Constance Mary Towers (born May 20, 1933) is an American film, stage, and television actress, and singer. She gained prominence for her appearances in several mainstream 1950s films before transitioning to theater, starring in numerous Broadway productions through the 1970s. Her accolades include two Emmy Award nominations.
Towers in 1971
Constance Mary Towers
May 20, 1933
|Alma mater||Juilliard School|
(m. 1959; div. 1966)
(m. 1974; died 2018)
A native of Montana, Towers began her career doing radio plays as a child in the Pacific Northwest before relocating to New York City where she studied music at the Juilliard School. She made her film debut in the Technicolor comedy picture Bring Your Smile Along (1955) by Blake Edwards before earning recognition for her roles in John Ford's civil war film The Horse Soldiers (1959) and western Sergeant Rutledge (1960). She later appeared in two roles in Samuel Fuller's hard-edged experimental thrillers Shock Corridor (1963) and The Naked Kiss (1964).
Beginning in 1965, Towers embarked on a career in theater, making her Broadway debut in the musical Anya, opposite Lillian Gish, followed by a 1966 production of Show Boat at Lincoln Center. Towers starred in four other Broadway productions throughout the 1970s, most notably as Anna in The King and I in 1977 and 1978. Her later career largely has been based in television, with roles as matriarch Clarissa McCandless on the daytime drama Capitol from 1982 to 1987, and the villainous Helena Cassadine on General Hospital, which she began portraying in 1997.
Towers was born May 20, 1933 in Whitefish, Montana, the daughter of Ardath L. (née Reynolds) and pharmacist Harry J. Towers. Both of her parents were Irish immigrants. In 1940, when Towers was in first grade, she was discovered by talent scouts visiting Montana in search of child actors for radio programs.
She then worked as a child voice actress in Pacific Northwest-based radio programs for three years. According to her official website, Towers was offered a contract with Paramount Pictures at age 11, but the offer was declined by her parents. At age 12, she worked at a small local movie theater in her hometown of Whitefish.
In her adolescence, her family relocated to New York City for her father's work. There she attended the Juilliard School, studying music, and American Academy of Dramatic Arts. She studied singing with well known voice teacher Beverley Peck Johnson.
1955–1964: Early film workEdit
Towers made her film debut in a supporting part in the film Bring Your Smile Along (1955), followed by a supporting part in the crime thriller Over-Exposed (1956). In 1958, Towers was cast in her first lead role as Hannah Hunter in John Ford's civil war film The Horse Soldiers (1959) opposite John Wayne and William Holden. The following year, she appeared in Ford's follow-up film Sergeant Rutledge (1960), a racially themed crime Western.
In 1963, Towers was cast in a supporting role in Samuel Fuller's experimental thriller Shock Corridor (1963), which tells the story of a journalist who commits himself to a psychiatric hospital to solve a murder. Her role as a stripper in the film was described by The New York Times as "hard, driving and realistic." In preparation for the role, Towers spent time at exotic dance clubs in Los Angeles.
Fuller cast Towers again in a lead role in his following film The Naked Kiss (1964), another lurid and hard-edged thriller, in which she plays a crazed prostitute who attempts to assimilate in suburbia after having battered her pimp. The film received some critical acclaim: Eugene Archer of The New York Times commented on the film, saying: "Patently absurd as the plot may be, Mr. Fuller has filmed it with flair, and he has drawn a richly amusing performance from Miss Towers. Between his stylish handling of sensational nonsense and Mr. Marton's turgid floundering around a serious theme, Mr. Fuller's wild little movie has a decided edge."
The same year, Towers appeared in the thriller Fate Is the Hunter, which chronicles the investigation of an airline crash. She also worked as a model for the Heart Fund Benefit at a fashion show held in Reno, Nevada. Between 1961 and 1965, she had five guest roles on the series Perry Mason; In her first two appearances she played the murderer: Jonny Baker in "The Case of the Missing Melody" (1961) and Esther Metcalfe in "The Case of the Prankish Professor" (1963).
