harvard in 1979 as a permanent professional arts organization on campus that offered undergraduate courses in acting, directing, and dramaturgy, taught by professional members of the company with teaching experience. Brustein later described the founding of the theater as "a groundbreaking event and an unusual act of faith by the administration".
One of the reasons for the founding of A.R.T., and Brustein's appointment as director of the university's Loeb Drama Center, was to help improve the quality of Harvard-Radcliffe Drama Club (HRDC) shows on the main stage, partly through practical courses in the craft of acting and directing, partly through professional guidance of HRDC production.
Brustein served as artistic director of the theater until 2002, when he was succeeded by Robert Woodruff, founder of the Bay Area Playwrights Festival. In 2008, Diane Paulus became the new artistic director.
The A.R.T. has become a leading force in the American theater, producing groundbreaking work in Cambridge and beyond. During its 32-year history, it has welcomed many major American and international theater artists, presenting a diverse repertoire that includes premieres of American plays, bold reinterpretations of classical texts, and provocative new music theater productions. The A.R.T. has performed throughout the U.S. and worldwide in 21 cities in 16 countries on four continents. It is also continues to be a training ground for young artists, with the artistic staff teaching undergraduate classes in acting, directing, dramatic literature, dramaturgy, voice, and design. In 1987, the A.R.T. founded the Institute for Advanced Theater Training at Harvard, which offers a five-semester M.F.A. graduate program that operates in conjunction with the Moscow Art Theater School, the Institute provides world-class professional training in acting, dramaturgy, and voice.
Since becoming artistic director, Diane Paulus has enhanced the A.R.T.’s core mission to expand the boundaries of theater by continuing to transform the ways in which work is developed, programmed, produced, and contextualized, always including the audience as a partner. Productions such as Sleep No More, The Donkey Show, Gatz, The Blue Flower, Prometheus Bound, The Gershwins’ Porgy and Bess, Wild Swans, and Pippin have engaged audiences in unique theatrical experiences. The A.R.T.’s club theater, OBERON, which Paulus calls a second stage for the 21st century, has become an incubator for local and emerging artists, and has also attracted national attention for its innovative programming model.
The theater's productions have garnered three Tony Awards, including for Best Revival of a Musical for its productions of Pippin (2013) and The Gershwins’ Porgy and Bess (2012). The A.R.T. also received the Tony Award for Outstanding Regional Theater, the Pulitzer Prize, and many Elliot Norton and I.R.N.E. Awards. Its recent premiere production of Death and The Powers: The Robots’ Opera was a 2012 Pulitzer Prize finalist.
- Notes from the Field: Doing Time in Education, Created, written, and performed by Anna Deavere Smith with music composed and performed by Marcus Shelby. Directed by Leonard Foglia.
- Abbey Theatre's The Plough and the Stars, written by Seán O'Casey. Directed by Sean Holmes.
- Fingersmith, Based on the novel by Sarah Waters, written by Alexa Junge. Directed by Bill Rauch.
- Trans Scripts, Part I: The Women, Written by Paul Lucas. Directed by Jo Bonney.
- The Night of the Iguana, Written by Tennessee Williams. Directed by Michael Wilson and featuring James Earl Jones.
- Arrabal, Book by John Weidman, music by Gustavo Santaolalla. Directed and co-choreographed by Sergio Trujillo and choreographed by Julio Zurita.
- Waitress, by Jessie Nelson with music and lyrics by Sara Bareilles. Directed by Diane Paulus and featuring Jessie Mueller.
- Natasha, Pierre & The Great Comet of 1812, music and libretto by Dave Malloy. Directed by Rachel Chavkin.
- Nice Fish, Conceived, Written, and Adapted by Mark Rylance and Louis Jenkins. Directed by Claire van Kampen.
- 1984, by Robert Icke and Duncan Macmillan. Presented in association with Headlong Almeida Theatre and Nottingham Playhouse.
