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Curaçao International Airport

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Curaçao International Airport (IATA: CUR, ICAO: TNCC), (Dutch: Hato Internationale luchthaven) also known as Hato International Airport (formerly Dr. Albert Plesman International Airport), is the primary airport for the island of Curaçao. The airport is located on the north coast of Curaçao, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the capital Willemstad. Curaçao International Airport services flights from the Caribbean region, South America, North America and Europe and has the third longest commercial runway in the Caribbean region after Rafael Hernández Airport in Puerto Rico and Pointe-à-Pitre International Airport in Guadeloupe. The airport serves as a main base for Divi Divi Air as well as EZAir; it formerly served as a main base for ALM, KLM, DCA, DAE and Insel Air.

Curaçao
International Airport
Hato
International Airport

Hato Internationale
luchthaven
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCuraçao Airport Holding
OperatorCuraçao Airport Partners
ServesCuraçao
LocationWillemstad, Curaçao
Hub for
Elevation AMSL29 ft / 9 m
Coordinates12°11′20″N 068°57′35″W / 12.18889°N 68.95972°W / 12.18889; -68.95972Coordinates: 12°11′20″N 068°57′35″W / 12.18889°N 68.95972°W / 12.18889; -68.95972
Websitecuracao-airport.com
Map
CUR is located in Curaçao
CUR
CUR
Location in Curaçao
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,410 11,188 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers1,700,000 to 2,000,000
Freight (tonnes)12,023
Movements40,483
Source: DAFIF,[1] Zurich Airport[2]

Located on the Dutch Caribbean island of Curaçao, connects Europe, the Americas and the Caribbean. Curaçao International Airport is served by several airlines. The Curaçao International Airport has one of the longest runways in the Caribbean, accommodating up to a Boeing 747. In the early fall of 2014, Curaçao International Airport will open a new General Aviation Center offering premier service in a separate building with a private entrance and exit and special amenities. Curaçao has daily non-stop air services from Miami, Amsterdam, Panama, and Bogota, complemented by convenient services to Aruba, Bonaire, St. Maarten, Santo Domingo, Port of Spain, Caracas and Paramaribo among others.

HistoryEdit

 
The original tower
 
The old departure terminal

The airport was initially called Hato Airport, namesake to the nearby town of Hato. On Tuesday, 5 January 1954, the airport was renamed Dr. Albert Plesman airport. Plesman, director of the Royal Dutch Airlines for the Netherlands and Colonies, had died a few days earlier. Often it was spoken of Aeropuerto Plesman or Plesman Airport, unofficially also the name Hato remained in use till this day. Nowadays the official name is Curaçao International Airport. It will be unnecessary to set out in detail, of which it is of paramount importance, that the Dutch aviation industry gets a firm footing in the vicinity of the Caribbean sea, where air traffic is now becoming more and more a factor of economic significance.' - Albert Plesman With the above argument in March 1934 Albert Plesman, director of KLM, hoped to receive financial support from the Comité Vliegtocht Nederland-Indië. It was a new plan to head to the West. In the 1920s it started to interest itself in the Caribbean region. Curaçao was developing itself in a beneficial way due to the presence of the oil refinery and a growing number of people were starting to choose the region with the purpose of vacationing. Aviation companies were paying close attention to these developments and were researching if it was possible to create a connection between the United States, Curaçao and South America. The West Indische Gouvernement constructed a runway at the Hato plantation in Curaçao,

On 22 December 1934 the Snip plane arrived in Curaçao after an 8th day during trip with the route Amsterdam-Marseille-Alicante-Casablanca-Porto Praia-Paramaribo-La Guaria-Curaçao.

Hato was one of the most important and busiest airports in the Caribbean during the Second World War. The airfield was used by the US Air Force for patrols against submarines.

During the 1960s the 'Bestuurscollege' commissioned Netherlands Airport Consultants B.V. (NACO) to design a Master plan for the airport. This assignment was in connection with the expected arrival of the Boeing 747. The 'Jumbo' first flew on 9 February 1969.

Curaçao International Airport N.V. (Curinta) was founded in 1977 and operated the Airport until 2013. Its predecessor was the 'Luchthavenbedrijf', which was a department of the Government of Curaçao.


World War IIEdit

During World War II, the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces Sixth Air Force conducting antisubmarine patrols. Flying units using the airfield were:

Airport Expansion ProjectEdit

Curaçao Airport Partners (CAP) started off the expansion and visible enhancement of Curaçao International Airport as part of the Airport Expansion Project:

1) 2014: Enhancement and expansion of the Check-In area and airport boulevard.

2) 2016: Groundbreaking Ceremony of the Curaçao International Airport Terminal Expansion Project.