1965–1990: Theater careerEdit
Towers appeared as Julie in a 1966 production of Show Boat at Lincoln Center. She also starred in Carousel in 1966 and The Sound of Music in 1967, which she would reprise in 1970, 1971 and 1980 at the Jones Beach Theater in Long Island, New York.
She briefly played Anna Leonowens in 1968, and later she played opposite Yul Brynner in a long-running revival of The King and I on tour and then on Broadway (1976–1978). Clive Barnes praised Towers in the role, and theatre writer John Kenrick calls her performance on the 1977 cast album "great."
From the mid-1960s until the 1990s, Towers' career was primarily focused on theater, though she did appear in films occasionally. She starred in the 1974 television film Once in Her Life, which earned her an Emmy Award nomination for Best Actress in a Special Program. She also appeared on television, playing Marian Hiller, the wife of Dr. Sanford Hiller in Love is a Many Splendored Thing (1971–72).
She had a starring role as noble widow Clarissa McCandless in Capitol (1982–87, the show's entire run), playing rival to the scheming matriarch Myrna Clegg (Carolyn Jones, Marla Adams, Marj Dusay) in trying to see her son succeed in politics and the long-term love of powerful Senator Mark Denning (Ed Nelson). A memorable storyline had her being shot by Mark's mentally ill wife Paula (Julie Adams) and later finding out that her husband Baxter (Ron Harper) was still alive. For this part, she received a Soap Opera Digest Nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
1991–present: Television; General HospitalEdit
Towers had a supporting part in the film The Next Karate Kid (1994) and appeared on television as John Abbott's former secretary, Audrey North, on The Young and the Restless (1996). She later played Madame Julianna Deschanel on Sunset Beach (1997). In 1998, Towers had supporting parts in the horror film The Relic (1998), and the thriller A Perfect Murder (1998), playing the mother of Gwyneth Paltrow's character.
Towers' best-known soap part is as villainous Helena Cassadine on General Hospital which she began playing late in 1997, continuing until her character was killed off in 2015, but made guest appearances in 2016, 2017, and 2019.
Towers guest-starred in the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "The Forsaken" in 1993. She also appeared in Designing Women, Frasier, Baywatch and The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. Other television roles include State Trooper, Hawaii Five-O, The Rockford Files, L.A. Law, The 4400, and Cold Case.
In 2008, Towers starred in the Los Angeles revival of Arthur Allan Seidelman's production of Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks; the play premiered at the Geffen Playhouse in 2001 with Uta Hagen and David Hyde Pierce in the two roles.
Towers was first married to Eugene McGrath from 1959 until their divorce in 1966. In 1974, she married actor and former ambassador to Mexico John Gavin. She has two children from her first marriage. She also has two stepchildren from her marriage to Gavin. Gavin died on February 9, 2018, aged 86.