- RoosevElvis, Created by the TEAM. Directed by Rachel Chavkin.
- In the Body of the World Written and performed by Eve Ensler. Directed by Diane Paulus.
- Finding Neverland
- The Light Princess
- Father Comes Home from the Wars (Parts 1, 2 & 3)
- The Last Two People on Earth: An Apocalyptic Vaudeville"
- Crossing, a new American opera
- All the Way, by Robert Schenkkan. Directed by Bill Rauch and featuring Bryan Cranston.
- The Heart of Robin Hood, by David Farr. Directed by Gisli Örn Gardarsson.
- Witness Uganda, by Matt Gould and Griffin Matthews. Directed by Diane Paulus.
- The Shape She Makes, conceived and choreographed by Susan Misner. Conceived, written and directed by Jonathan Bernstein.
- The Tempest, by William Shakespeare. Adapted and directed by Aaron Posner and Teller. Magic by Teller and music by Tom Waits.
- Marie Antoinette, by David Adjmi. Directed by Rebecca Taichman.
- The Lily's Revenge, written and conceived by Taylor Mac. Directed by Shira Milikowsky.
- Pippin, directed by Diane Paulus. Book by Roger O. Hirson. Music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz.
- The Glass Menagerie, by Tennessee Williams. Directed by John Tiffany and featuring Cherry Jones, Celia Keenan-Bolger and Zachary Quinto.
- Beowulf: A Thousand Years of Baggage, by Banana Bag & Bodice. Text by Jason Craig, Music by Dave Malloy. Directed by Rod Hipskind and Mallory Catlett.
- Pirates of Penzance, by Gilbert and Sullivan. Directed by Sean Graney and featuring The Hypocrites.
- The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess, directed by Diane Paulus and featuring Audra McDonald, Norm Lewis, and David Alan Grier.
- Three Pianos, by Rick Burkhardt, Alec Duffy and Dave Malloy. Directed by Rachel Chavkin.
- The Snow Queen. Adapted by Tyler Monroe. Directed by Allegra Libonati. Puppets by Michael Kane.
- As You Like It, by William Shakespeare. Directed by David Hammond, featuring members of the A.R.T./MXAT Institute for Advanced Theater Training
- Wild Swans, by Jung Chang & adapted by Alexandra Wood. Directed by Sacha Wares.
- Futurity: A Musical by The Lisps. Music and Lyrics by César Alvarez with The Lisps. Book by Molly Rice and César Alvarez. Directed by Sarah Benson.
- Woody Sez. Devised by David M. Lutken with Nick Corley. Words and Music by Woody Guthrie.
Of the ART's 31st season, Artistic Director Diane Paulus said, "I promise that our 2010/2011 season will be another year of theatrical events — from rock stars to a robot chorus, mosh pits to the geodesic dome, Sophocles to Lewis Carroll — there will be something for everyone."
- Cabaret, directed by Steven Bogart and featuring Amanda Palmer as the Emcee. Opened August 31, 2010 at Club Oberon.
- Alice vs. Wonderland, remixed by Brendan Shea, directed by János Szász
- The Blue Flower, by Jim and Ruth Bauer, directed by Will Pomerantz
- R. Buckminster Fuller: THE HISTORY(and Mystery) OF THE UNIVERSE, written and directed by D.W. Jacobs
- Ajax, directed by Sarah Benson
- Prometheus Bound, directed by Diane Paulus and starring Gavin Creel and Lea Delaria. A.R.T. and collaborator Serj Tankian of System of a Down dedicated the production to eight Amnesty International cases: David Kato, Norma Cruz, Jafar Panahi, Dhondup Wangchen, Tran Quoc Hien, Doan Van Dien, Doan Huy Chuong, Nasrin Sotoudeh, Reggie Clemons, and survivors of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They stated in program notes that "by singing the story of Prometheus, the God who defied the tyrant Zeus by giving the human race both fire and art, this production hopes to give a voice to those currently being silenced or endangered by modern-day oppressors".
