Church of the Good Shepherd (Rosemont, Pennsylvania)
|Church of the Good Shepherd|
|Location||1116 E Lancaster Avenue, Rosemont, Pennsylvania|
|Website||The Church of the Good Shepherd, Rosemont, Pennsylvania|
|Architect(s)||Baily & Truscott (Philadelphia)|
|Architectural type||Gothic Revival|
|Parish||Church of the Good Shepherd|
|Diocese||Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania|
|Priest in charge||Nazareno Javier|
The parish was founded in 1869 as part of the Anglo-Catholic Oxford Movement revival in the Anglican Church, and was admitted to the Diocese of Pennsylvania in 1871. Its original church building was on the North side of Lancaster Avenue, just east of the present football stadium of Villanova University. Through a donation of $27,000 (approximately $748,000 in 2018 dollars) from parishioner Harry Banks French of the Smith, Kline & French company, the present church building was designed by the Philadelphia architectural firm of Baily & Truscott, and constructed between 1893 and 1894 in the Gothic Revival style of a 14th-Century English country church. The first services were held in 1894, and the building was consecrated in 1910.
Good Shepherd HospitalEdit
The parish set up Good Shepherd Hospital in the 1870s, originally to care for children whose parents could not afford to give them medical services. In 1903 the name was changed to the Home and Hospital of the Good Shepherd, and in 1915 admissions were restricted to boys between 7 and 14. The Hospital was conducted as a parochial institution until June 1922 when it merged with the Church Farm School, an Episcopal Church institution farther west in the Philadelphia suburbs.
Disputes and litigationEdit
Good Shepherd has been part of legal disputes at various times during its history.
Move from Radnor to RosemontEdit
The original church building near Villanova was in use for about 20 years. It had been informally intended to be, in part, a memorial to two distinguished Episcopal bishops (Jackson Kemper and Samuel Bowman). A window honoring the bishops was installed in the church. In the 1890's, the vestry decided to move to a more spacious location in neighboring Rosemont, Pennsylvania, and received the donation from Harry Banks French to erect what is today the church building. Although the memorial windows were to be removed and used in the new church, some members of the congregation objected, arguing that they had donated funds for the original church with the understanding that it alone would be a memorial to the two bishops, and that a charitable trust existed for that purpose, prohibiting the move to Rosemont. Years of litigation followed, including two decisions by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, finally permitting the move. The supreme court ultimately ruled that the parish's 1870 articles of incorporation described it as existing for the purposes of worship, but not as a vehicle for memorializing persons, and that the vestry had control of the property subject to the Canon Law of the Episcopal Church. [a]
Dispute with the Episcopal Church and Diocese of PennsylvaniaEdit
In 2002 David Moyer, rector (1989–2002) of Good Shepherd, refused to allow diocesan bishop Charles E. Bennison to make a required canonical visitation to Good Shepherd, Moyer saying the bishop "was too liberal and could not be trusted in the pulpit". Bennison deposed Moyer as rector in September 2002. Bishop Bennison explained, "I deposed him because he had over a decade shown a pattern of a series of canonical failures, one after another. Under his leadership, [the Church of the Good Shepherd] has become increasingly alienated from his diocese."
After Moyer's deposition, the Diocese of Pennsylvania attempted to regain control of the parish and property at Good Shepherd, which was by then considered in schism from the Episcopal Church. After years of unsuccessful attempts to do so without involving the secular courts, in 2009 the diocese sued Moyer and the vestry at Good Shepherd for control of the church and property. After two years of litigation, a judge ordered Moyer and those who had left the Episcopal Church to vacate the property and return control to the diocese. Moyer and a portion of the congregation left Good Shepherd and the diocese reconstituted the parish.