3) 2016: Inauguration Arrivals Hall and inauguration of airport food&beverages services and stores. CAP now also provides a safer landside flow, as the ‘road’ right in front of the airport has been adjusted into a boulevard for pedestrians. Families, kids, airport employees and users can safely enjoy this area of the airport, while having a clear overview of the surroundings.

4)Spantenbier Terminal Expansion on June 1st.

The Spantenbier and Terminal ExpansionEdit

The Terminal Expansion Project is a crucial component of the Airport Expansion Project. The SPANTENBIER of the expanded eastern part of the terminal marks yet another important milestone in the Airport Expansion Project. Important partner in this development is governmental company Curaçao Airport Holding, which is also investing significantly in the realization of the Terminal Expansion Project. Following this milestone, we will continue with the development of the terminal, which when inaugurated, will have doubled the Departure waiting area. In addition to a more spacious area for arriving, departing and transit passengers, Curaçao International Airport will gain an additional bridge that will be able to accommodate process and offer services to large wide-body aircraft. In addition, a second Mirador will be placed on the expanded part of the Terminal, ideal for enjoying plane spotting with family and friends or for photography.

Economic and social impactEdit

CAP realizes the impact the airport developments have on Curaçao’s economy, and as the airport operator is committed to jointly offer an enhanced and improved facility and service, positioning Curaçao as a more competitive airport in the Caribbean region.

The start date of the complete construction work for the Terminal Expansion Project [terminal and continuation with the expansion of the middle part of the airport] was the second Quarter of 2016. The end date of the complete construction work (including new immigration Departures area) is set in December 2018. The start date of the terminal expansion/bridge construction work was June 2016. The end date is set for January 2018. When the Terminal area is operational, CAP and CAH will have offered more space (double the capacity) in the waiting area with facilities that enhance the comfort and experience of the traveler as well as more shopping and food & beverage facilities. CAP will also be able to offer a 6th bridge for major wide body airplanes. Here after CAP will continue with the expansion which includes separate routes for arriving or transit passengers and a new spacious area for Departing Area Immigration among others.

The aim is to be able to process 2.5 Million travelers.

InvestmentEdit

Curaçao Airport Partners (private company) invests 25 million dollars in the Terminal Expansion. CAH also invested an additional 10 million dollars in the Terminal Expansion Project.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Movements 2018 2017 2016 2015
Passengers[5] 431,701 399,013 441,356 467,538
Top 10 Busiest routes out of Curacao International Airport (2018)[6]
Rank Country Passengers % Totaal % Change Airlines
1   Netherlands 177.042 41,0%   11,0% KLM, TUI fly Netherlands
2   United States 73.259 17,0%   20,0% American Airlines, JetBlue
3   Colombia 23.593 5,5%   38,0% Avianca, Copa Airlines
4   Canada 21.169 4,9%   11,0% Air Canada, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet
5   Germany 18.536 4,3%   10,0% Condor
6   Venezuela 16.081 3,7%   44,0% Albatros Airlines, Avior Airlines, LASER Airlines
7   Aruba 14.060 3,3%   13,0% Aruba Airlines, Divi Divi Air, EZAir
8   Brazil 13.229 3,1%   23,0% Avianca, Wingo
9   Suriname 8.458 2,0%   9,0% Fly All Ways, Surinam Airways
10   Belgium 7.400 1,7%   12,0% TUI fly Belgium

Coast Guard Air Station HatoEdit

Located at the west side of Hato Airport there are hangars for the two Bombardier Dash 8 Maritime Patrol Aircraft and two AgustaWestland AW139 helicopters of the Dutch Caribbean Coast Guard. This was, until 2007, a naval airbase of the Royal Netherlands Navy which operated the base for 55 years. With a wide variety of aircraft in the past years Fireflies, Avengers, Trackers, Neptunes, Fokker F-27's, P-3C Orions, Fokker F-60's and several helicopters. After the political decision to sell all Orions the airbase wasn't needed anymore.

The west end of the airport is a USAF Forward Operating Base (FOB). The base hosts AWACS and transport aircraft. Until 1999 the USAF operated a small fleet of F-16 fighters from the FOB.

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ Airport information for TNCC at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Curaçao factsheet Archived 11 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Zurich Airport.
  3. ^ Liu, Jim (3 October 2019). "Fly All Ways adds St. Maarten service from Sep 2019". routesonline.com.
  4. ^ https://onemileatatime.com/united-airlines-new-routes/
  5. ^ https://www.curacao.com/nl/directory/zaken/statistische-gegevens-en-downloads/maandelijkse-statistieken/#!visitor-arrivals
  6. ^ https://www.curacao.com/nl/directory/zaken/statistische-gegevens-en-downloads/maandelijkse-statistieken/#!visitor-arrivals

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hato International Airport at Wikimedia Commons