Darden Restaurants, Inc. is an American multi-brand restaurant operator headquartered in Orlando, Florida.[5] As of May 2023, the firm owns three fine dining restaurant chains: Ruth’s Chris Steak House, Eddie V's and The Capital Grille; and six casual dining restaurant chains: Olive Garden Italian Restaurant, LongHorn Steakhouse, Bahama Breeze, Seasons 52, Yard House and Cheddar's Scratch Kitchen. Until July 28, 2014, Darden also owned Red Lobster. Darden has more than 1,800 restaurant locations and more than 175,000 employees, making it the world's largest full-service restaurant company.[7]

Darden Restaurants, Inc.
TypePublic company
PredecessorGeneral Mills Restaurants
FounderWilliam Darden
Headquarters1000 Darden Center Drive Orlando, Florida 32837
Number of locations
More than 1,800[1]
Area served
Costa Rica
El Salvador
United States (including Puerto Rico, Guam)
Key people
Gene Lee (Chairman)
Rick Cardenas (President & Chief Executive Officer)
RevenueIncrease US$7.999 billion (2012)[2]
Decrease US$638.0 million
(FY 2012)[3]
Decrease US$475.5 million[2]
Total assetsIncrease US$5.944 billion
(FY 2012)[3]
Total equityDecrease US$1.842 billion
(FY 2012)[3]
Number of employees
175,000[4] (2022)
DivisionsOlive Garden

LongHorn Steakhouse
Cheddar's Scratch Kitchen
Yard House
The Capital Grille
Seasons 52
Bahama Breeze
Eddie V's

Ruth's Chris Steak House
Footnotes / references

History Edit

The company's former logo, used until 2009.

William (Bill) Darden opened his first restaurant, The Green Frog, in Waycross, Georgia, in 1938 at age 19. He later founded the Red Lobster Inns of America and opened the first Red Lobster restaurant in Lakeland, Florida, in 1968.[8] Red Lobster, which grew quickly, formed the basis of the organization that later became known as Darden Restaurants.[9] Darden chose Lakeland because he wished to see how a seafood restaurant would fare in a non-coastal region. The initial Red Lobster franchise was applauded by diners and critics alike. The restaurant became successful and by 1970 had expanded to three locations in the state with two more under construction. While the locations were profitable, the company lacked the resources to expand further. As such, Darden sold the company to food giant General Mills that year.[10] After an extended illness, Darden died on March 29, 1994, at the age of 75.[11]

General Mills ownership Edit

General Mills upgraded the chain to a more casual dining/family fare-oriented format, opened a new company headquarters in Orlando, and retained Darden as company manager. In 1975, when Darden was promoted to Vice President of General Mills, Joseph (Joe) R. Lee, the company's first restaurant manager, was promoted as President of Red Lobster. Under General Mills's ownership, Red Lobster expanded into a chain of almost 400 locations by 1985. The company underwent several restructurings and transformed itself from an inexpensive fast-food seller into a chain of casual dining seafood restaurants by 1988.[10]

One of the company's first ventures into the diversification of its portfolio was the York Steak House chain of English-themed steak and chop restaurants in the 1970s. The franchised steak and potatoes restaurant was a cafeteria-style restaurant with a salad bar and hot station. By the end of the 1980s, the chain had been mostly closed down, though one independent location still exists. These restaurants were very similar to Ruby Tuesday.[12][13]

In 1982, Darden opened the first Olive Garden concept restaurant in Orlando. The chain took off, and by 1989 General Mills had opened over 145 restaurants, making the chain the fastest-growing unit in the company's restaurant holdings. While Olive Garden did not meet critical success, it was popular, and its per-restaurant sales soon grew to match those of Red Lobster. The company eventually became the largest chain of Italian-themed full-service restaurants in the United States.[10]

In 1990, China Coast was launched as an attempt to create a (U.S.) national casual dining restaurant that featured American Chinese cuisine. While the chain eventually expanded to some 50 restaurants, its sales were lackluster and lost an estimated US$20 million. By the end of 1995, the company was shuttered and the remaining locations were either converted to Red Lobsters or Olive Gardens or closed altogether.[10][14]

Darden Edit

In 1995, General Mills decided to spin off its restaurant chains to focus on consumer food products. The new company was named Darden Restaurants, after Red Lobster's founder. General Mills stockholders received one share of Darden for every common share of General Mills held. General Mills restaurants had $108 million net income in that year. At the end of 1995, Darden operated 1,250 restaurants in 49 states with 73 locations in Canada.[10]