- Death and the Powers: The Robots' Opera
The A.R.T.'s 30th season, its first under the helm of Artistic Director Diane Paulus, eschews the traditional model and instead offers a series of "festivals" which will encourage audiences to experience productions as parts of larger cultural events.
FESTIVAL No. 01: Shakespeare ExplodedEdit
- The Donkey Show directed by Diane Paulus and Randy Weiner. Opened August 21, 2009 at the Zero Arrow Theater, renamed Club Oberon.
- Sleep No More by Punchdrunk directed by Felix Barrett, Maxine Doyle, and The Company. Opened October 8, 2009 in the Old Lincoln School, Brookline, Massachusetts..
- The Best of Both Worlds by Randy Weiner and Diedre Murray. Co-written and directed by Diane Paulus. Opened November 21, 2009 at the Loeb Drama Center.
FESTIVAL No. 02: America: Boom, Bust, and BaseballEdit
- Gatz by Elevator Repair Service. Directed by John Collins. Opens January 8, 2010 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Paradise Lost by Clifford Odets, directed by Daniel Fish. Opens February 27, 2010 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Johnny Baseball by Richard Dresser, Robert Reale, and Willie Reale. Directed by Diane Paulus. Opens May 14, 2010 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Let Me Down Easy featuring Anna Deavere Smith directed by Eric Ting September 12 - October 11, 2009 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Communist Dracula Pageant by Anne Washburn directed by Anne Kauffman. October 18 - November 9 at the Zero Arrow Theater.
- Aurélia's Oratorio written and directed by Victoria Thierrée Chaplin starring Aurélia Thierrée. November 28 – January 3 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- The Seagull directed by János Szász. January 10 – February 1 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Endgame by Samuel Beckett. Directed by Marcus Stern. February 14 – March 15 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Trojan Barbie by Christine Evans, directed by Carmel O'Reilly. March 28 – April 22 at the Zero Arrow Theater.
- Romance by David Mamet. Directed by Scott Zigler. May 9–31 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Don Juan Giovanni and Figaro directed by Dominique Serrand in association with Theatre de la Jeune Lune. In repertory August 31 - October 6, 2007 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Donnie Darko adapted and directed by Marcus Stern, based on the film by Richard Kelly. October 27 - November 18 at the Zero Arrow Theater.
- No Child... written and performed by Nilaja Sun. November 23 - December 23 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Copenhagen written by Michael Frayn and directed by Scott Zigler. January 5 - February 3 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare. Directed by Arthur Nauzyciel. February 9 - March 22 at the Loeb Drama Center.
- Elections & Erections: A Chronicle of Fear & Fun by Pieter-Dirk Uys. April 2 - May 4 at the Zero Arrow Theater.
- Cardenio by Charles Mee and Stephen Greenblatt. Directed by Les Waters. May 10 - June 1 at the Loeb Drama Center.
Playwrights and directorsEdit
The A.R.T. prides itself on presenting both American and World premiere productions. Over the years, these have included works by Robert Auletta, Robert Brustein, Anton Chekhov, Don DeLillo, Keith Dewhurst, Christopher Durang, Elizabeth Egloff, Peter Feibleman, Jules Feiffer, Dario Fo, Carlos Fuentes, Larry Gelbart, Leslie Glass, Philip Glass, Stuart Greenman, William Hauptman, Allan Havis, Milan Kundera, Mark Leib, Gideon Lester, David Lodge, Carol K. Mack, David Mamet, Charles L. Mee, Roger Miller, John Moran, Robert Moran, Heiner Müller, Marsha Norman, Han Ong, Amanda Palmer, David Rabe, Franca Rame, Adam Rapp, Keith Reddin, Ronald Ribman, Paula Vogel, Derek Walcott, Naomi Wallace, and Robert Wilson.
