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Charles Robert McKinley Jr. (January 5, 1941 – August 10, 1986) was an American former world no. 1 men's amateur tennis champion of the 1960s. He is remembered as an undersized, hard-working dynamo, whose relentless effort and competitive spirit led American tennis to the top of the sport during a period heavily dominated by Australians.

Chuck McKinley
ChuckMcKinleyImage.jpg
Full nameCharles Robert McKinley Jr.
Country (sports) United States
BornJanuary 5, 1941
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
DiedAugust 11, 1986(1986-08-11) (aged 45)
Dallas, Texas, United States
Height5 ft 8 in (1.73 m)
Turned pro1956 (amateur tour)
Retired1969
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF1986 (member page)
Singles
Career record2–2
Highest rankingNo. 1 (1963, World's Top 10)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
WimbledonW (1963)
US OpenSF (1962, 1963, 1964)
Doubles
Career record4–12
Grand Slam Doubles results
WimbledonQF (1961, 1962, 1964)
US OpenW (1961, 1963, 1964)
Team competitions
Davis CupW (1963)

McKinley won the 1963 Men's Singles Championship at Wimbledon, and as a result was ranked World No. 1 by some journalists.[1][2] He paired with Dennis Ralston to win the 1963 Davis Cup, the only interruption in eight unbroken years of Australian dominance. He also paired with Ralston to win the U.S. Men's Doubles championships in 1961, 1963, and 1964.

BiographyEdit

McKinley was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of a local pipe fitter, and grew up in a 'rough neighborhood' on the north side of town. As a boy, McKinley used to drop by the local YMCA where he was taught table tennis by volunteer instructor Bill Price. Eventually Price, who was also a tennis professional, took McKinley and some of the other boys to the public tennis courts. McKinley soon became so good that Price advised him to quit all other sports and concentrate on tennis.[3]

In 1960 McKinley enrolled at Trinity University where he joined Frank Froehling, another leading American player, under the tutelage of coach Clarence Mabry, who also coached John Newcombe and other professionals. This gave Trinity arguably the best collegiate men's tennis team in the U.S. However, during this period Trinity never won the NCAA championship because the NCAA scheduled the championship tournament opposite Wimbledon, and both McKinley and Froehling chose to participate in Wimbledon rather than the collegiate tournament.

McKinley's decision to play Wimbledon was justified when in 1961, as a college sophomore, he reached the Wimbledon singles finals in which he was defeated by Rod Laver in straight sets. The same year, he won the singles title at the Eastern Grass Court Championships in South Orange against Frank Froehling.[4] He won the U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships in 1962 and 1963, defeating Fred Stolle and Dennis Ralston in the respective finals.[5] In 1962 and 1964, McKinly was victorious in the singles event at the U.S. National Indoor Championships.[6]

His intense desire to win, his habit of screaming, "Oh Charley, you missed that one," at himself after a bad shot, and the fact that he drew a four-month suspension for heaving his tennis racket into the crowd at a Davis Cup match,[7] gave him the reputation of the 'bad boy of international tennis.'[8]

In 1963, with Laver in the professional ranks, McKinley won Wimbledon without losing a set[a]. He was helped in this by the fact that favorite Roy Emerson was eliminated by little known German Wilhelm Bungert. After McKinley eliminated Bungert, the press asked the German if he had been tired. “I was tired,” said Bungert, "Tired from those five set matches earlier. And tired from watching McKinley run." According to Time, McKinley played the tournament "with an astounding lack of grace. He leaps, he lunges, he scrambles, he slides, he falls, he dives, he skins his elbows and knees, and he flails at the ball as if he were clubbing a rat. His nerves are as taut as the strings of his racket."[7] In the final, McKinley met Fred Stolle who had beaten McKinley four out of six previous meetings. However, Stolle said "He knocked it down my throat...In the end, I didn't know where to serve or what he was going to do."[7]

In December 1963, McKinley and Dennis Ralston played all of the matches for the U.S. in winning the Davis Cup from Australia. The Australians had not lost the cup for four years and did not relinquish it again for another four. In the decisive match, McKinley defeated John Newcombe.

