Claygate is a suburban village in Surrey, England, 13 miles south-west of central London. It is the only civil parish in the borough of Elmbridge. Surrounded by green belt, it lies outside the Greater London Built-up Area.
Claygate Parade and village sign,showing bricks and the Claygate Pearmain
|Area||4.71 km2 (1.82 sq mi)|
|Population||7,168 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||1,522/km2 (3,940/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||14.2 miles (22.9 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
020 (small part)
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Claygate was once in the main manor of Thames Ditton, but is now administered from Esher. It is primarily residential and has a small number of offices, outlying farms and two small shopping areas, the Old Village and the Parade, with hair and beauty shops, a supermarket, six pubs and a number of restaurants.
Claygate does indeed lie on clay; the Claygate Beds, up to 15 metres (49 ft) thick at Claygate, and which extend well beyond the village, are the youngest part of the London Clay geological formation, forming a transition between the clay and the sandier Bagshot Beds above.
Claygate may have its name from the clay pits in the village that provided bricks for a large surrounding area including some of Hampton Court Palace. Claygate's lack of main thoroughfares has been attributed to angle of the River Thames leading the A3 main road (from London) south-west instead through Esher (now instead between Claygate and Chessington) and historical conditions when through roads became impassible in wet weather because of the clay often close to the surface. Equally, mid-distance routes chose a line to avoid this land, before the advent of road surfacing, such as those through Tolworth and Esher.
Claygate appears in Domesday Book as a manor of Thames Ditton, Claigate. This main manor of the village was held by Westminster Abbey. Its domesday assets were: ½ hide; 2 ploughs, 5 acres (2.0 ha) of meadow, woodland worth 1 hog. It rendered £2 10s 0d per year to its overlords. The manor descended (after its purchase in 1565) from the Vincent family to the Evelyn family. Much land remained in the manor when it was sold between 1718 and 1721 to the Earl of Lovelace, the King family and currently Locke King family who had sold the vast majority of its land by 1970.
Other medieval historyEdit
Claygate was formed as an ecclesiastical parish from Thames Ditton in 1841. Scant remains were traced in boundary lines of an early medieval track running from Kingston Hill to the ford of the Mole near to a square entrenchment in Leatherhead almost in Stoke D'Abernon.
In about 1822 the Claygate Pearmain apple was discovered by John Braddick, growing in a hedge here. In 1840 its church, Holy Trinity, was built of stone in 14th-century style, with a tower, enlarged in 1860, and restored in 1902. The school was built in 1838 as a Church school, and enlarged in 1849. It was rebuilt by the School Board of Thames Ditton in 1885. Claygate has a Baptist chapel, built in 1861.
With views particularly towards Cobham, Chessington and Leatherhead is Ruxley Towers, a Neo-Gothic Victorian edifice constructed by Lord Foley who owned a considerable amount of land. On the other side on Telegraph Hill is a semaphore station built in 1822 to transmit messages between the Admiralty and Portsmouth.
In 1911 brick and tile production works, rather than retail sites, continued to employ men near the station in the 1910s. In 1911 Claygate was under the same urban council as Thames Ditton.
As the name partly implies, the topsoil rests upon the youngest beds of the London Clay after which the village is named, here capped in places by sand in the southern part of the civil parish. Claygate has its own parish council. Apart from an interweave of streets with Esher, Claygate is surrounded by woodlands and open countryside, including Claygate Common, Princes Covert, Winney Hill, Surbiton Golf Course, Telegraph Hill, Littleworth Common and Arbrook Common. Much of the outlying farmland is used for grazing ponies, two farms are run for cultivation. The Rythe is a major stream running north through Claygate, and as a responsive channel in the clay basins has been implicated in late 20th century flash flooding in small pockets of the village: a major flood alleviation scheme has been completed which commenced in 2002. The centre-to-centre distance from London is 14.2 miles (22.9 km).
Many of Claygate's residents commute to the capital using the train services, see Transport. Claygate is in the relatively small area between the M25 and Kingston-upon-Thames. Constrained by the Green Belt, demand has resulted in Claygate being subject to a level of permitted in-fill and back-garden development.
Commerce and servicesEdit
"The Parade" is the larger of Claygate's two shopping areas. It starts at Claygate railway station and continues through The Parade itself into Hare Lane.
Local newspapers covering Claygate include The Surrey Advertiser, The Surrey Comet and The Herald, and two freely distributed newspapers, The Informer and The Guardian. Claygate is in the editorial area of BBC Surrey, although its proximity to London means all of the capital's radio stations can be heard.
There are several small farms in Claygate; many of the farms are or incorporate horseriding centres.
Claygate (Primary) School was established in Elm Road in 1885, becoming an Infant School which closed shortly after its centenary – The Firs, the Junior School, became the new single site. The original school building was in the late 20th century redeveloped as Claygate's Youth Centre/Community Centre and Capelfield surgery. Rowan Preparatory School is a private independent school consisting of a nursery and primary school for girls.
The Anglican church is "Holy Trinity", built in 1840, which is unusual for having two spires. There is also a First Church of Christ Scientist. Roman catholicism is served by the Church of the Holy Name in Arbrook Lane, Esher.