Since 2011, the wardens, vestry, and congregation have been an integral part of the Episcopal Church and the Pennsylvania diocese.
|I||Henry Palethorp Hay||1869 - 1883|
|II||Arthur B. Conger||1883 - 1912|
|III||Charles Townsend Jr.||1912 - 1930|
|IV||Thomas A. Sparks||1930 - 1932|
|V||William P.S. Lander||1933 - 1962|
|VI||James H. Cupit, Jr.||1963 - 1971|
|VII||George William Rutler||1971 - 1978|
|VIII||Andrew Craig Mead||1978 - 1985|
|IX||Jeffrey N. Steenson||1986 - 1989|
|X||David Moyer||1989 - 2002|
|inter Rectores[b]||2002 - 2012|
|XI||Richard C. Alton||2012 - 2014|
|XII||Ian Montgomery||2014 - 2018|
As of October 2018, the priest-in-charge is Fr. Nazareno Javier.
Art and architectureEdit
|“||The stained glass at Good Shepherd shows sheer delight in technique, exquisite draughtsmanship, playful details, and crystalline color.||”|
The chancel has a richly-decorated coffered ceiling. The nave comprises five bays and a clerestory with stained glass, but without a triforium. A large carved wooden rood screen surmounted with a crucifixion separates the chancel and the nave. There is a separate Lady Chapel entered at the top of the south aisle. In 1929 artist and parishioner George Fort Gibbs created seven paintings for the church's high altar reredos as a memorial to his parents. The center panel is a Virgin and Child, flanked by panels depicting other biblical figures from the Old Testament and New Testament. An octagonal baptistry with carved font and stained glass was added off the south side of the church in 1932. Above the main (north) entrance to the church is a polychrome statue depicting the boy Jesus as the Good Shepherd. The crenellated tower contains bells playing the Cambridge Quarters each quarter of the hour, as well as ringing the Angelus and chiming during the eucharistic consecration.
Good Shepherd holds services on Sunday at 8:00 am (Low Mass) and at 10:30 am (Sung High Mass). On Wednesdays the church holds a Low Mass at 12:00 noon in the Lady Chapel, and evening prayer is held Monday through Friday at 5:30 pm.
As at other High Church, Anglo-Catholic churches, worship at Good Shepherd incorporates the later Catholic Revival's devotional and eucharistic practices:
- Elaborate eucharistic vestments.
- Eastward-facing orientation of the priest at the altar instead of the priest facing the people.
- Ringing of altar bells.
- Reading of the Last Gospel.
- Unleavened bread for the Eucharist.
- Mixing of water with the sacramental wine.
- Considerable use of incense.
- Numerous altar candles.
- Multiple chancel lamps.
- Exhibition of the host in a monstrance.
- Reservation of the Eucharist in a central tabernacle behind the altar.
- A robust program of classical and traditional Anglican church music in English and Latin during worship (see "External Links" below for examples posted on YouTube).
Anglican Service BookEdit
The choir comprises a professional core with auditioned volunteer singers. The choir sings weekly at the 10:30 High Mass on Sunday, and at special liturgies throughout the year, including Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Ash Wednesday, the solemn liturgies of Holy Week, Easter and Pentecost. The choir offers a sung setting of the Mass on most Sundays and feast days ranging from Palestrina and Victoria to Stanford and Parry and the great English cathedral repertoire, as well as sacred music being written for the church today such as James MacMillan, Eriks Esenvalds and local Philadelphia composers. The music program has a Choral Scholar Program for talented students from nearby colleges, including male and female choral scholars from, e.g., Bryn Mawr College, Villanova University, and Haverford College, to support them in their studies.
GREAT 16′ Violone, 8′ Principal, 8′ Violone, 8′ Hohlflöte, 4′ Octave, 4′ Rohrflöte, 2′ Super Octave, IV Fourniture, III Cymbale, 16′ Bombarde, 8′ Trompette, 4′ Clairon, 16′ Bombarde, 8′ Trompette, 8′ Hautbois, 4′ Hautbois Clairon, Tremulant.
SWELL 16′ Bourdon Doux, 8′ Principal, 8′ Flûte à Cheminée, 8′ Viole de Gambe, 8′ Voix Céleste, 4′ Prestant, 4′ Flûte à Fuseau, 2 2/3′ Nasard, 2′ Quarte de Nasard, 1 3/5′ Tierce, IV Plein Jeu, II Cymbale.
