Check Point is a multinational provider of software and combined hardware and software products for IT security, including network security, endpoint security, cloud security, mobile security, data security and security management.
|Traded as||NASDAQ: CHKP |
|Founded||Ramat Gan, Israel|
|Headquarters||959 Skyway Rd, San Carlos, California, United States|
5 Shlomo Kaplan Street,
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Gil Shwed (founder & CEO)|
|Products||FireWall-1, VPN-1, UTM-1,|
Check Point Integrity,
Intrusion prevention systems,
End point security,
Web application security
|Revenue||US$ 1.741 billion (2016)|
|US$ 852 million (2016)|
|US$ 725 million (2016)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||ZoneAlarm, SofaWare, Easy2comply|
As of 2019[update] the company has approximately 5,000 employees worldwide. Headquartered in Tel Aviv, Israel and San Carlos, California, the company has development centers in Israel, United States (ZoneAlarm), Sweden (former Protect Data development centre), and Belarus. The company has main offices in North America, two in the United States (San Carlos, California and Dallas, Texas) and one in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Check Point was established in Ramat-Gan, Israel in 1993, by Gil Shwed (CEO as of 2016[update]), Marius Nacht (Chairman as of 2016[update]) and Shlomo Kramer (who left Check Point in 2003). Shwed had the initial idea for the company's core technology known as stateful inspection, which became the foundation for the company's first product, FireWall-1; soon afterwards they also developed one of the world's first VPN products, VPN-1. Shwed developed the idea while serving in the Unit 8200 of the Israel Defense Forces, where he worked on securing classified networks.
In 1994 Check Point signed an OEM agreement with Sun Microsystems, followed by a distribution agreement with HP in 1995. The same year, the U.S. head office was established in Redwood City, California.
By February 1996 the company was named worldwide firewall market leader by IDC, with a market share of 40 percent. In June 1996 Check Point raised $67 million from its initial public offering on NASDAQ.
Check Point is presently focused on what it calls "fifth generation cyber security," or “Gen V.” It identifies the fifth generation as focused on large-scale and fast moving attacks across mobile, cloud and on-premise networks that easily bypass the conventional, static detection-based defenses being used by most organizations today.
Over the years many employees who worked at Check Point have left to start their own software companies. These include Shlomo Kremer, who started Imperva; Nir Zuk, who founded Palo Alto Networks; Ruvi Kitov and Reuven Harrison of Tufin; and Yonadav Leitersdorf, who founded Indeni.
Check Point offers the following primary products:
- Network Security
- Software Defined Protection
- Public and Private Cloud Security
- Data Security
- ThreatCloud IntelliStore
- Virtual Systems
- Endpoint Security
- Mobile Security
- Security Management
- Document Security (Capsule Docs product line)
- Zero-day Protection (SandBlast appliance product line)
- Mobile Security (Mobile Threat Prevention product line)
- Zone Labs, makers of the ZoneAlarm personal firewall software, in 2003, for $205 million in cash and shares.
- Protect Data, the holding company for PointSec Mobile Technologies, in a cash deal valued at $586m in late 2006. Prior to their acquisition by Check Point, Protect Data acquired Reflex Software.
- NFR security, an intrusion prevention system developer, for $20 million in late 2006, following its failed plan to acquire the larger IPS vendor Sourcefire.
- Nokia Security Appliances division was acquired in April 2009.
- Liquid Machines, a data security startup company based in Boston, was acquired in June 2010.
- Dynasec, a provider of enterprise governance, risk management, and compliance products, was acquired in November 2011. Dynasec offers a Web-based enterprise application, branded as Easy2comply, for Sarbanes-Oxley compliance, Basel II compliance, operational risk management, information security management, HIPAA compliance, and internal audit management.
- Hyperwise, an early-stage startup focused on CPU level threat prevention, was acquired Feb 2015.
- Lacoon Mobile Security was acquired in April 2015.
- Dome9 was acquired in October 2018.
- ForceNock was acquired in January 2019.