Claygate Village Association is a non-political charity founded in 1946, organise some of the key village events; the Christmas lights, The Claygate Music Festival, the Claygate Gardens Trail, Claygate in Bloom and for the first time in 2014, the Claygate Spring Festival. The village is served with medical support by Capelfield Surgery. Community groups, clubs, and sports teams. include Claygate Cricket Club and Claygate Royals Football Club. A major annual event is the Claygate Flower & Village Show which takes place on the Recreation Ground in late July each year. 2013 saw the 100th show, where there were 7,000 visitors.
A monthly magazine covers the borough with one other edition nationally, Living Within.
In arts and the mediaEdit
Filming carried out in Claygate includes:
- The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (Tony Richardson 1961) starring Tom Courtenay, set at Ruxley Towers (Ruxton Towers in the film) and showing much of the surrounding countryside before the construction of the Esher By-pass.
- The BBC TV situation comedy Wyatt's Watchdogs which starred Brian Wilde and Trevor Bannister and was about a Neighbourhood Watch group.
- Never the Twain (1981) which used the Greek Vine restaurant frontage on The Green as the shop fronts. The Thames Television sitcom starred Windsor Davies and Donald Sinden as two grumpy antique shop owners.
- A sketch for The Two Ronnies
- A shampoo commercial
- A clip from Men Behaving Badly. (filmed outside The Winning Horse)
Previous residents of Claygate include "Python" Terry Jones "Rolling Stone" Ronnie Wood, presenter/actor Michael Aspel and British historian Frances Yates (1899-1980), longtime resident, buried in the churchyard at Holy Trinity church. Claygate often has a celebrity to switch on its Christmas lights. These have included Cliff Richard, Gloria Hunniford, Tony Stamp and Roger Valentine from The Bill Bernie Nolan. Mick Hucknell, Ronnie Wood, Anthea Turner and most recently Bobby Davro
From Claygate railway station; the journey to London Waterloo station takes, at its fastest, 29 minutes, the station also provides direct access to central Guildford, London Road, Guildford, Surbiton and Wimbledon. Guildford provides a number of other direction routes as does Clapham Junction.
The A3 at motorway width past the settlement, has its Hinchley Wood and Esher spur road directly north of Claygate allowing a traffic-lit junction with convenient access to/from London, and second junction by the Scilly Isles Roundabout with access to Hampton Court Bridge for journeys north.
A third A3 junction is almost 2 km along Copsem Lane to the south for journeys towards the south-west and west, Wisley interchange or for journeys east, continuing south along the A245 to the Leatherhead Common junction of the M25.
The proportion of households in Claygate who owned their home outright was 8.5% above the regional average. The proportion who owned their home with a loan was 4.0% higher than the regional average; providing overall a lower proportion than average of rented residential property and of social housing relative to the average in Surrey, the district and the national average. As with neighbouring Esher, Claygate has a large number of very large properties (mansions). These are concentrated within the Ruxley Private Estate, on the Esher-Claygate border and in the roads to the south of the railway station.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
Claygate is served by a Parish Council made up of 10 elected representatives. The Parish Council has some responsibilities, acquired from Surrey County and Elmbridge Borough Councils, such as highway garden sites and tree planting. The parish council is also influential in its responses to planning applications in the area.
Claygate is in the parliamentary constituency of Esher and Walton, which since its inception has been a relatively safe seat for the Conservative Party. Local government is administered by Elmbridge Borough Council and Surrey County Council.
|2013||Mike Bennison||Hinchley Wood, Claygate and Oxshott|
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Sumbler, M. G. (1996). London and the Thames Valley. British Regional Geology series (4th ed.). British Geological Survey. ISBN 0-11-884522-5.
- Malcolm W H Peebles The Claygate Book: a History of a Surrey Village (1983)
- Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Thames Ditton". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 21 November 2013.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Battle lines drawn in sewer inquiry" Paul McManus, Get Surrey, the website of the Surrey Advertiser and Surrey Herald, 12 November 2002
- Grid Reference Finder distance tools
- Planning pages Archived 13 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine Claygate Parish Council. Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Areas covered Living Within. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- "Is Elmbridge Britain's Beverly Hills?". The Independent. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- Electoral Divisions Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Surrey County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2013
- Your local councillors Archived 10 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine Elmbridge Borough Council . Retrieved 20 November 2013
- Your Councillor Surrey County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2013
10. Your Councillors by Ward Elmbridge Borough Council * Retrieved 2 September 2016
- Malcolm W H Peebles The Claygate Book: a History of a Surrey Village (1983) and Millennium edition (1999)
- Claygate Village Residents Association Claygate Village: Enquire Within (1983)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claygate.|
- Claygate Parish Council website
- The Claygate Flower & Village Show website
- The Claygate Music Festival website
- Holy Name Church website
- Holy Trinity Church website
- 1st Claygate Scouts – Scouting in Claygate since 1909
- Surrey County Council. "Claygate". Exploring Surrey's Past. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
|Next station upwards||Admiralty Semaphore line 1822||Next station downwards|
|Coombe Warren||Cooper's Hill