|1955||Bring Your Smile Along||Nancy Willows|
|1959||The Horse Soldiers||Miss Hannah Hunter of Greenbriar|
|1960||Sergeant Rutledge||Mary Beecher|
|1964||Fate Is the Hunter||Peg Burke|
|1964||The Naked Kiss||Kelly|
|1974||Once in Her Life||Joan Baldwin||Television film|
Nominated – Emmy Award for Best Actress in a Special Program
|1985||Fast Forward||Jessie Granger|
|1991||Memories of Midnight||Television film|
|1992||The Nutt House||Mrs. Henderson|
|1992||The Sands of Time||Television film|
|1994||The Next Karate Kid||Louisa Pierce|
|1995||Thunder in Paradise 3||Cavanna|
|1997||The Relic||Mrs. Blaisedale|
|1998||A Perfect Murder||Sandra Bradford|
|2008||The Awakening of Spring||Mrs. Gable|
|2013||A Fuller Life||Herself||Documentary film|
|2015||Aghápe||Mature Leean||Short film|
|1952||Tales of Tomorrow||Martha||Episode: "Seeing-Eye Surgeon"|
|1957||State Trooper||Doris Woodley||Episode: "Beef ala Murder"|
|1958||Mike Hammer||Jean Barr||Episode: "Overdose of Lead"|
|1957-1958||The Bob Cummings Show||Patricia Plumber||Episodes: "Bob Gives Psychology Lessons" and "Bob's Forgotten Fiancée"|
|1960||Adventures in Paradise||Laura Knight||Episode: "Sink or Swim"|
|1961||Zane Grey Theater||Beth Woodfield||Episode: "Knight of the Sun"|
|1964||The Outer Limits||Laura James||Episode: "The Duplicate Man"|
|1965||Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Louise Menke||Episode: "Exit from a Plane in Flight"|
|1961–1965||Perry Mason||Various roles||5 episodes|
|1971–1972||Love Is a Many Splendored Thing||Marian Hiller||Series regular|
|1975||Hawaii Five-O||Mrs. Thorncrest||Episode: "Death's Name Is Sam"|
|1977||Lanigan's Rabbi||Vinnie Barcas||Episode: "In Hot Weather, the Crime Rate Soars"|
|1979||The Rockford Files||IRS Agent Sally Sternhagen||Episode: "The Big Cheese"|
|1979||Fantasy Island||Shirley Forbush||Episode: "Hit Man/The Swimmer"|
|1981||Fantasy Island||Maggie Dunphy||Episode: "Perfect Husband, The/Volcano"|
|1982–1987||Capitol||Clarissa McCandless||Series regular|
|1986||On Wings of Eagles||Margot Perot||Miniseries|
|1987||Murder, She Wrote||Margaret Witworth||Episode: "Murder, She Spoke"|
|1988||The Loner||Kate Shane||Pilot|
|1987–1988||L.A. Law||Charlotte Kelsey||Episodes: "Rohner vs. Gradinger" and "Full Marital Jacket"|
|1989||MacGyver||Francine Leyland||Episode: "Ma Dalton"|
|1989||Midnight Caller||Teresa Chandler||Episode: "Blood Red"|
|1990||Designing Women||Louise Pollard||Episode: "The Mistress"|
|1991||Matlock||Alice Windemere||Episode: "The Suspect"|
|1992||Baywatch||Maggie James||Episode: "Sea of Flames"|
|1992||2000 Malibu Road||Camilla O'Keefe||Series regular, 6 episodes|
|1992||Civil Wars||Harriet Guilford||Episode: "Das Boat House"|
|1993||Star Trek: Deep Space Nine||Taxco||Episode: "The Forsaken"|
|1994||Frasier||Clarice Warner||Episode: "Slow Tango in South Seattle"|
|1994||Thunder in Paradise||Cavanna||Episodes: "Deadly Lessons: Part 1" and "Deadly Lessons: Part 2"|
|1994||Silk Stalkings||Karen Krane||Episode: "Ask the Dust"|
|1995||Caroline in the City||Barbara||Episode: "Caroline and the Folks"|
|1995||High Society||Boatie||Episode: "Tomb with a View"|
|1996||The Young and the Restless||Audrey North||Recurring role|
|1997||Sunset Beach||Madame Julianna Deschanel||Recurring role, 9 episodes|
||General Hospital||Helena Cassadine||Series regular (1997–2002), Recurring guest star (2003—2017)|
Nominated: Daytime Emmy Award for America's Favorite Villain (2002)
|1998||Kelly Kelly||Kate||Episode: "The Kilt Show"|
|2000||Providence||Candice Whitman||Episode: "Syd in Wonderland"|
|2006||Criminal Minds||Deb Mason||Episode: "Riding the Lightning"|
|2007||The 4400||Audrey Parker||Episode: "Audrey Parker's Come and Gone"|
|2009||Cold Case||Caroline Kemp||Episode: "Libertyville"|
|2013||1600 Penn||Bunny Thoroughgood||Episode: "So You Don't Want to Dance"|
|2014||Men at Work||Mary||Episode: "Suburban Gibbs"|
|2016||11.22.63||Old Sadie||Episode: "The Day in Question"|
|1960||Guys and Dolls||Sarah Brown||Civic Light Opera Company, Los Angeles, California|
|1965||Anya||Anya||Ziegfeld Theatre, New York City|
|1966||Show Boat||Julie||New York State Theatre, New York City|
