Development corporation(Redirected from Development Corporation)
Development corporations or development firms are organisations established by governments in several countries for the purpose of urban development. They often are responsible for the development of new suburban areas or the redevelopment of existing ones.
In Australia development corporations are often responsible for the economic promotion and growth of areas considered to be under-performing economically. Such corporations include:
- Central Coast Development Corporation (1998–); previously known as the Festival Development Corporation
- Cooks Cove Development Corporation; based in The Rocks
- Hunter Development Corporation (2007–); based in Newcastle
- Honeysuckle Development Corporation (1992–2007; merged with the Regional Land Management Corporation to form the Hunter Development Corporation); based in Newcastle
- Macquarie Point Development Corporation (2012–); based in Hobart, Tasmania
- South Sydney Development Corporation (1996–2005); responsible for managing the Green Square area
- City and Industrial Development Corporation (1970–); agency of the Government of Maharashtra. Constructed the planned town of Navi Mumbai. Currently conducting urban infrastructure and new town developments.
- Housing and Urban Development Corporation (1970–); agency of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation. Responsible for building affordable housing and managing urban development.
- Coega Development Corporation
- Eastern Cape Development Corporation
- Free State Development Corporation
In the United Kingdom development corporations are organisations set up in England and Wales by the UK government charged with the urban development of an area, outside the usual system of Town and Country Planning in the United Kingdom. Members are appointed by central government and hence they are considered QUANGOs.
New Town development corporations were set up for all the designated New Towns in the United Kingdom. Urban development corporations also existed, which dealt with regeneration in already built-up areas.
Urban development corporationsEdit
|Black Country||parts of Sandwell and Walsall, in West Midlands||1987–1998|||
|Bristol||parts of eastern Bristol||1989–1995|||
|Cardiff Bay||Cardiff docklands area, in City of Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan||1987–2000|||
|Central Manchester||180 ha of Manchester, near Trafford/Salford border||1988–1996|||
|Leeds||540 ha of Leeds, along River Aire/Leeds and Liverpool Canal, and south of city centre||1988–1995|||
|London Docklands||London Docklands||1981–1998|
|London Thames Gateway||Lower Lea Valley (parts of Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Newham and Waltham Forest)
London Riverside (southern part of Barking & Dagenham, Havering and Newham)
|Plymouth||67 ha of Plymouth docklands||1993–1998|||
|Sheffield||Lower Don Valley||1988–1997|||
|Teesside||large tracts of land on River Tees, some in Hartlepool||1987–1998|||
|Thurrock Thames Gateway||Thurrock||2003–2012|||
|Trafford Park||large area in Trafford and Salford along the Manchester Ship Canal||1987–1998|||
|Tyne and Wear||banks of the River Tyne and River Wear||1987–1998|||
|West Northamptonshire||Northamptonshire (parts of Northampton, Daventry and Towcester)||2006–2014|
New town development corporationsEdit
|Aycliffe and Peterlee||Newton Aycliffe and Peterlee||to April 1, 1988|||
|Central Lancashire||Central Lancashire|
|Cwmbran||Cwmbran||to April 1, 1988|||
|East Kilbride||East Kilbride|
|Hemel Hempstead||Hemel Hempstead|
|Milton Keynes||Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire||to April 1, 1992|||
|Peterborough||Peterborough||to October 1, 1988|||
|Runcorn||Runcorn||merged to form Warrington and Runcorn|
|Stevenage||Stevenage||11 Nov 1946 to 1980|
|Telford||Telford, Shropshire||to October 1, 1991|||
|Warrington||Warrington||merged to form Warrington and Runcorn|
|Warrington and Runcorn||Warrington and Runcorn||to October 1, 1989|||
|Washington||Washington||to April 1, 1988|||
Mayoral development corporationsEdit
|London Legacy Development Corporation||London Olympic Park||2012 -|
|Old Oak and Park Royal Development Corporation||Old Oak Common||2015 -|
The Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016 also permitted the creation of mayoral development corporations in combined authority areas, with the first being created in South Tees in 2017 by the Tees Valley Combined Authority.
- "Honeysuckle Development Corporation. - People and organisations - Trove". trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
- Ward, David (18 January 2006). "Redesign hopes to revive Skelmerdale's fortunes". the Guardian.
- The Hidden Stevenage ISBN 0 86332 667 6
- "The Urban Development Corporations in England (Planning Functions) Order 1998". opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-15.