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Colchane is a Chilean village and commune in Tamarugal Province, Tarapacá Region.

Skyline of Colchane
Map of Colchane in Tarapacá Region
Map of Colchane in Tarapacá Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 19°17′S 68°38′W / 19.283°S 68.633°W / -19.283; -68.633Coordinates: 19°17′S 68°38′W / 19.283°S 68.633°W / -19.283; -68.633
Country Chile
Region Tarapacá
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • Total4,015.6 km2 (1,550.4 sq mi)
3,702 m (12,146 ft)
 (2012 Census)[1]
 • Total1,290
 • Density0.32/km2 (0.83/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
 • Men910
 • Women739
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT [2])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST [3])
Area code(s)(+56) 5

The commune is located in the Andean altiplano, bordering Bolivia. It also includes the localities of Isluga, Enquelga, Cariquima and Chijo.


According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Colchane had 1,649 inhabitants (910 men and 739 women), making the commune an entirely rural area. The population grew by .0% (94 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[1] It has the country's highest rate of people living under the poverty line at 34.56% (Encuesta Casen, 2006).[citation needed]


As a commune, Colchane is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years.

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Colchane is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Mrs. Marta Isasi (Ind.) and Mr. Hugo Gutiérrez (PC) as part of the 2nd electoral district, which includes the entire Tarapacá Region.The commune is represented in the Senate by Fulvio Rossi Ciocca (PS) and Jaime Orpis Bouchon (UDI) as part of the 1st senatorial constituency (Arica and Parinacota Region and Tarapacá Region).


  1. ^ a b c d ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) National Statistics Institute
  2. ^ "Chile Time". Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  3. ^ "Chile Summer Time". Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2010.