|1966||Carousel||Julie Jordan||City Center Theatre, New York City|
|1967-68, 1980||The Sound of Music||Maria Rainer|
|1967||Dumas and Son||Marie||Los Angeles Civic Light Opera|
|1970||The Engagement Baby||Vivian Whitney||Helen Hayes Theatre, New York City|
|1971||Ari||Kitty Fremont||Mark Hellinger Theatre, New York City|
|1972||I Do! I Do!||Agnes||Chateau de Ville, Saugus, Massachusetts|
|1973||My Fair Lady||Eliza Doolittle||Indianapolis, Indiana|
|1973||The Desperate Hours||Eleanor Hilliard||Arlington Park, Illinois|
|1977–79||The King and I||Anna Leonowens||Uris Theatre, New York City|
|1995||Follies||Phyllis Stone||Theatre Under the Stars (Houston), 5th Avenue Theatre (Seattle)|
- "Constance Towers". Master Works Broadway. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "The Complete Samuel Fuller". Harvard Film Archive. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Willis 1969, p. 263.
- "Constance Towers". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Constance Towers profile at FilmReference.com". Film Reference. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Thomas, Nick (July 21, 2014). "Tinseltown Talks: Constance Towers recalls two John Ford classics". Victorville Daily Press. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- "Constance Towers Playing Helena Cassadine on General Hospital - Soaps.com". Soaps.sheknows.com. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Anthony Tommasini (January 22, 2001). "Beverley Peck Johnson, 96, Voice Teacher". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
- "Bring Your Smile Along (1955)". Turner Classic Movies. Rovi. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Crowther, Bosley (May 26, 1960). "Movie Review: Sergeant Rutledge". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Crowther, Bosley (September 12, 1963). "Screen: Romantic Middle-Aged Men and Women:'Of Love and Desire' Stars Merle Oberon 3 Other Films Arrive at Local Theaters 'Shock Corridor' Leave It to the Girls". Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- "The Naked Kiss (1964)". Turner Classic Movies. Rovi. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Archer, Eugene (October 29, 1964). "' Thin Red Line' and 'Naked Kiss' Open". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Affron 2002, p. 329.
- Rodgers 2002, p. 316.
- "Biography - Constance Towers". American Theatre Wing. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Barnes, Clive (May 3, 1977). "King and I, reminder of golden age". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. p. 50. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- Kenrick, John. "Comparative CD Reviews: Part III. The King and I" (Copyright 1998–2003), accessed January 30, 2011.
- The Singer's Musical Theatre Anthology: Vocal Duets Book Only. Hal Leonard Corporation. 1987. p. 5. ISBN 9781480318564.
- "Constance Towers Credits". TV Guide. NTVB Media CBS Interactive (CBS Corporation) (digital assets). November 28, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Stoudt, Charlotte (November 5, 2008). "'Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Oxman, Steven (June 10, 2001). "Review: 'Six Dance Lessons in Six Weeks'". Variety. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Bacon, Doris Klein (August 29, 1983). "John Gavin Is Our Man in Mexico and Constance Towers Is His Woman in the (TV) Capitol". People.
- Bacon, Doris Klien (August 29, 1983). "John Gavin Is Our Man in Mexico and Constance Towers Is His Woman in the (TV) Capitol". People. Time Inc. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Los Angeles Music Center: Blue Ribbon: Board of Directors". Music Center. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Constance Towers". Playbill Vault. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Affron, Charles (2002). Lillian Gish: Her Legend, Her Life. Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-23434-5.
- Rodgers, Richard (2002). Musical Stages: An Autobiography. New York: DeCapo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81134-0.
- Willis, John (1969). Theatre World. 26. New York: Crown Publishers. OCLC 185387642.