In 2005, Check Point tried to acquire intrusion prevention system developers Sourcefire for $225 million, but later withdrew its offer after it became clear US authorities (specifically, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States ) would try to block the acquisition.
SofaWare legal battleEdit
SofaWare Technologies was founded in 1999, as a cooperation between Check Point and SofaWare's founders, Adi Ruppin and Etay Bogner, with the purpose of extending Check Point from the enterprise market to the small business, consumer and branch office market. SofaWare's co-founder Adi Ruppin said that his company wanted to make the technology simple to use and affordable, and to lift the burden of security management from end users while adding some features. In 2001 SofaWare began selling firewall appliances under the SofaWare S-Box brand; in 2002 the company started selling the Safe@Office and Safe@Home line of security appliances, under the Check Point brand. By the fourth quarter of 2002 sales of SofaWare's Safe@Office firewall/VPN appliances had increased greatly, and SofaWare held the #1 revenue position in the worldwide firewall/VPN sub-$490 appliance market, with a 38% revenue market share.
Relations between Check Point and the SofaWare founders went sour after the company acquisition in 2002. In 2004 Etay Bogner, co-founder of SofaWare, sought court approval to file a shareholder derivative suit, claiming Check Point was not transferring funds to SofaWare as required for its use of SofaWare's products and technology. His derivative suit was ultimately successful, and Check Point was ordered to pay SofaWare 13 million shekels for breach of contract. In 2006 the Tel Aviv District Court Judge ruled that Bogner SofaWare could sue Check Point by proxy for $5.1 million in alleged damage to SofaWare. Bogner claimed that Check Point, which owned 60% of Sofaware, had behaved belligerently, and withheld monies due for use of SofaWare technology and products Check Point appealed the ruling, but lost.
In 2009 the Israeli Supreme Court ruled that a group of founders of SofaWare, which includes Bogner, had veto power over any decision of SofaWare. The court ruled that the three founders could exercise their veto power only as a group and by majority rule.
In 2011 Check Point settled all litigation relating to SofaWare. As part of the settlement it acquired the SofaWare shares held by Bogner and Ruppin, and began a process of acquiring the remaining shares, resulting in SofaWare becoming a wholly owned subsidiary.
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- "SandBlast Zero-Day Protection". Check Point .com. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
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- "Check Point Software Technologies to Acquire Zone Labs". 2003-12-15. Archived from the original on 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
- "Check Point Announces a Cash Tender Offer to Acquire Protect Data". 2006-11-20. Archived from the original on 2008-12-28. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
- "Protect Data acquires Reflex Software Limited to extend product portfolio". 2006-11-02. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
- "Check Point to Acquire NFR Security; Expands Intrusion Prevention Capabilities to Fortify Enterprise Networks". 2006-12-19. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
- Check Point Acquires Data Security Startup Liquid Machines
- "Check Point acquires Israel's Dynasec to boost GRC offerings". Infosecurity. 1 November 2011.
- Check Point Acquires Hyperwise to Deliver Industry's First CPU Level Threat Prevention Capabilities
- Check Point to Acquire Lacoon Mobile Security for Industry's Most Advanced Mobile Threat Prevention
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- "Check Point and Sourcefire to Explore Alternative Business Relationship". 2006-03-23. Archived from the original on 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
- "Check Point calls off Sourcefire buy". 2006-03-24. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Interview with Adi Ruppin, Founder and Managing Director of SofaWare, by Berislav Kucan — Tuesday, 21 January 2003.
- Check Point bolsters new firewall appliance. Network World Dec 17, 2001. p. 15, 18
- Check Point Software Stakes Claim in Small Business Internet Security Space Company Duplicates Market-leading Enterprise Success in Sub-$490 Appliance Segment "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2016-07-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Arbel, Oded (April 25, 2006). "Sofaware founder cleared to sue Check Point for $5.1 million". Ha'aretz. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- Israeli Supreme Court, עא 2850/08 CHECK POINT SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGIES LTD נ' איתי בוגנר (עליון, א' רובינשטיין, ח' מלצר, נ' הנדל)
- Check Point 20-F SEC filing. 2011