Darden Restaurants was spun off from General Mills beginning on May 9, 1995, when it began trading on the when-issued basis at $9.75 a share.[15] The company became a fully separate entity on May 31, 1995, when its shares went on sale on the NYSE. The shares opened at $10.75, 17% below expectations, but climbed to $11.125 by the close of trading.[16]

Darden executives planned to have two additional chains in place by 1998. In March 1996, Darden launched a test of a Bahama Breeze Caribbean Grille concept featuring food and drinks found in the islands of the Caribbean Sea and a Caribbean theme.[10]

Markets were oversaturated with restaurants in 1997, forcing Darden to close 48 poorly performing locations and lose $91 million due to the restructuring. Red Lobster and Olive Garden were given makeovers in 1998. Darden also made a profit of $102 million that year.[10]

In 1999, Darden opened an additional location after recovering from the 1996–1997 losses. The company then began testing a new concept called Smokey Bones BBQ Sports Bar, which opened in late 1999 in Orlando. The restaurant is a sports bar concept featuring barbecue and related foodstuffs in an Appalachian mountain-lodge setting.[10]

In 2003, Seasons 52 was under development to "provide guests the opportunity to indulge while still eating well". Seasons 52 restaurants were only being opened in the Florida or Atlanta markets during its initial phase.[17]

Darden announced in January 2007 that the company was willing to expand by purchasing existing 100-location chains or even considering franchisors.[18] By May, Darden indicated that its Smokey Bones division would be sold and/or shut down including the two Rocky River Grillhouse, the proposed replacement concept for Smokey Bones.[19] In August, Darden acquired rival Atlanta-based restaurant holder Rare Hospitality for US$1.4 billion, gaining Rare's two chains, The Capital Grille and LongHorn Steakhouse. As part of the Rare acquisition, Darden set up its Specialty Restaurant Group to include Capital Grille, Bahama Breeze, and Seasons 52.[20] In December, Darden announced that it would sell its Smokey Bones chain to Barbeque Integrated, Inc., an affiliate of Sun Capital Partners, Inc., for approximately $80 million. The sale was completed in January 2008.[8][21]

Expansion and ownership changes Edit

In 2010, Seasons 52 started a new expansion phase opening up in 11 more states over the next three years.[17]

In January 2011, Darden announced co-locating their Olive Garden and Red Lobster brands in smaller markets to share kitchen but continue separate menus and eating areas.[22] As part of the February Darden analyst conference, an analyst indicated that the corporation may be targeting another restaurant chain for acquisition possibly one of BJ's, California Pizza Kitchen or Yard House.[23] In October 2011, Darden acquired 2 chains, Eddie V's Prime Seafood and Wildfish Seafood Grille, for $59 million cash transaction and were placed within its Specialty Restaurant Group,[24] Also in October, Darden signed an area development agreement with Americana Group of Kuwait to develop and operate at least 60 locations using the Red Lobster, Olive Garden and LongHorn Steakhouse concepts.[25]

In July 2012, Darden acquired the Yard House 39 location beer-centric chain for $585 million from TSG Consumer Partners. Yard House will be alongside the other upscale restaurants in Darden's Specialty Restaurant Group.[26] On December 23, 2013, Darden's stock rose 3 percent after activist investor Starboard Value, a hedge fund, took a stake in the company.[27]

Red Lobster sale Edit

On December 19, 2013, Darden announced plans to sell or spin off the Red Lobster brand, citing pressure from stock investors.[28] This was in direct response to the company spending US$100 million on a new digital platform. At the time, the project was already at least one year behind schedule and above budget. A large number of layoffs occurred in its marketing department, and the company's second in command also left.[29]

On May 12, 2014, Darden announced that as part of the spinoff of Red Lobster, it was converting the co-located Red Lobster and Olive Garden locations into standalone Olive Garden locations.[30] On May 16, 2014, Darden announced that it would be selling the Red Lobster seafood restaurant chain to Golden Gate Capital for US$2.1 billion.[31] Darden announced the completion of the sale of Red Lobster on July 28, 2014.[32]

Acquisitions Edit

Differences between Starboard and Darden management soon emerged over the hedge fund's proposal to split the company in two and spin-off a third to handle their real estate portfolio, a move Starboard said would greatly boost shareholder value. Matters came to head when management announced a plan to spin off the underperforming Red Lobster early in 2014. Starboard led a large group of investors in asking management to delay the move and see if better options, such as its plans to revitalize the chain, were available.[33] When management instead decided to sell the chain to private equity firm Golden Gate Capital in May, Starboard and other investors sharply criticized the $2.1 billion "fire sale" price as a serious undervaluing of Red Lobster and its assets such as the underlying real estate. It also claimed management had refused shareholders' requests for a special meeting to discuss the deal.[34]