The A.R.T. has also engaged a collection of world-famous stage directors throughout the years, including JoAnne Akalaitis, Andrei Belgrader, Anne Bogart, Steven Bogart, Lee Breuer, Robert Brustein, Liviu Ciulei, Ron Daniels, Liz Diamond, Joe Dowling, Michael Engler, Alvin Epstein, Dario Fo, Richard Foreman, David Gordon, Adrian Hall, Richard Jones, Michael Kahn, Jerome Kilty, Krystian Lupa, John Madden, David Mamet, Des McAnuff, Jonathan Miller, Tom Moore, David Rabe, François Rochaix, Robert Scanlan, János Szász, Peter Sellars, Andrei Şerban, Sxip Shirey, Susan Sontag, Marcus Stern, Slobodan Unkovski, Les Waters, David Wheeler, Frederick Wiseman, Robert Wilson, Robert Woodruff, Steven Mitchell Wright, Yuri Yeremin, Francesca Zambello, and Scott Zigler.
In 1987, the A.R.T. founded the Institute for Advanced Theater Training, a five-semester professional training program which includes a three-month period working and training at the Moscow Art Theatre School in Russia. The program provides training for graduate-level actors, dramaturgs, and voice students. From 1999 until 2016, this joint program conferred an M.F.A. from the Moscow Art Theatre School, along with a certificate of completion from Harvard. Beginning with the graduating class of 2017, students have been granted a master of liberal arts degree through the Harvard Extension School.
For a time, the Institute included a director-training program, which was discontinued in 2004; the dramaturgy program was simultaneously tripled in enrollment.
The program is administered and housed by the A.R.T., and training is provided by full-time, part-time, and visiting teachers and artists at the A.R.T. These include Russian teachers affiliated with the Moscow Art Theatre School, who teach in residence in Cambridge as well as in Moscow when the students study there. citation needed][
In July 2017, in the wake of criticism from the U.S. Department of Education concerning the worrisomely high average debt load of students completing the program, the A.R.T. Institute announced a three-year pause in admissions, while it seeks to improve student financial aid, and continues to negotiate with Harvard University about establishing an M.F.A. degree.
OBERON (sometimes referred to as Club Oberon) is a club theater venue that opened in August 2009. The venue inhabits the space that was once the Zero Arrow Street Theater. The venue was originally created for the open ended residency of the A.R.T.'s production of The Donkey Show and it was soon decided to convert the theater into a fully functioning club theater venue fitting the club theater model and philosophy developed by The Donkey Show's creator Randy Weiner. OBERON is now home to upwards of 200 individual productions every year.
Loeb Drama Center and other venuesEdit
Before OBERON (which renovated the space of the now defunct Zero Arrow Theater), the A.R.T. used the old Hasty Pudding theater in addition to the Loeb Mainstage. The Institute for Advanced Theater Training formerly uses the sub-basement of The First Parish in Cambridge, Zero Church Street, as a flexible almost black box venue. In May, 2015 the ART staged an opera premier at the Schubert Theater in Boston for the first time.
- Mitgang, Herbert."Jujamcyn Award To American Repertory Theater" New York Times (abstract), November 26, 1985. p. C19
- Brustein, Robert Sanford (2001). "The Arts at Harvard", in: The Siege of the Arts: Collected Writings 1994-2001 (snippet preview only). Chicago : Ivan R. Dee. ISBN 9781566633802. p. 21-30; here: p. 27.
- Porgy and Bess "Listing, 'Porgy and Bess', 2011" americanrepertorytheater.org, accessed June 30, 2011
- "Season 2010-11" americanrepertorytheater.org, May 7, 2010
- "About the Prometheus Project". American Repertory Theater. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Haigney, Sophie (August 7, 2017). "$78,000 of Debt for a Harvard Theater Degree. New York Times. nytimes.com. Retrieved August 8, 2017.