Chris Tang Ping-keung PDSM (Chinese: 鄧炳強; born 4 July 1965) is a Hong Kong law enforcement administrator, currently serving the Secretary for Security of Hong Kong since 25 June 2021. He previously served as the Commissioner of the Hong Kong Police Force from November 2019 to June 2021.

Chris Tang
鄧炳強
Tang Ping-keung 20201012.jpg
Secretary for Security
Assumed office
25 June 2021
Chief ExecutiveCarrie Lam
John Lee
Preceded byJohn Lee
Commissioner of Police
In office
18 November 2019 – 25 June 2021
Chief ExecutiveCarrie Lam
Preceded byStephen Lo
Succeeded byRaymond Siu
Personal details
Born (1965-07-04) 4 July 1965 (age 57)
Hong Kong
Alma materChung Chi College, CUHK (BSS)
Signature
Police career
DepartmentHong Kong Police Force
Service years1987–2021
RankCommissioner
AwardsPolice Distinguished Service Medal (2018)
Chris Tang
Traditional Chinese鄧炳強
Simplified Chinese邓炳强

Early life and EducationEdit

Tang was born on 4 July 1965 in Hong Kong to a family with roots in Dongguan, Guangdong. He lived in Hong Kong's then the Western District since he was a child, and moved out when he got married.[1]

He received a bachelor of social science with a major in social work from the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1987. Tang also holds a master of business administration and a master's degree in international security and strategy.[2][3]

CareerEdit

He joined the Royal Hong Kong Police Force in the 1987 as an inspector. He spent many years working in the criminal investigation, international liaison and operational command. He was seconded to Interpol General Secretariat a specialised officer from 2006 to 2008, before he was promoted in the organisation as the head of Criminal Organisation and Violent Unit.[4]

In 2015, Tang was appointed Assistant Commissioner of Police and discharged duties as regional commander of Hong Kong Island and Assistant Commissioner, Personnel. He was promoted to the rank of Senior Assistant Commissioner and appointed as Director of Operations before he became Deputy Commissioner of Police (Operations). He was awarded the Police Distinguished Service Medal (PDSM) in 2018.[4]

Tang was appointed the Commissioner of Police by the State Council of China in November 2019,[5] succeeding Stephen Lo amid the widespread 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, at a time when police were under unrelenting criticism for excessive use of force. He was in charge of the police operation code-named Tiderider in response to street protests triggered by the extradition bill since June 2019.[6] He has stated that the police are against having an independent inquiry into allegations of police brutality, which is a key demand from the protesters, and claimed "fake news" was undermining the reputation of his police force.[7][8][9] Following Tang's appointment as the Commissioner of Police in November 2019, the police changed its motto from "We serve with pride and care" which had been used for more than 20 years, to "Serving Hong Kong with Honour, Duty and Loyalty."[10] According to the Taiwan News, he "is known as a hardliner in the conflict with the pro-democracy protesters." He has said the violence perpetrated by activists is "very close to terrorism."[9]

On 3 July 2020, Xinhua, a China's national news agency, stated that the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was formally established with 10 members. As the Commissioner of Hong Kong Police Force, Tang was an ex officio member of the committee.[11]

On 10 February 2021, Carrie Lam awarded Tang the Chief Executive's Commendation for Government/Public Service for his "significant contribution to safeguarding national security and the implementation of the Hong Kong National Security Law."[12] In February 2021, Tang said that he was considering legislation to ban insults to both police officers and public officials.[13]

In April 2021, Tang claimed that the United States had used its agents in Hong Kong to stir anti-governmental protests in 2019, and claimed that the protests were not caused by the now-withdrawn extradition bill.[14] Also in April 2021, Tang criticized Apple Daily, stating that the pro-democracy newspaper was spreading fake news and inciting hatred in the city.[15]

In January 2022, Tang claimed that foreign spies were in Hong Kong since 2019 "to foment a 'colour revolution' in Hong Kong" and that new security legislation was needed to "handle espionage acts and offences in a targeted manner to prevent incidents endangering national security".[16]

In March 2022, Tang threatened those who were asked by government officers to isolate at Covid-19 community isolation facilities that "If they refuse to go, they can be fined HK$5,000 or given up to two months in jail. If they leave the facilities during isolation, they can be fined HK$5,000 as well, or face up to six months behind bars".[17]

