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Brisbane (/ˈbrɪzbən/ (About this soundlisten))[1] is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland,[2] and the third most populous city in Australia. The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates that the population of Greater Brisbane is 2,462,637 as of June 2018,[3] and the South East Queensland region, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3.6 million.[4] The Brisbane central business district stands on the original European settlement and is situated inside a bend of the Brisbane River, about 15 kilometres (9 miles) from its mouth at Moreton Bay.[5] The metropolitan area extends in all directions along the floodplain of the Brisbane River Valley between Moreton Bay and the Great Dividing Range, sprawling across several of Australia's most populous local government areas (LGAs), most centrally the City of Brisbane, which is by far the most populous LGA in the nation. The demonym of Brisbane is Brisbanite.

Contents

Country of BirthEdit

Significant overseas born populations[6]
Country of birth Population (2016)
  New Zealand 106,053
  England 90,086
  Mainland China 36,175
  India 35,335
  South Africa 22,068
  Philippines 20,797
  Vietnam 16,731
  South Korea 12,202
  Taiwan 11,976
  Scotland 11,691
  Malaysia 10,765

The 2016 census showed that 32.2% of Brisbane’s inhabitants were born overseas.[7] 50.9% of inhabitants had at least one parent born overseas.[8] Of inhabitants born outside of Australia, the four most prevalent countries of birth were New Zealand, England, Mainland China, and India.[9] Brisbane has the largest New Zealand and Taiwanese-born populations of any city in Australia.[10]

LanguagesEdit

At the 2016 census, 78% of inhabitants spoke only English at home,[11] with the next most common languages being Mandarin (2.4%), Vietnamese (1.0%), Cantonese (0.9%), Spanish (0.7%), Hindi (0.6%), Samoan (0.6%), Korean (0.6%) and Punjabi (0.6%).[12]

AncestryEdit

At the 2016 census, the most commonly nominated ancestries were:[N 1][13]

ReligionEdit

 
St John's Cathedral. Christianity is Brisbane's largest religion.

At the 2016 census, the most commonly cited religious affiliations was 'No religion' (30.6%).[16]

Brisbane's most popular religion at the 2016 census was Christianity, and the most popular denomonations were Catholicism (21.5%) and Anglicanism (13.3%). Other Christian denominations including Uniting Church, Baptists, Pentecostalism, Lutheranism and Eastern Orthodox made up 18.8% of the population.[17] All Christian demoninations totalled 53.6% of the population. Brisbane's CBD is home to two cathedrals — St John's (Anglican) and St Stephen's (Catholic).

The most popular non-Christian religions at the 2016 census were Buddhist (2%), Muslim (1.5%) and Hindu (1.5%).[18]

Historical PopulationsEdit

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1826 160—    
1836 400+150.0%
1846 950+137.5%
1856 3,840+304.2%
1864 12,551+226.8%
1876 20,645+64.5%
1886 64,286+211.4%
1891 88,083+37.0%
1906 132,470+50.4%
1916 168,390+27.1%
1926 258,620+53.6%
1936 313,430+21.2%
1946 399,530+27.5%
1956 527,500+32.0%
1966 778,193+47.5%
1976 1,058,100+36.0%
1986 1,265,114+19.6%
1996 1,581,082+25.0%
2006 1,914,876+21.1%
2016 2,349,699+22.7%
Source: [19][20][21]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ As a percentage of 2,122,578 persons who nominated their ancestry at the 2016 census.
  2. ^ The Australian Bureau of Statistics has stated that most who nominate "Australian" as their ancestry are part of the Anglo-Celtic group.[14]
  3. ^ Of any ancestry. Includes those identifying as Aboriginal Australians or Torres Strait Islanders. Indigenous identification is separate to the ancestry question on the Australian Census and persons identifying as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander may identify any ancestry.[15]
  4. ^ Figures for 1971 onward are for the current Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA) geography. Figures for before 1971 are for various superseded geographies. Pre-1971 may not include the Indigenous population.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Macquarie Dictionary. The Macquarie Library. 2003. p. 121. ISBN 1-876429-37-2.
  2. ^ "Brisbane (entry 4555)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3218.0
  4. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3218.0
  5. ^ "Brisbane and Greater Brisbane". Queensland Places.
  6. ^ "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics.; [1], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Table G09e & G09f
  7. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/3GBRI?opendocument
  8. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/3GBRI?opendocument
  9. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/3GBRI?opendocument
  10. ^ "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics.; [2], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Table G09e & G09f
  11. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/3GBRI?opendocument
  12. ^ "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics.; [3], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Table G13e & G13f
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ Statistics, c=AU; o=Commonwealth of Australia; ou=Australian Bureau of. "Feature Article - Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Australia (Feature Article)". www.abs.gov.au.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/subscriber.nsf/log?openagent&32180ds0005_1971-2011.xls&3218.0&Data%20Cubes&0BCC5059CC669DCCCA257A4B0083B937&0&2011&31.07.2012&Latest
  20. ^ http://www.qgso.qld.gov.au/products/tables/historical-tables-demography/index.php
  21. ^ https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3218.0Main+Features12015-16?OpenDocument