Corte, Haute-Corse

Corte (/ˈkɔːrt/; Italian: [ˈkorte];[2] French: [kɔʁte]; Corsican: Corti, pronounced [ˈkorti]) is a commune in the Upper Corsica department of France on the island of Corsica. It is the fourth-largest commune in Corsica after Ajaccio, Bastia, and Porto Vecchio.

Corte

Corti
Citadel
Citadel
Coat of arms of Corte
Coat of arms
Location of Corte
Corte is located in France
Corte
Corte
Corte is located in Corsica
Corte
Corte
Coordinates: 42°18′23″N 9°09′05″E / 42.3064°N 9.1514°E / 42.3064; 9.1514Coordinates: 42°18′23″N 9°09′05″E / 42.3064°N 9.1514°E / 42.3064; 9.1514
CountryFrance
RegionCorsica
DepartmentHaute-Corse
ArrondissementCorte
CantonCorte
IntercommunalityCentre Corse
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Antoine Sindali
Area
1
149.27 km2 (57.63 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
7,446
 • Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
2B096 /20250
Elevation299–2,626 m (981–8,615 ft)
(avg. 486 m or 1,594 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

AdministrationEdit

Corte is a subprefecture of the Haute-Corse department.

HistoryEdit

Corte was the capital of the Corsican independent state during the period of Pasquale Paoli.

During World War I, German prisoners of war were kept in the Citadel.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18002,092—    
18063,073+46.9%
18212,735−11.0%
18313,282+20.0%
18363,587+9.3%
18413,505−2.3%
18464,599+31.2%
18514,719+2.6%
18564,676−0.9%
18615,754+23.1%
18666,094+5.9%
18725,426−11.0%
18765,018−7.5%
18815,136+2.4%
18865,002−2.6%
18915,029+0.5%
18965,000−0.6%
19015,425+8.5%
19065,188−4.4%
19115,211+0.4%
19215,094−2.2%
19265,267+3.4%
19315,396+2.4%
19366,014+11.5%
19465,310−11.7%
19545,033−5.2%
19625,066+0.7%
19684,948−2.3%
19755,230+5.7%
19825,177−1.0%
19905,693+10.0%
19996,329+11.2%
20086,779+7.1%
20167,389+9.0%

SightsEdit

Sites of interest include the Fortress (A citadella), the Museum of Corsica (Museu di a Corsica), and the University of Corsica (Università di Corsica).

TransportEdit

National roads lead to Ajaccio and Bastia.

Corte is also linked to Ajaccio, Bastia and Calvi by the Chemin de fer de la Corse (Corsican Railway), and is served by trains running between Ajaccio and Calvi, and Ajaccio and Bastia.

ClimateEdit

Corte has a hot-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), sometimes presenting alpine conditions during the winter, with 52 summer days and 56 frost days.

Climate data for Corte, Haute-Corse (1990–2010 averages, extremes 1990–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
22.4
(72.3)
29.2
(84.6)
27.2
(81.0)
33.1
(91.6)
36.5
(97.7)
41.1
(106.0)
39.5
(103.1)
35.3
(95.5)
31.2
(88.2)
24.8
(76.6)
21.5
(70.7)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
12.9
(55.2)
15.8
(60.4)
18.1
(64.6)
23.5
(74.3)
27.6
(81.7)
31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.3)
26.0
(78.8)
21.3
(70.3)
15.9
(60.6)
12.0
(53.6)
20.7
(69.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
6.6
(43.9)
9.3
(48.7)
11.5
(52.7)
16.1
(61.0)
20.0
(68.0)
22.8
(73.0)
23.2
(73.8)
18.8
(65.8)
15.1
(59.2)
10.1
(50.2)
6.9
(44.4)
13.9
(57.0)
Average low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
0.3
(32.5)
2.7
(36.9)
4.9
(40.8)
8.7
(47.7)
12.3
(54.1)
14.5
(58.1)
15.0
(59.0)
11.7
(53.1)
8.9
(48.0)
4.4
(39.9)
1.7
(35.1)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.9
(33.6)
3.9
(39.0)
6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
−8.7
(16.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68.2
(2.69)
55.1
(2.17)
49.7
(1.96)
79.1
(3.11)
57.5
(2.26)
35.7
(1.41)
29.1
(1.15)
30.7
(1.21)
53.4
(2.10)
106.6
(4.20)
116.6
(4.59)
121.5
(4.78)
803.6
(31.64)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.3 6.4 6.7 9.1 6.4 4.4 3.0 3.8 6.5 8.5 10.6 10.2 82.6
Source: Météo France[3]

EducationEdit

Corte has become a major university town in Corsica since the Pasquale Paoli University opened up again in 1980s.

Notable peopleEdit

Corte was the birthplace of Joseph Bonaparte (1768–1844), the eldest brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and Spain (1808–1813).

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ (in Italian) Entry corte in the Dizionario d'ortografia e di pronunzia (DOP).
  3. ^ "Corte_FDF (20)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2019.

External linksEdit