Clarence Otis, Jr. announced he would be resigning as CEO at the end of 2014, the same day the Red Lobster sale was complete.[35] Management said afterward that it would work on a needed turnaround plan for Olive Garden, which was also struggling. However, after CNBC reported on a leaked document, supposedly offered to potential lenders and buyers earlier in the year, that described Red Lobster's financial position far more optimistically than management had in its contemporary public statements,[36] one of the investors, a union pension fund, filed suit alleging material misrepresentation.[37] Management claimed the document had been prepared by Golden Gate in consultation with Red Lobster's executives, who could have been expected to have that view of the chain's future.[36] Gene Lee was named permanent CEO on February 23, 2015, after serving as interim CEO in October 2014.[38]

Starboard assembled its slate of directors to challenge all the sitting board members in the company's upcoming shareholder elections. In support of their candidacy, it released a 294-slide presentation in early September about how the company had gone wrong and how its directors would restore it to health. While it received considerable media attention for its detailed focus on Olive Garden, in particular the chain's "wasteful" practice of serving too many of its free unlimited breadsticks at once (to prevent food waste due to staleness: instead of one per customer plus an additional one per table; additional breadsticks are served fresh on demand) and not salting the water it boiled pasta in, to secure a longer warranty on the pots, it also attacked management for spending lavishly on the chain's corporate headquarters while paying the general managers of individual restaurants less than its competitors did.[39][40] Management responded two days later that it was already implementing many of the suggested changes, and said the free breadsticks merely represented "Italian generosity".[41] Nevertheless, in October, shareholders replaced the entire board with Starboard's slate, in what an observer called an "epic fail" for management since that rarely happens.[42]

On March 27, 2017, Darden announced its intent to acquire Cheddar's Scratch Kitchen for $780 million[43] from shareholders such as L Catterton and Oak Investment Partners. On March 28, 2017, when Darden announced that it had acquired Cheddar's Scratch Kitchen and "lifted its full-year earnings outlook", the company became the biggest gainer that day on the S&P 500, with shares growing nearly 9 percent.[44] The acquisition was completed on April 24, 2017.[45]

On May 3, 2023, Darden announced it was acquiring Ruth's Hospitality Group Inc. for $21.50 per share in an all-cash transaction with an equity value of approximately $715 million.[46] Ruth's Hospitality is the owner and operator of the Ruth's Chris Steak House chain.[47]

