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Corte (French: [kɔʁ.te] ; Italian pronunciation: [ˈkorte],[1] Corsican: Corti) is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. It is the fourth-largest commune in Corsica after Ajaccio, Bastia, and Porto-Vecchio.

Corte
Corti
Subprefecture and commune
Citadel
Citadel
Coat of arms of Corte
Coat of arms
Corte is located in France
Corte
Corte
Location within Corsica region
Corte is located in Corsica
Corte
Corte
Coordinates: 42°18′23″N 9°09′05″E / 42.3064°N 9.1514°E / 42.3064; 9.1514Coordinates: 42°18′23″N 9°09′05″E / 42.3064°N 9.1514°E / 42.3064; 9.1514
Country France
Region Corsica
Department Haute-Corse
Arrondissement Corte
Canton Corte
Intercommunality Centre Corse
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Antoine Sindali
Area1 149.27 km2 (57.63 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 6,779
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 2B096 /20250
Elevation 299–2,626 m (981–8,615 ft)
(avg. 486 m or 1,594 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

AdministrationEdit

Corte is a subprefecture of the Haute-Corse department.

HistoryEdit

Corte was the capital of the Corsican independent state during the period of Pasquale Paoli.

During World War I, German prisoners of war were kept in the Citadel.

PopulationEdit

Year Pop. ±%
1800 2,092 —    
1806 3,073 +46.9%
1821 2,735 −11.0%
1831 3,282 +20.0%
1836 3,587 +9.3%
1841 3,505 −2.3%
1846 4,599 +31.2%
1851 4,719 +2.6%
1856 4,676 −0.9%
1861 5,754 +23.1%
1866 6,094 +5.9%
1872 5,426 −11.0%
1876 5,018 −7.5%
1881 5,136 +2.4%
1886 5,002 −2.6%
1891 5,029 +0.5%
1896 5,000 −0.6%
1901 5,425 +8.5%
1906 5,188 −4.4%
1911 5,211 +0.4%
1921 5,094 −2.2%
1926 5,267 +3.4%
1931 5,396 +2.4%
1936 6,014 +11.5%
1946 5,310 −11.7%
1954 5,033 −5.2%
1962 5,066 +0.7%
1968 4,948 −2.3%
1975 5,230 +5.7%
1982 5,177 −1.0%
1990 5,693 +10.0%
1999 6,329 +11.2%
2008 6,779 +7.1%

SightsEdit

Sites of interest include the Fortress (A citadella), the Museum of Corsica (Museu di a Corsica), and the University of Corsica (Università di Corsica).

TransportEdit

National roads lead to Ajaccio and Bastia.

Corte is also linked to Ajaccio, Bastia and Calvi by the Chemin de fer de la Corse (Corsican Railway), and is served by trains running between Ajaccio and Calvi, and Ajaccio and Bastia.

ClimateEdit

Corte has a mediterranean climate, sometimes alpine during the winter, with 52 summer days and 56 frost days.

Climate data for Corte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.1
(62.8)
22.4
(72.3)
25.2
(77.4)
30.4
(86.7)
29.5
(85.1)
25
(77)
19.3
(66.7)
12.4
(54.3)
9.7
(49.5)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
6.2
(43.2)
8.4
(47.1)
11.8
(53.2)
15.9
(60.6)
19.7
(67.5)
21.1
(70)
21.0
(69.8)
18.1
(64.6)
12.6
(54.7)
7.6
(45.7)
5.8
(42.4)
12.9
(55.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.1
(34)
3.2
(37.8)
6.1
(43)
9.4
(48.9)
13
(55)
11.4
(52.5)
12
(54)
11.1
(52)
5.9
(42.6)
2.8
(37)
1.7
(35.1)
6.6
(43.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67
(2.64)
78
(3.07)
70
(2.76)
56
(2.2)
44
(1.73)
29
(1.14)
12
(0.47)
29
(1.14)
52
(2.05)
93
(3.66)
95
(3.74)
87
(3.43)
712
(28.03)
Source: infoclimat.fr

EducationEdit

Corte has become a major university town in Corsica since the Pasquale Paoli University opened up again in 1980s.

PersonalitiesEdit

Corte was the birthplace of Joseph Bonaparte (1768–1844), the eldest brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and Spain (1808–1813).

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit