Chilean Swedes are Chilean immigrants in Sweden and citizens of Sweden who are of Chilean ancestry.
|50,000 (est.) (ca. 0.5% of the Swedish population)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Stockholm, Göteborg, Malmö|
|Swedish, Chilean Spanish|
It is estimated that some 50,000 people have Chilean background (first and second generation). Earlier estimations were 45,000 (2008).
Before the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, there were some 90 Chileans in Sweden. Compared to other Latin American countries, Chile had a tradition of democratic rule and relative political stability. The early stages of mass migration were mainly consistent of politicians, militants, intellectuals and other left-leaning elements seeking political refuge, but recent arrivals usually involve working-class Chileans in search of better living conditions for themselves and their families. Today many live in the bigger cities such as Gothenburg, Malmö and Stockholm. Chilean Swedes are the largest and most prominent group among Latin American communities residing in Sweden.
The Coup 1973Edit
Chilean people started immigrating in the 1970s in order to escape the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. Sweden was known to be a social democratic country and the government allowed refugees to come to Sweden. But for many the time adapting to the new country was difficult. Language barriers, colder weather and monopolies on TV, radio and alcohol sales, for example, were a huge contrast to Chile. Many who came to Sweden continued to support the overthrown government of Salvador Allende. When Sweden was scheduled to play a Davis Cup tennis match against Chile in 1975, a large protest movement instigated by the Chilean diaspora sought to boycott the match and have it cancelled. The Hoola Bandoola Band even wrote a song titled "Stoppa matchen" ("Stop the match"). Almost 10,000 people demonstrated against the decision to play the match, which was eventually held as scheduled, but without spectators. When Milton Friedman received his Nobel Prize in 1976, similar protests organized both by Swedes and Chileans were once again seen on the streets.
After the coupEdit
During the 1980s, after Pinochet's economic reforms many poverty-stricken Chileans left their home country in hope to seek better opportunities in Sweden, where there was already a sizable presence of Chileans arrived in the previous decade. Some helped the newly arrived so they could integrate in the Swedish society. For a short period immigration from Chile increased after the 1970s and once again peaked. Nevertheless, conservative groups started to debate the reasons behind the massive arrival of Chileans in Sweden, and members of the radical right organizations founded the Chilean-Swedish Society (Svensk-Chilenska Sällskapet), in order to make good publicity of the Pinochet regimen.
Today Chile is considered to be democratic and prosperous by Latin American standards, which has decreased immigration after the installation of a democratic government in 1990. Chileans who want to visit Sweden can stay three months without a visa thanks to diplomatic agreements between the countries. On the other hand, for Chileans who want to stay permanently in Sweden, it has become much more difficult for them to gain a permanent visa.
The group is considered today to be one of the most well-integrated within Swedish society. This perception of assimilation resulted in Sveriges Radio (Swedish Public Radio) to announce that they would stop broadcasting news in Spanish in 2005 . They are the largest Latin American group in Sweden and celebrate their culture in ways such as commemorating Chilean Independence Day or Fiestas Patrias. Thus they keep alive Chilean folk traditions such as the cueca and huaso costumes.
- List of notable people
- Luciano Astudillo, politician active in the Social Democratic Party
- Sergio Badilla Castillo, poet
- Erik Bongcam-Rudloff, biologist and scientist
- Sebastian Castro-Tello, football/soccer player
- Matias Concha, football/soccer player
- Miiko Albornoz, football/soccer player
- Malin Diaz, football/soccer player
- Rossana Dinamarca, politician, member of parliament, active in the Left Party
- Daniel Espinosa, film director, Chilean father
- Alvaro Estrella, singer and dancer
- Daniela Lincoln Saavedra, female long jumper
- Leopoldo Méndez, DJ and singer
- Pablo Piñones-Arce, football/soccer player
- Paul Rey, singer
- Mauricio Rojas, former leftist (MIR) now politician for Folkpartiet (Swedish Liberal Party)
- America Vera Zavala, politician, active in the Left Party
- The Latin Kings, rap group from Stockholm
- "Chilenare glömmer aldrig kuppen för 40 år sedan - Radio Sweden på svenska". 2012.
I dag beräknas det bo ungefär 50 000 med chilensk bakgrund (första och andra generationens invandrare) i Sverige. Källa: Nationalencyklopedin, Migrationsverket, SCB
- "En svensk katastrof". 2010-03-04.
- Camacho Padilla, Fernando (2007). "Las relaciones entre Chile y Suecia durante el primer gobierno de Olof Palme, 1969-1976". IBEROAMERICANA. América Latina - España - Portugal. Vol. 7, Núm. 25. doi:10.18441/ibam.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Camacho Padilla, Fernando (2015). "The 'Swedish-Chilean Society'. Fascist Solidarity with Pinochet's Chile in Sweden". Making Sense of the Americas How Protest Related to America in the 1980s and Beyond. Frankfurt / New York: campus Verlag. pp. 136–137. ISBN 9783593504803.
- Camacho Padilla, Fernando (2011). Una vida para Chile. La solidaridad y la comunidad chilena en Suecia (in Spanish and Swedish). Santiago: LOM Impresiones. ISBN 9789163382420.
- Osvaldo Salas (2009). "Från utvandringsland till invandringsland" (PDF) (in Swedish). School of Public Administration. Retrieved 5 February 2017.