Units Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Darden Brand Book" (PDF). Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Darden Restaurants." Company Profile. Hoover's, Inc., 2013. Answers.com. June 24, 2013. Accessed on June 21, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Darden Restaurants, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Jul 20, 2012" (PDF). secdatabase.com. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  4. ^ "Darden Brand Book" (PDF). Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Darden 2011 Annual Report" (PDF). Darden Restaurants, Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 24, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  6. ^ Darden Restaurants, Inc. (May 29, 2011). "FY 2011 10-K". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  7. ^ "Darden Brand Book" (PDF). www.franchisedarden.com. 2020. p. 4. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2021.
  8. ^ a b MarketWatch.com. "Darden Restaurants, Inc". The New York Times. Retrieved November 24, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Daszkowski, Don. "Red Lobster and the Biography of Bill Darden". The Balance. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Darden Restaurants." International Directory of Company Histories. The Gale Group, Inc, 2006. Answers.com June 24, 2013. Accessed November 14, 2007.
  11. ^ "Founder of Red Lobster, William B. Darden, Dies". Orlando Sentinel. March 30, 1994. Retrieved July 11, 2023.
  12. ^ Sam Reading (December 26, 2003). "York Steak House photo gallery". Smugmug.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2004. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  13. ^ "Travel guide listing for York Steak House in Columbus, Ohio". Mytravelguide.com. Archived from the original on December 9, 2007. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  14. ^ "Darden to close its China Coast Restaurants". The New York Times. October 23, 1995. Retrieved November 14, 2007.
  15. ^ News, Bloomberg (May 12, 1995). "General Mills dips as spinoff opens at low price". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2007. {{cite news}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  16. ^ News, Bloomberg (May 31, 1995). "Darden Shares Begin Trading". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2007. {{cite news}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  17. ^ a b Loria, Keith. Breakout Brands: Seasons 52. 2013 NRN 50 special report. January 28, 2013. Nation's Restaurant News. Accessed June 24, 2013.
  18. ^ Darden airs acquisition check list, and ‘franchisor’ could be on it. January 12, 2007. Nation's Restaurant News. Penton Restaurant Group. Accessed June 24, 2013.
  19. ^ Darden to pull the plug on Smokey Bones. May 5, 2007. Nation's Restaurant News. Penton Restaurant Group. Accessed June 24, 2013.
  20. ^ "Rare Hospitality sold to Orlando company for $1.4 billion". Atlanta Business Chronicle. August 13, 2007. Retrieved December 11, 2007. Darden Restaurants Inc., the owner of Red Lobster, Bahama Breeze and Olive Garden, has bought Rare Hospitality International Inc. for $38.15 a share, or $1.4 billion.
  21. ^ "Darden Restaurants closes on sale of Smokey Bones chain". The Orlando Sentinel. January 4, 2008. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
  22. ^ Pedicini, Sandra (January 24, 2011). "Darden Restaurants tests combo Olive Garden/Red Lobster for smaller markets". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  23. ^ Jennings, Lisa (February 2, 2011). "Analyst targets possible Darden acquisitions". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  24. ^ a b Snel, Alan (October 12, 2011). "Darden buys two seafood brands". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  25. ^ Ruggless, Ron (October 19, 2011). "Darden aims for growth abroad". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  26. ^ Hsu, Tiffany. Darden Restaurants to buy Yard House chain for $585 million. July 13, 2012. Los Angeles Times. Accessed June 24, 2013.
  27. ^ "Stocks Edge Higher at Beginning of Holiday Week". Weekly Times. Associated Press. December 23, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  28. ^ The Associated Press (December 19, 2013). "Darden Looking to Spin off or Sell Red Lobster". Moneynews. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  29. ^ "Darden Restaurants reducing 85 corporate positions; COO Drew Madsen leaving". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
  30. ^ "Darden Restaurants Shedding Franken-Chain Concept -". May 12, 2014.
  31. ^ Rupp, Lindsey (May 16, 2014). "Darden to Sell Red Lobster for $2.1 Billion". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  32. ^ "Darden completes $2.1 billion sale of its Red Lobster chain". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  33. ^ Mason, Everdeen (January 21, 2014). "Starboard Urges Darden to Delay Red Lobster Spinoff". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  34. ^ Egan, Matt (May 16, 2014). "Red Lobster being sold for $2.1 billion". CNN Money. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  35. ^ Ruggless, Ron. "Darden CEO, chairman stepping down". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  36. ^ a b Jannarone, John (August 19, 2014). "Fishy financial disclosure at Darden's Red Lobster". CNBC. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  37. ^ Jannarone, John (September 22, 2014). "Darden shareholder sues board, citing CNBC.com report". CNBC. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  38. ^ "Darden Restaurants names Eugene Lee as CEO". CNBC. February 23, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  39. ^ Wiesenthal, Joe (September 13, 2014). "We've Just Witnessed The First True Masterpiece of the Modern Hedge Fund Era". Business Insider. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  40. ^ Wiesenthal, Joe (September 13, 2014). "Hedge Fund Manager Publishes Dizzying 294-Slide Presentation Exposing How Olive Garden Wastes Money And Fails Customers". Business Insider. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  41. ^ Udland, Myles (September 15, 2014). "Olive Garden Issues A Response to a Devastating Presentation". Business Insider. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  42. ^ Patton, Leslie (October 10, 2014). "Starboard Wins All Seats on Darden's Board". Bloomberg News. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  43. ^ Arnold, Kyle. "Darden buying value-oriented Cheddar's Scratch Kitchen chain". OrlandoSentinel.com. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  44. ^ Badkar, Mamta (March 28, 2017). "Olive Garden-owner Darden shares poised for best day since '09". Financial Times. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
  45. ^ "Darden Restaurants finalizes $780M purchase of Cheddar's Scratch Kitchen". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  46. ^ "Darden Restaurants to Acquire Ruth's Hospitality Group in $715 Million Transaction". investor.darden.com. Retrieved May 3, 2023.
  47. ^ Lucas, Amelia (May 3, 2023). "Olive Garden owner Darden Restaurants buys Ruth's Chris Steak House for $715 million". CNBC. Retrieved May 3, 2023.
  48. ^ Wilkinson, Emily. On a diet? New restaurant's menu features items 475 calories or less. May 22, 2013. Houston Business Journal. Accessed June 24, 2013.

External links Edit

  • Official website
  • Business data for Darden Restaurants: