County of Fergusson

County of Fergusson is a cadastral unit located in the Australian state of South Australia which spans Yorke Peninsula south of Price. It was proclaimed in 1869 by Governor Fergusson after whom the county was named.

Fergusson
South Australia
Ardrossan.jpg
Fergusson is located in South Australia
Fergusson
Fergusson
Coordinates34°42′22″S 137°39′22″E / 34.706°S 137.656°E / -34.706; 137.656Coordinates: 34°42′22″S 137°39′22″E / 34.706°S 137.656°E / -34.706; 137.656
Established1869[1]
Area4,830 square kilometres (1,864 sq mi)[2]
LGA(s)Yorke Peninsula Council[2]
RegionYorke and Mid North[3][2]
Lands administrative divisions around Fergusson:
Spencer Gulf Daly Stanley
Spencer Gulf Fergusson Gawler
Spencer Gulf Investigator Strait Investigator Strait
FootnotesCoordinates[2]
Adjoining counties
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

DescriptionEdit

The County of Fergusson covers the part of Yorke Peninsula "lying to the south of the south boundary of the County of Daly, including Wauraltee Island", the county boundary approximately aligning with Price town centre.[1][4]

HistoryEdit

The County of Fergusson was proclaimed by Sir James Fergusson, the eighth Governor of South Australia on 18 February 1869 along with three of its constituent hundreds, Melville, Moorowie and Para Wurlie.[1][5] The county was named after Governor Fergusson, who held office from 1869 to 1873.[2]

Sixteen hundreds were proclaimed within the county from 1869 to 1878: Carribie and Coonarie in 1878, Cunningham in 1873, Curramulka in 1874, Dalrymple and Kilkerran in 1872, Koolywurtie in 1874, Maitland in 1872, Melville in 1869, Minlacowie in 1874, Moorowie in 1869, Muloowurtie in 1874, Para Wurlie in 1869, Ramsay in 1872, Warrenben in 1878 and Wauraltee in 1874.[6]

The earliest local government bodies established within the county were the District Council of Melville, formed in 1875 and comprising the Hundred of Melville and part of the Hundred of Moorowie, the Corporate Town of Yorketown which seceded from Melville in 1879, the Corporate Town of Edithburgh which seceded from the same in 1882, the Corporate Town of Maitland, formed in 1883 within the Hundred of Maitland, and the District Council of Dalrymple, formed in 1877 and comprising the Hundred of Dalrymple.

Until 1888 the remaining residents of Yorke Peninsula, scattered across 14 hundred divisions, strongly resisted the establishment of local government. This allowed them to escape being subject to the expense of council rates until 1888 when the promulgation of the District Councils Act 1887 forced the incorporation of the entire peninsula into district councils.[7] Thus, from January 1888:

List of constituent hundredsEdit

Description of layout of the hundredsEdit

The hundreds located within the County of Fergusson are laid out as follows:[4]

  • West coast of the peninsula overlooking Spencer Gulf (from south to north) - Warrenben, Carribie, Para Wurlie, northern end of Moorowie, Minlacowie, Koolywurtie, Wauraltee and Kilkerran.
  • South coast of the peninsula overlooking Investigator Strait (from west to east) - Warrenben, Coonarie, Moorowie and Melville.
  • East coast overlooking Gulf St Vincent (from south to north) - Melville, Dalrymple, Ramsay, Curramulka, Muloowurtie and Cunningham.
  • Boundary with the County of Daly (from west to east) - Kilkerran, Maitland and Cunningham.

Hundred of KilkerranEdit

The Hundred of Kilkerran (34°22′45″S 137°33′14″E / 34.379050°S 137.553820°E / -34.379050; 137.553820 (Hundred of Kilkerran)) was proclaimed on 20 June 1872.[8][9][10][11] It covers an area of 320 square kilometres (123 sq mi) and its name is derived from “Governor Fergusson's estate in Scotland.”[12] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Yorke Peninsula.

Localities include Balgowan, Point Pearce, South Kilkerran and part of the Maitland boundary.

