The Cryptobranchoidea are a suborder of salamanders found in Asia, European Russia, and the United States. They are known as primitive salamanders, in contrast to Salamandroidea, or advanced salamanders. It has two living subdivisions, Cryptobranchidae, which includes Asian giant salamanders and hellbenders, and Hynobiidae, commonly known as Asian salamanders.
Some species of the fully aquatic family Cryptobranchidae are known as giant salamanders due to their large size.
This suborder contains only two families at present. All other members are extinct and are only known as fossils.
- †Chunerpeton Haifanggou Formation, China, Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) (neotenic, has alternatively been recovered outside of Cryptobranchoidea)
- †Jeholotriton Haifanggou Formation, China, Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) (neotenic)
- †Pangerpeton Haifanggou Formation, China, Middle Jurassic (Bathonian)
- †Nesovtriton Bissekty Formation, Uzbekistan, Late Cretaceous (Turonian)
- †Iridotriton Morrison Formation, United States, Late Jurassic (Tithonian)
- †Kiyatriton Itat Formation, Russia, Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) Ilek Formation, Russia, Early Cretaceous (Barremian-Aptian) (Presumed to be a cryptobranchoid)
- †Laccotriton Fengshan fossil bed, China, Late Jurassic (Tithonian)
- †Sinerpeton Fengshan fossil bed, China, Late Jurassic (Tithonian)
- Cryptobranchidae (Late Cretaceous-Recent)
- †Liaoxitriton Jiufotang Formation, China, Early Cretaceous (Aptian)
- †Linglongtriton Tiaojishan Formation, China, Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)
- †Neimengtriton Haifanggou Formation, China, Middle Jurassic (Bathonian)
- †Regalerpeton Dabeigou Formation, China, Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian)
- †Nuominerpeton Longjiang Formation, China, Early Cretaceous (Aptian)
- Hynobiidae (Miocene-Recent)
- Heying, Heather. "ADW:Family Cryptobranchidae: giant salamanders and hellbenders".
- Jia, Jia; Anderson, Jason S.; Gao, Ke-Qin (2021-07-23). "Middle Jurassic stem hynobiids from China shed light on the evolution of basal salamanders". iScience. 24 (7). doi:10.1016/j.isci.2021.102744. ISSN 2589-0042.
- "Revision of Chunerpeton tianyiense (Lissamphibia, Caudata): Is it a cryptobranchid salamander?". Palaeoworld. 2020-12-08. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2020.12.001. ISSN 1871-174X.