List of monarchs of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

The following is a list of rulers of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, until the fusion into the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.

King of the Two Sicilies
Great Royal Coat of Arms of the Two Sicilies.svg
Coat of arms
Francesco II of the Two Sicilies.JPG
Francesco II
Details
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchJoachim I
Last monarchFrancesco II
Formation1 August 1808
Abolition12 February 1861
ResidenceFour official residences:
Pretender(s)Disputed:

HistoryEdit

Joachim Murat was the first king to rule a kingdom called "Two Sicilies" by the Edict of Bayonne, in 1808. Though he controlled the mainland, he never physically controlled the island of Sicily, where his Bourbon rival had fled from Naples.[1][2]

After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the title of king of Two Sicilies was adopted by Ferdinand IV of Naples in 1816.[3] Under Ferdinand's rule, the Kingdom of Naples and the Kingdom of Sicily were unified. He had previously been king of both Naples and Sicily.

List of kingsEdit

House of Bourbon-Two SiciliesEdit

Portrait Coat of arms Name Reign Relationship with predecessor(s) Title
    Ferdinand I
(Ferdinando I)
22 May 1815 4 January 1825  • Son of Charles III of Spain King of the Two Sicilies
(Rè delle Due Sicilie)
    Francis I
(Francesco I)
4 January 1825 8 November 1830  • Son of Ferdinand I King of the Two Sicilies
(Rè delle Due Sicilie)
    Ferdinand II
(Ferdinando II)
8 November 1830 22 May 1859  • Son of Francis I King of the Two Sicilies
(Rè delle Due Sicilie)
    Francis II
(Francesco II)
22 May 1859 20 March 1861  • Son of Ferdinand II King of the Two Sicilies
(Rè delle Due Sicilie)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Colletta, Pietro (1858). History of the Kingdom of Naples 1734-1825. T. Constable and Company. p. 51.
  2. ^ Proclaims with Murat's title. (in Italian)
  3. ^ Romeo R., Moments and problems of the Restoration in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1815–1820), in Southern Italy and Sicily during the Risorgimento, Naples 1963, pp. 85–96. (in Italian)

See alsoEdit