Hundred of MaitlandEdit

 
Hundred of Maitland, 1894

The Hundred of Maitland (34°22′26″S 137°43′02″E / 34.373930°S 137.717120°E / -34.373930; 137.717120 (Hundred of Maitland)) was proclaimed on 20 June 1872. It covers an area of 320 square kilometres (123 sq mi) and was named after Julia Maitland who is considered to be a relative of Governor Fergusson.,[13][14] The first local government bodies within the hundred were the District Council of Yorke Peninsula and the Corporate Town of Maitland.

Localities include most of the Maitland boundary including the township, Yorke Valley and the western area of Cunningham.

Hundred of CunninghamEdit

The Hundred of Cunningham (34°21′35″S 137°53′25″E / 34.359620°S 137.890150°E / -34.359620; 137.890150 (Hundred of Cunningham)) was proclaimed on 19 June 1873. It covers an area of 350 square kilometres (134 sq mi) around the Ardrossan and Price areas and its name is reported as being derived from Hastings Cunningham which was the founder of what is now Mount Gambier and “a friend of Governor Fergusson.”[15] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Yorke Peninsula.

The localities included are Ardrossan, Cunningham (eastern part), Dowlingville, Petersville, Price, Winulta (southern part).

Hundred of WauralteeEdit

The Hundred of Wauraltee (34°32′51″S 137°35′57″E / 34.547450°S 137.5992°E / -34.547450; 137.5992 (Hundred of Wauraltee)) was proclaimed on 31 December 1878. It covers an area of 300 square kilometres (117 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from the aboriginal words “waural” which means ‘bandicoot’ and “tee” which means ‘island island (sic).’[16][17][10][11][9]!! The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Yorke Peninsula.

Localities include Port Victoria, Urania and Wauraltee.

Hundred of MuloowurtieEdit

The Hundred of Muloowurtie (34°33′13″S 137°47′33″E / 34.553590°S 137.792490°E / -34.553590; 137.792490 (Hundred of Muloowurtie)) was proclaimed on 31 December 1874. It covers an area of 280 square kilometres (107 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from an aboriginal word meaning “a rat burrow.”[18] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Yorke Peninsula.

The localities of Sandilands, James Well, Rogues Point, Pine Point and Black Point, and a northern section of Curramulka are within the hundred.

Hundred of KoolywurtieEdit

Proclaimed in 1874 on central Yorke Peninsula and first governed at the local level by the District Council of Minlaton.

Hundred of CurramulkaEdit

The Hundred of Curramulka (34°41′23″S 137°46′15″E / 34.6896°S 137.770750°E / -34.6896; 137.770750 (Hundred of Curramulka)) was proclaimed on 31 December 1874. It covers an area of 270 square kilometres (105 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from the aboriginal words "curra" which means emu and "mulka" which means ‘deep waterhole.’[19] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Minlaton.

The localities of Curramulka, PortJulia, Sheoak Flat and part of the Port Vincent are within the hundred.

Hundred of MinlacowieEdit

The Hundred of Minlacowie (34°49′19″S 137°33′26″E / 34.821950°S 137.557210°E / -34.821950; 137.557210 (Hundred of Minlacowie)) was proclaimed on 26 March 1874. It covers an area of 280 square kilometres (110 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from an aboriginal word meaning “sweet water.”[20] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Minlaton.

Localities include Minlaton, Brentwood, Parsons Beach and part of the Hardwicke Bay boundary.

Hundred of RamsayEdit

The Hundred of Ramsay (34°49′19″S 137°44′36″E / 34.821840°S 137.743360°E / -34.821840; 137.743360 (Hundred of Ramsay)) was proclaimed on 20 June 1872. It covers an area of 280 square kilometres (110 sq mi) and was named after J G Ramsay, a South Australian parliamentarian.[21] The first local government bodies within the hundred were the District Council of Minlaton and the District Council of Dalrymple.

Localities include Ramsay, Port Vincent and part of Stansbury

Hundred of CarribieEdit

The Hundred of Carribie (35°00′01″S 137°03′58″E / 35.0004°S 137.066220°E / -35.0004; 137.066220 (Hundred of Carribie)) was proclaimed on 24 January 1878. It covers an area of 350 square kilometres (137 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from an aboriginal word meaning “Emu Flat.”[22] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Melville.

Hundred of Para WurlieEdit

The Hundred of Para Wurlie (34°59′12″S 137°16′36″E / 34.986790°S 137.276570°E / -34.986790; 137.276570 (Hundred of Para Wurlie)) was proclaimed on 18 February 1869. It covers an area of 330 square kilometres (126 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from the aboriginal words “Para” which means ‘water’ and “Wurlie” which means ‘hut’.[23] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Melville.

Hundred of MoorowieEdit

The Hundred of Moorowie (35°00′01″S 137°28′15″E / 35.000160°S 137.47076°E / -35.000160; 137.47076 (Hundred of Moorowie)) was proclaimed on 18 February 1869. It covers an area of 280 square kilometres (110 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from an aboriginal word meaning “a sandy or dusty water.”[24] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Melville.

Hundred of DalrympleEdit

Proclaimed in 1872 on the southern Yorke Peninsula and first governed at the local level by the District Council of Dalrymple.

Hundred of MelvilleEdit

Proclaimed in 1869 at the south-eastern corner of Yorke Peninsula and first governed at the local level by the District Council of Melville, the Corporate Town of Yorketown and the Corporate Town of Edithburgh.

Hundred of CoonarieEdit

The Hundred of Coonarie (35°06′38″S 137°16′50″E / 35.110590°S 137.2806°E / -35.110590; 137.2806 (Hundred of Coonarie)) was proclaimed on 24 January 1878. It covers an area of 270 square kilometres (104 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from an aboriginal word meaning “Hollow Tree.”[25] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Melville.

Hundred of WarrenbenEdit

The Hundred of Warrenben (35°09′35″S 137°01′47″E / 35.159640°S 137.029660°E / -35.159640; 137.029660 (Hundred of Warrenben)) was proclaimed on 24 January 1878. It covers an area of 429 square kilometres (165.5 sq mi) and its name is reported as being derived from an aboriginal word meaning “a waterhole.”[26] The first local government body within the hundred was the District Council of Melville.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "New Counties" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. Government of South Australia. 1869: 248. 18 February 1869. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Search result for "County of Fergusson (CNTY)" (Record no SA0023746) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Land Services, Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure, Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Yorke and Mid North SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b "HUNDRED MAP Series Index Map" (PDF). Department of Environment and Heritage, Government of South Australia. December 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  5. ^ "New Hundreds" (PDF). South Australian Government Gazette. Government of South Australia. 1869 (10): 249–250. 18 February 1869. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  6. ^ Leadbeater, Maureen (2014). "Counties & Hundreds of South Australia". FamilyHistorySA. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  7. ^ Marsden, Susan (2012). "A History of South Australian Councils to 1936" (PDF). Local Government Association of South Australia. pp. 5–6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  8. ^ The Hundred of Kilkerran, State Library of South Australia.
  9. ^ a b Leadbeater, Maureen M (5 June 2016). "Counties and Hundreds – South Australia". FamilyHistorySA.info. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  10. ^ a b Counties and hundreds of South Australia.
  11. ^ a b Maureen M Leadbeater Counties and Hundreds, South Australia.
  12. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Kilkerran (HD)" (Record no SA0036575) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Maitland (HD)" (Record no SA0042118) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Maitland, Nomenclature". Place Names of South Australia. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Cunningham (HD)" (Record no SA0017333) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  16. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Wauraltee (HD)" (Record no SA0020015) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  17. ^ Wauraltee, South Australian Museum.
  18. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Muloowurtie (HD)" (Record no SA0047616) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  19. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Curramulka (HD)" (Record no SA0017408) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  20. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Minlacowie (HD)" (Record no SA0045169) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Ramsay (HD)" (Record no SA0057759) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Carribie (HD)" (Record no SA0062029) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  23. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Para Wurlie (HD)" (Record no SA0053257) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  24. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Moorowie (HD)" (Record no SA0046245) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  25. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Coonarie (HD)" (Record no SA0015674) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  26. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Warrenben (HD)" (Record no SA0018206) with the following layers selected - "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 20 July 2016.