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List of monarchs of Naples

  (Redirected from King of Naples)

The following is a list of rulers of the Kingdom of Naples, from its first separation from the Kingdom of Sicily to its merger with the same into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Contents

Kingdom of Naples (1282–1501)Edit

House of AnjouEdit

In 1382, the Kingdom of Naples was heired by Charles III, King of Hungary. After this, the House of Anjou of Naples was renamed House of Anjou-Durazzo, like Charles III married his first cousin Margaret of Durazzo, member of a prominent Neapolitan noble family.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Charles I
(Carlo I)
30 March 1282 7 January 1285  • Son of Louis VIII of France King of Sicily, Naples and Albania
(Re di Sicilia, Napoli e Albania)
    Charles II, the Lame
(Carlo II, lo Zoppo)
7 January 1285 5 May 1309  • Son of Charles I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Robert I, the Wise
(Roberto I, il Saggio)
5 May 1309 20 January 1343  • Son of Charles II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Joanna I
(Giovanna I)
20 January 1343 12 May 1382  • Grandchild of Robert I Queen of Naples
(Regina di Napoli)
    Charles III, the Short
(Carlo III, il Breve)
12 May 1382 24 February 1386  • Great-grandson of Charles II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Ladislaus I, the Magnanimous
(Ladislao I, il Magnanimo)
24 February 1386 Early 1390  • Son of Charles III King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Valois-Anjou (disputed)Edit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Louis I
(Luigi I)
1382 1384  • Adopted son and heir of Joanna I
 • Could not establish himself in Naples before his death
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Louis II
(Luigi II)
1384 1417  • Son of Louis I (adopted son of Joanna I)
 • Crowned in 1389
 • Actually ruled in Naples only from 1390 until 1399
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Louis III
(Luigi III)
1417 1434  • Son of Louis II
 • He was recognised as Joanna's heir in 1423.
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of AnjouEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Ladislaus I, the Magnanimous
(Ladislao I, il Magnanimo)
Late 1399 6 August 1414  • Son of Charles III King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Joanna II
(Giovanna II)
6 August 1414 2 February 1435  • Daughter of Charles III Queen of Naples
(Regina di Napoli)

House of Valois-AnjouEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    René I, the Good
(Renato I, il Buono)
2 February 1435 2 June 1442  • Son of Louis II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of TrastámaraEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Alfonso I, the Magnanimous
(Alfonso I, il Magnanimo)
2 June 1442 27 June 1458  • Adopted son of Joanna II; conquered King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples
(Re di Aragona, Sicilia e Napoli)
    Ferdinand I
(Ferdinando I)
27 June 1458 25 January 1494  • Illegitimate son of Alfonso I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Alfonso II
(Alfonso II)
25 January 1494 23 January 1495  • Son of Ferdinand I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Ferdinand II
(Ferdinando II)
23 January 1495 7 September 1496  • Son of Alfonso II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
    Frederick I
(Federico I)
7 September 1496 1 August 1501  • Son of Ferdinand I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

Union with France (1501–1504)Edit

Naples became a personal union of the Kingdom of France, under Louis XII. The local government was ruled by a French viceroy.

Union with Spain (1504–1647)Edit

Naples became a personal union of the Kingdom of Aragon, under Ferdinand II. Over time, Aragon and the Kingdom of Castile merged to form the Monarchy of Spain, known colloquially as the "Kingdom of Spain", though the constituent crowns retained their own institutions, and were ruled officially as separate states in personal union rather than as a unified state. The local government was ruled by a Spanish viceroy. The royal houses were:

Neapolitan Republic (1647–1648)Edit

House of GuiseEdit

Officially a Republic, Naples was governed for a short time by the Duke of Guise, under the title of "Doge of Naples".

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Henry of Guise
(Enrico di Guisa)
22 October 1647 5 April 1648  • Claimed a lineage with the House of Valois-Anjou Doge of Naples
(Doge di Napoli)

Union with Spain (1648–1734)Edit

Naples returned a personal union of the Kingdom of Spain, under Philip IV. The local government was ruled by a Spanish viceroy. The royal houses were:

Kingdom of Naples (1734–1799)Edit

House of BourbonEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Charles VII
(Carlo VII)
2 June 1734 6 October 1759  • Son of Philip IV;
confirmed King with a treaty (1738)
King of Spain, Naples and Sicily
(Re di Spagna, Napoli e Sicilia)
    Ferdinand IV, the Conky King
(Ferdinando IV, il Re Nasone)
6 October 1759 23 January 1799  • Son of Charles VII King of Naples and Sicily
(Re di Napoli e Sicilia)

Parthenopean Republic (1799)Edit

DictatorsEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Ref.
1   Jean Étienne Championnet
(1762–1800)
21 January 1799 24 February 1799 Military
Championnet, that was appointed to defend the Roman Republic, but despite the French Directory's directives, he also conquered Naples, and created the Parthenopean Republic. After a short dictatorship, was deposed and imprisoned by France same.
2   Jacques MacDonald
(1765–1840)
24 February 1799 3 June 1799 Military [1]
After the Championnet's deposition, MacDonald ruled Naples for some months, when he moved his forces in the Northern Italy and Naples was reconquered by the Bourbons's loyalists.

Kingdom of Naples (1799–1816)Edit

House of BourbonEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Ferdinand IV, the Conky King
(Ferdinando IV, il Re Nasone)
13 June 1799 30 March 1806  • Son of Charles VII King of Naples and Sicily
(Re di Napoli e Sicilia)

House of BonaparteEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Joseph I
(Giuseppe I)
30 March 1806 8 July 1808  • Conquered the Kingdom; appointed by Napoleon Bonaparte King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of MuratEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Joachim I, the Dandy King
(Gioacchino I, il Re Franconi)
1 August 1808 22 May 1815  • Brother-in-law of Joseph I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of BourbonEdit

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
    Ferdinand IV, the Conky King
(Ferdinando IV, il Re Nasone)
22 May 1815 8 December 1816  • Son of Charles VII King of Naples and Sicily
(Re di Napoli e Sicilia)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Acton, Harold (1957). The Bourbons of Naples (1731-1825) (2009 ed.). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571249015.