In April 2022, Chinese style goose stepping was announced to be implemented across the entire force, a year after Tang claimed that the force had "no plans" to change to it.[18]

In August 2022, Tang said that the government will increase the propaganda for national security education.[19]

In September 2022, Tang said that external forces were still present and actively trying to undermine the government.[20]

In November 2022, at the Hong Kong Sevens, Tang was booed and told to "wear a mask" by the crowd.[21]

In November 2022, Tang said that members of lion dance performances should be examined for criminal behavior.[22]

U.S. sanctionsEdit

In August 2020, Tang and ten other Hong Kong officials were sanctioned by the United States Department of the Treasury under an Executive Order 13936 by President Trump for acts undermining Hong Kong's autonomy.[23][24][25] Chris Tang reportedly transferred his mortgage of property in Southern District from HSBC to Bank of China (Hong Kong) three days before sanctions took effect.[26]

Tang was on a list issued by the US State Department on 14 October 2020, of ten individuals who materially contributed to the failure of the China to meet its obligations under the Sino–British Joint Declaration and Hong Kong's Basic Law.[27]

Controversies and viewsEdit

Alleged infringement of academic autonomyEdit

According to Stand News, Tang sent a letter to Stephen Cheung, the president of the Education University of Hong Kong (EduHK), on 27 April 2020 requesting a follow up to the speech of Choi Chun-wai (蔡俊威) on RTHK television programme Pentaprism II (左右紅藍綠). The speech of Choi mentioned the Siege of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and criticized the actions of Hong Kong Police, while Tang accused Choi for inciting hatred towards the Hong Kong Police. Democratic Party Legislative Council member Ted Hui expressed concern and stated that he would send a letter to Civil Service Bureau to follow up on Tang's actions. In support of Choi, Pro-democracy group Progressive Scholars Group accused Tang of infringing on academic freedom and autonomy.[28] Choi was also supported by the student unions of 9 universities in Hong Kong, including that of Education University of Hong Kong.[29][non-primary source needed] On the other hand, the episode received complaints from a total of 347 members of the public. The independent regulatory agency of the Broadcasting Services, Communications Authority (CA), initiated an investigation and commented that "CHOI’s remarks had apparently been distorted, inaccurate information or personal opinions on the Internet without making clear the sources of information… The CA took the view that the host’s remarks made in the programme was irresponsible, and could be regarded as a hate speech with the effect of inciting hatred against the Police, unfair to and were capable of adversely affecting the reputation of the Police."[30] RTHK was subsequently issued a "Serious Warning" by the authority.

Hong Kong Journalists AssociationEdit

In September 2021, Tang claimed that the Hong Kong Journalists Association had infiltrated schools to spread anti-governmental political ideas. Afterwards, Tang claimed that he was expressing public opinion, stating "I think I am not making any allegations. I just cast doubt, which is not just from me. I think it's from a large number (of people) of the community. They have the same doubt about the association."[31]

Fake newsEdit

In December 2021, Tang claimed that police officers had never entered school premises during the Siege of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and that a report was "fake news" for saying that police officers had entered the premises.[32] Photos later showed that police did in fact enter the premises.[32]

In August 2022, Tang said some young people had been "poisoned by fake news" and became anti-government, and suggested increasing publicity and national education to make people proud to be Chinese.[33]

In September 2022, Tang reiterated his desire for an anti-fake news law, saying that some fake news has incited anti-government hatred.[34] He also said that identities of some reporters were vague and there should be a way to distinguish professional reporters.[34]

DemocracyEdit

In January 2022, Tang claimed that "The cessation of Apple Daily impressed me the most. This newspaper was poisoning Hongkongers, especially giving the young people a wrong idea about China", and also said that "Since the newspaper has been shut down now, the society will be better and more democratic". Finally, Tang said that "The national security law and the 'patriots administering Hong Kong' principle in the new Legislative Council term marked a new milestone in Hong Kong's democracy."[35]

Protest inmatesEdit

In September 2022, Tang said that inmates who were arrested during the 2019-2020 Hong Kong protests and later convicted were being taught to understand China's history while in prison.[36]

2022 COVID-19 protests in ChinaEdit

In November 2022, Tang said that 2022 COVID-19 protests in China that take place in Hong Kong were a "a colour revolution" using "anti-China" social media, and may violate the national security law.[37] Tang said that using words such as "dictatorship" could be seen as endangering national security and violating the law.[38]

Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of ChinaEdit

In September 2021, Tang said that the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China was a foreign agent, but did not provide any evidence or proof.[39] The Alliance said that Tang's "irresponsible accusations" led to the eventual arrest and closure of the Alliance.[39]

Republic of China / TaiwanEdit

In September 2021, Tang claimed that celebrations for the Republic of China's Double Ten day could risk breaching the national security law.[40] Tang also claimed that Taiwan is a part of China, and anybody attempting to alter that view would risk being arrested.[40] Many precursors to the Republic of China were based in Hong Kong, including places along the Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail.[41]

Tony Chan Tong-kaEdit

In October 2021, when the mother of Amber Poon Hiu-wing invited Tang to meet with her, Tang did not show up.[42] Tang blamed Taiwan and said that "Taiwan is part of China. No matter how much Taiwan would like to manipulate politics, they can never change the fact that Taiwan is part of China. I hope Taiwan would stop political manipulation, bring justice to light and allow Chan Tong-kai to go to Taiwan."[43] Poon's mother criticized Tang and said "Their salaries are paid by Hong Kong people, they should fulfil their responsibility, either put Chan Tong-kai on trial in Hong Kong, or put him on a plane for him to surrender in Taiwan."[44]

In September 2022, Tang again blamed "political reasons" for Chan not being able to be sent to Taiwan.[45]

FilmographyEdit

In an interview with Clifton Ko, a Hong Kong director, Tang revealed that he, following his schoolmates during university time, worked as a bit part in two of Ko's films to make some money, with a daily salary of HKD700 in 1984.[46]

