Charles Robert McKinley Jr. (January 5, 1941 – August 10, 1986) was an American former world no. 1 men's amateur tennis champion of the 1960s. He is remembered as an undersized, hard-working dynamo, whose relentless effort and competitive spirit led American tennis to the top of the sport during a period heavily dominated by Australians.
|Full name||Charles Robert McKinley Jr.|
|Country (sports)||United States|
|Born||January 5, 1941|
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
|Died||August 11, 1986 (aged 45)|
Dallas, Texas, United States
|Height||5 ft 8 in (1.73 m)|
|Turned pro||1956 (amateur tour)|
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1986 (member page)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (1963, World's Top 10)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|US Open||SF (1962, 1963, 1964)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Wimbledon||QF (1961, 1962, 1964)|
|US Open||W (1961, 1963, 1964)|
|Davis Cup||W (1963)|
McKinley won the 1963 Men's Singles Championship at Wimbledon, and as a result was ranked World No. 1 by some journalists. He paired with Dennis Ralston to win the 1963 Davis Cup, the only interruption in eight unbroken years of Australian dominance. He also paired with Ralston to win the U.S. Men's Doubles championships in 1961, 1963, and 1964.
McKinley was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of a local pipe fitter, and grew up in a 'rough neighborhood' on the north side of town. As a boy, McKinley used to drop by the local YMCA where he was taught table tennis by volunteer instructor Bill Price. Eventually Price, who was also a tennis professional, took McKinley and some of the other boys to the public tennis courts. McKinley soon became so good that Price advised him to quit all other sports and concentrate on tennis.
In 1960 McKinley enrolled at Trinity University where he joined Frank Froehling, another leading American player, under the tutelage of coach Clarence Mabry, who also coached John Newcombe and other professionals. This gave Trinity arguably the best collegiate men's tennis team in the U.S. However, during this period Trinity never won the NCAA championship because the NCAA scheduled the championship tournament opposite Wimbledon, and both McKinley and Froehling chose to participate in Wimbledon rather than the collegiate tournament.
McKinley's decision to play Wimbledon was justified when in 1961, as a college sophomore, he reached the Wimbledon singles finals in which he was defeated by Rod Laver in straight sets. The same year, he won the singles title at the Eastern Grass Court Championships in South Orange against Frank Froehling. He won the U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships in 1962 and 1963, defeating Fred Stolle and Dennis Ralston in the respective finals. In 1962 and 1964, McKinly was victorious in the singles event at the U.S. National Indoor Championships.
His intense desire to win, his habit of screaming, "Oh Charley, you missed that one," at himself after a bad shot, and the fact that he drew a four-month suspension for heaving his tennis racket into the crowd at a Davis Cup match, gave him the reputation of the 'bad boy of international tennis.'
In 1963, with Laver in the professional ranks, McKinley won Wimbledon without losing a set[a]. He was helped in this by the fact that favorite Roy Emerson was eliminated by little known German Wilhelm Bungert. After McKinley eliminated Bungert, the press asked the German if he had been tired. “I was tired,” said Bungert, "Tired from those five set matches earlier. And tired from watching McKinley run." According to Time, McKinley played the tournament "with an astounding lack of grace. He leaps, he lunges, he scrambles, he slides, he falls, he dives, he skins his elbows and knees, and he flails at the ball as if he were clubbing a rat. His nerves are as taut as the strings of his racket." In the final, McKinley met Fred Stolle who had beaten McKinley four out of six previous meetings. However, Stolle said "He knocked it down my throat...In the end, I didn't know where to serve or what he was going to do."
In December 1963, McKinley and Dennis Ralston played all of the matches for the U.S. in winning the Davis Cup from Australia. The Australians had not lost the cup for four years and did not relinquish it again for another four. In the decisive match, McKinley defeated John Newcombe.
After graduation from Trinity, McKinley chose not to go into professional tennis, and he became a stockbroker in New York City. He died in 1986 in Dallas, Texas of a brain tumor at the age of 45. McKinley has been elected to the Trinity University Hall of Fame and to the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
McKinley was small for a tennis player, and as a grown man, he stood 5' 8” and weighed 160 pounds. McKinley did not use off speed shots but relied instead on a power game. According to a Sports Illustrated, “Not in years has an American fledgling combined so much box-office appeal with so much pure ability – or crashed the tight little world of big-time tennis with so much confidence. 'If I didn't think I could be the best tennis player in the world,' Chuck McKinley says, 'I don't think I'd want to play.'" Bill Talbert described the young McKinley by saying, "There is nothing he can't do on the court. He has all the strokes. He's fast. He's strong. He has marvelous reflexes. He has the eyes of a hawk—sees the ball as well as anyone in the game."
Grand Slam finalsEdit
Singles (1 title, 1 runner-up)Edit
|Loss||1961||Wimbledon||Grass||Rod Laver||3–6, 1–6, 4–6|
|Win||1963||Wimbledon||Grass||Fred Stolle||9–7, 6–1, 6–4|
Doubles (3 titles, 1 runner-up)Edit
|Win||1961||U.S. Championships||Grass||Dennis Ralston|| Rafael Osuna
|6–3, 6–4, 2–6, 13–11|
|Loss||1962||U.S. Championships||Grass||Dennis Ralston|| Rafael Osuna
|4–6, 12–10, 6–1, 7–9, 3–6|
|Win||1963||U.S. Championships||Grass||Dennis Ralston|| Rafael Osuna
|9–7, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3, 11–9|
|Win||1964||U.S. Championships||Grass||Dennis Ralston|| Mike Sangster
|6–3, 6–2, 6–4|
Grand Slam tournament performance timelineEdit
|Grand Slam tournaments|
|Australian Open||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||0 / 0|
|French Open||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||0 / 0|
|Wimbledon||A||A||A||2R||F||2R||W||SF||A||A||A||A||A||1 / 5|
|US Open||2R||2R||4R||QF||3R||SF||SF||SF||4R||4R||1R||3R||1R||0 / 13|
|Strike Rate||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 1||1 / 18|
- "US Davis Cup Hopes Rest On McKinley And Ralston", Herald-Journal, December 22, 1963.
- Trinity University Hall of Fame website
- Kenneth Rudeen (May 16, 1960). "Little Man with a Big Wallop". Sports Illustrated. 12 (20): 34, 36.
- "McKinley Takes Eastern Crown". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. AP. August 14, 1961. p. 13 – via Google News Archive.
- John Leusch (July 13, 1964). "Clay courts tournament opens today". Chicago Tribune. p. 54.
- "McKinley Wins Indoor Tennis". Chicago Tribune. UPI. p. 45.
- "Tennis: One for the Yanks". Time. Time Inc. 82 (2). July 12, 1963.
- John Lovesey (July 15, 1963). "Better than fancy pants". Sports Illustrated. 19 (3): 12–15.
- Paul Newman (August 11, 2016). "From the Archive: Remembering Chuck McKinley". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC.
- International Tennis Hall of Fame, Profile of Charles McKinley. accessed online at www.tennisfame.com/famer.aspx?pgID=867&hof_id=204)
- Peter Alfano (August 12, 1986). "Chuck McKinley Dies at 45; Won Wimbledon Title in '63". The New York Times.
- Trinity University Athletics Hall of Fame