After graduation from Trinity, McKinley chose not to go into professional tennis, and he became a stockbroker in New York City. He died in 1986 in Dallas, Texas of a brain tumor at the age of 45.[11][12] McKinley has been elected to the Trinity University Hall of Fame and to the International Tennis Hall of Fame.[13]

The tennis courts at Pattonville High School in Maryland Heights, Missouri, the school he attended, are named after him.

Playing styleEdit

McKinley was small for a tennis player, and as a grown man, he stood 5' 8” and weighed 160 pounds. McKinley did not use off speed shots but relied instead on a power game. According to a Sports Illustrated, “Not in years has an American fledgling combined so much box-office appeal with so much pure ability – or crashed the tight little world of big-time tennis with so much confidence. 'If I didn't think I could be the best tennis player in the world,' Chuck McKinley says, 'I don't think I'd want to play.'" Bill Talbert described the young McKinley by saying, "There is nothing he can't do on the court. He has all the strokes. He's fast. He's strong. He has marvelous reflexes. He has the eyes of a hawk—sees the ball as well as anyone in the game."[3]

Grand Slam finalsEdit

Singles (1 title, 1 runner-up)Edit

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Loss 1961 Wimbledon Grass   Rod Laver 3–6, 1–6, 4–6
Win 1963 Wimbledon Grass   Fred Stolle 9–7, 6–1, 6–4

Doubles (3 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1961 U.S. Championships Grass   Dennis Ralston   Rafael Osuna
  Antonio Palafox
6–3, 6–4, 2–6, 13–11
Loss 1962 U.S. Championships Grass   Dennis Ralston   Rafael Osuna
  Antonio Palafox
4–6, 12–10, 6–1, 7–9, 3–6
Win 1963 U.S. Championships Grass   Dennis Ralston   Rafael Osuna
  Antonio Palafox
9–7, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3, 11–9
Win 1964 U.S. Championships Grass   Dennis Ralston   Mike Sangster
  Graham Stilwell
6–3, 6–2, 6–4

Grand Slam tournament performance timelineEdit

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

SinglesEdit

Tournament 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 SR
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
French Open A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
Wimbledon A A A 2R F 2R W SF A A A A A 1 / 5
US Open 2R 2R 4R QF 3R SF SF SF 4R 4R 1R 3R 1R 0 / 13
Strike Rate 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 1 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 18

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McKinley is to date one of only five men who have won the Wimbledon singles title without dropping a set, the others being Don Budge (1938), Tony Trabert (1955), Björn Borg (1976) and Roger Federer (2017).[9][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Davis Cup Hopes Rest On McKinley And Ralston", Herald-Journal, December 22, 1963.
  2. ^ Trinity University Hall of Fame website
  3. ^ a b Kenneth Rudeen (May 16, 1960). "Little Man with a Big Wallop". Sports Illustrated. 12 (20): 34, 36.
  4. ^ "McKinley Takes Eastern Crown". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. AP. August 14, 1961. p. 13 – via Google News Archive.
  5. ^ John Leusch (July 13, 1964). "Clay courts tournament opens today". Chicago Tribune. p. 54.
  6. ^ "McKinley Wins Indoor Tennis". Chicago Tribune. UPI. p. 45.
  7. ^ a b c "Tennis: One for the Yanks". Time. Time Inc. 82 (2). July 12, 1963.
  8. ^ John Lovesey (July 15, 1963). "Better than fancy pants". Sports Illustrated. 19 (3): 12–15.
  9. ^ Paul Newman (August 11, 2016). "From the Archive: Remembering Chuck McKinley". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC.
  10. ^ http://www.espn.co.uk/tennis/story/_/id/20079230/roger-federer-wins-wimbledon-title-drop-set-tournament
  11. ^ International Tennis Hall of Fame, Profile of Charles McKinley. accessed online at www.tennisfame.com/famer.aspx?pgID=867&hof_id=204)
  12. ^ Peter Alfano (August 12, 1986). "Chuck McKinley Dies at 45; Won Wimbledon Title in '63". The New York Times.
  13. ^ Trinity University Athletics Hall of Fame

External linksEdit