Personal lifeEdit

Tang is a voting member of the Hong Kong Jockey Club.[47]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 朱雅霜 (12 August 2019). "【警方記者會】鄧炳強回應小桃園飯局 評元朗黑夜撐游乃強判斷". 香港01 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  2. ^ GovHK. "GovHK 香港政府一站通:保安局局長 鄧炳強, GBS, PDSM, JP". Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Archived from the original on 27 September 2022. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  3. ^ 倪清江 (21 October 2021). "專訪|鄧炳強以中大校友看暴大、暴大人之名:唏噓、唏噓、又唏噓". 香港01 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Archived from the original on 27 September 2022. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Senior Officers". Hong Kong Police Force. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. ^ "China's State Council Appoints New Police Chief in Hong Kong". The New York Times. 18 November 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  6. ^ "New Hong Kong police chief says the force can't end protests alone". South China Morning Post. 19 November 2019. Archived from the original on 5 August 2020. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  7. ^ "New Hong Kong police chief Chris Tang tells residents: the force cannot end the protests alone". South China Morning Post. 19 November 2019. Archived from the original on 20 November 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Hong Kong protesters stage dramatic escape from police siege of Polytechnic University, but hundreds remain trapped". ABC News. 19 November 2019. Archived from the original on 20 November 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b Strong, Matthew. "Hong Kong appoints hardline police chief". Taiwan News. Archived from the original on 21 June 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  10. ^ "New top cop spells out plan of action". The Standard. 20 November 2019. Archived from the original on 20 November 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  11. ^ Liu, Mingyang (8 August 2020). "The Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is formally established with Carrie Lam as chairman". Xinhua Net. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  12. ^ "CE commends seven serving and retired senior police officers (with photos)". Hong Kong Government. 10 February 2021. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  13. ^ "Lam confirms Hong Kong considering law against insulting officials and police, says free speech must be 'balanced'". Hong Kong Free Press. 23 February 2021. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  14. ^ "US agents stirring up trouble in HK: police chief – RTHK". RTHK. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  15. ^ Kong, Dimsumdaily Hong (17 April 2021). "Commissioner of Police condemns Apple Daily for its biased reporting on police force, 130 letters sent". Dimsum Daily. Archived from the original on 19 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Hong Kong to 'enhance' spy law to prevent acts of 'espionage and theft of state secrets,' security chief says". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. 26 January 2022. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  17. ^ "Hong Kong logs 31,402 Covid infections as official says caseloads have peaked". South China Morning Post. 10 March 2022. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  18. ^ Leung, Hillary (13 April 2022). "Hong Kong daily flag-raising ceremonies now feature China-style goose step ahead of force-wide implementation". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  19. ^ Standard, The. "Security head emphasizes HK speech freedom under security law". The Standard. Archived from the original on 14 August 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  20. ^ "Over half of convicted Hong Kong protesters have 'deep remorse': security chief". South China Morning Post. 11 September 2022. Archived from the original on 11 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  21. ^ Standard, The. "John Lee delights in joining scrum". The Standard. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  22. ^ Standard, The. "Lion dance checks defended". The Standard. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  23. ^ "US sanctions Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam, police chief and 9 other top officials for 'undermining autonomy'". Hong Kong Free Press. 7 August 2020. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  24. ^ Macias, Amanda (7 August 2020). "U.S. sanctions Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam for carrying out Chinese 'policies of suppression'". CNBC. Archived from the original on 7 August 2020. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  25. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Individuals for Undermining Hong Kong's Autonomy". United States Department of the Treasury. 7 August 2020. Archived from the original on 7 August 2020. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  26. ^ Mok, Maisy (11 February 2021). "Show of force as seven US-sanctioned officers presented top awards". The Standard. Archived from the original on 13 May 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  27. ^ U.S. Department of State. "Identification of Foreign Persons Involved in the Erosion of the Obligations of China Under the Joint Declaration or the Basic Law". Archived from the original on 15 October 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  28. ^ "鄧炳強發信跟進教大講師言論 高教界聯署斥損學術自由 促張仁良公正處理". Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  29. ^ "香港教育大學學生會 The Education University of Hong Kong Students' Union". Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  30. ^ "Complaints dealt with by the Communications Authority" (PDF). Communications Authority. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  31. ^ "HKJA should clear its name: Chris Tang - RTHK". news.rthk.hk. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  32. ^ a b "Hong Kong gov't and judiciary clam up after falsely claiming activist Nathan Law jumped bail". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. 16 December 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  33. ^ "'We'll fight those capitalising on Sino-US tensions' - RTHK". news.rthk.hk. Archived from the original on 14 August 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  34. ^ a b Standard, The. "Tang defends hard line on vax waivers". The Standard. Archived from the original on 26 September 2022. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  35. ^ "Article 23 and security law push in 'era of rebirth'". The Standard HK. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  36. ^ "Tang expresses reservations over expunging records - RTHK". news.rthk.hk. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  37. ^ "Protests may violate NSL: Chris Tang - RTHK". news.rthk.hk. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  38. ^ Ho, Kelly (30 November 2022). "Rallies for China's Covid-19 protests a sign of 'fledgling colour revolution,' Hong Kong security chief says". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  39. ^ a b Chau, Candice (6 December 2022). "Accusing Hong Kong Tiananmen vigil group of being foreign agent is 'political persecution,' Chow Hang-tung says". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
  40. ^ a b "Celebrating Taiwan holiday in Hong Kong risks secession charge: security chief". South China Morning Post. 23 September 2021. Archived from the original on 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  41. ^ "Stroll through history on the Sun Yat Sen Historical Trail | Hong Kong Tourism Board". Discover Hong Kong. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  42. ^ "Bring my daughter's killer to justice in Taiwan, mum urges Hong Kong officials". South China Morning Post. 20 October 2021. Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  43. ^ "Mother of Taiwan slay victim blasts Hong Kong authorities". news.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  44. ^ Chau, Candice (20 October 2021). "Hong Kong lawmakers and gov't officials shun meeting with mother of murder victim, security chief points to Taiwan". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. Archived from the original on 30 September 2022. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  45. ^ Standard, The. "No more extradition bill as Chris Tang blasts Taiwan for failure to punish murder suspect". The Standard. Archived from the original on 17 September 2022. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  46. ^ 黃, 蘊姿 (31 March 2020). "鄧炳強與高志森相認早有淵源 曾做《開心鬼》老臨青澀似錢小豪". Sky Post (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 24 April 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  47. ^ Standard, The. "Crunch looms in rare race to join the club". The Standard. Archived from the original on 25 August 2022. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
Political offices
Preceded by Secretary for Security
2021–present
Incumbent
Police appointments
Preceded by
Stephen Lo Wai-chung
Commissioner of Police of Hong Kong
2019–2021
Next:
Raymond Siu Chak-yee
Order of precedence
Previous:
Christopher Hui
Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury
Hong Kong order of precedence
Secretary for Security
Next:
Moses Cheng
Member of the Executive Council