Open main menu

Wikipedia β

The Körös ([ˈkørøʃ]; Romanian: Criș, German: Kreisch) is a river in eastern Hungary and western Romania. Its length is 128.6 km (79.9 mi) from the confluence of its two source rivers Fehér-Körös (Crișul Alb) and Fekete-Körös (Crișul Negru) to its outflow into the Tisza. Its drainage basin area is 27,537 km2 (10,632 sq mi).[1]:22 It has three source rivers, all of which have their origin in the Apuseni Mountains in Transylvania, Romania: Crișul Alb (Fehér-Körös), Crișul Negru (Fekete-Körös) and Crișul Repede (Sebes-Körös). The confluence of the rivers Fehér-Körös (Crișul Alb) and Fekete-Körös (Crișul Negru) is near the town Gyula. The Körös downstream from Gyula is also called the Kettős-Körös (Hungarian for "double Körös"). 37.3 km further downstream, near Gyomaendrőd, the Sebes-Körös (Crișul Repede) joins the Criș/Körös. The section downstream from Gyomaendrőd is also called the Hármas-Körös (Hungarian for "triple Körös"). The Körös flows into the Tisza River near Csongrád.

Râul Criș
Near Kunszentmárton, 2006 Körös1.jpg
The Körös near Kunszentmárton
Countries Hungary, Romania
Counties Békés, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Csongrád
 - left Crișul Alb (Fehér-Körös)
 - right Crișul Negru (Fekete-Körös), Crișul Repede (Sebes-Körös)
Towns Békés, Szarvas
Source Confluence of headwaters Crișul Alb and Crișul Negru
 - location near Gyula
 - elevation 85 m (279 ft)
 - coordinates 46°42′1″N 21°16′9″E / 46.70028°N 21.26917°E / 46.70028; 21.26917
Mouth Tisza
 - location near Csongrád
 - elevation 80 m (262 ft)
 - coordinates 46°43′2″N 20°11′18″E / 46.71722°N 20.18833°E / 46.71722; 20.18833Coordinates: 46°43′2″N 20°11′18″E / 46.71722°N 20.18833°E / 46.71722; 20.18833
Length 128.6 km (80 mi)
Basin 27,537 km2 (10,632 sq mi)
 - average 100 m3/s (3,531 cu ft/s)
Progression TiszaDanubeBlack Sea

It was known in antiquity as the "Chrysus", Crisus, Crisia, Grisia, or Gerasus, while an archaic German name is Kreisch.