Cycling at the 1900 Summer Olympics
The 1900 Summer Olympics were held as part of the 1900 World's Fair, during which many cycling events were contested. The IOC website currently affirms a total of 3 medal events, after accepting, as it appears, the recommendation of Olympic historian Bill Mallon regarding events that should be considered "Olympic". These additional events include the men's points race. Thus, three cycling events are considered Olympic events. These three competitions were held between 9 September and 16 September 1900. The cycling part of the World's Fair included 250 competitors, 160 of them French. In the sprint and 25 km events, 72 competitors, all men, from six nations competed.
at the Games of the II Olympiad
|Venues||Vélodrome de Vincennes|
|Date||11 September – 15 September|
|Competitors||72 from 7 nations|
||Georges Taillandier (FRA)||Fernand Sanz (FRA)||John Henry Lake (USA)|
||Louis Bastien (FRA)||Louis Hildebrand (FRA)||Auguste Daumain (FRA)|
||Enrico Brusoni (ITA)||Karl Duill (GER)||Louis Trousselier (FRA)|
- In the first two rounds of the 2000 metre sprint, the United States and Italy made their cycling debuts, as did the Olympic-debut nations Belgium and Bohemia. Germany, which had won a silver medal four years earlier, and France, with 4 golds, a silver, and a bronze, were the returning nations.
- Bohemia's lone cyclist was eliminated in the first round. The Belgian cyclist was eliminated in the second round of the day, the quarterfinals. Germany's trio fared no better, with all having dropped out by the end of the day. Antonio Restelli was the only one of Italy's 7 to move on. He was joined by the sole American John Henry Lake and by 7 Frenchmen.
- The semifinals and the final of the sprint were held on the 13th.
- The semifinal round pared the 9 remaining cyclists down to 3, with the winners of each of the semifinals guaranteed a medal in the three-man final. Restelli took second place to Fernand Sanz, dropping Italy from contention. Lake won his semifinal, joining Sanz and Georges Taillandier in the final.
- Taillandier and Sanz reaffirmed French dominance of the sport, taking the top two spots in the final. Lake took the United States' first medal in cycling.
- The 25 kilometres was held on the 15th. Frenchmen Louis Bastien and Louis Hildebrand, and American Lake were the primary contenders, with Bastien the favorite. Lake was unable to keep pace with Hildebrand, however, and dropped out of the race. Bastien won, followed by Hildebrand and Auguste Daumain. Future Tour de France winner Louis Trousselier was among the rest of the pack.
- The amateur points race, or "Course de Primes", was also held on 15 September. It was a 5 kilometre race — 10 laps of the track — with points awarded at the end of each lap.
A total of 72 cyclists from 6 nations competed at the sprint and 25 km cycling events during the Paris Games:
|4||United States (USA)||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (4 nations)||3||3||3||9|
In 1900, there was no official distinction between Olympic events and non-Olympic events held during the Exposition Universelle (1900). Most events were open for all cyclists. The cycling events satisfying all of these criteria — restricted to amateurs, open to all nations, open to all competitors and without handicapping — are now regarded as Olympic events. The IOC has never decided which events were "Olympic" and which were not. Other events were:
- 50 kilometres
- 100 miles (winner: Taylor, France)
- Sprint for professionals (winner: Meyers, Belgium)
- 100 kilometers (winner: Chase, England)
- Course des Nations (winner: American team)
- Amateurs handicap
- Professional points race
- Individual pursuit
- Bol d'Or (Winner: Mathieu Cordang, Netherlands)
- International Olympic Committee medal winners database
- De Wael, Herman. Herman's Full Olympians: "Cycling - track 1900". Accessed 19 March 2006. Available electronically at .
- Mallon, Bill (1998). The 1900 Olympic Games, Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 0-7864-0378-0.
- 1900 Report, La 84 Foundation
- 1900 Report, page 56
- Lennartz, Karl; Teutenberg, Walter (1995). Olympische Spiele 1900 in Paris. Kassel, Germany: Agon-Sportverlag. p. 147. ISBN 3-928562-20-7.
In many works, it is read that the IOC later met to decide which events were Olympic and which were not. This is not correct and no decision has ever been made. No discussion of this item can be found in the account of any Session.
- "Cycling at the 1900 Paris Summer Games". Sports-reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020.
- 1900 Report, page 305