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The Hungarian Croats (Croatian: Hrvati u Mađarskoj; Hungarian: Magyarországi horvátok) are an ethnic minority in Hungary. According to the 2011 census, there were 26,774 Croats in Hungary or 0.3% of population.[2]

Croats of Hungary
Hrvati u Mađarskoj
Total population
26,774[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Baranya County7,185
 Zala County3,770
 Bács-Kiskun County3,502
 Vas County3,197
 Győr-Moson-Sopron County3,028
 Budapest2,186
 Somogy County1,547
 Pest County980
 Csongrád County358
 Fejér County353
 Tolna County178
 Veszprém County131
Languages
Croatian, Hungarian
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Croats, Croats of Vojvodina, Burgenland Croats

Croats of Hungary belong to several ethnographic subgroups. The following groups called themselves through history as Croats: Burgenland Croats, Podravina Croats, Pomurje Croats.[3] These Croats live along the Croatian-Hungarian border and along the Austrian-Hungarian border. There are also Bunjevci and Šokci.

EthnologyEdit

Bošnjaci
 
Bošnjak male from Hungary
Total population
Croats
Regions with significant populations
Hungary
Languages
mostly Croatian
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Croats

The common ethnonym and autonym is horvátok (Croats). In Baranya, there is a community of Croats with Bosnian Catholic origin which is known as bosnyákok (Bosniaks) (Croatian: Bošnjaci, singular Bošnjak; Hungarian: Bosnyákok, in Hungarian literature also Baranyai bosnyákok). They live in Baranya, in the city of Pécs,[4][5][6][7][8][9] also in the villages Kökény, Szemely,[10] Udvar,[11] Szalánta (they came there in the 18th century; today they make 32% of the village population), Pécsudvard,[12] Németi, Pogány.[13], et cetera. Until recently, Croat Bosniak Catholics were the significant community in Áta, Szőke and Szőkéd, but those Croats have significantly magyarized.

In the village of Hercegszántó there is a community of Šokci (Hungarian: sokácok). In Bács-Kiskun, the community of Bunjevci (Hungarian: bunyevácok) declare as Bunjevci or Croats. Croats immigrated in the Early modern period.

GeographyEdit

Croat communities are scattered in several parts of Hungary, mostly in the western and southern part of the country, and along the Danube, including Budapest with neighbourhood.

According to 2011 population census, 7,185 Croats live in Baranya County, 3,770 in Zala County, 3,502 in Bacs-Kiskun County, 3,197 in Vas County, 3,028 in Győr-Moson-Sopron County, 2,186 Croats live in Budapest, 1,547 in Somogy County, 980 in Pest County, 358 in Csongrad County, 353 in Fejer County, 178 in Tolna County, 131 in Veszprem County etc.[14]

Cultural institutionsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Notable Hungarian Croats or Hungarians of Croat descent.

See alsoEdit

Sources and referencesEdit

  1. ^ 2011 Hungary Census Report
  2. ^ National data - 4.1.6.1 Population by nationality, 2011
  3. ^ (in Croatian) Hrvatska državna samouprava Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Ernest Barić: Jezik Hrvata u Mađarskoj
  4. ^ (in Croatian) Croatica.hu Dinko Šokčević: Povijest Hrvata u Mađarskoj
  5. ^ (in Croatian) MVP RH Bilateralni odnosi
  6. ^ (in Croatian) Glas Koncila Archived October 31, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Kako dalje glede pastorala hrvatskih katolika u Mađarskoj?
  7. ^ (in Croatian) Živko Mandić: Obiteljski nadimci Hrvata Bošnjaka u Mađarskoj
  8. ^ (in Croatian) Folklorni ansambl "Tanac", Pečuh Archived 2016-10-24 at the Wayback Machine Priča
  9. ^ "Podravina.net" (PDF) (in Croatian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help) Sanja Vulić: Međunarodni kroatistički znanstveni skupovi u Pečuhu 1998. i 2000.
  10. ^ "Hrvatski glasnik br. 34/2008" (PDF) (in Croatian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2019-05-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help) (737 KB) XIV. Bošnjačko sijelo u Kukinju
  11. ^ (in Croatian) Hrvatski glasnik br. 5/2006. Archived 2012-02-25 at the Wayback Machine Bošnjačka svadba
  12. ^ (in Croatian) Ansambl narodnih plesova Tanac Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ (in Croatian) Sanja Vulić: O govorima Bošnjaka u Mađarskoj, objavljeno na Internetu 09. ožujka 2007. na www.podravina.net
  14. ^ Hungarian Central Statistical Office 4.1.11 Population by national/ethnic groups
  15. ^ (in Croatian) Hrvatski glasnik br.33/2007. Počasni građanin Santova, 16 August 2007, p. 5
  16. ^ (in Croatian) Hrvatski glasnik br.29/2008. Ulica Nikole Pančića u Gari, 17 July 2008, p. 15

External linksEdit