PEDAL 32′ Bourdon Resultant, 16′ Contra Bass, 16′ Bourdon, 16′ Violone, 16′ Bourdon Doux, 8′ Octave, 8′ Bourdon, 8′ Violone, 8′ Bourdon Doux, 4′ Choralbass, 4′ Koppelflöte, IV Fourniture, 32′ Contre Bombarde, 16′ Bombarde, 16′ Bombarde SW, 8′ Trompette, 8′ Rohrschalmei, 4′ Rohrschalmei, 4′ Festival Clarion.
POSITIV 8′ Principal, 8′ Melodia, 4′ Octave, 4′ Koppelflöte, 2′ Superoctave, 1 1/3′ Larigot, III Scharf, II Cymbel, 8′ Clarinet, Tremulant, Zymbelstern, 8′ Festival Trumpet.
The boy Jesus as the Good Shepherd; image above the North door of the church
Church Door at Good Shepherd showing (from left) arms of the parish; Marian monogram; the IHS Christogram; and arms of the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania
St. Alban window
Triptych in the Lady Chapel
Anglican Service Book published by Church of the Good Shepherd
Lamb of God window
- In the first case, Cushman v. Rector etc. of Church of Good Shepherd of Radnor, 162 Pa. 280, 29 A. 872 (1894), the supreme court imposed an injunction on the vestry, forbidding the move from Radnor. In the final case, Cushman v. Rector etc. of Church of Good Shepherd of Radnor, 188 Pa. 438, 41 A. 616 (1898), the supreme court reversed itself and allowed the move.
- David Moyer continued to function as rector at Good Shepherd after his deposition in 2002 until he was required to vacate the premises by court order in 2011, but he was acting outside the canon law of the Episcopal Church and so was the rector only de facto and not de jure.
- It is Pennsylvania non-profit corporation entity number 66578, incorporated 23 May 1870 (Records of the Pennsylvania Secretary of State),
- "An Historical Sermon Delivered in the Memorial Church of the Good Shepherd Rosemont Pa. By the Rector the Rev. Arthur B. Conger A.M. On the Third Sunday After Trinity June 12th, 1910". Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "Baily & Truscott (fl. 1890-1904)". Retrieved 24 December 2018.
- Coates, Edward Osborne. An historical sketch of the Church of the Good Shepherd, Rosemont, Pennsylvania, 1869-1934 (unknown publisher, 1935).
- "Church of the Good Shepherd". Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "Cushman v. Rector etc. of Church of Good Shepherd of Radnor, 162 Pa. 280, 29 A. 872 (1894)". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- "Cushman v. Rector etc. of Church of Good Shepherd of Radnor, 188 Pa. 438, 41 A. 616 (1898)". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Donovan, Gill. "Anglican leader offers job to ousted U.S. priest". National Catholic Reporter, September 20, 2002, Vol. 38, Iss. 40, p. 17.
- "PENNSYLVANIA: Diocese asks court to force return of Rosemont property". March 3, 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2018..
- "Judge tells Rosemont congregation it must vacate property". September 1, 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- "d'Ogries, Good Shepherd". Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Matthew Glandorf, Curtis Institute Faculty". Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "Choir at Good Shepherd". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- The Anglican Service Book, 1991, ISBN 0-9629955-0-9
- Brown, Stewart J. & Nockles, Peter B. ed. The Oxford Movement: Europe and the Wider World 1830–1930, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
- Chadwick, Owen. Mind of the Oxford Movement, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1960.
- Faught, C. Brad. The Oxford Movement: a thematic history of the Tractarians and their times, University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003, ISBN 978-0-271-02249-9
- Rzeznik, Thomas F. Church and Estate: Religion and Wealth in Industrial Era Philadelphia. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2013, ISBN 978-0-271-05967-9
- Walworth, Clarence A. The Oxford Movement in America. New York: United States Catholic Historical Society, 1974 (Reprint of the 1895 ed. published by the Catholic Book Exchange, New York).